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On This Day in History:  March 12

March 12 is the 71st day of the year (72nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 294 days remain until the end of the year.

Lottery News On This Day

2020
Alabama lottery bill filed in House with 70 co-sponsors. Alabama Rep. Steve Clouse, R-Ozark, filed an education lottery bill Tuesday with 70 co-sponsors that if passed would go to the ballot as a constitutional amendment for people to vote on.
2020
Illinois Lottery releases 2020 MS Project instant ticket. The Illinois Lottery this week released its annual "MS Project" scratch-off ticket, with all proceeds going to research for a multiple sclerosis (MS) cure, as well as providing treatment for those living with the disease.
2020
Longtime Rhode Island Lottery chief Gerald Aubin retiring. The longtime head of the Rhode Island Lottery is stepping down.
2019
NJ joins DOJ lawsuit over Wire Act interpretation. New Jersey is joining New Hampshire, Pennsylvania, and several lottery companies in a suit seeking to invalidate the U.S. Department of Justice's legal ruling last year which critics said could hurt the state's multibillion-dollar online gaming and sports betting industries, Attorney Gurbir Grewal announced Monday.
2018
Judge rules $560M Powerball lottery winner can stay anonymous. A judge ruled Monday that a New Hampshire woman who won a Powerball jackpot worth nearly $560 million can keep her identity private, but not her hometown.
2018
NJ Lottery holds annual second-chance grand prize drawing event. A lucky group of 15 people turned their losing New Jersey lottery tickets into big bucks, including a Monmouth County woman who won $1 million.
2015
Lottery windfalls can buy anything except anonymity. Former Canadian lottery winners discuss what it's like to win the jackpot, and say lucky ticket holders should prepare for a wave of unwanted attention after they claim their prize.
2015
Winner of $50 million Lotto Max jackpot claims prize just before it expires. A winning $50 million Lotto Max ticket has been presented to British Columbia lottery officials, just days before the one-year deadline to claim the prize was set to expire.
2014
$353 MILLION: Red hot Mega Millions jackpot set for Friday. Less than 3 months after the multi-state Mega Millions lottery game featured a near-record $648 million jackpot, it is two draws away from doing it again.
2014
Sick of traffic, man stops and buys lottery tickets... and wins $5 million. A Long Island electrician got sick of waiting in a traffic jam, so he pulled over at a gift shop to buy scratch-off tickets -- and won $5 million.
2011
Ohio Gov. considering privatizing management of lottery. A proposal to privatize the management of the Ohio Lottery Commission was submitted this week to the nonpartisan Legislative Service Commission, which researches Ohio's budgets and laws.
2010
Lottery slaying now a 1st-degree case. A grand jury indicted Dorice Donegan "Dee Dee" Moore on Thursday on a charge of first-degree murder in the death and disappearance of Florida Lottery winner Abraham Shakespeare.
2007
Change in Penn. Lottery scratch tickets removes shortcut. A change in the format of Pennsylvania Lottery scratch-off tickets to prevent fraud means that some lottery players could be mistakenly tossing away winning tickets, retailers said.
2004
Connecticut Lottery Systems will be Shut Down Sunday. The Connecticut Lottery Corp. is shutting down its system statewide on Sunday to upgrade its software system.
2004
Virginia Schools Got $12 Million from Mega Millions Jackpot Runup. The ticket worth $239 million in last month's Mega Millions lottery wasn't the only winner, as public schools got more than $11.5 million.
2004
Whittaker Robbed Again and Again. The man who won the largest single lottery jackpot in U.S. history has had a run of bad luck this week: He's been robbed twice and sued.

Top 25 Lottery Jackpots On This Day

1.$448.2 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Mar 13, 2019
2.$417.3 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Mar 14, 2018
3.$353 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Mar 14, 2014
4.$318 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Mar 13, 2018
5.$230 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Mar 12, 2008
6.$212 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Mar 13, 2010
7.$183 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Mar 13, 2013
8.€129 Million
US$179.25 Million
Multi-Country
Euro Millions
Draw Date
Mar 14, 2014
9.$172 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Mar 15, 2011
10.$171 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Mar 13, 2012
11.$165 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Mar 14, 2007
12.€105 Million
US$148.73 Million
Multi-Country
Euro Millions
Draw Date
Mar 18, 2011
13.€112.7 Million
US$139.4 Million
Draw Date
Mar 13, 2018
14.$137 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Mar 14, 2015
15.€118.25 Million
US$133.37 Million
Draw Date
Mar 12, 2019
16.$123 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Mar 15, 2017
17.$120 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Mar 14, 2020
18.$119 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Mar 14, 2017
19.$90 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Mar 13, 2004
20.€79 Million
US$83.96 Million
Multi-Country
Euro Millions
Draw Date
Mar 14, 2017
21.€73 Million
US$82.34 Million
Multi-Country
Euro Millions
Draw Date
Mar 12, 2019
22.$80 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Mar 13, 2020
23.€61 Million
US$75.45 Million
Multi-Country
Euro Millions
Draw Date
Mar 13, 2018
24.$75 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Mar 15, 2006
25.€53.25 Million
US$69.65 Million
Draw Date
Mar 16, 2013

Lottery Post Member Birthdays On This Day

1991
Tuesday, Mar 12, 1991
29 years old
1991
Tuesday, Mar 12, 1991
29 years old
1989
Sunday, Mar 12, 1989
31 years old
1985
Tuesday, Mar 12, 1985
35 years old
1983
Saturday, Mar 12, 1983
37 years old
1979
Monday, Mar 12, 1979
41 years old
1971
Friday, Mar 12, 1971
49 years old
1968
Tuesday, Mar 12, 1968
52 years old
1968
Tuesday, Mar 12, 1968
52 years old
1966
Saturday, Mar 12, 1966
54 years old
1957
Tuesday, Mar 12, 1957
63 years old
1954
Friday, Mar 12, 1954
66 years old
1954
Friday, Mar 12, 1954
66 years old
1943
Friday, Mar 12, 1943
77 years old
1929
Tuesday, Mar 12, 1929
91 years old
(year not provided)
(year not provided)
(year not provided)

Worldwide Events On This Day

2019
In the House of Commons, the revised EU Withdrawal Bill was rejected by a margin of 149 votes.
2014
A gas explosion in the New York City neighborhood of East Harlem kills eight and injures 70 others.
2011
A reactor at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant melts and explodes and releases radioactivity into the atmosphere a day after Japan's earthquake.
2009
Financier Bernard Madoff pleads guilty in New York to scamming $18 billion, the largest in Wall Street's history.
2004
The President of South Korea, Roh Moo-hyun, is impeached by its National Assembly: The first such impeachment in the nation's history.
2003
Zoran Đinđić, Prime Minister of Serbia, is assassinated in Belgrade.
2003
WHO officially release global warning on pandemic SARS disease.
1999
Former Warsaw Pact members the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland join NATO.
1994
The Church of England ordains its first female priests.
1993
Several bombs explode in Mumbai, India, killing about 300 and injuring hundreds more.
1993
North Korea nuclear weapons program: North Korea says that it plans to withdraw from the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons and refuses to allow inspectors access to its nuclear sites.
1992
Mauritius becomes a republic while remaining a member of the Commonwealth of Nations.
1971
The March 12 Memorandum is sent to the Suleyman Demirel government of Turkey and the government resigns.
1968
Mauritius achieves independence from the United Kingdom.
1967
Suharto takes power from Sukarno when the MPRS inaugurate him as Acting President of Indonesia.
1961
First winter ascent of the North Face of the Eiger.
1950
The Llandow air disaster occurs near Sigingstone, Wales, in which 80 people die when their aircraft crashed, making it the world's deadliest air disaster at the time.
1947
Cold War: The Truman Doctrine is proclaimed to help stem the spread of Communism.
1943
Italian occupation of Greece: The Italian occupying forces abandon the town of Karditsa to the partisans. On the same day, an Italian motorized column razes the village of Tsaritsani, burning 360 of its 600 houses and shooting 40 civilians.
1942
World War II: Pacific War: The Battle of Java ends with an ABDACOM surrender to the Japanese Empire in Bandung, West Java, Dutch East Indies.
1940
Winter War: Finland signs the Moscow Peace Treaty with the Soviet Union, ceding almost all of Finnish Karelia. Finnish troops and the remaining population are immediately evacuated.
1938
Anschluss: German troops occupy and absorb Austria.
1934
Konstantin Päts and General Johan Laidoner stage a coup in Estonia, and ban all political parties.
1933
Great Depression: Franklin D. Roosevelt addresses the nation for the first time as President of the United States. This is also the first of his "fireside chats".
1930
Mahatma Gandhi begins the Salt March, a 200-mile march to the sea to protest the British monopoly on salt in India.
1928
In California, the St. Francis Dam fails; the resulting floods kill 431 people.
1922
Armenia, Georgia, and Azerbaijan form the Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic.
1921
İstiklâl Marşı is adopted in the Grand National Assembly of Turkey.
1920
The Kapp Putsch begins when the Marinebrigade Ehrhardt is ordered to march on Berlin.
1918
Moscow becomes the capital of Russia again after Saint Petersburg held this status for 215 years.
1913
Canberra Day: The future capital of Australia is officially named Canberra. (Melbourne remains temporary capital until 1927 while the new capital is still under construction.)
1912
The Girl Guides (later renamed the Girl Scouts of the USA) are founded in the United States.
1894
Coca-Cola is bottled and sold for the first time in Vicksburg, Mississippi, by local soda fountain operator Joseph A. Biedenharn.
1885
Tonkin Campaign: France captures the citadel of Bắc Ninh.
1881
Andrew Watson makes his Scotland debut as the world's first black international football player and captain.
1864
American Civil War: The Red River Campaign begins as a US Navy fleet of 13 Ironclads and 7 Gunboats and other support ships enter the Red River.
1811
Peninsular War: A day after a successful rearguard action, French Marshal Michel Ney once again successfully delayed the pursuing Anglo-Portuguese force at the Battle of Redinha.
1689
The Williamite War in Ireland begins.
1622
Ignatius of Loyola and Francis Xavier, founders of the Society of Jesus, are canonized by the Roman Catholic Church.
1550
Several hundred Spanish and indigenous troops under the command of Pedro de Valdivia defeat an army of 60,000 Mapuche at the Battle of Penco during the Arauco War in present-day Chile.
538
Vitiges, king of the Ostrogoths ends his siege of Rome and retreats to Ravenna, leaving the city in the hands of the victorious Byzantine general, Belisarius

Births On This Day

2003
Malina Weissman, American child actress and model
1999
Sakura Oda, Japanese pop singer
1998
Alina Müller, Swiss ice hockey player
1998
Daniel Samohin, Israeli figure skater
1998
Elizaveta Ukolova, Czech figure skater
1997
Dean Henderson, English footballer
1997
Allan Saint-Maximin, French footballer
1997
Felipe Vizeu, Brazilian footballer
1996
Sehrou Guirassy, French footballer
1996
Karim Hafez, Egyptian footballer
1996
Robert Murić, Croatian footballer
1994
Jerami Grant, American basketball player
1994
Katie Archibald, Scottish track cyclist
1994
Christina Grimmie, American singer-songwriter (d. 2016)
1993
Shehu Abdullahi, Nigerian footballer
1993
Amjad Attwan, Iraqi footballer
1993
Alex Bellemare, Canadian skier
1993
Anton Shramchenko, Belarusian footballer
1992
Daniele Baselli, Italian footballer
1992
Jordan Ferri, French footballer
1992
Ciara Mageean, Irish middle-distance runner
1992
Jiří Skalák, Czech footballer
1991
Felix Kroos, German footballer
1991
Niclas Heimann, German footballer
1991
Hanna Pysmenska, Ukrainian diver
1991
Leandro Fernandez, Argentine footballer
1990
Lawrence Clarke, English hurdler
1990
Alexander Kröckel, German skeleton racer
1990
Irakli Kvekveskiri, Georgian footballer
1990
Dawid Kubacki, Polish ski jumper
1990
Matias Myttynen, Finnish ice hockey player
1990
Ilija Nestorovski, Macedonian footballer
1990
Milena Raičević, Montenegrin handballer
1990
Mikko Sumusalo, Finnish footballer
1989
Jordan Adéoti, French footballer
1989
Vytautas Černiauskas, Lithuanian footballer
1989
Tyler Clary, former American swimmer
1989
Richard Eckersley, English footballer
1989
Nathan Haas, Australian cyclist
1989
Chen Jianghua, Chinese basketball player
1989
Siim Luts, Estonian footballer
1988
Sebastian Brendel, German canoe racer
1988
Kostas Mitroglou, Greek footballer
1988
Cristian Chagas Tarouco, Brazilian footballer
1987
Manuele Boaro, Italian cyclist
1987
Jessica Hardy, American swimmer
1987
Maxwell Holt, American volleyball player
1987
Teimour Radjabov, Azerbaijani chess player
1987
Chris Seitz, American soccer player
1987
Vadim Shipachyov, Russian ice hockey player
1987
Pablo Velázquez, Paraguayan footballer
1986
Martynas Andriuškevičius, Lithuanian basketball player
1986
Campbell Best, Cook Islands footballer
1986
Oleh Dopilka, Ukrainian footballer
1986
Danny Jones, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor
1986
Ben Offereins, Australian runner
1986
František Rajtoral, Czech footballer (d. 2017)
1985
Macarena Aguilar, Spanish handballer
1985
Marco Bonanomi, Italian racing driver
1985
Aleksandr Bukharov, Russian footballer
1985
Choi Cheol-han, South Korean Go player
1985
Ed Clancy, English track and road cyclist
1985
Andriy Tovt, Ukrainian footballer
1984
Shreya Ghoshal, Indian singer
1984
Jaimie Alexander, American actress
1983
Atif Aslam, Pakistani singer and actor
1982
Lili Bordán, Hungarian-American actress
1982
Samm Levine, American actor and comedian
1982
Ilya Nikulin, Russian ice hockey player
1982
Hisato Satō, Japanese footballer
1982
Yūto Satō, Japanese footballer
1982
Tobias Schweinsteiger, German footballer
1981
Kenta Kobayashi, Japanese wrestler and kick-boxer
1981
Chiwa Saitō, Japanese voice actress
1981
Katarina Srebotnik, Slovenian tennis player
1981
Holly Williams, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
1980
Césinha, Brazilian footballer
1980
Becky Holliday, American pole vaulter
1980
Jens Mouris, Dutch cyclist
1980
Douglas Murray, Swedish ice hockey player
1979
Rhys Coiro, American actor
1979
Pete Doherty, English musician, songwriter, actor, poet, writer, and artist
1979
Jamie Dwyer, Australian field hockey player and coach
1979
Gerard López, former Spanish footballer
1979
Mike Mago, Dutch DJ, music producer and record label owner
1979
Ben Sandford, New Zealand skeleton racer
1979
Tim Wieskötter, German sprint canoer
1979
Edwin Villafuerte, Ecuadorian goalkeeper
1979
Liu Xuan, Chinese gymnast
1978
Casey Mears, American race car driver
1978
Marco Ferreira, Portuguese footballer
1978
Claudio Sanchez, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
1978
Arina Tanemura, Japanese author and illustrator
1977
Michelle Burgher, track and field athlete
1977
Ramiro Corrales, American soccer player
1977
Amdy Faye, former Senegalese footballer
1977
Brent Johnson, American ice hockey player
1976
Deron Quint, American ice hockey defenseman
1976
Zhao Wei, Chinese actress, film director, producer and pop singer
1975
Nicolae Grigore, former Romanian footballer
1975
Edgaras Jankauskas, former Lithuanian footballer
1975
Srđan Pecelj, Bosnian footballer
1974
María Adánez, Spanish actress
1974
Charles Akonnor, former Ghanaian footballer
1974
Walid Badir, former Israeli footballer
1974
Matt Barela, American wrestler and actor
1974
Scarlet Ortiz, Venezuelan actress
1974
Lisa Werlinder, Swedish actress and jazz musician/singer
1972
Doron Sheffer, Israeli basketball player
1971
Isaiah Rider, American basketball player and rapper
1971
Ogün Sanlısoy, Turkish rock musician
1971
Dragutin Topić, Serbian high jumper
1970
Karen Bradley, British politician
1970
Dave Eggers, American author and screenwriter
1970
Mathias Gronberg, Swedish golfer
1970
Roy Khan, Norwegian singer-songwriter
1970
Rex Walters, American basketball player and coach
1969
Graham Coxon, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
1969
Aleksandr Shmarko, Russian footballer
1969
Jake Tapper, American journalist and author
1968
Dylan Carlson, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
1968
Tammy Duckworth, Thai-American colonel, pilot, and politician
1968
Aaron Eckhart, American actor and producer
1968
Jason Lively, American actor
1967
Jenny Erpenbeck, German writer and opera director
1967
Julio Dely Valdés, Panamanian footballer and manager
1966
David Daniels, American countertenor
1966
Suleyman Kerimov, Russian businessman, investor, philanthropist and politician
1966
Grant Long, American basketball player and sportscaster
1965
Rolands Bulders, Latvian footballer
1965
Steve Finley, American baseball player
1965
Ivari Padar, former Minister of Finance and Minister of Agriculture of the Estonian Social Democratic Party
1965
Liza Umarova, Chechen singer and actress
1964
Dieter Eckstein, retired German footballer
1964
Umirzak Shukeyev, Kazakh chairman of Samruk-Kazyna
1963
John Andretti, American race car driver
1963
Candy Costie, American swimmer
1963
Joaquim Cruz, Brazilian runner and coach
1963
Reiner Gies, German boxer
1963
Ian Holloway, English footballer and manager
1963
Farahnaz Pahlavi, eldest daughter of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
1963
Paul Way, English golfer
1962
Julia Campbell, American actress
1962
Andreas Köpke, former German footballer
1962
Chris Sanders, American illustrator and voice actor
1962
Darryl Strawberry, American baseball player and minister
1961
Titus Welliver, American actor
1960
Jason Beghe, American actor
1960
Minoru Niihara, Japanese singer-songwriter and bass player
1960
Courtney B. Vance, American actor and painter
1959
Milorad Dodik, Bosnian Serb politician and president of Republika Srpska
1959
Kenji Fukaya, Japanese mathematician
1959
Luenell, American comedian and actress
1959
Hermann Parzinger, German historian
1959
Michael Walter, German luger (d. 2016)
1958
Phil Anderson, English-Australian cyclist
1957
Patrick Battiston, French footballer and coach
1957
Marlon Jackson, American singer-songwriter and dancer
1957
Andrey Lopatov, Soviet basketball player
1956
Ove Aunli, former Norwegian cross-country skier
1956
Stanisław Bobak, Polish ski jumper (d. 2010)
1956
Jost Gippert, German linguist, Caucasiologist and author
1956
Steve Harris, English bass player and songwriter
1956
László Kiss, Hungarian football player and coach
1956
Lesley Manville, English actress
1956
Dale Murphy, American baseball player, coach, and sportscaster
1956
Pim Verbeek, Dutch football manager
1955
Wang Yang, Chinese politician
1954
Inese Galante, Latvian soprano
1954
Anish Kapoor, Indian-English sculptor
1953
Ron Jeremy, American pornographic actor
1953
Pavel Pinigin, former Soviet wrestler and Olympic champion
1952
Boris Anatolyevich Gavrilov, Russian football player and manager
1952
Julius Carry, American actor (d. 2008)
1952
André Comte-Sponville, French philosopher
1952
Yasuhiko Okudera, former Japanese footballer
1950
Javier Clemente, Spanish footballer and manager
1949
Yuri Balashov, Russian chess grandmaster
1949
Rob Cohen, American director, producer, and screenwriter
1948
Virginia Bottomley, Scottish social worker and politician, Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport
1948
Sandra Brown, American author
1948
Kent Conrad, American politician
1948
James Taylor, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
1947
Peter Harry Carstensen, German educator and politician
1947
Jan-Erik Enestam, Finland-Swedish politician
1947
David Rigert, Soviet Olympic weightlifter
1947
Mitt Romney, American businessman and politician, 70th Governor of Massachusetts
1946
Dean Cundey, American cinematographer and film director
1946
Ludo Martens, Belgian Communist political activist (d. 2011)
1946
Liza Minnelli, American actress, singer and dancer
1946
Frank Welker, American voice actor and singer
1944
Erwin Mueller, former American basketball player (d. 2018)
1943
Stanislav Galić, Bosnian soldier and commander
1943
Ratko Mladić, Serbian general
1941
Josip Skoblar, former Croatian footballer
1940
Al Jarreau, American singer (d. 2017)
1940
Grigori Gorin, Soviet/Russian playwright (d. 2000)
1939
Jude Milhon, American hacker and author (d. 2003)
1938
Vladimir Msryan, Armenian actor, (d. 2010)
1938
Johnny Rutherford, American race car driver and sportscaster
1938
Juan Horacio Suárez, Argentine bishop
1937
Zoltán Horvath, Hungarian sabre fencer
1937
Zurab Sotkilava, Georgian operatic tenor (d. 2017)
1936
Virginia Hamilton, American children's books author (d. 2002)
1936
Michał Heller, Polish professor of philosophy
1936
Eddie Sutton, American basketball player and coach
1935
Valentyna Shevchenko, Ukrainian politician
1934
Francisco J. Ayala, Spanish-American evolutionary biologist and philosopher
1933
Myrna Fahey, American actress (d. 1973)
1933
Barbara Feldon, American actress
1933
Niède Guidon, Brazilian archeologist
1932
Bob Houbregs, Canadian basketball player (d. 2014)
1932
Andrew Young, American pastor and politician, 14th United States Ambassador to the United Nations
1931
Józef Tischner, Polish priest and philosopher (d. 2000)
1930
Antony Acland, British former diplomat and Provost of Eton College
1930
Win Tin, Burmese journalist and politician, co-founded the National League for Democracy (d. 2014)
1928
Edward Albee, American director and playwright (d. 2016)
1928
Werner Krolikowski, former East German political official
1928
Aldemaro Romero, Venezuelan pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 2007)
1927
Raúl Alfonsín, Argentinian lawyer and politician, 46th President of Argentina (d. 2009)
1927
Emmett Leith, professor of electrical engineering and co-inventor of three-dimensional holography (d. 2005)
1927
Gajo Petrović, Yugoslavian theorist (d. 1993)
1927
Sudharmono, 5th Vice President of Indonesia (d. 2006)
1926
George Ariyoshi, American lawyer and politician, 3rd Governor of Hawaii
1926
Arthur A. Hartman, American career diplomat (d. 2015)
1926
John Clellon Holmes, American author and professor (d. 1988)
1926
David Nadien, American violinist (d. 2014)
1925
Louison Bobet, French cyclist (d. 1983)
1925
Georges Delerue, French pianist and composer (d. 1992)
1925
Leo Esaki, Japanese physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
1925
Harry Harrison, American author and illustrator (d. 2012)
1924
Valerio Bacigalupo, Italian goalkeeper (d. 1949)
1923
Hjalmar Andersen, Norwegian speed skater and cyclist (d. 2013)
1923
Norbert Brainin, Austrian violinist (d. 2005)
1923
Wally Schirra, American captain, pilot, and astronaut (d. 2007)
1923
Mae Young, American wrestler (d. 2014)
1922
Jack Kerouac, American author and poet (d. 1969)
1922
Lane Kirkland, American sailor and union leader (d. 1999)
1921
Gianni Agnelli, Italian businessman (d. 2001)
1921
Gordon MacRae, American actor and singer (d. 1986)
1920
Roland Fraïssé, French mathematical logician (d. 2008)
1918
Pádraig Faulkner, Irish Fianna Fáil politician (d. 2012)
1918
Elaine de Kooning, American painter and academic (d. 1989)
1917
Leonard Chess, American record company executive, co-founder of Chess Records (d. 1969)
1917
Millard Kaufman, American author and screenwriter (d. 2009)
1917
Googie Withers, Indian-Australian actress (d. 2011)
1915
Saifuddin Azizi, first chairman of Xinjiang of the People's Republic of China (d. 2003)
1915
Alberto Burri, Italian painter and sculptor (d. 1995)
1915
Bruno Knežević, Croatian footballer (d. 1982)
1915
Jiří Mucha, Czech journalist (d. 1991)
1915
László Fejes Tóth, Hungarian mathematician (d. 2005)
1914
Julia Lennon, mother of John Lennon (d. 1958)
1914
Frank Soo, English footballer and manager (d. 1991)
1913
Yashwantrao Chavan, Indian politician, 5th Deputy Prime Minister of India (d. 1984)
1913
Ace Gruenig, American basketball player (d. 1958)
1913
Agathe von Trapp, Hungarian-American singer and author (d. 2010)
1912
Ghazi of Iraq, King of The Hashemite Kingdom of Iraq (d. 1939)
1912
César Benavides, Chilean Army general (d. 2011)
1912
Irving Layton, Romanian-Canadian poet and academic (d. 2006)
1911
Gustavo Díaz Ordaz, Mexican academic and politician, 49th President of Mexico (d. 1979)
1911
Manyi Kiss, Hungarian actress (d. 1971)
1911
William Patrick Stuart-Houston, nephew of Adolf Hitler (d. 1987)
1910
Masayoshi Ōhira, Japanese politician, 68th Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1980)
1910
László Lékai, Archbishop of Esztergom and Cardinal (d. 1986)
1909
Petras Cvirka, Lithuanian author (d. 1947)
1908
Rita Angus, New Zealand painter (d. 1970)
1908
David Marshall, Singaporean lawyer and politician, 1st Chief Minister of Singapore (d. 1995)
1907
Ricardo Faccio, Uruguayan-Italian footballer (d. 1970)
1907
Dorrit Hoffleit, American astronomer and academic (d. 2007)
1905
Takashi Shimura, Japanese actor (d. 1982)
1904
Lyudmila Keldysh, Russian mathematician (d. 1976)
1904
Bodo Uhse, German writer, journalist and political activist (d. 1963)
1903
Max Gordon, Village Vanguard jazz club founder (d. 1989)
1900
Rinus van den Berge, Dutch athlete (d. 1972)
1900
Gustavo Rojas Pinilla, 19th President of Colombia (d. 1975)
1899
Ramón Muttis, Argentine footballer (d. 1955)
1898
Tian Han, Chinese playwright (d. 1968)
1898
Luitpold Steidle, German army officer and politician (d. 1984)
1896
Jesse Fuller, American singer-songwriter and musician (d. 1976)
1895
William C. Lee, American general (d. 1948)
1894
Yoshiki Hayama, Japanese author (d. 1945)
1893
Jean Brochard, French actor (d. 1972)
1890
Vaslav Nijinsky, Russian dancer and choreographer (d. 1950)
1890
Evert Taube, Swedish singer-songwriter and lute player (d. 1976))
1889
Idris of Libya (d. 1983)
1888
Walter Hermann Bucher, German-American geologist and paleontologist (d. 1965)
1888
Hans Knappertsbusch, German conductor (d. 1965)
1888
Florence Lee, American actress (d. 1962)
1888
Erich Rothacker, German philosopher (d. 1965)
1886
Henri Gagnebin, Swiss composer (d. 1977)
1885
Mario Sironi, Italian artist (d. 1961)
1883
Max Braun, American tug of war medalist (d. 1967)
1883
Sándor Jávorka, Hungarian botanist (d. 1961)
1882
Erwin Baker, American motorcycle and automobile racing driver (d. 1960)
1882
Carlos Blanco Galindo, Bolivian politician (d. 1943)
1881
Gunnar Nordström, Finnish physicist and academic (d. 1923)
1881
Pavel Janák, Czech architect (d. 1956)
1881
Väinö Tanner, Finnish politician of Social Democratic Party of Finland (d. 1966)
1880
Henry Drysdale Dakin, English-American chemist and academic (d. 1952)
1878
Musa Ćazim Ćatić, Bosnian poet (d. 1915)
1878
Gemma Galgani, Italian mystic and saint (d. 1903)
1877
Wilhelm Frick, German lawyer and politician, German Federal Minister of the Interior (d. 1946)
1874
Edmund Eysler, Austrian composer (d. 1949)
1869
George Forbes, New Zealand lawyer and politician, 22nd Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 1947)
1867
Raul Brandão, Portuguese writer and journalist (d. 1930)
1864
W. H. R. Rivers, English anthropologist, neurologist, ethnologist, and psychiatrist (d. 1922)
1864
Alice Tegnér, Swedish organist and composer (d. 1943)
1863
Gabriele D'Annunzio, Italian soldier, journalist, poet, and playwright (d. 1938)
1863
Carl Holsøe, Danish artist (d. 1935)
1863
Vladimir Vernadsky, Russian mineralogist and chemist (d. 1945)
1860
Salvatore Di Giacomo, Italian poet, songwriter, playwright and fascist intellectual (d. 1934)
1860
Eric Stenbock, Estonian poet and author (d. 1895)
1859
Ernesto Cesàro, Italian mathematician (d. 1906)
1858
Adolph Ochs, American publisher (d. 1935)
1857
William V. Ranous, American actor and director (d. 1915)
1857
Andreas Voss, German botanist and horticulturist (d. 1924)
1852
Richard Altmann, German pathologist and histologist (d. 1900)
1851
Charles Chamberland, French microbiologist (d. 1908)
1848
Cyrill Kistler, German composer (d. 1907)
1845
William Douglas-Hamilton, Scottish nobleman (d. 1895)
1843
Gabriel Tarde, French sociologist and criminologist (d. 1904)
1838
William Henry Perkin, English chemist and academic (d. 1907)
1837
Alexandre Guilmant, French organist and composer (d. 1911)
1835
Gregorio Maria Aguirre y Garcia, Archbishop of Toledo and Primate of Spain
1835
Simon Newcomb, Canadian-American astronomer and mathematician (d. 1909)
1834
Hilary A. Herbert, Secretary of the Navy (d. 1919)
1832
Charles Boycott, English farmer and agent (d. 1897)
1832
Jean Alfred Fournier, French dermatologist (d. 1914)
1831
Joseph Gérard, French Roman Catholic priest (d. 1914)
1824
Gustav Kirchhoff, Russian-German physicist and academic (d. 1887)
1823
Katsu Kaishū, Japanese statesman (d. 1899)
1821
John Abbott, Canadian lawyer and politician, 3rd Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1893)
1821
Medo Pucić, Croatian writer and politician (d. 1882)
1815
Louis-Jules Trochu, French military leader and politician (d. 1896)
1812
Ignacio Comonfort, Mexican politician and soldier (d. 1863)
1807
James Abbott, Indian Army officer (d. 1896)
1807
Albert Mackey, American medical doctor and author (d. 1881)
1806
Jane Pierce, American wife of Franklin Pierce, 15th First Lady of the United States (d. 1863)
1795
William Lyon Mackenzie, Scottish-Canadian journalist and politician, 1st Mayor of Toronto (d. 1861)
1795
George Tyler Wood, American military officer and politician (d. 1858)
1785
Clemens Maria Franz von Bönninghausen, Dutch and Prussian lawyer (d. 1864)
1784
William Buckland, English geologist and paleontologist; Dean of Westminster (d. 1856)
1781
Frederica of Baden (d. 1826)
1774
Johann Caspar Horner, Swiss physicist, mathematician and astronomer (d. 1834)
1766
Claudius Buchanan, Scottish theologian (d. 1815)
1766
Francisco Javier de Cienfuegos y Jovellanos, Spanish bishop and cardinal (d. 1847)
1756
Avram Mrazović, Serbian writer, translator, pedagogue and Senator (d. 1826)
1753
Jean Denis, French politician, lawyer, jurist, journalist, and historian (d. 1827)
1735
François-Emmanuel Guignard, comte de Saint-Priest, French politician and diplomat (d. 1821)
1710
Thomas Arne, English composer (d. 1778)
1701
Johann Friedrich Cotta, German Lutheran theologian (d. 1779)
1685
George Berkeley, Irish bishop and philosopher (d. 1753)
1672
Richard Steele, Irish-Welsh journalist and politician (d. 1729)
1647
Victor-Maurice, comte de Broglie, French general (d. 1727)
1637
Anne Hyde, Duchess of York and Albany (d. 1671)
1626
John Aubrey, English historian and philosopher (d. 1697)
1613
André Le Nôtre, French gardener and architect (d. 1700)
1607
Paul Gerhardt, German poet and composer (d. 1676)
1573
Agnes Hedwig of Anhalt, Duchess of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plön (d. 1616)
1515
Caspar Othmayr, German Lutheran pastor and composer (d. 1553)
1501
Pietro Andrea Mattioli, Italian scientist (d. 1577)
1500
Reginald Pole, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1558)
1479
Giuliano de' Medici, Duke of Nemours (d. 1516)
1476
Anna Jagiellon, Duchess of Pomerania, Polish princess (d. 1503)
1475
Luca Gaurico, Italian astrologer (d. 1558)
1386
Ashikaga Yoshimochi, Japanese shōgun (d. 1428)
1270
Charles, Count of Valois (d. 1325)
1096
Canute Lavard, Danish prince (d. 1131)

Deaths On This Day

2016
Rafiq Azad, Bangladeshi poet and author (b. 1942)
2016
Felix Ibru, Nigerian architect and politician, Governor of Delta State (b. 1935)
2016
Lloyd Shapley, American mathematician and economist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1923)
2015
Willie Barrow, American minister and activist (b. 1924)
2015
Michael Graves, American architect and academic, designed the Portland Building and the Humana Building (b. 1934)
2015
Ada Jafri, Pakistani poet and author (b. 1924)
2015
Terry Pratchett, English journalist, author, and screenwriter (b. 1948)
2014
Věra Chytilová, Czech actress, director, and screenwriter (b. 1929)
2014
George Donaldson, Scottish singer-songwriter (b. 1968)
2014
Paul C. Donnelly, American scientist and engineer (b. 1923)
2014
Ola L. Mize, American colonel, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1931)
2014
José Policarpo, Portuguese cardinal (b. 1936)
2013
George Burditt, American lawyer and politician (b. 1921)
2013
Clive Burr, English drummer and songwriter (b. 1957)
2013
Michael Grigsby, English director and producer (b. 1936)
2013
Ganesh Pyne, Indian painter and illustrator (b. 1937)
2012
Samuel Glazer, American businessman, co-founded Mr. Coffee (b. 1923)
2012
Dick Harter, American basketball player and coach (b. 1930)
2012
Michael Hossack, American drummer (b. 1946)
2012
Friedhelm Konietzka, German-Swiss footballer and manager (b. 1938)
2011
Olive Dickason, Canadian historian and journalist (b. 1920)
2011
Nilla Pizzi, Italian singer (b. 1919)
2010
Miguel Delibes, Spanish journalist and author (b. 1920)
2008
Jorge Guinzburg, Argentinian journalist and producer (b. 1949)
2008
Lazare Ponticelli, Italian-French soldier and supercentenarian (b. 1897)
2007
Arnold Drake, American author and screenwriter (b. 1924)
2006
Victor Sokolov, Russian-American priest and journalist (b. 1947)
2005
Bill Cameron, Canadian journalist and producer (b. 1943)
2005
Stavros Kouyioumtzis, Greek composer (b. 1932)
2004
Milton Resnick, Russian-American painter (b. 1917)
2003
Zoran Đinđić, Serbian philosopher and politician, 6th Prime Minister of Serbia (b. 1952)
2003
Howard Fast, American novelist and screenwriter (b. 1914)
2003
Lynne Thigpen, American actress and singer (b. 1948)
2002
Spyros Kyprianou, Cypriot lawyer and politician, 2nd President of Cyprus (b. 1932)
2002
Jean-Paul Riopelle, Canadian painter and sculptor (b. 1923)
2001
Morton Downey Jr., American singer-songwriter, actor, and talk show host (b. 1933)
2001
Robert Ludlum, American author (b. 1927)
2001
Victor Westhoff, Dutch botanist and academic (b. 1916)
2000
Aleksandar Nikolić, Yugoslav basketball coach (b. 1924)
1999
Yehudi Menuhin, American-Swiss violinist and conductor (b. 1916)
1998
Beatrice Wood, American painter and potter (b. 1893)
1992
Hans G. Kresse, Dutch cartoonist (b. 1921)
1992
Lucy M. Lewis, American potter (b. 1890)
1991
Ragnar Granit, Finnish-Swedish neuroscientist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1900)
1991
William Heinesen, Faroese author, poet, and author (b. 1900)
1989
Maurice Evans, English-American actor (b. 1901)
1989
Jakob Gimpel, Polish concert pianist and educator (b. 1906)
1987
Woody Hayes, American football player and coach (b. 1913)
1985
Eugene Ormandy, Hungarian-American violinist and conductor (b. 1899)
1984
Arnold Ridley, English actor and playwright (b. 1896)
1979
Nader Jahanbani, Iranian general and pilot (b. 1928)
1974
George D. Sax, American banker and businessman (b. 1904)
1973
Frankie Frisch, American baseball player and manager (b. 1898)
1971
Eugene Lindsay Opie, American physician and pathologist (b. 1873)
1964
Abbās al-Aqqād, Egyptian journalist, poet and literary critic (b. 1889)
1963
Arthur Grimsdell, English footballer and cricketer (b. 1894)
1960
Kshitimohan Sen, Indian historian, author, and academic (b. 1880)
1957
Josephine Hull, American actress (b. 1877)
1956
Bolesław Bierut, Polish Communist leader (b. 1892)
1955
Charlie Parker, American saxophonist and composer (b. 1920)
1955
Theodor Plievier, German author best known for his anti-war novel (b. 1892)
1954
Marianne Weber, German sociologist and suffragist (b. 1870)
1949
Wilhelm Steinkopf, German chemist (b. 1879)
1947
Winston Churchill, American author and playwright (b. 1871)
1946
Ferenc Szálasi, Hungarian soldier and politician, Head of State of Hungary (b. 1897)
1945
Friedrich Fromm, German general (b. 1888)
1943
Gustav Vigeland, Norwegian sculptor (b. 1869)
1942
Robert Bosch, German engineer and businessman, founded Robert Bosch GmbH (b. 1861)
1942
William Henry Bragg, English physicist, chemist, and mathematician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1862)
1937
Jenő Hubay, Hungarian violinist and composer (b. 1858)
1937
Charles-Marie Widor, French organist and composer (b. 1844)
1935
Mihajlo Pupin, Serbian-American physicist and chemist (b. 1858)
1930
William George Barker, Canadian colonel and pilot, Victoria Cross recipient (b. 1894)
1930
Alois Jirásek, Czech author and playwright (b. 1851)
1929
Asa Griggs Candler, American businessman and politician, 44th Mayor of Atlanta (b. 1851)
1929
William Turner Dannat, American painter (b. 1853)
1925
Sun Yat-sen, Chinese physician and politician, 1st President of the Republic of China (b. 1866)
1916
Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach, Austrian author (b. 1830)
1914
George Westinghouse, American engineer and businessman (b. 1846)
1909
Joseph Petrosino, American police officer (b. 1860)
1898
Zachris Topelius, Finnish-Swedish journalist, historian, and author (b. 1818)
1894
Illarion Pryanishnikov, Russian painter (b. 1840)
1872
Zeng Guofan, Chinese general and politician, Viceroy of Liangjiang (b. 1811)
1858
William James Blacklock, English-Scottish painter (b. 1816)
1832
Friedrich Kuhlau, German-Danish pianist and composer (b. 1786)
1820
Alexander Mackenzie, Scottish explorer and politician (b. 1764)
1790
András Hadik, Hungarian field marshal (b. 1710)
1731
Ernest August, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg (b. 1660)
1703
Aubrey de Vere, 20th Earl of Oxford, English jurist and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Essex (b. 1627)
1699
Peder Griffenfeld, Danish politician (b. 1635)
1681
Frans van Mieris the Elder, Dutch painter (b. 1635)
1648
Tirso de Molina, Spanish monk and poet (b. 1571)
1628
John Bull, English organist and composer (b. 1562)
1608
Kōriki Kiyonaga, Japanese daimyō (b. 1530)
1539
Thomas Boleyn, 1st Earl of Wiltshire, English diplomat and politician (b.1477)
1507
Cesare Borgia, Italian cardinal (b. 1475)
1496
Johann Heynlin, German humanist scholar (b. c. 1425)
1374
Go-Kōgon, Japanese emperor (b. 1338)
1316
Stefan Dragutin, king of Serbia (b. 1253)
1289
Demetrius II, king of Georgia (b. 1259)
1022
Symeon the New Theologian, Byzantine monk (b. 949)
969
Mu Zong, emperor of the Liao Dynasty (b. 931)
951
Ælfheah the Bald, bishop of Winchester
604
Gregory I, pope of the Catholic Church (b. 540)
417
Innocent I, pope of the Catholic Church