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Lure of riches fuels lottery craze in China

Aug 20, 2007, 6:22 am

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InternationalInternational: Lure of riches fuels lottery craze in China

Jackpot chasers steal millions in cash, only to spend them on tickets

Two employees at a Chinese bank dream of getting rich quick. The only two with the keys to the vault, they steal a few thousand dollars to see whether anyone notices. No one does. So they take more. In the course of a month, they walk away with $6.6 million.

Instead of running away with their mountains of cash, the two do something seemingly illogical.

They buy lottery tickets.

Since police arrested the pair this spring, details of the bizarre robbery at the Handan branch of the Agriculture Bank of China have shed light on the huge popularity of lottery games in a country that officially bans gambling but has little power to stop the addiction from spreading.

"They have what we call the gambler's fantasy," said Li Gang, an expert on the Chinese lottery industry at Shanghai Normal University. "The cost of living in China has gone sky-high. Everyone wants to get rich. What is the fastest path to wealth? These people believe it is lottery games."

Gambling ban

Much has changed in China since Mao-era Communists prided themselves on their frugality and vows to serve the people. Money is the new opiate of the masses and drug of choice, too, for corrupt cadres.

Fearful of the threat to its power and legitimacy, the central government in Beijing for years has campaigned against illegal gambling, shuttering thousands of underground betting parlors.

But the lottery industry is not technically considered gambling in China, and proceeds are supposed to support worthy causes, such as children's welfare and Olympics-related projects. In reality, the industry is full of regulatory loopholes and lacks a reliable monitoring system that could prevent abuse.

Still, as a legal alternative to gambling, the lottery ticket is the new dream maker for legions of Chinese, including state employees whose one-time "iron rice bowl" jobs are no longer enough in today's money-obsessed society. The temptation to win is so great that some government workers with easy access to public funds have thought little of dipping into the life savings of unknowing depositors as though they were their own private piggy banks.

A 23-year-old bank teller, for instance, falsified deposit records in order to remove $2.8 million in 50 days last fall to support her fiancé's lottery addiction, state media reported. This year, the woman was sentenced to seven years in prison.

Embezzling public money to play underground lottery games is even more rampant. In one case in southern China, a cashier at a public hospital stole $140,000 in deposit money for inpatient care to support her lottery habit. She was sentenced last year to 14 years.

Experts say cases such as these only scratch the surface of a problem plaguing civil servants, from small bureaucrats to big bosses.

"We found out that in one county in Liaoning province, the entire leadership was gambling; they spent their official meetings discussing what numbers to bet on," said Wang Xuehong, head of the lottery research center at Peking University.

China's tightly controlled media rarely report on these official criminal activities, which makes the Handan heist all the more interesting because of the details that have been exposed.

Ties to officials

Probably most interesting is the fact that both robbers are sons of local officials in Hebei province, and both had reputations as model workers.

Mastermind Ren Xiaofeng, 34, the son of a teacher and local official, got his job at the bank through his father's connections. His life had been the object of envy because he had a cushy government job and twins, a boy and girl. In a country with a strict one-child policy, this fact alone is not unlike winning the lottery.

His partner in crime, Ma Xiangjing, 37, is also the son of a local cadre. He served some time in the military, and the experience helped him land a job as security guard at a small county bank. After two years of stellar performance, he was promoted to the city branch of the agriculture bank.

Mr. Ma and Mr. Ren had a knack for counting cash fast by hand. They stood out in interbank competitions, winning honors for their home branch and respect from their superiors. Making them the two designated holders of the keys to the bank's vault was considered a vote of confidence in their skill and character.

Then, at the urging of co-workers, Mr. Ren started playing lottery games. At first he was a cautious player who placed an occasional bet. Soon he was hooked and became obsessed about hitting the jackpot.

Wire Reports Ching-Ching Ni, Los Angeles Times

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1 comment. Last comment 13 years ago by ChazzMatt.
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metro Atlanta area
United States
Member #4122
March 23, 2004
49 Posts

here's the rest of the story:


Then, at the urging of co-workers, Ren started playing lottery games. At first he was a cautious player who placed an occasional bet. Soon he was hooked and became obsessed about hitting the jackpot.

That's when he and his colleagues decided the problem was that they weren't investing enough. If only they could "borrow" some money, they could surely win big and pay the lender back. The only person who could help them do that was the man with easy access to the bank's vault.

The incredible notion that they would be merely borrowing the money persuaded Ren to help. And just as incredibly, he succeeded in taking out about $26,000. Ren used about $16,000 of it for himself to buy lottery tickets. He won $13,000.

Uncomfortable with what he had done, Ren decided to return what he had won to the bank, and he made up the difference with money from his own wallet. No one knew money had been illegally removed and returned to the bank.

But the ease with which he completed the risky transaction whet his appetite.

Next time, he decided to strike out on his own, with help from only one co-worker: the other man with the key.

"It was easy," Ren told state media in a jailhouse interview. "We were the only two with keys, and they didn't check how much money was in the vault every day. At the time, we didn't think we were robbing the bank. We were going to return the money after we won big."

Instead, they hit a losing streak so bad that the only way out was to run from the law. So they took what they could from the bank.

According to the surveillance tape and media reports, the two loaded at least five safe-deposit boxes into a gray van at lunchtime. When guards asked what they were up to, they made up a story about some tycoon making a big cash withdrawal. Not only did the guards fail to check the facts, they helped buy several large sacks from a nearby street vendor so the robbers could better hide their loot.

Before hitting the road, the two couldn't resist pumping $1.8 million more into the local lottery system, in case their luck turned.

So generous was their spending in that single bet that it accounted for a whopping 62% of the daily sales in all Hebei province.

Even before they fled, they had spent so much money playing the games that sales records were broken for two weeks. Astoundingly, no one thought to investigate these unusual spikes. In fact, provincial officials even congratulated the Handan city lottery officials for their fine work expanding their coffers.

"The local government and the lottery sellers both get a cut of the sales. So they have no incentive to report irregularities," said Li, the expert in Shanghai.

In fact, one of the four small lottery sellers they patronized was a buddy of Ren's who rarely asked questions. When he was curious, Ren told him he was hired to play the game for a rich businessman who preferred to remain anonymous.

Ren and Ma fled on a Saturday afternoon. But authorities didn't realize anything was wrong until the pair failed to show up for work Monday and had their cellphones switched off. When police broke into the vault, they found the floor scattered with piles of worthless lottery tickets.

A national manhunt ensued, and a few days later the two men were behind bars.

As the investigation continued, the Chinese Internet burned up with outrage.

"It's unbelievable that it took them one month to notice anything had gone wrong," read one posting. "This is such a low-tech robbery by such low-level employees. What happens if higher-level officials want to embezzle our money? How could we ever feel safe?"