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'Quiet Sun' baffling astronomers


Sun's not cooperating with the global-warming-tax-your-carbon-footprint crowd but they're sure trying to defend their theories.


" 'Quiet Sun' baffling astronomers


By Pallab Ghosh
Science correspondent, BBC News

"'Still Sun' baffling astronomers

The Sun is the dimmest it has been for nearly a century.

There are no sunspots, very few solar flares - and our nearest star is the quietest it has been for a very long time.

The observations are baffling astronomers, who are due to study new pictures of the Sun, taken from space, at the UK National Astronomy Meeting.

The Sun normally undergoes an 11-year cycle of activity. At its peak, it has a tumultuous boiling atmosphere that spits out flares and planet-sized chunks of super-hot gas. This is followed by a calmer period.

Last year, it was expected that it would have been hotting up after a quiet spell. But instead it hit a 50-year year low in solar wind pressure, a 55-year low in radio emissions, and a 100-year low in sunspot activity.

According to Prof Louise Hara of University College London, it is unclear why this is happening or when the Sun is likely to become more active again.

"There's no sign of us coming out of it yet," she told BBC News.

"At the moment, there are scientific papers coming out suggesting that we'll be going into a normal period of activity soon.

"Others are suggesting we'll be going into another minimum period - this is a big scientific debate at the moment."

Images from Soho taken in 2001 (left) and 2007 (right)
Sunspots could be seen by the Soho telescope in 2001 (l), but not this year (r)

In the mid-17th Century, a quiet spell - known as the Maunder Minimum - lasted 70 years, and led to a "mini ice-age".

This has resulted in some people suggesting that a similar cooling might offset the impact of climate change.

According to Prof Mike Lockwood of Southampton University, this view is too simplistic.

"I wish the Sun was coming to our aid but, unfortunately, the data shows that is not the case," he said.

Prof Lockwood was one of the first researchers to show that the Sun's activity has been gradually decreasing since 1985, yet overall global temperatures have continued to rise.

"If you look carefully at the observations, it's pretty clear that the underlying level of the Sun peaked at about 1985 and what we are seeing is a continuation of a downward trend (in solar activity) that's been going on for a couple of decades.

"If the Sun's dimming were to have a cooling effect, we'd have seen it by now."

'Middle ground'

Evidence from tree trunks and ice cores suggest that the Sun is calming down after an unusually high point in its activity.

Professor Lockwood believes that as well as the Sun's 11-year cycle, there is an underlying solar oscillation lasting hundreds of years.

He suggests that 1985 marked the "grand maximum" in this long-term cycle and the Maunder Minimum marked its low point.

"We are re-entering the middle ground after a period which has seen the Sun in its top 10% of activity," said Professor Lockwood.

"We would expect it to be more than a hundred years before we get down to the levels of the Maunder Minimum."

He added that the current slight dimming of the Sun is not going to reverse the rise in global temperatures caused by the burning of fossil fuels.

"What we are seeing is consistent with a global temperature rise, not that the Sun is coming to our aid."

Data from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) shows global average temperatures have risen by about 0.7C since the beginning of the 20th Century.

And the IPCC projects that the world will continue to warm, with temperatures expected to rise between 1.8C and 4C by the end of the century.

No-one knows how the centuries-long waxing and waning of the Sun works. However, astronomers now have space telescopes studying the Sun in detail.

According to Prof Richard Harrison of the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Oxfordshire, this current quiet period gives astronomers a unique opportunity.

"This is very exciting because as astronomers we've never seen anything like this before in our lifetimes," he said.

"We have spacecraft up there to study the Sun in phenomenal detail. With these telescopes we can study this minimum of activity in a way that we could not have done so in the past."


Entry #1,114


ToddComment by Todd - April 22, 2009, 9:15 am
You know what I think? I think there is a thousand different ways to interpret sun activity data, and these DOPES, er, ah, "professors", are all engaged in the art of GUESSING. Some of them make up their guesses to fit their overall political agenda, which is truly disturbing for someone in the scientific community. It's like the days of crying "HERETIC!" if someone dared to say something different than the accepted view.

All of these people think that the cycles of the sun fit neatly into their worldview of some thousands of years. Do they ever stop to think that their puny sampling of some thousands of years is nothing compared to the 4 BILLION years that the sun has been around? Perhaps the sun is doing something that it does every 100 million years, or maybe it's never done it before, or who really knows?

Funny how all the agenda-driven scientists say that the key milestones of sun activity just happen to occur at the precise points in their charts and graphs corresponding to their ideological milestones. Sorry guys (and gals), but I don't think the master plan fits so neatly into a box like that.
jarasanComment by jarasan - April 22, 2009, 9:47 am
Inconsequential humans! What if the Sun blew up tommorrow? What if it shut down this afternoon? Splain that Lucy. The sky is falling and the king's wardrobe is so cool. Agenda driven, made up, science of consensus is counterproductive. Why do these scientists think they are so right?   Because they've convinced themselves they are. They will never say: "Well, we aren't sure and don't know." Todd you are spot on.   Thanks Konane!
emilygComment by emilyg - April 22, 2009, 1:46 pm
Interesting. Thank you konane.
konaneComment by konane - April 22, 2009, 3:27 pm
Thanks Todd!!! I personally believe the sun responds to an intelligence far greater than dog washing scientists trying to fulfill their politically driven government grants.   Also feel we're all connected in some way to that superior intelligence, some more open to its wisdom than others who're intent on molding cookie cutter people to fit their socially engineered world. ;-D
konaneComment by konane - April 22, 2009, 3:31 pm
Thanks Jarasan!! Yes Todd nailed it perfectly. I personally side with quantum physicists who are trying to relate current science to divine intelligence that runs the universe.
konaneComment by konane - April 22, 2009, 3:35 pm
Thanks Em!!! Watching the show to see if metaphysical information predicting a mini ice age is correct ...... so far so good. Around here one of the earliest falls, coolest winters, coolest springs in a long time. Also more sustained wind than I can remember, and that goes pretty far back. ;-)

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