On This Day in History: August 23
August 23 is the 235th day of the year (236th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 130 days remain until the end of the year.
Lottery News On This Day
- Best friends of over 50 years share $2M lottery prize. Two Canadian women who have been friends for more than five decades won a $2 million lottery prize, the British Columbia Lottery announced.
- Longtime Mass Lottery employee fired for allegedly cashing unsold winning scratch tickets. A longtime sales supervisor for the Massachusetts State Lottery was fired Tuesday after he was seen cashing winning instant tickets, a state official said, sparking fear that the lottery's supposedly strict security protocols may have been violated.
- Alabama lottery bill won't make it on November ballot. The Alabama House of Representatives today blocked a committee meeting that was necessary for Gov. Robert Bentley's lottery proposal to get on the ballot in the Nov. 8 general election.
- With Northstar terminated, what will the Illinois Lottery do now?. In the wake of Illinois Gov. Pat Quinn's politically-expedient move late last week to fire Northstar Lottery Group, the question becomes, what's next for the Illinois Lottery?
- Illinois to fire private lottery operator. The bumpy marriage between the state and the private company that operates the Illinois Lottery is ending in a divorce.
- Maryland lottery player gets lucky 4 times this summer for $101K. A Maryland man hit a grand slam this summer playing the state lottery: four winning tickets totaling $101,000 in prize money.
- Mass. man claims $32M Mega Millions lottery jackpot. A lottery winner has come forward in Boston and claimed the $32 million Mega Millions jackpot from the Fri., Aug. 19, 2011 drawing.
- Teacher won Powerball lottery jackpot in 1993, now runs camp for kids. A former junior high school teacher who was thrust from obscurity into the national spotlight when he won a $111 million Powerball jackpot in July 1993, now oversees a camp on 226 acres he purchased with a portion of his lottery winnings.
- Florida Lottery draws same Play 4 numbers. Despite receiving many calls from curious players about the same number being drawn in consecutive drawings, the Florida Lottery said it was just a coincidence.
- Tenn Lottery spokeswoman said no chance of drawing error. In early August, when Tennessee Lottery players began seeing the effects of the state's new computerized drawing system, and didn't like what they saw, the lottery's spokeswoman responded with reassuring words. Now she is forced to eat those words.
- Players warned lottery about tickets flaw. Tennessee lottery players say they warned lottery officials more than 10 days ago that a new computerized system to pick random numbers in the Cash 3 and Cash 4 games appeared to be malfunctioning.
- Mass. lottery addresses Asian gambling addicts. The Massachusetts Council on Compulsive Gambling is taking aim at a new group -- Asian gamblers.
- WOW, TALK ABOUT ADDICTION: Woman stole $2.3M to buy lottery tickets. A former Long Island bookkeeper for a doctors' office pleaded guilty Wednesday to second-degree grand larceny, admitting she stole more than $2.3 million that she used to buy lottery tickets.
- Newspaper apologizes for lottery results error. This morning the Montreal Gazette printed a half-apology to a Quebec man who recently threatened to sue the newspaper after the paper's error made him think he'd won a huge lottery jackpot when he hadn't.
- Mysterious $49 Million Mega Millions Winner Claims Prize. The waiting is over for Maryland residents waiting to discover who bought a winning Mega Millions ticket worth $49 million in the July 18th drawing. Well, sort of.
- Explosion, fire, shut down Iowa Lottery Headquarters. An explosion and smoky fire Tuesday has forced the evacuation of the Iowa Lottery Headquarters building in Des Moines.
- S.C. woman wins $1 million with instant lottery. A Kingstree, South Carolina, woman won $1 million from the S.C. Education Lottery's $100 million Cash Bonanza instant-ticket game.
- Financial analyst looks at lottery jackpot cash/annuity options. Don Taylor, a chartered financial analyst who holds a doctorate in finance, answers a common lottery question about how to take jackpot winnings.
- N.C. lottery still 1 vote shy of passing. Raleigh political watchers are trying to figure out whether North Carolina legislators will get a final chance for the year to pass a state lottery.
- Florida Lotto winner buys golf course for $1.4 million. A 2002 winner of the Florida lottery purchased the Ironwood Golf Course in East Naples today for $1.4 million.
- Elderly Canadian couple claim lottery jackpot. A beaming Brockville, Ontario, couple, who are both almost 90, have entered Canada's millionaire club after cashing in their Lotto/49 ticket from the Aug. 6 draw.
- Powerball jackpot grows to $21 million. The Powerball jackpot will grow to an estimated $21 million for Wednesday, since no one matched all six numbers drawn in Saturday night's game.
- Florida Lotto Rolls to $6 Million. No tickets matched all six Florida Lotto numbers, producing a $6 million jackpot for Wednesday's drawing, lottery officials said Sunday.
- NY Lotto Winner Shares Prize with Ex-Wife. A Staten Island man who bought a winning $3 million lottery ticket last month pocketed a check for $468,153 on Monday, after sharing half of his prize with his former wife.
- $9 million Florida Lotto winner sought. If you happened to buy a Lotto ticket this week at a Publix off Wiles Road in Coral Springs, Florida, you may be a millionaire -- times nine.
- $52 Million Mega Millions Lottery Ticket Sold in Ohio. A convenience store in the Cleveland suburb of Shaker Heights sold the single winning ticket in the latest Mega Millions lottery drawing, worth $52 million, the Ohio Lottery said Saturday.
- Michigan Lottery dropping Roll Down, adding Fantasy 5. The Michigan Lottery says it is dropping the Roll Down game Sept. 11 and adding Fantasy 5, a game in which players try to match five numbers from one to 39.
- Transmission failure shuts down NJ lottery machines. Lottery machines in a number of New Jersey retail stores shut down early Friday afternoon due to problems with faulty data communication lines.
Top 25 Lottery Jackpots On This Day
- 1.$758.7 Million
Aug 23, 2017
- 2.$314.3 Million
Aug 25, 2007
- 3.$280 Million
Aug 25, 2001
- 4.$252 Million
Aug 25, 2009
- 5.$201 Million
Aug 24, 2007
- 6.€127.53 Million
Aug 23, 2016
- 7.€88 Million
Aug 29, 2008
- 8.$127 Million
Aug 24, 2016
- 9.€93 Million
Aug 23, 2013
- 10.$120 Million
Aug 24, 2002
- 11.$118 Million
Aug 24, 2018
- 12.$115 Million
Aug 24, 2010
- 13.$114 Million
Aug 26, 2008
- 14.€100 Million
Aug 23, 2019
- 15.€74 Million
Aug 23, 2011
- 16.€90 Million
Aug 23, 2019
- 17.$100 Million
Aug 23, 2003
- 17.$100 Million
Aug 26, 2015
- 19.$92 Million
Aug 24, 2013
- 20.$90 Million
Aug 23, 2002
- 20.$90 Million
Aug 23, 2019
- 22.$84 Million
Aug 23, 2005
- 23.$80 Million
Aug 25, 2007
- 24.$74 Million
Aug 24, 2001
- 25.$73 Million
Aug 25, 2004
Lottery Post Member Birthdays On This Day
Tuesday, Aug 23, 1994
25 years old
Friday, Aug 23, 1991
28 years old
Wednesday, Aug 23, 1989
30 years old
Monday, Aug 23, 1982
37 years old
Monday, Aug 23, 1976
43 years old
Wednesday, Aug 23, 1972
47 years old
Friday, Aug 23, 1968
51 years old
Friday, Aug 23, 1968
51 years old
Friday, Aug 23, 1968
51 years old
Wednesday, Aug 23, 1967
52 years old
Wednesday, Aug 23, 1967
52 years old
Thursday, Aug 23, 1962
57 years old
Wednesday, Aug 23, 1961
58 years old
Saturday, Aug 23, 1958
61 years old
Friday, Aug 23, 1957
62 years old
Thursday, Aug 23, 1956
63 years old
Tuesday, Aug 23, 1955
64 years old
Thursday, Aug 23, 1951
68 years old
Thursday, Aug 23, 1951
68 years old
Saturday, Aug 23, 1947
72 years old
Friday, Aug 23, 1946
73 years old
Wednesday, Aug 23, 1939
80 years old
(year not provided)
(year not provided)
(year not provided)
(year not provided)
Worldwide Events On This Day
- A riot at the Palmasola prison complex in Santa Cruz, Bolivia kills 31 people.
- A hot-air balloon crashes near the Slovenian capital of Ljubljana, killing six people and injuring 28 others.
- A magnitude 5.8 (class: moderate) earthquake occurs in Virginia. Damage occurs to monuments and structures in Washington D.C. and the resulted damage is estimated at $200 million-$300 million USD.
- Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi is overthrown after the National Transitional Council forces take control of Bab al-Azizia compound during the Libyan Civil War.
- The skeletal remains of Russia's last royal family members Alexei Nikolaevich, Tsarevich of Russia, and his sister Grand Duchess Anastasia are discovered near Yekaterinburg, Russia.
- Natascha Kampusch, who had been abducted at the age of ten, escapes from her captor Wolfgang Přiklopil, after eight years of captivity.
- Gulf Air Flight 072 crashes into the Persian Gulf near Manama, Bahrain, killing 143.
- Eugene Bullard, the only African American pilot in World War I, is posthumously commissioned as Second Lieutenant in the United States Air Force.
- The World Wide Web is opened to the public.
- Saddam Hussein appears on Iraqi state television with a number of Western "guests" (actually hostages) to try to prevent the Gulf War.
- Armenia declares its independence from the Soviet Union.
- West and East Germany announce that they will reunite on October 3.
- Singing Revolution: Two million people from Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania stand on the Vilnius-Tallinn road, holding hands.
- Hans Tiedge, top counter-spy of West Germany, defects to East Germany.
- The Pontiac Silverdome opens in Pontiac, Michigan, 30 miles (48 km) northwest of Detroit, Michigan
- A bank robbery gone wrong in Stockholm, Sweden, turns into a hostage crisis; over the next five days the hostages begin to sympathise with their captors, leading to the term "Stockholm syndrome".
- Organized by Mexican American labor union leader César Chávez, the Salad Bowl strike, the largest farm worker strike in U.S. history, begins.
- Lunar Orbiter 1 takes the first photograph of Earth from orbit around the Moon.
- Chinese Civil War: The Second Taiwan Strait Crisis begins with the People's Liberation Army's bombardment of Quemoy.
- First flight of the Lockheed C-130 multi-role aircraft.
- World Council of Churches is formed by 147 churches from 44 countries.
- Ordinance No. 46 of the British Military Government constitutes the German Länder (states) of Hanover and Schleswig-Holstein.
- World War II: Soviet-Japanese War: The USSR State Defense Committee issues Decree no. 9898cc "About Receiving, Accommodation, and Labor Utilization of the Japanese Army Prisoners of War".
- World War II: Marseille is liberated by the Allies.
- World War II: King Michael of Romania dismisses the pro-Nazi government of Marshal Antonescu, who is arrested. Romania switches sides from the Axis to the Allies.
- Freckleton Air Disaster: A United States Army Air Forces B-24 Liberator bomber crashes into a school in Freckleton, England, killing 61 people.
- World War II: Kharkiv is liberated after the Battle of Kursk.
- World War II: Beginning of the Battle of Stalingrad.
- World War II: Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union sign a non-aggression treaty, the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact. In a secret addition to the pact, the Baltic states, Finland, Romania, and Poland are divided between the two nations.
- Hebron Massacre during the 1929 Palestine riots: Arab attack on the Jewish community in Hebron in the British Mandate of Palestine, continuing until the next day, resulted in the death of 65-68 Jews and the remaining Jews being forced to leave the city.
- Italian anarchists Sacco and Vanzetti are executed after a lengthy, controversial trial.
- Captain Lowell Smith and Lieutenant John P. Richter performed the first mid-air refueling on De Havilland DH-4B, setting an endurance flight record of 37 hours.
- British airship R-38 experiences structural failure over Hull in England and crashes in the Humber Estuary. Of her 49 British and American training crew, only four survive.
- World War I: The British Expeditionary Force and the French Fifth Army begin their Great Retreat before the German Army.
- World War I: Japan declares war on Germany.
- The automobile tire chain is patented.
- The Southern Cross Expedition, the first British venture of the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration, departs from London.
- Albert Bridge in Chelsea, London opens.
- Austro-Prussian War ends with the Treaty of Prague.
- American Civil War: The Union Navy captures Fort Morgan, Alabama, thus breaking Confederate dominance of all ports on the Gulf of Mexico except Galveston, Texas.
- The United Kingdom captures Hong Kong as a base as it prepares for war with Qing China. The ensuing three-year conflict will later be known as the First Opium War.
- Nat Turner's slave rebellion is suppressed.
- At the Battle of Großbeeren, the Prussians under Von Bülow repulse the French army.
- Napoleon I of France leaves Egypt for France en route to seizing power.
- Western North Carolina (now eastern Tennessee) declares itself an independent state under the name of Franklin; it is not accepted into the United States, and only lasts for four years.
- American Revolutionary War: King George III delivers his Proclamation of Rebellion to the Court of St James's stating that the American colonies have proceeded to a state of open and avowed rebellion.
- Edirne event: Sultan Mustafa II of the Ottoman Empire is dethroned.
- Battle of Sobota: The Swedish Empire led by Charles X Gustav defeats the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
- George Villiers, the first Duke of Buckingham, is assassinated by John Felton.
- Battle of Gifu Castle: The eastern forces of Tokugawa Ieyasu defeat the western Japanese clans loyal to Toyotomi Hideyori, leading to the destruction of Gifu Castle and serving as a prelude to the Battle of Sekigahara.
- Long Turkish War: Wallachian prince Michael the Brave confronts the Ottoman army in the Battle of Călugăreni and achieves a tactical victory.
- French Wars of Religion: Mob violence against thousands of Huguenots in Paris results in the St. Bartholomew's Day massacre.
- French explorer Jacques Cartier lands near Quebec City in his third voyage to Canada.
- Christian II of Denmark is deposed as king of Sweden and Gustav Vasa is elected regent.
- The Battle of Chaldiran ends with a decisive victory for the Sultan Selim I, Ottoman Empire, over the Shah Ismail I, founder of the Safavid dynasty.
- Siege of Moscow: The Golden Horde led by Tokhtamysh lays siege to the capital of the Grand Duchy of Moscow.
- Battle of Cassel: French troops stop an uprising of Flemish farmers.
- Sir William Wallace is executed for high treason at Smithfield, London.
- Battle of Tagliacozzo: The army of Charles of Anjou defeats the Ghibellines supporters of Conradin of Hohenstaufen marking the fall of the Hohenstaufen family from the Imperial and Sicilian thrones, and leading to the new chapter of Angevin domination in Southern Italy.
- Siege of Jerusalem: The city's citadel, the Tower of David, surrenders to Khwarezmian Empire.
- Abu Bakr dies at Medina and is succeeded by Umar I who becomes the second caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate.
- Odoacer, chieftain of the Germanic tribes (Herulic - Scirian foederati), is proclaimed rex Italiae ("King of Italy") by his troops.
- Gothic king Radagaisus is executed after he is defeated by Roman general Stilicho and 12,000 "barbarians" are incorporated into the Roman army or sold as slaves.
- AD 79
- Mount Vesuvius begins stirring, on the feast day of Vulcan, the Roman god of fire.
- 20 BC
- Ludi Volcanalici are held within the temple precinct of Vulcan, and used by Augustus to mark the treaty with Parthia and the return of the legionary standards that had been lost at the Battle of Carrhae in 53 BC.
- 30 BC
- After the successful invasion of Egypt, Octavian executes Marcus Antonius Antyllus, eldest son of Mark Antony, and Caesarion, the last king of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt and only child of Julius Caesar and Cleopatra.
Births On This Day
- Lil Yachty, American rapper and singer
- August Ames, Canadian pornographic actress (d. 2017)
- Iván López, Spanish professional footballer
- Seth Curry, American basketball player
- Trixie Mattel, American drag queen, actor, and country singer
- Heiko Schwarz, German footballer
- Lianne La Havas, British singer, songwriter, and multi-instrumentalist
- Olga Govortsova, Belarusian tennis player
- Carl Hagelin, Swedish ice hockey player
- Jeremy Lin, American basketball player
- Neil Cicierega, American comedian and musician
- Brett Morris, Australian rugby league player
- Josh Morris, Australian rugby league player
- Valeria Lukyanova, Moldovan-Ukrainian model and singer
- Glen Johnson, English footballer
- Eric Tai, New Zealand rugby player and actor
- James Collins, Welsh footballer
- Athena Farrokhzad, Iranian-Swedish poet, playwright, and critic
- Sun Mingming, Chinese basketball player
- Tony Moll, American football player
- Fiona Onasanya, British Labour Party politician and criminal
- Bruno Spengler, Canadian race car driver
- Natalie Coughlin, American swimmer
- Scott Palguta, American soccer player
- Cristian Tudor, Romanian footballer (d. 2012)
- Carlos Cuéllar, Spanish footballer
- Stephan Loboué, Ivorian footballer
- Denny Bautista, Dominican baseball player
- Nadine Jolie Courtney, American journalist, reality personality and author
- Rex Grossman, American football player
- Nenad Vučković, Serbian handball player
- Jessica Bibby, Australian basketball player
- Saskia Clark, English sailor
- Edgar Sosa, Mexican boxer
- Zuzana Váleková, Slovak tennis player
- Kobe Bryant, American basketball player and businessman
- Julian Casablancas, American singer-songwriter and producer
- Randal Tye Thomas, American journalist and politician (d. 2014)
- Andrew Rannells, American actor and singer
- Douglas Sequeira, Costa Rican footballer and manager
- Jared Fogle, former spokesperson for chain restaurant Subway
- Pat Garrity, American basketball player
- Sean Marks, New Zealand basketball player and manager
- Eliza Carthy, English folk musician
- Lexi Alexander, American film and television director
- Mark Bellhorn, American baseball player
- Benjamin Limo, Kenyan runner
- Konstantin Novoselov, Russian-English physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
- Ray Park, Scottish actor and stuntman
- Casey Blake, American baseball player
- Kerry Walmsley, New Zealand cricketer
- Mark Butcher, English cricketer and singer
- Raul Casanova, Puerto Rican-American baseball player
- Anthony Calvillo, Canadian football player
- Martin Grainger, English footballer and manager
- Manuel Vidrio, Mexican footballer, coach, and manager
- Demetrio Albertini, Italian footballer and manager
- Tim Gutberlet, German footballer
- Gretchen Whitmer, 49th Governor of Michigan
- Lawrence Frank, American basketball player and coach
- Jason Hetherington, Australian rugby league player
- Jay Mohr, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
- River Phoenix, American actor (d. 1993)
- Tinus Linee, South African rugby player and coach (d. 2014)
- Jack Lopresti, English soldier and politician
- Jeremy Schaap, American journalist and author
- Keith Tyson, English painter and illustrator
- Laura Claycomb, American soprano
- Chris DiMarco, American golfer
- Jim Murphy, Scottish lawyer and politician, Minister of State for Europe
- Richard Petrie, New Zealand cricketer
- Rik Smits, Dutch-American basketball player
- Roger Avary, Canadian director, producer, and screenwriter
- Park Chan-wook, South Korean director, producer, and screenwriter
- Glória Pires, Brazilian actress
- Richard Illingworth, English cricketer and umpire
- Kenny Wallace, American race car driver
- Martin Cauchon, Canadian lawyer and politician, 46th Canadian Minister of Justice
- Shaun Ryder, English singer-songwriter and actor
- Dean DeLeo, American guitarist and songwriter
- Alexandre Desplat, French composer and conductor
- Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf, Iranian commander and politician, 54th Mayor of Tehran
- Gary Mabbutt, English footballer
- Hitomi Takahashi, Japanese actress
- Gary Hoey, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer
- Edwyn Collins, Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist
- George Kalovelonis, Greek tennis player and coach
- Julio Franco, Dominican baseball player and manager
- Tasos Mitropoulos, Greek footballer and politician
- Andreas Floer, German mathematician and academic (d. 1991)
- Valgerd Svarstad Haugland, Norwegian educator and politician, Norwegian Minister of Culture
- David Learner, British actor
- Charles Busch, American actor and screenwriter
- Halimah Yacob, Singaporean unionist and politician, 9th Speaker and 8th President of Singapore
- Bobby G, English singer-songwriter
- Santillana, Spanish footballer
- Georgios Paraschos, Greek footballer and manager
- Allan Bristow, American basketball player and coach
- Mark Hudson, American musician, songwriter, and producer
- Jimi Jamison, American singer-songwriter and musician (Survivor) (d. 2014)
- Akhmad Kadyrov, Chechen cleric and politician, 1st President of the Chechen Republic (d. 2004)
- Queen Noor of Jordan
- Luigi Delneri, Italian footballer and manager
- Vicky Leandros, Greek singer and politician
- Shelley Long, American actress
- Rick Springfield, Australian-American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor
- Atef Bseiso, Palestinian intelligence officer (d. 1992)
- Andrei Pleșu, Romanian journalist and politician, 95th Romanian Minister of Foreign Affairs
- Rudy Ruettiger, American football player
- Lev Zeleny, Russian physicist and academic
- Willy Russell, English playwright and composer
- Linda Thompson, English folk-rock singer-songwriter
- Rowena Wallace, English-Australian actress
- Keith Moon, English drummer, songwriter, and producer (d. 1978)
- Rayfield Wright, American football player and coach
- Antonia Novello, Puerto Rican-American physician and admiral, 14th Surgeon General of the United States
- Dale Campbell-Savours, Baron Campbell-Savours, English businessman and politician
- Nelson DeMille, American lieutenant and author
- Peter Lilley, English politician, Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills
- Pino Presti, Italian bass player, composer, conductor, and producer
- Nancy Richey, American tennis player
- Onora O'Neill, Baroness O'Neill of Bengarve, British philosopher, academic, and politician
- Galen Rowell, American mountaineer and photographer (d. 2002)
- Richard Sanders, American actor and screenwriter
- Giacomo Bini, Italian priest and missionary (d. 2014)
- Roger Greenaway, English singer-songwriter and producer
- Rudy Lewis, American R&B singer (The Drifters) (d. 1964)
- Henry Lee Lucas, American murderer (d. 2001)
- Roy Strong, English historian, curator, and author
- Sonny Jurgensen, American football player and sportscaster
- Robert Curl, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
- Don Talbot, Australian swim coach and administrator
- Pete Wilson, American commander and politician, 36th Governor of California
- Houari Boumediene, Algerian colonel and politician, 2nd President of Algeria (d. 1978)
- Enos Nkala, Zimbabwean soldier and politician, Zimbabwean Minister of Defence (d. 2013)
- Mark Russell, American comedian and pianist
- Barbara Eden, American actress and singer
- Hamilton O. Smith, American microbiologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
- Michel Rocard, French civil servant and politician, 160th Prime Minister of France (d. 2016)
- Vladimir Beekman, Estonian poet and translator (d. 2009)
- Zoltán Czibor, Hungarian footballer (d. 1997)
- Vera Miles, American actress
- Peter Thomson, Australian golfer (d. 2018)
- Marian Seldes, American actress (d. 2014)
- Dick Bruna, Dutch author and illustrator (d. 2017)
- Allan Kaprow, American painter and author (d. 2006)
- Martial Solal, Algerian-French pianist and composer
- Clifford Geertz, American anthropologist and academic (d. 2006)
- Gyula Hernádi, Hungarian author and screenwriter (d. 2005)
- Robert Mulligan, American director and producer (d. 2008)
- Ephraim Kishon, Israeli author, screenwriter, and director (d. 2005)
- Robert Solow, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
- Edgar F. Codd, English-American computer scientist and programmer (d. 2003)
- Nazik Al-Malaika, Iraqi poet and academic (d. 2007)
- Jean Darling, American actress and singer (d. 2015)
- George Kell, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 2009)
- Kenneth Arrow, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2017)
- Sam Cook, English cricketer and umpire (d. 1996)
- Vladimir Abramovich Rokhlin, Azerbaijani mathematician and theorist (d. 1984)
- Tex Williams, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1985)
- Bob Crosby, American swing singer and bandleader (d. 1993)
- Gene Kelly, American actor, singer, and dancer (d. 1996)
- Igor Troubetzkoy, Russian aristocrat and race car driver (d. 2008)
- Lonny Frey, American baseball player and soldier (d. 2009)
- Giuseppe Meazza, Italian footballer and manager (d. 1979)
- Syd Buller, English cricketer and umpire (d. 1970)
- Hannah Frank, Scottish sculptor and illustrator (d. 2008)
- Zoltan Sarosy, Hungarian-Canadian chess master (d. 2017)
- Ernie Bushmiller, American cartoonist (d. 1982)
- Constant Lambert, English composer and conductor (d. 1951)
- William Primrose, Scottish viola player and educator (d. 1982)
- Guy Bush, American baseball player and manager (d. 1985)
- John Sherman Cooper, American captain, lawyer, and politician, 2nd United States Ambassador to East Germany (d. 1991)
- Frances Adaskin, Canadian pianist (d. 2001)
- Ernst Krenek, Austrian-American composer and educator (d. 1991)
- Malvina Reynolds, American singer-songwriter and activist (d. 1978)
- Henry F. Pringle, American historian and journalist (d. 1958)
- John Auden, English solicitor, deputy coroner and a territorial soldier (d. 1959)
- Roy Agnew, Australian pianist and composer (d. 1944)
- Harry Frank Guggenheim, American businessman and publisher, co-founded Newsday (d. 1971)
- Will Cuppy, American author and critic (d. 1949)
- Ogden L. Mills, American captain, lawyer, and politician, 50th United States Secretary of the Treasury (d. 1937)
- Jonathan M. Wainwright, American general, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1953)
- Alexander Grin, Russian sailor and author (d. 1932)
- István Medgyaszay, Hungarian architect and academic (d. 1959)
- William Eccles, English physicist and engineer (d. 1966)
- Eugene Lanceray, Russian painter and sculptor (d. 1946)
- Tanguturi Prakasam, Indian lawyer and politician, 1st Chief Minister of Andhra (d. 1957)
- Edgar Lee Masters, American lawyer, author, poet, and playwright (d. 1950)
- Edgar de Wahl, Ukrainian-Estonian linguist and academic (d. 1948)
- Eleftherios Venizelos, Greek lawyer, jurist, and politician, 93rd Prime Minister of Greece (d. 1936)
- Moritz Moszkowski, Polish-German pianist and composer (d. 1925)
- Radha Gobinda Kar, Indian physician and philanthropist (d. 1918)
- Clímaco Calderón, Colombian lawyer and politician, 15th President of Colombia (d. 1913)
- Arnold Toynbee, English economist and historian (d. 1883)
- John Cockburn, Scottish-Australian politician, 18th Premier of South Australia (d. 1929)
- William Ernest Henley, English poet and critic (d. 1903)
- Sarah Frances Whiting, American physicist and astronomer (d. 1927)
- Alexander Milne Calder, Scottish-American sculptor (d. 1923)
- William Southam, Canadian publisher (d. 1932)
- Moritz Cantor, German mathematician and historian (d. 1920)
- James Roosevelt Bayley, American archbishop (d. 1877)
- Anton von Schmerling, Austrian judge and politician (d. 1893)
- Oliver Hazard Perry, American commander (d. 1819)
- William Tierney Clark, English engineer, designed the Hammersmith Bridge (d. 1852)
- Georges Cuvier, French biologist and academic (d. 1832)
- Louis XVI of France (d. 1793)
- Jean-François de Galaup, comte de Lapérouse, French admiral and explorer (d. 1788)
- Abraham Yates, Jr., American lawyer and civil servant (d. 1796)
- Stanisław Lubieniecki, Polish astronomer, theologian, and historian (d. 1675)
- Thomas Dempster, Scottish scholar and historian (d. 1625)
- François Hotman, French lawyer and jurist (d. 1590)
- Miguel da Paz, Prince of Portugal (d. 1500)
- Sigismund von Herberstein, Slovenian historian and diplomat (d. 1566)
- Jo Gwang-jo, Korean philosopher (d. 1520)
Deaths On This Day
- Steven Hill, American actor (b. 1922)
- Augusta Chiwy, Congolese-Belgian nurse (b. 1921)
- Guy Ligier, French rugby player and race car driver (b. 1930)
- Enrique Reneau, Honduran footballer (b. 1971)
- Paul Royle, Australian lieutenant and pilot (b. 1914)
- Albert Ebossé Bodjongo, Cameroonian footballer (b. 1989)
- Annefleur Kalvenhaar, Dutch cyclist (b. 1994)
- Dan Magill, American swimmer, tennis player, and coach (b. 1921)
- Birgitta Stenberg, Swedish author and illustrator (b. 1932)
- Jaume Vallcorba Plana, Spanish philologist and publisher (b. 1949)
- Richard J. Corman, American businessman, founded the R.J. Corman Railroad Group (b. 1955)
- William Glasser, American psychiatrist and author (b. 1925)
- Charles Lisanby, American production designer and set director (b. 1924)
- Konstanty Miodowicz, Polish ethnographer and politician (b. 1951)
- Vesna Rožič, Slovenian chess player (b. 1987)
- Tatyana Zaslavskaya, Russian sociologist and economist (b. 1927)
- Merv Neagle, Australian footballer and coach (b. 1958)
- Jerry Nelson, American puppeteer and voice actor (b. 1934)
- Josepha Sherman, American anthologist and author (b. 1946)
- John Russell, English-American author and critic (b. 1919)
- Maynard Ferguson, Canadian trumpet player and bandleader (b. 1928)
- Brock Peters, American actor (b. 1927)
- Bobby Bonds, American baseball player and manager (b. 1946)
- Jack Dyer, Australian footballer and coach (b. 1913)
- Jan Sedivka, Czech-Australian violinist and educator (b. 1917)
- Michael Kijana Wamalwa, Kenyan lawyer and politician, 8th Vice President of Kenya (b. 1944)
- Hoyt Wilhelm, American baseball player and coach (b. 1922)
- Kathleen Freeman, American actress (b. 1919)
- Peter Maas, American journalist and author (b. 1929)
- John Anthony Kaiser, American priest and missionary (b. 1932)
- Norman Wexler, American screenwriter (b. 1926)
- Eric Gairy, Grenadian educator and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Grenada (b. 1922)
- John Kendrew, English biochemist and crystallographer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1917)
- Margaret Tucker, Australian author and activist (b. 1904)
- Alfred Eisenstaedt, German-American photographer and journalist (b. 1898)
- Zoltán Fábri, Hungarian director and screenwriter (b. 1917)
- David Rose, American pianist and composer (b. 1910)
- Mohammed Abed Elhai, Sudanese poet and academic (b. 1944)
- R. D. Laing, Scottish psychiatrist and author (b. 1927)
- Didier Pironi, French race car driver (b. 1952)
- Stanford Moore, American biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1913)
- Naum Gabo, Russian sculptor and academic (b. 1890)
- Faruk Gürler, Turkish general (b. 1913)
- Roberto Assagioli, Italian psychiatrist and author (b. 1888)
- Georges Berger, Belgian race car driver (b. 1918)
- Nathaniel Cartmell, American runner and coach (b. 1883)
- Francis X. Bushman, American actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1883)
- Edmond Hogan, Australian politician, 30th Premier of Victoria (b. 1883)
- Walter Anderson, Russian-German ethnologist and academic (b. 1885)
- Hoot Gibson, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1892)
- Oscar Hammerstein II, American director, producer, and composer (b. 1895)
- Jaan Sarv, Estonian mathematician and scholar (b. 1877)
- Helen Churchill Candee, American geographer, journalist, and author (b. 1858)
- Abdülmecid II, Ottoman sultan (b. 1868)
- Stefan Filipkiewicz, Polish painter and illustrator (b. 1879)
- Albert Roussel, French composer and educator (b. 1869)
- Adolf Loos, Austrian architect and theoretician, designed Villa Müller (b. 1870)
- Nicola Sacco, Italian anarchist convicted of murder (b. 1891)
- Bartolomeo Vanzetti, Italian anarchist convicted of murder (b. 1888)
- Rudolph Valentino, Italian actor (b. 1895)
- Heinrich Berté, Slovak-Austrian composer (b. 1856)
- Kuroda Kiyotaka, Japanese general and politician, 2nd Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1840)
- Deodoro da Fonseca, Brazilian field marshal and politician, 1st President of Brazil (b. 1827)
- Auguste-Marseille Barthélemy, French poet and author (b. 1796)
- Alexander Calder, American lawyer and politician (b. 1806)
- Ferenc Kazinczy, Hungarian author and poet (b. 1759)
- August Neidhardt von Gneisenau, Prussian field marshal (b. 1760)
- Oliver Hazard Perry, American commander (b. 1785)
- Alexander Wilson (ornithologist), Scottish-American poet, ornithologist, and illustrator (b. 1766)
- Charles-Augustin de Coulomb, French physicist and engineer (b. 1736)
- Increase Mather, American minister and author (b. 1639)
- Edward Nott, English politician, Colonial Governor of Virginia (b. 1654)
- John Byron, 1st Baron Byron, English soldier and politician (b. 1600)
- George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham, English politician, Lord Lieutenant of Buckinghamshire (b. 1592)
- Gerbrand Adriaenszoon Bredero, Dutch poet and playwright (b. 1585)
- Luis de León, Spanish poet and academic (b. 1527)
- Ebussuud Efendi, Turkish lawyer and jurist (b. 1490)
- Thomas Wharton, 1st Baron Wharton (b. 1495)
- Guillaume Budé, French philosopher and scholar (b. 1467)
- Philibert Berthelier, Swiss soldier (b. 1465)
- Jean Molinet, French poet and composer (b. 1435)
- Isabella of Aragon, Queen of Portugal, eldest daughter of Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon (b. 1470)
- Thomas de Littleton, English judge and legal author (b. c. 1407)
- Johannes Pullois, Franco-Flemish composer (b. c. 1420?)
- Olaf II of Denmark (b. 1370)
- Gil Álvarez Carrillo de Albornoz, Spanish cardinal (b. 1310)
- Chen Youliang, founder of the Dahan regime (b. 1320)
- John de Stratford, Archbishop of Canterbury
- Heilwige Bloemardinne, Christian mystic (b. c. 1265)
- Frederick IV, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1282)
- Nicolaas Zannekin, Flemish peasant leader (in the battle of Cassel)
- William Wallace, Scottish rebel commander (b. 1272)
- Emperor Rokujō of Japan (b. 1164)
- Magnus, Duke of Saxony (b. 1045)
- Volkold, bishop of Meissen
- Ali al-Ridha, Iranian 8th of the Twelve Imams (b. 765)
- Abu Bakr, Arabian caliph (b. 573)
- Radagaisus, Gothic king
- AD 93
- Gnaeus Julius Agricola, Roman general and politician (b. AD 40)
- 30 BC
- Caesarion, Egyptian king (b. 47 BC)
- 30 BC
- Marcus Antonius Antyllus, Roman soldier (b. 47 BC)