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Daily Worldwide Earthquake - Tsunami Watch Money Numbers!

Topic closed. 1236 replies. Last post 3 years ago by rdgrnr.

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LAS VEGAS
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Posted: October 23, 2011, 1:41 pm - IP Logged

Attn: Moon

DateLine: Middle East- Van, Eastern Turkey

EQ Officials fear scores have been killed by the massive 7.2-magnitude

 

EddessaKnight

    Harve$t Moon's avatar - 5str

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    Posted: October 23, 2011, 3:36 pm - IP Logged

    10-23-11

     

    4.5  2011/10/23 09:19:49    39.490    71.721  39.7   KYRGYZSTAN
    4.7  2011/10/23 09:18:49    27.848    126.951  176.0   NORTHWEST OF THE RYUKYU ISLANDS
    4.8  2011/10/23 08:26:56    -3.026    142.356  24.7   NEAR NORTH COAST OF NEW GUINEA
      Harve$t Moon's avatar - 5str

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      Posted: October 23, 2011, 3:45 pm - IP Logged

      10-23-11

       

      Here are the numbers for the destructive earthquakes in Turkey, today.

      ~~~

      Just in ... another Turkey EQ occurs before the edit time expires on this post.

       

      4.5  2011/10/23 19:43:27    38.393    43.285  17.7   EASTERN TURKEY

       

      ...

      4.8  2011/10/23 19:06:07    38.757    43.314  10.0   EASTERN TURKEY
      2.6  2011/10/23 18:28:50    64.247   -140.257  6.0   SOUTHERN YUKON TERRITORY, CANADA
      5.1  2011/10/23 18:10:46    38.592    43.187  9.6   EASTERN TURKEY
      2.6  2011/10/23 17:50:08    36.040   -117.965  9.5   CENTRAL CALIFORNIA
      4.6  2011/10/23 17:45:24    -8.086    107.561  46.9   JAVA, INDONESIA
      4.2  2011/10/23 16:38:48    38.644    43.447  8.3   EASTERN TURKEY
       4.6  2011/10/23 16:05:10    38.633    43.600  9.7   EASTERN TURKEY
       4.6  2011/10/23 15:58:00    38.532    43.308  23.2   EASTERN TURKEY
       4.8  2011/10/23 15:24:31    38.478    43.243  14.8   EASTERN TURKEY
       4.0  2011/10/23 14:52:51    38.518    43.270  20.7   EASTERN TURKEY
       2.5  2011/10/23 14:17:24    63.227   -150.459  69.7   CENTRAL ALASKA
       4.4  2011/10/23 13:17:03    38.622    43.666  10.0   EASTERN TURKEY
       4.2  2011/10/23 13:06:50    38.370    43.497  17.0   EASTERN TURKEY
       4.5  2011/10/23 12:56:47    38.670    43.487  10.3   EASTERN TURKEY
       4.4  2011/10/23 12:42:11    38.428    43.368  12.5   EASTERN TURKEY
       4.6  2011/10/23 12:03:11    38.575    43.355  13.2   EASTERN TURKEY
       4.9  2011/10/23 11:39:04   -31.964   -178.303  51.9   KERMADEC ISLANDS REGION
       5.6  2011/10/23 11:32:41    38.696    43.403  17.5   EASTERN TURKEY
       4.9  2011/10/23 11:10:52    38.415    43.154  9.3   EASTERN TURKEY
       5.6  2011/10/23 10:56:50    38.668    43.332  20.4   EASTERN TURKEY
       7.2  2011/10/23 10:41:21    38.628    43.486  20.0   EASTERN TURKEY

      ...

        eddessaknight's avatar - nw paladin.jpg
        LAS VEGAS
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        Posted: October 23, 2011, 5:12 pm - IP Logged

        thanks Harvest Moon

        TOURISTS & LOCALS  ALERT

        State-run TV: Turkish inmates have escaped from prison in quake-hit region

        EddessaKnight

          Harve$t Moon's avatar - 5str

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          Posted: October 23, 2011, 5:24 pm - IP Logged

          Please send your prayers to these people, their families and the country. Blue Angel

           

          People rescue two women trapped under debris in Van eastsern Turkey after a powerful 7.2-magnitude earthquake struck eastern Turkey, collapsing about 45 buildings in Van province, Sunday, Oct. 23, 2011 according to the deputy Turkish prime minister. Only one death was immediately confirmed, but scientists estimated that up to 1,000 people could have been killed. The worst damage was caused to the town of Ercis, in the mountainous eastern province of Van, close to the Iranian border. ( AP Photo/Ali Ihsan Ozturk, Anatolia)

          News report from Turkey:

          ANKARA, Turkey (AP) — A 7.2-magnitude earthquake struck eastern Turkey on Sunday, killing at least 85 people and sparking widespread panic as it collapsed dozens of buildings into piles of twisted steel and chunks of concrete.

          Tens of thousands of residents fled into the streets running, screaming and trying to reach relatives on cell phones. As the full extent of the damage became clear, desperate survivors dug into the rubble with their bare hands, trying to rescue the trapped and the injured.

          Turkey's state-run television TRT said a group of inmates escaped from a prison after the earthquake struck. It gave no other detail and it was not immediately known how many had fled.

          "My wife and child are inside! My 4-month-old baby is inside!" CNN-Turk television showed one young man sobbing outside a collapsed building in Van, the provincial capital.

          TRT television reported that 59 people were killed and 150 injured in the eastern town of Ercis, 25 others died in Van and a child died in the nearby province of Bitlis.

          Turkish scientists estimated that up to 1,000 people could already be dead, basing the calculation on low local housing standards and the size of the quake.

          The hardest hit was Ercis, a city of 75,000 close to the Iranian border, which lies on the Ercis Fault in one of Turkey's most earthquake-prone zones. Van, about 55 miles (90 kilometers) to the south, also sustained substantial damage.

          Up to 80 buildings collapsed in Ercis, including a dormitory, and 10 buildings collapsed in Van, the Turkish Red Crescent said. Some highways also caved in, CNN-Turk television reported.

          Hundreds of injured people were treated at the state hospital in Ercis, NTV television said. Survivors in Ercis complained of a lack of heavy machinery to remove chunks of cement floors that pancaked onto each other.

          "There are so many dead. Several buildings have collapsed. There is too much destruction," Ercis Mayor Zulfikar Arapoglu told NTV. "We need urgent aid. We need medics."

          In Van, terrified residents spilled into the streets screaming. Rescue workers and residents scrambled, using only their hands and basic shovels, to save those who were trapped.

          Residents sobbed outside the ruins of one flattened eight-story building, hoping that missing relatives would be rescued.

          Witnesses said eight people were pulled from the rubble, but frequent aftershocks were hampering search efforts, CNN-Turk reported. One teenage girl was pulled out of the building by the late evening. Rescuers tied steel rods around large concrete slabs which they then lifted with heavy machinery, Dogan news agency video footage showed.

          Residents in Van and Ercis lit camp fires, preparing to spend the night outdoors.

          U.S. scientists recorded eight aftershocks within three hours of the quake, including two with a magnitude of 5.6.

          Serious damage and casualties were also reported in the district of Celebibag, near Ercis.

          "There are many people under the rubble," Veysel Keser, mayor of Celebibag, told NTV. "People are in agony, we can hear their screams for help. We need urgent help."

          He said many buildings had collapsed, including student dormitories, hotels and gas stations.

          Nazmi Gur, a legislator from Van, was at his nephew's funeral when the quake struck. The funeral ceremony was cut short and he rushed back to help with rescues.

          "At least six buildings had collapsed. We managed to rescue a few people, but I saw at least five bodies," Gur told The Associated Press by telephone. "There is no coordinated rescue at the moment, everyone is doing what they can."

          "It was such a powerful temblor. It lasted for such a long time," Gur said. "(Now) there is no electricity, there is no heating, everyone is outside in the cold."

          Many residents fled Van to seek shelter with relatives in nearby villages.

          "I am taking my family to our village, our house was fine but there were cracks in our office building," Sahabettin Ozer, 47, said by telephone as he drove to the village of Muradiye.

          NTV said Van's airport was damaged and planes were being diverted to neighboring cities.

          Authorities had no information yet on remote villages but the governor was touring the region by helicopter and the government sent in tents, field kitchens and blankets. Some in Ercis reported shortages of bread, Turkey's staple food, due to damages to bakeries.

          Houses also collapsed in the province of Bitlis, where an 8-year-old girl was killed, authorities said, and the quake toppled the minarets of two mosques in the nearby province of Mus.

          There was no immediate information about a recently restored 10th century Armenian church, Akdamar Church, which is perched on a rocky island in the nearby Lake Van.

          Turkey lies in one of the world's most active seismic zones and is crossed by numerous fault lines. Lake Van, where Sunday's earthquake hit, is the country's most earthquake-prone region.

          The Kandilli observatory, Turkey's main seismography center, said Sunday's quake was capable of killing many people.

          "We are estimating a death toll between 500 and 1,000," Mustafa Erdik, head of the Kandilli observatory, told a televised news conference.

          The earthquake also shook buildings in neighboring Armenia and Iran.

          In the Armenian capital of Yerevan, 100 miles (160 kilometers) from Ercis, people rushed into the streets fearing buildings would collapse but no damage or injuries were immediately reported. Armenia was the site of a devastating earthquake in 1988 that killed 25,000 people.

          Sunday's quake caused panic among residents in several Iranian towns close to the Turkish border, and cut phone links and caused cracks in buildings in the city of Chaldoran, Iranian state TV reported. The quake was also felt in the northeastern Iranian towns of Salmas, Maku, Khoi but no damage was immediately reported.

          U.S. leaders conveyed their condolences to the families of the victims and offered assistance.

          "We stand shoulder to shoulder with our Turkish ally in this difficult time, and are ready to assist the Turkish authorities," President Barack Obama said.

          Israel also offered humanitarian assistance despite a rift in relations following an 2010 Israeli navy raid on a Gaza-bound aid flotilla that left nine Turks dead. In September, Turkey expelled the Israeli ambassador and suspended military ties because Israel has not apologized. Israel has sent rescue teams to Turkey for past earthquakes in times of closer ties.

          Turkey sees frequent earthquakes. In 1999, two earthquakes with a magnitude of more than 7 struck northwestern Turkey, killing about 18,000 people.

          More recently, a 6.0-magnitude quake in March 2010 killed 51 people in eastern Turkey, while in 2003, a 6.4-magnitude earthquake killed 177 people in the southeastern city of Bingol.

          Turkey's worst earthquake in the last century came in 1939 in the eastern city of Erzincan, causing an estimated 160,000 deaths.

          Istanbul, Turkey's largest city with more than 12 million people, lies in northwestern Turkey near a major fault line. Authorities say Istanbul is ill-prepared for a major earthquake and experts have warned that overcrowding and faulty construction could lead to the deaths of more than 40,000 people if a major earthquake struck the city.

          Pick 3

          Method 1:  6-5-4
          Method 2:  2-4-9
          Method 3:  7-4-8
          Method 4:  2-5-0
          Method 5:  7-6-4
          Method 6:  6-6-9

          Play 4

          Method 1:  0-2-9-4
          Method 2:  7-9-2-9
          Method 3:  3-7-7-9
          Method 4:  5-9-2-0
          Method 5:  6-3-5-7
          Method 6:  0-8-3-4

          Quinto

          Method 1:  0-1-0-6-0
          Method 2:  1-6-6-5-5
          Method 3:  9-0-5-2-4
          Method 4:  1-9-1-2-6
          Method 5:  3-5-5-0-6
          Method 6:  2-5-0-4-2

            Harve$t Moon's avatar - 5str

            United States
            Member #76986
            July 10, 2009
            8038 Posts
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            Posted: October 23, 2011, 5:30 pm - IP Logged

            Turkey is really getting rocked!  Another BIG EQ just hit the country!

             

            6.0  2011/10/23 20:45:37    38.555    43.161  9.8   EASTERN TURKEY

            ...

            4.5  2011/10/23 19:48:56    38.530    43.253  12.2   EASTERN TURKEY
              Harve$t Moon's avatar - 5str

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              July 10, 2009
              8038 Posts
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              Posted: October 23, 2011, 6:51 pm - IP Logged
                sootie1835's avatar - spherewall
                New York
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                March 26, 2011
                4011 Posts
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                Posted: October 23, 2011, 10:26 pm - IP Logged

                Please send your prayers to these people, their families and the country. Blue Angel

                 

                People rescue two women trapped under debris in Van eastsern Turkey after a powerful 7.2-magnitude earthquake struck eastern Turkey, collapsing about 45 buildings in Van province, Sunday, Oct. 23, 2011 according to the deputy Turkish prime minister. Only one death was immediately confirmed, but scientists estimated that up to 1,000 people could have been killed. The worst damage was caused to the town of Ercis, in the mountainous eastern province of Van, close to the Iranian border. ( AP Photo/Ali Ihsan Ozturk, Anatolia)

                News report from Turkey:

                ANKARA, Turkey (AP) — A 7.2-magnitude earthquake struck eastern Turkey on Sunday, killing at least 85 people and sparking widespread panic as it collapsed dozens of buildings into piles of twisted steel and chunks of concrete.

                Tens of thousands of residents fled into the streets running, screaming and trying to reach relatives on cell phones. As the full extent of the damage became clear, desperate survivors dug into the rubble with their bare hands, trying to rescue the trapped and the injured.

                Turkey's state-run television TRT said a group of inmates escaped from a prison after the earthquake struck. It gave no other detail and it was not immediately known how many had fled.

                "My wife and child are inside! My 4-month-old baby is inside!" CNN-Turk television showed one young man sobbing outside a collapsed building in Van, the provincial capital.

                TRT television reported that 59 people were killed and 150 injured in the eastern town of Ercis, 25 others died in Van and a child died in the nearby province of Bitlis.

                Turkish scientists estimated that up to 1,000 people could already be dead, basing the calculation on low local housing standards and the size of the quake.

                The hardest hit was Ercis, a city of 75,000 close to the Iranian border, which lies on the Ercis Fault in one of Turkey's most earthquake-prone zones. Van, about 55 miles (90 kilometers) to the south, also sustained substantial damage.

                Up to 80 buildings collapsed in Ercis, including a dormitory, and 10 buildings collapsed in Van, the Turkish Red Crescent said. Some highways also caved in, CNN-Turk television reported.

                Hundreds of injured people were treated at the state hospital in Ercis, NTV television said. Survivors in Ercis complained of a lack of heavy machinery to remove chunks of cement floors that pancaked onto each other.

                "There are so many dead. Several buildings have collapsed. There is too much destruction," Ercis Mayor Zulfikar Arapoglu told NTV. "We need urgent aid. We need medics."

                In Van, terrified residents spilled into the streets screaming. Rescue workers and residents scrambled, using only their hands and basic shovels, to save those who were trapped.

                Residents sobbed outside the ruins of one flattened eight-story building, hoping that missing relatives would be rescued.

                Witnesses said eight people were pulled from the rubble, but frequent aftershocks were hampering search efforts, CNN-Turk reported. One teenage girl was pulled out of the building by the late evening. Rescuers tied steel rods around large concrete slabs which they then lifted with heavy machinery, Dogan news agency video footage showed.

                Residents in Van and Ercis lit camp fires, preparing to spend the night outdoors.

                U.S. scientists recorded eight aftershocks within three hours of the quake, including two with a magnitude of 5.6.

                Serious damage and casualties were also reported in the district of Celebibag, near Ercis.

                "There are many people under the rubble," Veysel Keser, mayor of Celebibag, told NTV. "People are in agony, we can hear their screams for help. We need urgent help."

                He said many buildings had collapsed, including student dormitories, hotels and gas stations.

                Nazmi Gur, a legislator from Van, was at his nephew's funeral when the quake struck. The funeral ceremony was cut short and he rushed back to help with rescues.

                "At least six buildings had collapsed. We managed to rescue a few people, but I saw at least five bodies," Gur told The Associated Press by telephone. "There is no coordinated rescue at the moment, everyone is doing what they can."

                "It was such a powerful temblor. It lasted for such a long time," Gur said. "(Now) there is no electricity, there is no heating, everyone is outside in the cold."

                Many residents fled Van to seek shelter with relatives in nearby villages.

                "I am taking my family to our village, our house was fine but there were cracks in our office building," Sahabettin Ozer, 47, said by telephone as he drove to the village of Muradiye.

                NTV said Van's airport was damaged and planes were being diverted to neighboring cities.

                Authorities had no information yet on remote villages but the governor was touring the region by helicopter and the government sent in tents, field kitchens and blankets. Some in Ercis reported shortages of bread, Turkey's staple food, due to damages to bakeries.

                Houses also collapsed in the province of Bitlis, where an 8-year-old girl was killed, authorities said, and the quake toppled the minarets of two mosques in the nearby province of Mus.

                There was no immediate information about a recently restored 10th century Armenian church, Akdamar Church, which is perched on a rocky island in the nearby Lake Van.

                Turkey lies in one of the world's most active seismic zones and is crossed by numerous fault lines. Lake Van, where Sunday's earthquake hit, is the country's most earthquake-prone region.

                The Kandilli observatory, Turkey's main seismography center, said Sunday's quake was capable of killing many people.

                "We are estimating a death toll between 500 and 1,000," Mustafa Erdik, head of the Kandilli observatory, told a televised news conference.

                The earthquake also shook buildings in neighboring Armenia and Iran.

                In the Armenian capital of Yerevan, 100 miles (160 kilometers) from Ercis, people rushed into the streets fearing buildings would collapse but no damage or injuries were immediately reported. Armenia was the site of a devastating earthquake in 1988 that killed 25,000 people.

                Sunday's quake caused panic among residents in several Iranian towns close to the Turkish border, and cut phone links and caused cracks in buildings in the city of Chaldoran, Iranian state TV reported. The quake was also felt in the northeastern Iranian towns of Salmas, Maku, Khoi but no damage was immediately reported.

                U.S. leaders conveyed their condolences to the families of the victims and offered assistance.

                "We stand shoulder to shoulder with our Turkish ally in this difficult time, and are ready to assist the Turkish authorities," President Barack Obama said.

                Israel also offered humanitarian assistance despite a rift in relations following an 2010 Israeli navy raid on a Gaza-bound aid flotilla that left nine Turks dead. In September, Turkey expelled the Israeli ambassador and suspended military ties because Israel has not apologized. Israel has sent rescue teams to Turkey for past earthquakes in times of closer ties.

                Turkey sees frequent earthquakes. In 1999, two earthquakes with a magnitude of more than 7 struck northwestern Turkey, killing about 18,000 people.

                More recently, a 6.0-magnitude quake in March 2010 killed 51 people in eastern Turkey, while in 2003, a 6.4-magnitude earthquake killed 177 people in the southeastern city of Bingol.

                Turkey's worst earthquake in the last century came in 1939 in the eastern city of Erzincan, causing an estimated 160,000 deaths.

                Istanbul, Turkey's largest city with more than 12 million people, lies in northwestern Turkey near a major fault line. Authorities say Istanbul is ill-prepared for a major earthquake and experts have warned that overcrowding and faulty construction could lead to the deaths of more than 40,000 people if a major earthquake struck the city.

                Pick 3

                Method 1:  6-5-4
                Method 2:  2-4-9
                Method 3:  7-4-8
                Method 4:  2-5-0
                Method 5:  7-6-4
                Method 6:  6-6-9

                Play 4

                Method 1:  0-2-9-4
                Method 2:  7-9-2-9
                Method 3:  3-7-7-9
                Method 4:  5-9-2-0
                Method 5:  6-3-5-7
                Method 6:  0-8-3-4

                Quinto

                Method 1:  0-1-0-6-0
                Method 2:  1-6-6-5-5
                Method 3:  9-0-5-2-4
                Method 4:  1-9-1-2-6
                Method 5:  3-5-5-0-6
                Method 6:  2-5-0-4-2

                My prayers go out to them.  It is so sad to watch. Blue Angel

                  eddessaknight's avatar - nw paladin.jpg
                  LAS VEGAS
                  United States
                  Member #47729
                  November 22, 2006
                  4508 Posts
                  Offline
                  Posted: October 24, 2011, 2:52 pm - IP Logged

                  US FEMA reports 90 confirmed disastors in 2011.

                  Prayers for all disastor victoms world wide

                  EddessaKnight

                    Harve$t Moon's avatar - 5str

                    United States
                    Member #76986
                    July 10, 2009
                    8038 Posts
                    Offline
                    Posted: October 24, 2011, 4:27 pm - IP Logged

                    10-24-11

                    There is continued EQ activity in Turkey ... so much so that it is difficult to pull each event out separately to list them here. Therefore, an entire block of notifications is posted here for your review. Please continue sending your prayers to these people. Blue Angel

                    ~~~

                    Follow the patterns and repeats for indications of lottery plays. Confirm these numbers with your workouts and other methods.

                    ...

                    MAP 5.0  2011/10/24 17:34:59  -31.788  -179.130 99.3  KERMADEC ISLANDS REGION
                    MAP 2.8 2011/10/24 17:07:21   18.643   -64.697 3.4  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
                    MAP 4.3 2011/10/24 16:51:26   38.711   43.711 7.8  EASTERN TURKEY
                    MAP 4.3 2011/10/24 16:40:26   38.723   43.644 15.5  EASTERN TURKEY
                    MAP 4.5  2011/10/24 16:26:37   -5.304   146.881 187.8  EASTERN NEW GUINEA REG, PAPUA NEW GUINEA
                    MAP 2.5 2011/10/24 15:58:44   40.081  -122.014 0.0  NORTHERN CALIFORNIA
                    MAP 4.9  2011/10/24 15:28:07   38.617   43.166 14.2  EASTERN TURKEY
                    MAP 2.8 2011/10/24 14:26:23   51.007  -179.508 46.9  ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS., ALASKA
                    MAP 4.3 2011/10/24 13:07:56   38.789   43.633 4.5  EASTERN TURKEY
                    MAP 4.9  2011/10/24 11:49:59  -29.773  -176.280 36.2  KERMADEC ISLANDS REGION
                    MAP 4.4 2011/10/24 10:30:20   38.580   43.566 17.4  EASTERN TURKEY
                    MAP 3.1 2011/10/24 10:24:39   19.242   -67.035 45.4  PUERTO RICO REGION
                    MAP 4.1 2011/10/24 10:17:01   16.333   -99.165 14.1  OFFSHORE GUERRERO, MEXICO
                    MAP 2.5 2011/10/24 09:41:20   19.885  -155.542 17.0  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
                    MAP 4.8  2011/10/24 08:49:20   38.529   43.548 6.7  EASTERN TURKEY
                    MAP 2.7 2011/10/24 08:46:19   60.122  -153.818 176.2  SOUTHERN ALASKA
                    MAP 4.7  2011/10/24 08:28:27   38.625   43.514 6.3  EASTERN TURKEY
                    MAP 4.5  2011/10/24 08:12:13   38.620   43.666 10.0  EASTERN TURKEY
                    MAP 4.4 2011/10/24 06:44:57   38.743   43.345 5.4  EASTERN TURKEY
                    MAP 2.8 2011/10/24 06:08:18   53.460  -165.307 25.9  FOX ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN ISLANDS, ALASKA
                    MAP 4.6  2011/10/24 05:54:58   38.648   43.304 10.8  EASTERN TURKEY
                    MAP 4.8  2011/10/24 04:43:04   38.504   43.240 24.3  EASTERN TURKEY
                    MAP 4.3 2011/10/24 04:18:46   38.730   43.270 5.0  EASTERN TURKEY
                    MAP 3.9 2011/10/24 02:23:14   38.737   43.161 2.3  EASTERN TURKEY
                    MAP 3.4 2011/10/24 02:09:15   18.223   -68.205 90.0  MONA PASSAGE, DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
                    MAP 4.0 2011/10/24 01:03:04   38.847   43.648 2.3  EASTERN TURKEY
                    MAP 4.2 2011/10/24 00:50:49   38.448   43.520 11.2  EASTERN TURKEY

                     MAGUTC DATE-TIME
                    y/m/d h:m:s
                    LAT
                    deg
                    LON
                    deg
                    DEPTH
                    km
                     Region
                    MAP 3.3 2011/10/23 23:49:33   58.612  -153.485 66.4  KODIAK ISLAND REGION, ALASKA
                    MAP 4.3 2011/10/23 23:34:43   38.397   43.601 11.3  EASTERN TURKEY

                    ...

                      Harve$t Moon's avatar - 5str

                      United States
                      Member #76986
                      July 10, 2009
                      8038 Posts
                      Offline
                      Posted: October 24, 2011, 6:34 pm - IP Logged
                      4.5  2011/10/24 22:13:32    38.615    43.163  10.0   EASTERN TURKEY
                      4.8  2011/10/24 21:37:32    38.506    141.403  72.7   NEAR THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
                        Harve$t Moon's avatar - 5str

                        United States
                        Member #76986
                        July 10, 2009
                        8038 Posts
                        Offline
                        Posted: October 24, 2011, 9:18 pm - IP Logged
                        4.3  2011/10/25 00:32:17    38.286    43.218  10.0   EASTERN TURKEY
                        3.4  2011/10/25 00:06:45    32.178   -115.357  32.5   BAJA CALIFORNIA, MEXICO
                          
                        4.7  2011/10/24 23:55:16    38.462    43.620  7.6   EASTERN TURKEY
                        4.6  2011/10/24 22:41:53   -25.032    -68.235  96.4   SALTA, ARGENTINA
                          Harve$t Moon's avatar - 5str

                          United States
                          Member #76986
                          July 10, 2009
                          8038 Posts
                          Offline
                          Posted: October 25, 2011, 2:36 am - IP Logged
                          5.0  2011/10/25 02:32:23    70.804    -5.364  16.6   JAN MAYEN ISLAND REGION

                          ...

                          Pick 4 series ... 5364   Pick 3 & 4  triples and false triples ... 666 / 111/ 166 / 116

                          You may find interesting numbers in the article below to consider for plays. Good Luck!

                          ~~~

                          Pick 3

                          Method 1:  2-2-0
                          Method 2:  9-7-7
                          Method 3:  9-3-4
                          Method 4:  4-9-1
                          Method 5:  2-6-3
                          Method 6:  4-0-5

                          Play 4

                          Method 1:  4-5-5-9
                          Method 2:  3-8-6-2
                          Method 3:  5-8-1-6
                          Method 4:  8-6-8-3
                          Method 5:  2-8-3-6
                          Method 6:  9-9-7-9

                          Quinto

                          Method 1:  9-4-0-2-2
                          Method 2:  5-4-8-1-0
                          Method 3:  4-6-6-5-2
                          Method 4:  6-2-4-4-3
                          Method 5:  6-4-9-6-9
                          Method 6:  5-1-9-6-0

                          ...

                          Some history to read for the history buffs, while waiting for your numbers to drop.

                          This volcanic island is a very important piece of real estate, it seems.

                          Enjoy some popcorn and beverages!     Lurking Lurking Cheers  Coffee

                          ~~~

                          Jan Mayen Island is a volcanic island in the Arctic Ocean and part of the Kingdom of Norway. It is 55 km (34 mi) long (southwest-northeast) and 373 km2 (144 mi2) in area, partly covered by glaciers (an area of 114.2 km2 or 44.1 mi2 around the Beerenberg). It has two parts: larger northeast Nord-Jan and smaller Sør-Jan, linked by an isthmus 2.5 km (1.6 mi) wide. It lies 600 km (about 400 mi) northeast of Iceland, 500 km (about 300 mi) east of central Greenland and 1,000 km (about 600 mi) west of the North Cap, Norway. The island is mountainous, the highest summit being the Beerenberg volcano in the north. The isthmus is the location of the two largest lakes of the island, Sørlaguna (South Lagoon), and Nordlaguna (North Lagoon). A third lake is called Ullerenglaguna (Ullereng Lagoon). Jan Mayen was formed by the Jan Mayen hotspot..

                          Economy

                          Jan Mayen Island has no known exploitable natural resources.. Economic activity is limited to providing services for employees of Norway’s radio communications and meterological stations located on the island. Jan Mayen has one unpaved airstrip, Jan Mayenfield, which is about 1,585 metres (5,200 ft) long, and the 124.1 km (77.1 mi) of coast has no ports or harbours, only offshore anchorages.

                          There are important fishing resources, and the existence of Jan Mayen establishes a large Exclusive Economic Zone around it. A modern-day dispute between Norway and Denmark regarding the fishing exclusion zone between Jan Mayen and Greenland was settled in 1988 granting Denmark the greater area of sovereignty. Significant deposits of oil and gas are suspected by geologists to lie below Jan Mayen's surrounding seafloors..

                          Jan Mayen Island is an integral part of the Kingdom of Norway, , and it is not considered to be a dependency with some special status.. Since 1995, Jan Mayen has been administered by the County Governor (fylkesmann) of the northern Norwegian county of Nordland which it is closest to. However, some authority over Jan Mayen has been assigned to the station commander of the Norwegian Defence Logistics Organisation, a branch of the Norwegian Armed Forces..

                          Society

                          Snow-covered Beerenberg beyond coastal hills

                          The only inhabitants on the island are personnel working for the Norwegian Armed Forces or the Norwegian Meterological Institute.. There are 18 people who spend the winter on the island, but the population may double (35) during the summer, when heavy maintenance is performed. Personnel serve either six months or one year, and are exchanged twice a year in April and October. The main purpose of the military personnel is to operate a LORAN-C base. The support crew, including mechanics, cooks and a nurse, are among the military personnel. Both the LORAN transmitter and the meterological station are located a few kilometres away from the settlement Olonkinbyen (English: The Olonkin City), where all personnel live.

                          Transport to the island is provided by C-130 Hercules military transport planes operated by the Royal Norwegian Air Force that land at Jan Mayenfield, which only has a gravel runway. The planes fly in from Bode Main Air Station eight times a year. Since the airport does not have any instrument landing capabilities, good visibility is required, and it is not uncommon for the planes to have to return to Bodø, two hours away, without landing. For heavy goods, freight ships visit during the summer, but since there are no harbours the ships must anchor up.

                          The island has no indigenous population, but is assigned the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 country code SJ (together with Svalbard), the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) .no. ( .si is allocated but not used) and data code JN. Its amateur radio call sign prefix is JX. It has a postal code, N-8099 JAN MAYEN, but delivery time varies, especially during the winter.

                          History

                          Unverified discoveries

                          The first known discovery of the island was in 1614. There are claims of earlier discoveries: some historiansbelieve that an Irish monk, Brendan, who was known as a good sailor, was close to Jan Mayen in the early 6th century. He came back from one of his voyages and reported that he had been close to a black island, which was on fire, and that there was a terrible noise in the area. He thought that he might have found the entrance to hell.

                          The land named Svalbarð ("cold coast") by the Vikings in the early medieval book Landnamabok may have been Jan Mayen (instead of Spitsbergen, which was renamed Svalbard by the Norwegians in modern times); the distance from Iceland to Svalbarð mentioned in this book is two days sailing, consistent with the ~530 km to Jan Mayen and not with the ~1550 km to Spitsbergen. The knowledge of Jan Mayen probably disappeared along with the Viking colonies on Greenland around the 14th century.

                          In the 17th century many claims of the island's rediscovery were made, spurred by the rivalry on the Arctic whaling grounds, and the island received many names. According to Thomas Edge, an early 17th century whaling captain who was often inaccurate, "William Hudson" discovered the island in 1608 and named it Hudson's Touches (or Tutches). However, Henry Hudson could only have come by on his voyage in 1607 (if he had made an illogical detour) and he made no mention of it in his journal Douglas Hunter, in Half Moon (2009), believes Hudson may not have mentioned his supposed discovery of the island because he was "loath to address a crew insurrection that might well have erupted at that time, when the men realized where he was trying to take them." This is, however, merely speculation on Hunter's part. There is absolutely no evidence to support such a claim.

                          According to William Scoresby (1820: p. 154), referring to the mistaken belief that the Dutch had discovered the island in 1611, Hull whalers discovered the island "about the same time" and named it Trinity Island. Muller (1874: pp. 190–91) took this to mean that they had come upon Jan Mayen in 1611 or 1612, which was repeated by many subsequent authors. There were, in fact, no Hull whalers in either of these years, the first Hull whaling expedition having been sent to the island only in 1616 (see below). As with the previous claim made by Edge, there is no cartographical or written proof for this supposed discovery.

                          1614 discoveries and final naming

                          Jan Mayen was discovered in the summer of 1614, probably within one month by three separate expeditions. The Dutchman Fopp Gerritsz., while in command of a whaling expedition sent out by the Englishman John Clarke, of Dunkirk, claimed (in 1631) to have discovered the island on June 28 and named it Isabella. In January the Noordsche Compagnie (Northern Company), modelled on the Dutch East India Company, had been established to support Dutch whaling in the Arctic. Two of its ships, financed by merchants from Amsterdam and Enkhuizen, reached Jan Mayen in July 1614. The captains of these ships— Jan Jacobszoon on the Gouden Cath (Golden Cat) and Jacob de Gouwenaer on the Orangienboom (Orange Tree)—named it Mr. Joris Eylant after the Dutch cartographer Joris Carolus who was on board and mapped the island. The captains acknowledged that a third Dutch ship, the Cleyn Swaentgen (Little Swan) captained by Jan Jansz Kerckhoff and financed by Noordsche Compagnie shareholders from Delft, had already been at the island when they arrived. They had assumed that the latter, who named the island Maurits Eylandt (or Mauritius) after Maurice of Nassau, Prince of Orange, would report their discovery to the States General.. However, the Delft merchants had decided to keep the discovery secret and returned in 1615 to hunt for their own profit. The ensuing dispute was only settled in 1617, though both companies were allowed to whale at Jan Mayen in the meantime.

                          In 1615, Robert Fotherby went ashore. Apparently thinking he made a new discovery, he named the island Sir Thomas Smith’s Island and the volcano “Mount Hakluyt”. Jean Vrolico renamed the island Île de Richelieu.

                          Jan Mayen first appeared on Willem Jansz Blaeu’s 1620 edition map of Europe, originally published by Cornelis Doedz in 1606. Blaeu, who lived in Amsterdam, named it Jan Mayen after captain Jan Jacobszoon May of the Amsterdam-financed Gouden Cath. Blaeu made a first detailed map of the island in his famous “Zeespiegel” atlas of 1623, establishing its current name.

                          Jan Mayen as a Dutch whaling base

                          From 1615 to 1638, Jan Mayen was used as a whaling base by the Dutch Noordsche Compagnie, which had been given a monopoly on whaling in the Arctic regions by the States General in 1614. Only two ships, one from the Noordsche Compagnie, and the other from the Delft merchants, were off Jan Mayen in 1615. The following year a score of vessels were sent to the island. The Noordsche Compagnie sent eight ships escorted by three warships under Jan Jacobsz. Schrobop; while the Delft merchants sent up five ships under Adriaen Dircksz. Leversteyn, son of one of the above merchants. There were also two ships from Dunkirk sent by John Clarke, as well as a ship each from London and Hull. Heertje Jansz, master of the Hope, of Enkhuizen, wrote a day-by-day account of the season. The ships took two weeks to reach Jan Mayen, arriving early in June. On 15 June they met the two English ships, which Schrobop allowed to remain, on condition they gave half their catch to the Dutch. The ships from Dunkirk were given the same conditions. By late July the first ship had left with a full cargo of oil; the rest left early in August, several filled with oil.

                          That year 200 men were seasonally living and working on the island at six temporary whaling stations (spread along the northwest coast). During the first decade of whaling more than ten ships visited Jan Mayen each year, while in the second period (1624 and later) five to ten ships were sent. With the exception of a few ships from Dunkirk, which came to the island in 1617 and were either driven away or forced to give a third of their catch to the Dutch, only the Dutch and merchants from Hull sent up ships to Jan Mayen from 1616 onward. In 1624 ten wooden houses were built in South Bay. About this time the Dutch appear to have abandoned the temporary stations consisting of tents of sail and crude furnaces, replacing them with two semi-permanent stations with wooden storehouses and dwellings and large brick furnces, one in the above-mentioned South Bay and the other in the North Bay. In 1628 two forts were built to protect the stations. Among the sailors active at Jan Mayen was the later admiral Michiel Adriaensz de Ruyter. In 1633, at the age of 26, he was for the first time listed as an officer aboard de Groene Leeuw (The Green Lion). He again went to Jan Mayen in 1635, aboard the same ship.

                          In 1632 the Noordsche Compagnie expelled the Danish-employed Basque whalers from Spitsbergen. In revenge, the latter sailed to Jan Mayen, where the Dutch had left for the winter, to plunder the Dutch equipment and burn down the settlements and factories. Captain Outger Jacobsz of Grootebroek was asked to stay the next winter (1633/34) on Jan Mayen with six shipmates to defend the island. While a group with the same task survived the winter on Spitsbergen, all seven on Jan Mayen died of scurvy or trichinosis (from eating raw polar bear meat) combined with the harsh conditions.

                          During the first phase of whaling the hauls were generally good, some exceptional. For example, Mathijs Jansz. Hoepstock caught 44 whales in Hoepstockbukta in 1619, which produced 2,300 casks of whale oil. During the second phase the hauls were much lower. While 1631 turned out to be a very good season, the following year, due to the weather and ice, only eight whales were caught. In 1633 eleven ships managed to catch just 47 whales; while a meager 42 were caught by the same number in 1635. The Bowhead whale was locally hunted to near extinction around 1640 (approximately 1000 had been killed and processed on the island), at which time Jan Mayen was abandoned and stayed uninhabited for two and a half centuries.

                          19th and 20th century

                          During the International Polar Year 1882-83 the Austro-Hungarian North Pole Expedition stayed one year at Jan Mayen. The expedition performed extensive mapping of the area, their maps being of such quality that they were used until the 1950s. The Austrian polar station on Jan Mayen Island was built and equipped in 1882 fully at Count Wilczek’s own costs.

                          Polar bears appear on Jan Mayen, although in diminished numbers compared with earlier times. Between 1900 and 1920, there were a number of Norwegian trappers spending winters on Jan Mayen, hunting white and blue foxes in addition to some polar bears. But the exploitation soon made the profits decline, and the hunting ended. Polar bears are genetically distinguishable in this region of the Arctic with those from elsewhere.

                          The League of Nations gave Norway jurisdiction over the island, and in 1921 Norway opened the first meteorological station. The Norwegian Meteorological Institute annexed the island for Norway in 1922. On 27 February 1930, the island was made de jure a part of the Kingdom of Norway.

                          During World War II, continental Norway was invaded and occupied by Germany in spring 1940. The four man team on Jan Mayen stayed at their posts and in an act of defiance began sending their weather reports to the United Kingdom instead of Norway. The British codenamed Jan Mayen Island X and attempted to reinforce it with troops to counteract any German attack. The Norwegian gunboat Fridtjof Nansen ran aground on one of the islands' many uncharted lava reefs and the 68 man crew abandoned ship and joined the Norwegian team on shore. The British expedition commander, prompted by the loss of the gunboat, decided to abandon Jan Mayen until the following spring and radioed for a rescue ship. Within a few days a ship arrived and evacuated the four Norwegians and their would-be reinforcements after demolishing the weather station to prevent it from falling into German hands. The Germans attempted to land a weather team on the island on 16 November 1940. The German naval trawler carrying the team crashed on the rocks just off Jan Mayen after a patrolling British destroyer had picked them up on radar. Most of the crew struggled ashore and were taken prisoner by a landing party from the destroyer.

                          The Allies returned to the island on 10 March 1941, when the Norwegian ship Veslekari, escorted by the patrol boat Honningsvaag, dropped 12 Norwegian weathermen on the island. The team's radio transmissions soon betrayed its presence to the Axis and German planes from Norway began to bomb and strafe Jan Mayen whenever weather would permit it, though they did little damage. Soon supplies and reinforcements arrived and even some antiaircraft guns, giving the island a garrison of a few dozen weathermen and soldiers. By 1941, Germany had given up hope of evicting the Allies from the island and the constant air raids stopped.

                          On 7 August 1942, a German Focke-Wulf Fw 200 "Condor", probably on a mission to bomb the station, smashed into the nearby mountainside of Danielsenkrateret in fog, killing all 9 crewmembers. In 1950, the wreck of another German plane with 4 crew members was discovered on the southwest side of the island. In 1943, the Americans established a radio locating station named Atlantic City in the north to try to locate German radio bases in Greenland.

                          After the war, the meteorological station was located at Atlantic City, but moved in 1949 to a new location. Radio Jan Mayen also served as an important radio station for ship traffic in the Arctic Ocean. In 1959, NATO decided to build the LORAN-C network in the Atlantic Ocean, and one of the transmitters had to be on Jan Mayen. By 1961, the new military installations, including a new airfield, were operational.

                          For some time, scientists doubted if there could be any activity in the Beerenberg volcano, but in 1970 the volcano erupted, and added another three square kilometres (1.2 sq mi) of land mass to the island during the three to four weeks it lasted. It had more eruptions in 1973 and 1985. During an eruption, the sea temperature around the island may increase from just above freezing to about 30 degrees Celsius (86 °F).

                          Historic stations and huts on the island are Hoyberg, Vera, Olsbu, Puppebu (cabin), Gamlemetten or Gamlestasjonen (the old weather station), Jan Mayen Radio, Helenehytta, Margarethhytta, and Ulla (a cabin at the foot of the Beerenberg).

                          Geography and geology

                          Jan Mayen consists of two geographically distinct parts. Nord-Jan has a round shape and is dominated by the 2,277 m (7,470 ft) high Beerenberg volcano with its large ice cap (114.2 km2 or 44 sq mi), which can be divided into twenty individual outlet glaciers. The largest of those is Sorbreen, with an area of 15.00 km2 (5.79 sq mi) and a length of 8.7 km2 (3.36 sq mi). South-Jan is narrow, comparatively flat and unglaciated. Its highest elevation is Rudolftoppen with 769 m (2,523 ft). The station and living quarters are located on South-Jan. The island lies at the northern end of the Jan Mayen Microcontinent. The mircrocontinent was originally part of the Greenland Plate, but now forms part of the Eurasian Plate.

                          Climate

                          Jan Mayen has an arctic climate, similar to Greenland and Svalbard, with a Koppen classification of ET.

                          In popular culture

                          In the 2008 game Tomb Raider: Underworld, Lara Croft visits Jan Mayen Island in search of Thor’s Hammer. The ruin that she finds there is supposedly the source of the Valhalla myth.

                          In the Tom Clancy book The Hunt for Red October the island is mentioned as a LORAN-C station for NATO

                          In the movie K-19: The Widowmaker, Captain Polenin remarks that the island has "one mountain, no trees, fifteen men, and one radio station.

                          ...

                                    

                            volcano eruption in  September, 1970 

                            

                          Olonkinbyen Settlement on Jan Mayen Island

                            

                            Harve$t Moon's avatar - 5str

                            United States
                            Member #76986
                            July 10, 2009
                            8038 Posts
                            Offline
                            Posted: October 25, 2011, 2:44 am - IP Logged
                            5.2  2011/10/25 06:07:31   -11.672    -14.438  10.0   ASCENSION ISLAND REGION
                            5.8  2011/10/25 03:24:52    52.154   -171.802  59.2   FOX ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN ISLANDS, ALASKA
                              Harve$t Moon's avatar - 5str

                              United States
                              Member #76986
                              July 10, 2009
                              8038 Posts
                              Offline
                              Posted: October 25, 2011, 3:38 am - IP Logged
                              5.0  2011/10/25 02:32:23    70.804    -5.364  16.6   JAN MAYEN ISLAND REGION

                              ...

                              Pick 4 series ... 5364   Pick 3 & 4  triples and false triples ... 666 / 111/ 166 / 116

                              You may find interesting numbers in the article below to consider for plays. Good Luck!

                              ~~~

                              Pick 3

                              Method 1:  2-2-0
                              Method 2:  9-7-7
                              Method 3:  9-3-4
                              Method 4:  4-9-1
                              Method 5:  2-6-3
                              Method 6:  4-0-5

                              Play 4

                              Method 1:  4-5-5-9
                              Method 2:  3-8-6-2
                              Method 3:  5-8-1-6
                              Method 4:  8-6-8-3
                              Method 5:  2-8-3-6
                              Method 6:  9-9-7-9

                              Quinto

                              Method 1:  9-4-0-2-2
                              Method 2:  5-4-8-1-0
                              Method 3:  4-6-6-5-2
                              Method 4:  6-2-4-4-3
                              Method 5:  6-4-9-6-9
                              Method 6:  5-1-9-6-0

                              ...

                              Some history to read for the history buffs, while waiting for your numbers to drop.

                              This volcanic island is a very important piece of real estate, it seems.

                              Enjoy some popcorn and beverages!     Lurking Lurking Cheers  Coffee

                              ~~~

                              Jan Mayen Island is a volcanic island in the Arctic Ocean and part of the Kingdom of Norway. It is 55 km (34 mi) long (southwest-northeast) and 373 km2 (144 mi2) in area, partly covered by glaciers (an area of 114.2 km2 or 44.1 mi2 around the Beerenberg). It has two parts: larger northeast Nord-Jan and smaller Sør-Jan, linked by an isthmus 2.5 km (1.6 mi) wide. It lies 600 km (about 400 mi) northeast of Iceland, 500 km (about 300 mi) east of central Greenland and 1,000 km (about 600 mi) west of the North Cap, Norway. The island is mountainous, the highest summit being the Beerenberg volcano in the north. The isthmus is the location of the two largest lakes of the island, Sørlaguna (South Lagoon), and Nordlaguna (North Lagoon). A third lake is called Ullerenglaguna (Ullereng Lagoon). Jan Mayen was formed by the Jan Mayen hotspot..

                              Economy

                              Jan Mayen Island has no known exploitable natural resources.. Economic activity is limited to providing services for employees of Norway’s radio communications and meterological stations located on the island. Jan Mayen has one unpaved airstrip, Jan Mayenfield, which is about 1,585 metres (5,200 ft) long, and the 124.1 km (77.1 mi) of coast has no ports or harbours, only offshore anchorages.

                              There are important fishing resources, and the existence of Jan Mayen establishes a large Exclusive Economic Zone around it. A modern-day dispute between Norway and Denmark regarding the fishing exclusion zone between Jan Mayen and Greenland was settled in 1988 granting Denmark the greater area of sovereignty. Significant deposits of oil and gas are suspected by geologists to lie below Jan Mayen's surrounding seafloors..

                              Jan Mayen Island is an integral part of the Kingdom of Norway, , and it is not considered to be a dependency with some special status.. Since 1995, Jan Mayen has been administered by the County Governor (fylkesmann) of the northern Norwegian county of Nordland which it is closest to. However, some authority over Jan Mayen has been assigned to the station commander of the Norwegian Defence Logistics Organisation, a branch of the Norwegian Armed Forces..

                              Society

                              Snow-covered Beerenberg beyond coastal hills

                              The only inhabitants on the island are personnel working for the Norwegian Armed Forces or the Norwegian Meterological Institute.. There are 18 people who spend the winter on the island, but the population may double (35) during the summer, when heavy maintenance is performed. Personnel serve either six months or one year, and are exchanged twice a year in April and October. The main purpose of the military personnel is to operate a LORAN-C base. The support crew, including mechanics, cooks and a nurse, are among the military personnel. Both the LORAN transmitter and the meterological station are located a few kilometres away from the settlement Olonkinbyen (English: The Olonkin City), where all personnel live.

                              Transport to the island is provided by C-130 Hercules military transport planes operated by the Royal Norwegian Air Force that land at Jan Mayenfield, which only has a gravel runway. The planes fly in from Bode Main Air Station eight times a year. Since the airport does not have any instrument landing capabilities, good visibility is required, and it is not uncommon for the planes to have to return to Bodø, two hours away, without landing. For heavy goods, freight ships visit during the summer, but since there are no harbours the ships must anchor up.

                              The island has no indigenous population, but is assigned the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 country code SJ (together with Svalbard), the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) .no. ( .si is allocated but not used) and data code JN. Its amateur radio call sign prefix is JX. It has a postal code, N-8099 JAN MAYEN, but delivery time varies, especially during the winter.

                              History

                              Unverified discoveries

                              The first known discovery of the island was in 1614. There are claims of earlier discoveries: some historiansbelieve that an Irish monk, Brendan, who was known as a good sailor, was close to Jan Mayen in the early 6th century. He came back from one of his voyages and reported that he had been close to a black island, which was on fire, and that there was a terrible noise in the area. He thought that he might have found the entrance to hell.

                              The land named Svalbarð ("cold coast") by the Vikings in the early medieval book Landnamabok may have been Jan Mayen (instead of Spitsbergen, which was renamed Svalbard by the Norwegians in modern times); the distance from Iceland to Svalbarð mentioned in this book is two days sailing, consistent with the ~530 km to Jan Mayen and not with the ~1550 km to Spitsbergen. The knowledge of Jan Mayen probably disappeared along with the Viking colonies on Greenland around the 14th century.

                              In the 17th century many claims of the island's rediscovery were made, spurred by the rivalry on the Arctic whaling grounds, and the island received many names. According to Thomas Edge, an early 17th century whaling captain who was often inaccurate, "William Hudson" discovered the island in 1608 and named it Hudson's Touches (or Tutches). However, Henry Hudson could only have come by on his voyage in 1607 (if he had made an illogical detour) and he made no mention of it in his journal Douglas Hunter, in Half Moon (2009), believes Hudson may not have mentioned his supposed discovery of the island because he was "loath to address a crew insurrection that might well have erupted at that time, when the men realized where he was trying to take them." This is, however, merely speculation on Hunter's part. There is absolutely no evidence to support such a claim.

                              According to William Scoresby (1820: p. 154), referring to the mistaken belief that the Dutch had discovered the island in 1611, Hull whalers discovered the island "about the same time" and named it Trinity Island. Muller (1874: pp. 190–91) took this to mean that they had come upon Jan Mayen in 1611 or 1612, which was repeated by many subsequent authors. There were, in fact, no Hull whalers in either of these years, the first Hull whaling expedition having been sent to the island only in 1616 (see below). As with the previous claim made by Edge, there is no cartographical or written proof for this supposed discovery.

                              1614 discoveries and final naming

                              Jan Mayen was discovered in the summer of 1614, probably within one month by three separate expeditions. The Dutchman Fopp Gerritsz., while in command of a whaling expedition sent out by the Englishman John Clarke, of Dunkirk, claimed (in 1631) to have discovered the island on June 28 and named it Isabella. In January the Noordsche Compagnie (Northern Company), modelled on the Dutch East India Company, had been established to support Dutch whaling in the Arctic. Two of its ships, financed by merchants from Amsterdam and Enkhuizen, reached Jan Mayen in July 1614. The captains of these ships— Jan Jacobszoon on the Gouden Cath (Golden Cat) and Jacob de Gouwenaer on the Orangienboom (Orange Tree)—named it Mr. Joris Eylant after the Dutch cartographer Joris Carolus who was on board and mapped the island. The captains acknowledged that a third Dutch ship, the Cleyn Swaentgen (Little Swan) captained by Jan Jansz Kerckhoff and financed by Noordsche Compagnie shareholders from Delft, had already been at the island when they arrived. They had assumed that the latter, who named the island Maurits Eylandt (or Mauritius) after Maurice of Nassau, Prince of Orange, would report their discovery to the States General.. However, the Delft merchants had decided to keep the discovery secret and returned in 1615 to hunt for their own profit. The ensuing dispute was only settled in 1617, though both companies were allowed to whale at Jan Mayen in the meantime.

                              In 1615, Robert Fotherby went ashore. Apparently thinking he made a new discovery, he named the island Sir Thomas Smith’s Island and the volcano “Mount Hakluyt”. Jean Vrolico renamed the island Île de Richelieu.

                              Jan Mayen first appeared on Willem Jansz Blaeu’s 1620 edition map of Europe, originally published by Cornelis Doedz in 1606. Blaeu, who lived in Amsterdam, named it Jan Mayen after captain Jan Jacobszoon May of the Amsterdam-financed Gouden Cath. Blaeu made a first detailed map of the island in his famous “Zeespiegel” atlas of 1623, establishing its current name.

                              Jan Mayen as a Dutch whaling base

                              From 1615 to 1638, Jan Mayen was used as a whaling base by the Dutch Noordsche Compagnie, which had been given a monopoly on whaling in the Arctic regions by the States General in 1614. Only two ships, one from the Noordsche Compagnie, and the other from the Delft merchants, were off Jan Mayen in 1615. The following year a score of vessels were sent to the island. The Noordsche Compagnie sent eight ships escorted by three warships under Jan Jacobsz. Schrobop; while the Delft merchants sent up five ships under Adriaen Dircksz. Leversteyn, son of one of the above merchants. There were also two ships from Dunkirk sent by John Clarke, as well as a ship each from London and Hull. Heertje Jansz, master of the Hope, of Enkhuizen, wrote a day-by-day account of the season. The ships took two weeks to reach Jan Mayen, arriving early in June. On 15 June they met the two English ships, which Schrobop allowed to remain, on condition they gave half their catch to the Dutch. The ships from Dunkirk were given the same conditions. By late July the first ship had left with a full cargo of oil; the rest left early in August, several filled with oil.

                              That year 200 men were seasonally living and working on the island at six temporary whaling stations (spread along the northwest coast). During the first decade of whaling more than ten ships visited Jan Mayen each year, while in the second period (1624 and later) five to ten ships were sent. With the exception of a few ships from Dunkirk, which came to the island in 1617 and were either driven away or forced to give a third of their catch to the Dutch, only the Dutch and merchants from Hull sent up ships to Jan Mayen from 1616 onward. In 1624 ten wooden houses were built in South Bay. About this time the Dutch appear to have abandoned the temporary stations consisting of tents of sail and crude furnaces, replacing them with two semi-permanent stations with wooden storehouses and dwellings and large brick furnces, one in the above-mentioned South Bay and the other in the North Bay. In 1628 two forts were built to protect the stations. Among the sailors active at Jan Mayen was the later admiral Michiel Adriaensz de Ruyter. In 1633, at the age of 26, he was for the first time listed as an officer aboard de Groene Leeuw (The Green Lion). He again went to Jan Mayen in 1635, aboard the same ship.

                              In 1632 the Noordsche Compagnie expelled the Danish-employed Basque whalers from Spitsbergen. In revenge, the latter sailed to Jan Mayen, where the Dutch had left for the winter, to plunder the Dutch equipment and burn down the settlements and factories. Captain Outger Jacobsz of Grootebroek was asked to stay the next winter (1633/34) on Jan Mayen with six shipmates to defend the island. While a group with the same task survived the winter on Spitsbergen, all seven on Jan Mayen died of scurvy or trichinosis (from eating raw polar bear meat) combined with the harsh conditions.

                              During the first phase of whaling the hauls were generally good, some exceptional. For example, Mathijs Jansz. Hoepstock caught 44 whales in Hoepstockbukta in 1619, which produced 2,300 casks of whale oil. During the second phase the hauls were much lower. While 1631 turned out to be a very good season, the following year, due to the weather and ice, only eight whales were caught. In 1633 eleven ships managed to catch just 47 whales; while a meager 42 were caught by the same number in 1635. The Bowhead whale was locally hunted to near extinction around 1640 (approximately 1000 had been killed and processed on the island), at which time Jan Mayen was abandoned and stayed uninhabited for two and a half centuries.

                              19th and 20th century

                              During the International Polar Year 1882-83 the Austro-Hungarian North Pole Expedition stayed one year at Jan Mayen. The expedition performed extensive mapping of the area, their maps being of such quality that they were used until the 1950s. The Austrian polar station on Jan Mayen Island was built and equipped in 1882 fully at Count Wilczek’s own costs.

                              Polar bears appear on Jan Mayen, although in diminished numbers compared with earlier times. Between 1900 and 1920, there were a number of Norwegian trappers spending winters on Jan Mayen, hunting white and blue foxes in addition to some polar bears. But the exploitation soon made the profits decline, and the hunting ended. Polar bears are genetically distinguishable in this region of the Arctic with those from elsewhere.

                              The League of Nations gave Norway jurisdiction over the island, and in 1921 Norway opened the first meteorological station. The Norwegian Meteorological Institute annexed the island for Norway in 1922. On 27 February 1930, the island was made de jure a part of the Kingdom of Norway.

                              During World War II, continental Norway was invaded and occupied by Germany in spring 1940. The four man team on Jan Mayen stayed at their posts and in an act of defiance began sending their weather reports to the United Kingdom instead of Norway. The British codenamed Jan Mayen Island X and attempted to reinforce it with troops to counteract any German attack. The Norwegian gunboat Fridtjof Nansen ran aground on one of the islands' many uncharted lava reefs and the 68 man crew abandoned ship and joined the Norwegian team on shore. The British expedition commander, prompted by the loss of the gunboat, decided to abandon Jan Mayen until the following spring and radioed for a rescue ship. Within a few days a ship arrived and evacuated the four Norwegians and their would-be reinforcements after demolishing the weather station to prevent it from falling into German hands. The Germans attempted to land a weather team on the island on 16 November 1940. The German naval trawler carrying the team crashed on the rocks just off Jan Mayen after a patrolling British destroyer had picked them up on radar. Most of the crew struggled ashore and were taken prisoner by a landing party from the destroyer.

                              The Allies returned to the island on 10 March 1941, when the Norwegian ship Veslekari, escorted by the patrol boat Honningsvaag, dropped 12 Norwegian weathermen on the island. The team's radio transmissions soon betrayed its presence to the Axis and German planes from Norway began to bomb and strafe Jan Mayen whenever weather would permit it, though they did little damage. Soon supplies and reinforcements arrived and even some antiaircraft guns, giving the island a garrison of a few dozen weathermen and soldiers. By 1941, Germany had given up hope of evicting the Allies from the island and the constant air raids stopped.

                              On 7 August 1942, a German Focke-Wulf Fw 200 "Condor", probably on a mission to bomb the station, smashed into the nearby mountainside of Danielsenkrateret in fog, killing all 9 crewmembers. In 1950, the wreck of another German plane with 4 crew members was discovered on the southwest side of the island. In 1943, the Americans established a radio locating station named Atlantic City in the north to try to locate German radio bases in Greenland.

                              After the war, the meteorological station was located at Atlantic City, but moved in 1949 to a new location. Radio Jan Mayen also served as an important radio station for ship traffic in the Arctic Ocean. In 1959, NATO decided to build the LORAN-C network in the Atlantic Ocean, and one of the transmitters had to be on Jan Mayen. By 1961, the new military installations, including a new airfield, were operational.

                              For some time, scientists doubted if there could be any activity in the Beerenberg volcano, but in 1970 the volcano erupted, and added another three square kilometres (1.2 sq mi) of land mass to the island during the three to four weeks it lasted. It had more eruptions in 1973 and 1985. During an eruption, the sea temperature around the island may increase from just above freezing to about 30 degrees Celsius (86 °F).

                              Historic stations and huts on the island are Hoyberg, Vera, Olsbu, Puppebu (cabin), Gamlemetten or Gamlestasjonen (the old weather station), Jan Mayen Radio, Helenehytta, Margarethhytta, and Ulla (a cabin at the foot of the Beerenberg).

                              Geography and geology

                              Jan Mayen consists of two geographically distinct parts. Nord-Jan has a round shape and is dominated by the 2,277 m (7,470 ft) high Beerenberg volcano with its large ice cap (114.2 km2 or 44 sq mi), which can be divided into twenty individual outlet glaciers. The largest of those is Sorbreen, with an area of 15.00 km2 (5.79 sq mi) and a length of 8.7 km2 (3.36 sq mi). South-Jan is narrow, comparatively flat and unglaciated. Its highest elevation is Rudolftoppen with 769 m (2,523 ft). The station and living quarters are located on South-Jan. The island lies at the northern end of the Jan Mayen Microcontinent. The mircrocontinent was originally part of the Greenland Plate, but now forms part of the Eurasian Plate.

                              Climate

                              Jan Mayen has an arctic climate, similar to Greenland and Svalbard, with a Koppen classification of ET.

                              In popular culture

                              In the 2008 game Tomb Raider: Underworld, Lara Croft visits Jan Mayen Island in search of Thor’s Hammer. The ruin that she finds there is supposedly the source of the Valhalla myth.

                              In the Tom Clancy book The Hunt for Red October the island is mentioned as a LORAN-C station for NATO

                              In the movie K-19: The Widowmaker, Captain Polenin remarks that the island has "one mountain, no trees, fifteen men, and one radio station.

                              ...

                                        

                                volcano eruption in  September, 1970 

                                

                              Olonkinbyen Settlement on Jan Mayen Island

                                

                              Thanks ~ Wikipedia!

                                 
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