On This Day in History: August 16
August 16 is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 137 days remain until the end of the year.
Lottery News On This Day
- Arkansas woman becomes millionaire after second time playing lottery. A 28-year-old Arkansas woman, who only has played the lottery twice, Thursday claimed a lottery prize of $1 million.
- Committee hears pros and cons of Alabama lottery. Bills to call for a constitutional amendment to establish a state lottery were debated this morning in an Alabama Senate committee.
- Trio charged in lottery ticket theft plead not guilty. An Iowa woman, her boyfriend, and her mother have all plead not guilty to charges of stealing a winning scratch lottery ticket and working together to attempt to claim the prize.
- Florida couple duped by lottery scammers. An elderly Golden Gate, Florida, couple told deputies they were swindled out of a large amount of cash Thursday by two people who promised to share lottery winnings with them.
- $337 million Powerball jackpot ticket sold at gas station in small Michigan city. A gas station in a small Michigan city is buzzing with excitement after the state lottery announced Thursday that a $337 million jackpot-winning Powerball ticket was sold there.
- Workers win the lottery one day after being laid off. A group of employees at an Ottawa manufacturing plant say they won the $7 million Lotto 6/49 prize Wednesday, the same day their company announced massive layoffs.
- Casino says no way to $62 million slot machine payout. When an Austrian man won a slot machine jackpot of nearly 43 million euros, the casino refused to pay because they claim a malfunctioning computer chip is responsible for the supposed faulty display.
- Virginia man claims $107M Mega Millions jackpot. A 25-year old McLean, Virginia, man won the third-largest lottery jackpot in Virginia state history and his use of Facebook is partly the reason for his riches.
- N.C. Lottery director quits. Tom Shaheen, who has headed the North Carolina Education Lottery since its inception four years ago, has resigned his post to take a job with a company involved in the sale of lottery tickets through ATMs.
- Powerball lottery jackpot increased to $245M. There was no jackpot winner in the Saturday night drawing of the muilti-state Powerball game, causing the grand prize to increase to an estimated $245 million for Wednesday's drawing.
- Man chooses wrong lottery numbers and wins jackpot. A man who has played the same birthday numbers for years marked the wrong number on his playslip, and that mistake won him a $3 million jackpot.
- Former BETonSPORTS CEO Carruthers freed on bond. David Carruthers, the former chief executive of indicted online gaming company BETonSPORTS Plc, was freed on Wednesday on $1 million bond with strict curbs on his movements.
- Oklahoma Lottery sees summer sales drop. Oklahoma Lottery sales have been lower than expected this summer, but Powerball play remained strong, the executive director of the Oklahoma Lottery Commission said Tuesday.
- N.C. lottery announces dates for pick 3, pick 5. The state lottery announced this morning the dates for the start of its next two major games -- Pick 3 and Pick 5 numbers games.
- UK Lottery computer glitch eliminated the number '9'. Thousands of United Kingdom Lottery players have been given free draw entries to make up for technical problems with computer-generated ticket numbers.
- Florida lottery backs GTECH-Lottomatica deal. The Florida lottery has agreed to the planned takeover of U.S. lottery operator GTECH Holdings Corp by Italy's Lottomatica, Lottomatica said on Wednesday.
- Texas Lottery accuses GTECH of bribery. Texas Lottery officials have leveled international bribery accusations against GTECH, the international lottery services company that enjoys a lucrative contract with the state of Texas.
- CT Lottery looking for $4.9 million winner. One lucky Connecticut Classic Lotto player won the $4.9 million jackpot Friday, but hasn't yet stepped forward to claim the prize.
- Connecticut likely to stick with Powerball. Connecticut gaming officials are ready to approve changes to the Powerball lottery, including steeper odds and back-loaded jackpot payments, despite concerns raised last month by Gov. M. Jodi Rell.
- N.D. Lottery chief says gas price might hurt lottery sales. Higher gasoline prices appear to be slowing lottery ticket sales, the North Dakota lottery director says.
- Texas Lottery considering guaranteed jackpots. Texas Lottery officials are considering guaranteed jackpots to help avoid inflated estimates like the one in June that prompted a consumer complaint to the state attorney general and cost the agency director his job.
- Deadline approaches for $4.7 million lottery prize. Hoosier Lottery officials say time is running out for the winner of a $4.7 million lottery prize to come forward.
- Mega Millions Jackpot Swells To $42 Million. The jackpot in the multi-state Mega Millions lottery grew to $42 million Saturday.
- Minnesota Powerball winner may appear today. A single jackpot-winning Powerball ticket worth up to $98.7 million was sold in Minnesota; it was the second time in the past two months a big winner was sold there.
- Lottery issue low-key in race for N.C. governor. Even though the the North Carolina gubernatorial candidates have starkly differing views on the lottery, each candidate has their reasons for keeping the topic low-key.
- UK Lottery faces shortfall. Camelot faces a £500m shortfall in the money it raises for good causes because of the long-term decline in lottery sales, a former official of the game's regulator has warned.
Top 25 Lottery Jackpots On This Day
- 1.$432.5 Million
Aug 16, 2017
- 2.$259.9 Million
Aug 19, 2009
- 3.€147.81 Million
Aug 22, 2009
- 4.$210 Million
Aug 18, 2007
- 5.$170 Million
Aug 18, 2009
- 6.$160 Million
Aug 19, 2014
- 7.$149 Million
Aug 17, 2019
- 8.$148 Million
Aug 17, 2007
- 9.€123.8 Million
Aug 16, 2016
- 10.$128 Million
Aug 18, 2001
- 11.€99 Million
Aug 17, 2018
- 12.€74 Million
Aug 21, 2009
- 13.€95 Million
Aug 18, 2020
- 14.€69 Million
Aug 22, 2008
- 15.$94 Million
Aug 17, 2016
- 16.€70 Million
Aug 16, 2013
- 17.€84 Million
Aug 16, 2019
- 18.$88 Million
Aug 17, 2018
- 19.$86 Million
Aug 17, 2010
- 20.€75 Million
Aug 16, 2019
- 21.$81 Million
Aug 19, 2008
- 22.$80 Million
Aug 19, 2015
- 23.€53 Million
Aug 16, 2011
- 24.$72 Million
Aug 16, 2003
- 25.€54 Million
Aug 19, 2014
Lottery Post Member Birthdays On This Day
Monday, Aug 16, 1993
27 years old
Sunday, Aug 16, 1981
39 years old
Thursday, Aug 16, 1973
47 years old
Wednesday, Aug 16, 1972
48 years old
Sunday, Aug 16, 1964
56 years old
Sunday, Aug 16, 1964
56 years old
Wednesday, Aug 16, 1961
59 years old
Saturday, Aug 16, 1958
62 years old
Saturday, Aug 16, 1958
62 years old
Saturday, Aug 16, 1958
62 years old
Thursday, Aug 16, 1956
64 years old
Monday, Aug 16, 1954
66 years old
Sunday, Aug 16, 1953
67 years old
Wednesday, Aug 16, 1950
70 years old
Thursday, Aug 16, 1945
75 years old
(year not provided)
(year not provided)
Worldwide Events On This Day
- The enormous August Complex fire in California is reported on this day. It burned more than one million acres of land.
- The Minamata Convention on Mercury enters in force.
- More than 96 people are killed and hundreds injured following a series of air-raids by the Syrian Arab Air Force on the rebel-held market town of Douma.
- Trigana Air Flight 267, an ATR 42, crashes in Oksibl, Pegunungan Bintang, killing all 54 people on board.
- The ferry St. Thomas Aquinas collides with a cargo ship and sinks at Cebu, Philippines, killing 61 people with 59 others missing.
- South African police fatally shoot 34 miners and wound 78 more during an industrial dispute at Marikana near Rustenburg.
- The Trump International Hotel and Tower in Chicago is topped off at 1,389 feet (423 m), at the time becoming the world's highest residence above ground-level.
- West Caribbean Airways Flight 708, a McDonnell Douglas MD-82, crashes in Machiques, Venezuela, killing all 160 people on board.
- Indian Airlines Flight 257, a Boeing 737-200, crashes during approach to Imphal Airport, killing all 69 people on board.
- A solar particle event affects computers at the Toronto Stock Exchange, forcing a halt to trading.
- Northwest Airlines Flight 255, a McDonnell Douglas MD-82, crashes after takeoff in Detroit, Michigan, killing 154 of the 155 on board, plus two people on the ground.
- Australian Prime Minister Gough Whitlam symbolically hands over land to the Gurindji people after the 8-year Wave Hill walk-off, a landmark event in the history of Indigenous land rights in Australia, commemorated in a 1991 song by Paul Kelly and an annual celebration.
- In an unsuccessful coup d'état attempt, the Royal Moroccan Air Force fires upon Hassan II of Morocco's plane while he is traveling back to Rabat
- Vietnam War: The House Un-American Activities Committee begins investigations of Americans who have aided the Viet Cong. The committee intends to introduce legislation making these activities illegal. Anti-war demonstrators disrupt the meeting and 50 people are arrested.
- Vietnam War: A coup d'état replaces Dương Văn Minh with General Nguyễn Khánh as President of South Vietnam. A new constitution is established with aid from the U.S. Embassy.
- Eight years after the remaining French India territories were handed to India, the ratifications of the treaty are exchanged to make the transfer official.
- Cyprus gains its independence from the United Kingdom.
- Joseph Kittinger parachutes from a balloon over New Mexico at 102,800 feet (31,300 m), setting three records that held until 2012: High-altitude jump, free fall, and highest speed by a human without an aircraft.
- The first issue of Sports Illustrated is published.
- Mass riots in Kolkata begin; more than 4,000 people would be killed in 72 hours.
- The All Hyderabad Trade Union Congress is founded in Secunderabad.
- The National Representatives' Congress, the precursor of the current National Assembly of Vietnam, convenes in Sơn Dương.
- First flight of a jet with forward-swept wings, the Junkers Ju 287.
- World War II: A naval L-class blimp drifts in from the Pacific and eventually crashes in Daly City, California. The two-man crew cannot be found.
- Christie Pits riot takes place in Toronto, Ontario.
- The first color sound cartoon, Fiddlesticks, is released by Ub Iwerks.
- The first British Empire Games were opened in Hamilton, Ontario by the Governor General of Canada, the Viscount Willingdon.
- The 1929 Palestine riots break out in Mandatory Palestine between Palestinian Arabs and Jews and continue until the end of the month. In total, 133 Jews and 116 Arabs are killed.
- The Dole Air Race begins from Oakland, California, to Honolulu, Hawaii, during which six out of the eight participating planes crash or disappear.
- The United Kingdom gives the name "Ross Dependency" to part of its claimed Antarctic territory and makes the Governor-General of the Dominion of New Zealand its administrator.
- Ray Chapman of the Cleveland Indians is hit on the head by a fastball thrown by Carl Mays of the New York Yankees, and dies early the next day. Chapman was the second player to die from injuries sustained in a Major League Baseball game, the first being Doc Powers in 1909.
- The congress of the Communist Party of Bukhara opens. The congress would call for armed revolution.
- Polish-Soviet War: The Battle of Radzymin concludes; the Soviet Red Army is forced to turn away from Warsaw.
- The Battle of Lake Baikal was fought between the Czechoslovak Legion and the Red Army.
- The Migratory Bird Treaty between Canada and the United States is signed.
- Tōhoku Imperial University of Japan (modern day Tohoku University) becomes the first university in Japan to admit female students.
- Completion of the Royal Navy battlecruiser HMS Queen Mary.
- The 8.2 Valparaíso earthquake hits central Chile, killing 3,882 people.
- The Battle of Elands River during the Second Boer War ends after a 13-day siege is lifted by the British. The battle had begun when a force of between 2,000 and 3,000 Boers had surrounded a force of 500 Australians, Rhodesians, Canadians and British soldiers at a supply dump at Brakfontein Drift.
- Skookum Jim Mason, George Carmack and Dawson Charlie discover gold in a tributary of the Klondike River in Canada, setting off the Klondike Gold Rush.
- The Basilica of San Sebastian, Manila, the first all-steel church in Asia, is officially inaugurated and blessed.
- Franco-Prussian War: The Battle of Mars-la-Tour is fought, resulting in a Prussian victory.
- Battle of Acosta Ñu: A Paraguayan battalion made up of children is massacred by the Brazilian Army during the Paraguayan War.
- The Dominican Restoration War begins when Gregorio Luperón raises the Dominican flag in Santo Domingo after Spain had recolonized the country.
- The Grand Duchy of Tuscany formally deposes the exiled House of Lorraine.
- U.S. President James Buchanan inaugurates the new transatlantic telegraph cable by exchanging greetings with Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom. However, a weak signal forces a shutdown of the service in a few weeks.
- U.S. President John Tyler vetoes a bill which called for the re-establishment of the Second Bank of the United States. Enraged Whig Party members riot outside the White House in the most violent demonstration on White House grounds in U.S. history.
- Peterloo Massacre: Seventeen people die and over 600 are injured in cavalry charges at a public meeting at St. Peter's Field, Manchester, England.
- War of 1812: American General William Hull surrenders Fort Detroit without a fight to the British Army.
- French Revolution: A levée en masse is decreed by the National Convention.
- Maximilien de Robespierre presents the petition of the Commune of Paris to the Legislative Assembly, which demanded the formation of a revolutionary tribunal.
- American Revolutionary War: Battle of Camden: The British defeat the Americans near Camden, South Carolina.
- American Revolutionary War: The Americans led by General John Stark rout British and Brunswick troops under Friedrich Baum at the Battle of Bennington in Walloomsac, New York.
- Battle of Plymouth: Inconclusive naval action between the fleets of Michiel de Ruyter and George Ayscue in the First Anglo-Dutch War.
- The Principality of Transylvania is established after John II Zápolya renounces his claim as King of Hungary in the Treaty of Speyer.
- Battle of the Spurs (Battle of Guinegate): King Henry VIII of England and his Imperial allies defeat French Forces who are then forced to retreat.
- The House of Gonzaga seizes power in the Duchy of Mantua, and will rule until 1708.
- Nikephoros II Phokas is crowned emperor of the Byzantine Empire.
- Start of the four-day Battle of al-Mada'in, between the Hamdanids of Mosul and the Baridis of Basra over control of the Abbasid capital, Baghdad.
- 1 BC
- Wang Mang consolidates his power and is declared marshal of state. Emperor Ai of Han, who had died the previous day, had no heirs.
Births On This Day
- Karen Chen, American figure skater
- Greyson Chance, American musician
- Caeleb Dressel, American swimmer
- Cameron Monaghan, American actor and model
- Diego Schwartzman, Argentinian tennis player
- José Eduardo de Araújo, Brazilian footballer
- Jeffery Lamar Williams, American rapper, singer and songwriter
- Godfrey Oboabona, Nigerian footballer
- Wang Hao, Chinese race walker
- Moussa Sissoko, French footballer
- Ismaïl Aissati, Moroccan footballer
- Carey Price, Canadian ice hockey player
- Eri Kitamura, Japanese voice actress and singer.
- Yu Darvish, Japanese baseball player
- Cristin Milioti, American actress
- Matteo Anesi, Italian speed skater
- Didier Cuche, Swiss skier
- Candice Dupree, American basketball player
- Konstantin Vassiljev, Estonian footballer
- Nikolaos Zisis, Greek basketball player
- Joleon Lescott, English footballer
- Roque Santa Cruz, Paraguayan footballer
- Emerson Ramos Borges, Brazilian footballer
- Vanessa Carlton, American singer-songwriter and pianist
- Bob Hardy, English bass player
- Piet Rooijakkers, Dutch cyclist
- Paul Gallacher, Scottish footballer
- Eduardo Maiorino, Brazilian mixed martial artist and kick-boxer (d. 2012)
- Ian Moran, Australian cricketer
- Pavel Královec, Czech football referee
- Didier Agathe, French footballer
- Jonatan Johansson, Finnish footballer, coach, and manager
- Pantelis Konstantinidis, Greek footballer
- George Stults, American model and actor
- Álvaro Tardáguila, Uruguayan cyclist
- Taika Waititi, New Zealand director, screenwriter and actor
- Shivnarine Chanderpaul, Guyanese cricketer
- Krisztina Egerszegi, Hungarian swimmer
- Iván Hurtado, Ecuadorian footballer and politician
- Damian Jackson, American baseball player
- Frankie Boyle, Scottish comedian and television host
- Stan Lazaridis, Australian footballer
- Emily Robison, American singer-songwriter and banjo player
- Stefan Klos, German footballer
- Bonnie Bernstein, American journalist and sportscaster
- Saif Ali Khan, Indian actor and producer
- Manisha Koirala, Indian actress
- Mateja Svet, Slovenian skier
- Wolfgang Tillmans, German photographer
- Arvind Kejriwal, Indian civil servant and politician, 7th Chief Minister of Delhi
- Mark Coyne, Australian rugby league player
- Ulrika Jonsson, Swedish journalist, actress, and author
- Eddie Olczyk, American ice hockey player, coach, and commentator
- Jimmy Arias, American tennis player and sportscaster
- Nigel Redman, English rugby player
- Barry Venison, English footballer and journalist
- Aloísio Pires Alves, Brazilian footballer and manager
- Christine Cavanaugh, American voice artist (d. 2014)
- Steve Carell, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
- Christian Okoye, American football player
- Angela Smith, English academic and politician
- Rosita Baltazar, Belizean choreographer, dancer, and dance instructor (d. 2015)
- Timothy Hutton, American actor, producer and director
- Franz Welser-Möst, Austrian-American conductor and director
- Marc Sergeant, Belgian cyclist and manager
- Madonna, American singer-songwriter, producer, actress, and director
- Angela Bassett, American actress
- José Luis Clerc, Argentinian tennis player and coach
- Oscar Collodo, Swiss-Italian rugby player and coach
- Diane Dodds, Northern Irish educator and politician
- Laura Innes, American actress and director
- R. R. Patil, Indian lawyer and politician, Deputy Chief Minister of Maharashtra (d. 2015)
- Vahan Hovhannisyan, Armenian soldier and politician (d. 2014)
- James Reilly, Irish surgeon and politician, Minister for Children and Youth Affairs
- James Cameron, Canadian director, producer, and screenwriter
- George Galloway, Scottish-English politician and broadcaster
- Kathie Lee Gifford, American talk show host, singer, and actress
- James "J.T." Taylor, American R&B singer-songwriter
- Umaru Musa Yar'Adua, Nigerian businessman and politician, 13th President of Nigeria (d. 2010)
- Hasely Crawford, Trinidadian runner
- Jeff Thomson, Australian cricketer
- Scott Asheton, American drummer (d. 2014)
- Paul Pasqualoni, American football player and coach
- Bill Spooner, American guitarist and songwriter
- Earl Blumenauer, American politician, U.S. Representative from Oregon
- Barry Hay, Indian-born Dutch rock musician
- Mike Jorgensen, American baseball player and manager
- Pierre Reid, Canadian educator and politician
- Joey Spampinato, American singer-songwriter and bass player
- Carol Moseley Braun, American lawyer and politician, United States Ambassador to New Zealand
- Katharine Hamnett, English fashion designer
- Masoud Barzani, Iranian-Kurdish politician, President of Iraqi Kurdistan
- Lesley Ann Warren, American actress
- Bob Balaban, American actor, director, and producer
- Russell Brookes, English race car driver (d. 2019)
- Suzanne Farrell, American ballerina and educator
- Gary Loizzo, American guitarist, singer, recording engineer, and record producer (d. 2016)
- Nigel Terry, British stage and film actor (d. 2015)
- Kevin Ayers, English singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2013)
- Woody Peoples, American football player (d. 2010)
- Lesley Turner Bowrey, Australian tennis player
- Barbara George, American R&B singer-songwriter (d. 2006)
- Robert Squirrel Lester, American soul singer (d. 2010)
- Bruce Beresford, Australian director and producer
- Seán Brady, Irish cardinal
- Trevor McDonald, Trinidadian-English journalist and academic
- Billy Joe Shaver, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
- Eric Weissberg, American singer, banjo player, and multi-instrumentalist (d. 2020)
- David Anderson, Canadian journalist, lawyer, and politician
- David Behrman, American composer and producer
- Ian Deans, Canadian politician (d. 2016)
- Boris Rõtov, Estonian chess player (d. 1987)
- Anita Gillette, American actress and singer
- Alan Hodgkinson, English footballer and coach (d. 2015)
- Cliff Fletcher, Canadian businessman
- Andreas Stamatiadis, Greek footballer and coach
- Angela Buxton, British tennis player (d. 2020)
- Diana Wynne Jones, English author (d. 2011)
- Ketty Lester, American singer and actress
- Pierre Richard, French actor, director, and screenwriter
- John Standing, English actor
- Sam Trimble, Australian cricketer (d. 2019)
- Reiner Kunze, German poet and translator
- Tom Maschler, English author and publisher
- Julie Newmar, American actress
- Stuart Roosa, American colonel, pilot, and astronaut (d. 1994)
- Robert Culp, American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2010)
- Frank Gifford, American football player, sportscaster, and actor (d. 2015)
- Leslie Manigat, Haitian educator and politician, 43rd President of Haiti (d. 2014)
- Flor Silvestre, Mexican singer and actress
- Bill Evans, American pianist and composer (d. 1980)
- Helmut Rahn, German footballer (d. 2003)
- Fritz Von Erich, American wrestler and trainer (d. 1997)
- Ann Blyth, American actress and singer
- Eydie Gormé, American singer (d. 2013)
- Ara Güler, Turkish photographer and journalist (d. 2018)
- Eddie Kirkland, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2011)
- Wyatt Tee Walker, American pastor, theologian, and activist (d. 2018)
- Lois Nettleton, American actress (d. 2008)
- Willie Jones, American baseball player (d. 1983)
- Mal Waldron, American pianist and composer (d. 2002)
- Fess Parker, American actor (d. 2010)
- Inez Voyce, American baseball player
- Millôr Fernandes, Brazilian journalist and playwright (d. 2012)
- James Casey, English comedian, radio scriptwriter and producer (d. 2011)
- Ernie Freeman, American pianist and bandleader (d. 2001)
- Charles Bukowski, German-American poet, novelist, and short story writer (d. 1994)
- Karl-Heinz Euling, German captain (d. 2014)
- Matt Christopher, American author (d. 1997)
- Roque Cordero, Panamanian composer and educator (d. 2008)
- Iggy Katona, American race car driver (d. 2003)
- Al Hibbler, American baritone singer (d. 2001)
- Menachem Begin, Belarusian-Israeli politician, Prime Minister of Israel, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1992)
- Ted Drake, English footballer and manager (d. 1995)
- E. F. Schumacher, German economist and statistician (d. 1977)
- Gloria Blondell, American actress (d. 1986)
- Mae Clarke, American actress (d. 1992)
- Paul Callaway, American organist and conductor (d. 1995)
- Orlando Cole, American cellist and educator (d. 2010)
- William Keepers Maxwell, Jr., American editor, novelist, short story writer, and essayist (d. 2000)
- Minoru Genda, Japanese general, pilot, and politician (d. 1989)
- Wendell Meredith Stanley, American biochemist and virologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1971)
- Georgette Heyer, English author (d. 1974)
- Wallace Thurman, American author and playwright (d. 1934)
- Ida Browne, Australian geologist and palaeontologist (d. 1976)
- Albert Cohen, Greek-Swiss author and playwright (d. 1981)
- Liane Haid, Austrian-Swiss actress and singer (d. 2000)
- George Meany, American plumber and labor leader (d. 1980)
- Hal Foster, Canadian-American author and illustrator (d. 1982)
- Otto Messmer, American cartoonist and animator, co-created Felix the Cat (d. 1983)
- T. E. Lawrence, British colonel, diplomat, writer and archaeologist (d. 1935)
- Armand J. Piron, American violinist, composer, and bandleader (d. 1943)
- Hugo Gernsback, Luxembourger-American author and publisher (d. 1967)
- Désiré Mérchez, French swimmer and water polo player (d. 1968)
- Roque Ruaño, Spanish priest and engineer (d. 1935)
- Ivan Bilibin, Russian illustrator and stage designer (d. 1942)
- Bernarr Macfadden, American bodybuilder and publisher, founded Macfadden Publications (d. 1955)
- Mary Gilmore, Australian socialist, poet and journalist (d. 1962)
- Elsie Inglis, Scottish surgeon and suffragette (d. 1917)
- Amos Alonzo Stagg, American baseball player and coach (d. 1965)
- Martin Hawke, 7th Baron Hawke, English-Scottish cricketer (d. 1938)
- Jules Laforgue, Uruguayan-French poet and author (d. 1887)
- Arthur Achleitner, German author (d. 1927)
- Aparicio Saravia, Uruguayan general and politician (d. 1904)
- James McGowen, Australian politician, 18th Premier of New South Wales (d. 1922)
- Vladimir Sukhomlinov, Russian general (d. 1926)
- Gabriel Lippmann, Luxembourger-French physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1921)
- Jakob Rosanes, Ukrainian-German mathematician, chess player, and academic (d. 1922)
- Wilhelm Wundt, German physician, psychologist, and physiologist (d. 1920)
- John Jones Ross, Canadian lawyer and politician, 7th Premier of Quebec (d. 1901)
- Arthur Cayley, English mathematician and academic (d. 1895)
- Andrew Rainsford Wetmore, Canadian lawyer and politician, 1st Premier of New Brunswick (d. 1892)
- Octavia Taylor, daughter of Zachary Taylor (d. 1820)
- John Bosco, Italian priest and educator (d. 1888)
- Yevstigney Fomin, Russian pianist and composer (d. 1800)
- Pierre Méchain, French astronomer and surveyor (d. 1804)
- Louis, Duke of Burgundy (d. 1712)
- Vincenzo Coronelli, Italian monk, cosmographer, and cartographer (d. 1718)
- Jean de La Bruyère, French philosopher and author (d. 1696)
- Countess Emilie Juliane of Barby-Mühlingen (d. 1706)
- Anne of Austria, Queen of Poland (d. 1598)
- Christina, Grand Duchess of Tuscany (d. 1637)
- Agostino Carracci, Italian painter and etcher (d. 1602)
- Jacqueline, Countess of Hainaut (d. 1436)
- Hongxi Emperor of China (d. 1425)
- Philippa, 5th Countess of Ulster (d. 1382)
Deaths On This Day
- Peter Fonda, American actor, director, and screenwriter. (b. 1940)
- Wakako Yamauchi, American-Japanese writer (b. 1924)
- Aretha Franklin, American singer-songwriter (b. 1942)
- João Havelange, Brazilian water polo player, lawyer, and businessman (b. 1916)
- John McLaughlin, American television personality (b. 1927)
- Jacob Bekenstein, Mexican-American physicist, astronomer, and academic (b. 1947)
- Anna Kashfi, British actress (b. 1934)
- Shuja Khanzada, Pakistani colonel and politician (b. 1943)
- Mile Mrkšić, Serb general (b. 1947)
- Patrick Aziza, Nigerian general and politician, Governor of Kebbi State (b. 1947)
- Vsevolod Nestayko, Ukrainian author (b. 1930)
- Mario Oriani-Ambrosini, Italian-South African lawyer and politician (b. 1960)
- Peter Scholl-Latour, German journalist, author, and academic (b. 1924)
- David Rees, Welsh mathematician and academic (b. 1918)
- Princess Lalla Amina of Morocco (b. 1954)
- Martine Franck, Belgian photographer and director (b. 1938)
- Abune Paulos, Ethiopian patriarch (b. 1935)
- William Windom, American actor (b. 1923)
- Mihri Belli, Turkish activist and politician (b. 1916)
- Dimitrios Ioannidis, Greek general (b. 1923)
- Dorival Caymmi, Brazilian singer-songwriter and actor (b. 1914)
- Ronnie Drew, Irish musician, folk singer and actor (b. 1934)
- Masanobu Fukuoka, Japanese farmer and author (b. 1913)
- Bahaedin Adab, Iranian engineer and politician (b. 1945)
- Alfredo Stroessner, Paraguayan general and dictator; 46th President of Paraguay (b. 1912)
- Vassar Clements, American fiddler (b. 1928)
- Tonino Delli Colli, Italian cinematographer (b. 1922)
- William Corlett, English novelist and playwright (b. 1938)
- Frère Roger, Swiss monk and mystic (b. 1915)
- Ivan Hlinka, Czech ice hockey player and coach (b. 1950)
- Balanadarajah Iyer, Sri Lankan journalist and poet (b. 1957)
- Carl Mydans, American photographer and journalist (b. 1907)
- Robert Quiroga, American boxer (b. 1969)
- Idi Amin, Ugandan field marshal and politician, 3rd President of Uganda (b. 1928)
- Abu Nidal, Palestinian terrorist leader (b. 1937)
- Jeff Corey, American actor (b. 1914)
- John Roseboro, American baseball player and coach (b. 1933)
- Phil Leeds, American actor (b. 1916)
- Dorothy West, American journalist and author (b. 1907)
- Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, Pakistani musician and Qawwali singer (b. 1948)
- Stewart Granger, English-American actor (b. 1913)
- Mark Heard, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (b. 1951)
- Luigi Zampa, Italian director and screenwriter (b. 1905)
- Pat O'Connor, New Zealand wrestler and trainer (b. 1925)
- Amanda Blake, American actress (b. 1929)
- Ronnie Aird, English cricketer and administrator (b. 1902)
- Jaime Sáenz, Bolivian author and poet (b. 1921)
- Duško Radović, Serbian children's writer, poet, journalist, aphorist and TV editor (b. 1922)
- Earl Averill, American baseball player (b. 1902)
- John Diefenbaker, Canadian lawyer and politician, 13th Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1895)
- Alidius Tjarda van Starkenborgh Stachouwer, Dutch soldier and politician, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (b. 1888)
- Elvis Presley, American singer, guitarist, and actor (b. 1935)
- Selman Waksman, Ukrainian-American biochemist and microbiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1888)
- Pierre Brasseur, French actor and screenwriter (b. 1905)
- Spyros Skouras, Greek-American businessman (b. 1893)
- Abdul Haq, Pakistani linguist and scholar (b. 1870)
- William Halsey, Jr., American admiral (b. 1882)
- Wanda Landowska, Polish-French harpsichord player (b. 1879)
- Jacob M. Lomakin, Soviet Consul General in New York City, journalist and economist (b. 1904)
- Irving Langmuir, American chemist and physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1881)
- Bela Lugosi, Hungarian-American actor (b. 1882)
- Lydia Field Emmet, American painter and academic (b. 1866)
- Margaret Mitchell, American journalist and author (b. 1900)
- Babe Ruth, American baseball player and coach (b. 1895)
- Takijirō Ōnishi, Japanese admiral (b. 1891)
- Andrej Hlinka, Slovak priest, journalist, and politician (b. 1864)
- Robert Johnson, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1911)
- Peter I of Serbia (b. 1844)
- Henry Daglish, Australian politician, 6th Premier of Western Australia (b. 1866)
- George Scott, English footballer (b. 1885)
- Carl Theodor Schulz, German-Norwegian gardener (b. 1835)
- Patrick Francis Moran, Irish-Australian cardinal (b. 1830)
- Prentiss Ingraham, American soldier and author (b. 1843)
- José Maria de Eça de Queirós, Portuguese journalist and author (b. 1845)
- Robert Bunsen, German chemist and academic (b. 1811)
- Jean-Martin Charcot, French neurologist and academic (b. 1825)
- John Pemberton, American pharmacist and chemist, invented Coca-Cola (b. 1831)
- Webster Paulson, English civil engineer (b. 1837)
- Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, Indian mystic and philosopher (b. 1836)
- Richard Upjohn, English-American architect (b. 1802)
- Ranavalona I, Queen consort of Kingdom of Madagascar and then sovereign (b. 1778)
- Henry Colburn, English publisher (b. 1785)
- Marc-Antoine Parseval, French mathematician and theorist (b. 1755)
- Charles-François de Broglie, marquis de Ruffec, French soldier and diplomat (b. 1719)
- Matthew Tindal, English philosopher and author (b. 1657)
- Jacob Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician and theorist (b. 1654)
- Andrew Marvell, English poet and author (b. 1621)
- Thomas Fuller, English historian and author (b. 1608)
- John, Elector of Saxony (b. 1468)
- Loyset Compère, French composer (b. 1445)
- Beatrice of Silva, Dominican nun
- Ashikaga Yoshikatsu, Japanese shōgun (b. 1434)
- Wenceslaus IV of Bohemia (b. 1361)
- Albert II, Duke of Austria (b. 1298)
- Azzone Visconti, founder of the state of Milan (b. 1302)
- Roch, French saint (b. 1295)
- John II of Trebizond (b. 1262)
- Philip I, Count of Savoy (b. 1207)
- Theodore II Laskaris, Byzantine-Greek emperor (b. 1222)
- Hōjō Masako, Japanese regent and onna-bugeisha (b. 1156)
- Bernard de Tremelay, fourth Grand Master of the Knights Templar
- George I of Georgia (b. 998)
- Marianos Argyros, Byzantine general (b. 944)
- Theutbald I, bishop of Langres
- AD 79
- Empress Ma, Chinese Han dynasty consort (b. 40)