On This Day in History: December 31
December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. It is the last day of the year, with the next day being January 1 of the following year.
Lottery News On This Day
- Mega Millions and Powerball roll to combined $785 million jackpot. With many people aching to finally cast aside 2020 and breathe a sigh of relief, the United States' two biggest multi-state lottery games feature jackpots worth nearly $800 million combined that will instantly change the fortunes of whomever is lucky enough to win them.
- $334 MILLION: Powerball jackpot rolls into the new year. This Saturday, lottery players will have the chance to buy tickets for the largest Powerball jackpot in nearly a year.
- California waiting for Mega Millions winner to emerge. Someone, somewhere, is in possession of a lucky Mega Millions lottery ticket worth $324 million that was purchased at a small San Jose shop on Dec. 17.
- Tenn. lottery CEO gets award named after her. The president and CEO of the Tennessee Education Lottery Corp. is being recognized by a leading lottery trade organization with an award named after her.
- Pennsylvania will not privatize lottery. Pennsylvania is scrapping a deal with a U.K.-based company to privatize management of the state's lottery system, Governor Tom Corbett said on Monday.
- N.C. woman gets surprise lottery gift from brother. A North Carolina woman thought she was finished with her family's Christmas on Wednesday, but a late gift from her brother made her $100,000 richer.
- N.C. store clerk charged in lottery scam. Police arrested a convenience store clerk Thursday after she allegedly told a customer his ticket wasn't a winner, then cashed the $50 winning ticket after the man left the store.
- Ireland Lottery draws two €1 million raffle winners. The Ireland Lottery conducted its annual Christmas raffle drawing Friday, awarding two grand prizes of €1 million (US$1.3 million) and many smaller cash prizes.
- Canada Lotto Max players awaiting huge draw tonight. New Year's Eve might be a lucky night for Lotto Max players across Canada, as a $50 million jackpot and an estimated 18 MaxMillions $1 million bonus prizes are scheduled to be drawn.
- Arkansas Lottery may not be able to meet scholarship demands. The legislative committee that oversees the state lottery yesterday considered, but ultimately tabled, a proposal to recommend reducing lottery scholarship amounts by 10 percent for the second class of lottery recipients.
- Kansas Lottery raffle drawing is state's first. The Kansas Lottery held its first-ever raffle drawing today, creating one millionaire and several more happy, lucky lottery winners.
- Florida Lottery Raffle drawing crowns 9 new millionaires. One million Florida Lottery tickets had a shot at winning $1 million, and nine of those are officially chosen as the big winners.
- Idaho Lottery raffle made a millionaire tonight. The Idaho Lottery conducted its $1,000,000 Raffle drawing Wednesday evening, and created one instant millionaire.
- Ohio Lottery rings in the New Year with raffle. For four lucky Ohio lottery players, 2009 will begin with a windfall of one million dollars.
- Winning numbers chosen in Delaware Lottery's Raffle. The winning numbers for the Delaware Lottery's third annual Raffle game were selected in a special drawing today.
- Florida Lottery Raffle drawing crowns 9 new millionaires. One million Florida Lottery tickets had a shot at winning $1 million, and nine of those are officially chosen as the big winners.
- Idaho Lottery raffle made a millionaire tonight. The Idaho Lottery conducted its $1,000,000 Raffle drawing Tuesday evening, and created one instant millionaire.
- Georgia Lottery's Millionaire Raffle results drawn. The Georgia Lottery selected the winning numbers Sunday for its special "Millionaire Raffle" drawing.
- NJ Lottery New Year's raffle results drawn. The New Jersey Lottery selected the winning numbers Sunday for its special "Million Dollar New Year" drawing.
- Powerball Fact Sheet. Some interesting facts about tonight's estimated $210 million Powerball jackpot drawing.
- $155 million Mega Millions ticket sold in Ohio. The Ohio Lottery finally has a top-prize Mega Millions winner. Now the wait has begun to find out who will claim the biggest lottery prize ever in the state.
- New lotto game hurts Powerball. Cobos Supermarket Assistant Manager Elizabeth Torres would like to attribute the slow Powerball-buying traffic in her Sunland Park store to the holidays, but she knows that across the state line a larger reason loomed.
- Ticket sales spike for $210 million Powerball. While crowds fill Times Square to watch the ball drop tonight, Bobby Santamauro of West Haven, Connecticut will have his eye on a different ball -- a little red one with someone's lucky number on it.
- Dreamers, schemers line up for Powerball jackpot. The two buddies with whom Frank Martin used to play the lottery may have given up hope of ever hitting it big, but the 65-year-old Upper Darby resident says he's not about to throw in the towel anytime soon -- especially with tonight's Powerball drawing at $210 million.
- Lottery frenzy makes Rosenberg store a winner. A corner convenience store in Rosenberg, Texas that reigns as the lottery-selling champion in the Houston area was buzzing Tuesday, selling tickets to eager customers hoping to claim the biggest prize in the Mega Millions drawing since Texas joined the multistate lottery.
Top 25 Lottery Jackpots On This Day
- 1.$460.9 Million
Jan 3, 2018
- 2.$425 Million
Jan 1, 2019
- 3.$401 Million
Jan 1, 2021
- 4.$384 Million
Jan 2, 2021
- 5.$361 Million
Jan 2, 2018
- 6.$355.8 Million
Jan 2, 2016
- 7.$242 Million
Dec 31, 2010
- 8.$221 Million
Dec 31, 2003
- 9.$220 Million
Jan 1, 2020
- 10.$188 Million
Jan 2, 2015
- 11.€128 Million
Jan 1, 2019
- 12.€97 Million
Dec 31, 2013
- 13.$130 Million
Jan 1, 2016
- 14.$120 Million
Dec 31, 2014
- 15.€88 Million
Jan 6, 2006
- 16.$105 Million
Jan 3, 2017
- 17.€84.93 Million
Dec 31, 2020
- 18.€78 Million
Jan 5, 2007
- 19.$100 Million
Jan 3, 2007
- 20.€84.96 Million
Jan 3, 2019
- 21.€79.76 Million
Jan 2, 2018
- 22.€90 Million
Jan 6, 2017
- 23.$84 Million
Jan 2, 2007
- 24.$80 Million
Dec 31, 2008
- 25.€58 Million
Jan 3, 2012
Lottery Post Member Birthdays On This Day
Saturday, Dec 31, 1988
32 years old
Thursday, Dec 31, 1987
33 years old
Wednesday, Dec 31, 1986
34 years old
Thursday, Dec 31, 1981
39 years old
Sunday, Dec 31, 1972
48 years old
Friday, Dec 31, 1971
49 years old
Tuesday, Dec 31, 1968
52 years old
Sunday, Dec 31, 1967
53 years old
Friday, Dec 31, 1965
55 years old
Wednesday, Dec 31, 1958
62 years old
(year not provided)
(year not provided)
Worldwide Events On This Day
- The World Health Organization's issues its first emergency use validation for a COVID-19 vaccine.
- The World Health Organization is informed of cases of pneumonia with an unknown cause, detected in Wuhan. This later turned out to be COVID-19, the cause of the COVID-19 pandemic.
- Thirty-nine people are killed after a ten-story building collapses in the industrial city of Magnitogorsk, Russia.
- A fire breaks out at the Downtown Address Hotel in Downtown Dubai, United Arab Emirates, located near the Burj Khalifa, two hours before the fireworks display is due to commence. Sixteen injuries were reported; one had a heart attack, another suffered a major injury, and fourteen others with minor injuries.
- A New Year's Eve celebration stampede in Shanghai kills at least 36 people and injures 49 others.
- Samoa and Tokelau skip the day of December 30, 2011 as they jump to the other side of the International Date Line, changing their time zones.
- NASA succeeds in putting the first of two Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory satellites in orbit around the Moon.
- Tornadoes touch down in midwestern and southern United States, including Washington County, Arkansas; Greater St. Louis, Sunset Hills, Missouri, Illinois, and Oklahoma, with a few tornadoes in the early hours. A total of 36 tornadoes touched down, resulting in the deaths of nine people and $113 million in damages.
- Both a blue moon and a lunar eclipse occur.
- The official opening of Taipei 101, the tallest skyscraper at that time in the world, standing at a height of 509 metres (1,670 ft).
- The last day of the 20th Century and 2nd Millennium.
- The first President of Russia, Boris Yeltsin, resigns from office, leaving Prime Minister Vladimir Putin as the acting President and successor.
- The U.S. government hands control of the Panama Canal (as well all the adjacent land to the canal known as the Panama Canal Zone) to Panama. This act complied with the signing of the 1977 Torrijos-Carter Treaties.
- Indian Airlines Flight 814 hijacking ends after seven days with the release of 190 survivors at Kandahar Airport, Afghanistan.
- The European Exchange Rate Mechanism freezes the values of the legacy currencies in the Eurozone, and establishes the value of the euro currency.
- This date is skipped altogether in Kiribati as the Phoenix Islands and Line Islands change time zones from UTC−11:00 to UTC+13:00 and UTC−10:00 to UTC+14:00, respectively.
- The First Chechen War: The Russian Ground Forces begin a New Year's storming of Grozny.
- Czechoslovakia is peacefully dissolved in what is dubbed by media as the Velvet Divorce, resulting in the creation of the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic.
- All official Soviet Union institutions have ceased operations by this date, five days after the Soviet Union is officially dissolved.
- The AT&T Bell System is broken up by the United States Government.
- Benjamin Ward is appointed New York City Police Department's first ever African American police commissioner.
- In Nigeria, a coup d'état led by Major General Muhammadu Buhari ends the Second Nigerian Republic.
- A coup d'état in Ghana removes President Hilla Limann's PNP government and replaces it with the Provisional National Defence Council led by Flight lieutenant Jerry Rawlings.
- The first flight of the Tupolev Tu-144, the first civilian supersonic transport in the world.
- Jean-Bédel Bokassa, leader of the Central African Republic army, and his military officers begin a coup d'état against the government of President David Dacko.
- The Central African Federation officially collapses, subsequently becoming Zambia, Malawi and Rhodesia.
- RTÉ, Ireland's state broadcaster, launches its first national television service.
- The Romanian Television network begins its first broadcast in Bucharest.
- General Motors becomes the first U.S. corporation to make over US$1 billion in a year.
- Cold War: The Marshall Plan expires after distributing more than US$13.3 billion in foreign aid to rebuild Western Europe.
- President Harry S. Truman officially proclaims the end of hostilities in World War II.
- World War II: Operation Nordwind, the last major Wehrmacht offensive on the Western Front, begins.
- USS Essex, first aircraft carrier of a 24-ship class, is commissioned.
- The first New Year's Eve celebration is held in Times Square (then known as Longacre Square) in Manhattan.
- Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar signs the Persian Constitution of 1906.
- Thomas Edison demonstrates incandescent lighting to the public for the first time, in Menlo Park, New Jersey.
- Karl Benz, working in Mannheim, Germany, files for a patent on his first reliable two-stroke gas engine. He was granted the patent in 1879.
- American Civil War: Abraham Lincoln signs an act that admits West Virginia to the Union, thus dividing Virginia in two.
- American Civil War: The Battle of Stones River begins near Murfreesboro, Tennessee.
- Queen Victoria chooses Ottawa, then a small logging town, as the capital of the Province of Canada.
- A dinner party is held inside a life-size model of an iguanodon created by Benjamin Waterhouse Hawkins and Sir Richard Owen in south London, England.
- Gramercy Park is deeded to New York City.
- The incorporation of Baltimore as a city.
- Efimeris, the oldest Greek newspaper of which issues have survived till today, is published for the first time.
- American Revolutionary War: Battle of Quebec: British forces repulse an attack by Continental Army General Richard Montgomery.
- Arthur Guinness signs a 9,000 year lease at £45 per annum and starts brewing Guinness.
- Empress Elizabeth I of Russia issues her ukase incorporating Königsberg into Russia.
- The first Huguenots set sail from France to the Cape of Good Hope.
- The expedition of John Narborough leaves Corral Bay, having surveyed the coast and lost four hostages to the Spanish.
- James II of England is named Duke of Normandy by Louis XIV of France.
- The British East India Company is chartered.
- The First Battle of Cannanore commences, seeing the first use of the naval line of battle.
- James I the Conqueror, King of Aragon, enters Medina Mayurqa (now known as Palma, Spain), thus consummating the Christian reconquest of the island of Majorca.
- The Lý dynasty of Vietnam ends after 216 years by the enthronement of the boy emperor Trần Thái Tông, husband of the last Lý monarch, Lý Chiêu Hoàng, starting the Trần dynasty.
- Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV is forced to abdicate in favor of his son, Henry V, in Ingelheim.
- Battle of Englefield: The Vikings clash with ealdorman Æthelwulf of Berkshire. The invaders are driven back to Reading (East Anglia); many Danes are killed.
- Byzantine general Belisarius completes the conquest of Sicily, defeating the Gothic garrison of Palermo (Panormos), and ending his consulship for the year.
- Vandals, Alans and Suebians cross the Rhine, beginning an invasion of Gaul.
Births On This Day
- Gabby Douglas, American gymnast
- Amy Cure, Australian track cyclist
- Karl Kruuda, Estonian racing driver
- Noelle Stevenson, American cartoonist
- Patrick Chan, Canadian figure skater
- Javaris Crittenton, American basketball player
- Danny Holla, Dutch footballer
- Nemanja Nikolić, Hungarian footballer
- Nate Freiman, American baseball player
- Kade Snowden, Australian rugby league player
- Jonathan Horton, American gymnast
- Jan Smit, Dutch singer and television host
- Ben Hannant, Australian rugby league player
- Édgar Lugo, Mexican footballer
- Calvin Zola, Congolese footballer
- Julio DePaula, Dominican baseball player
- Craig Gordon, Scottish footballer
- Luke Schenscher, Australian basketball player
- The Rocket Summer, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
- Jason Campbell, American football player
- Matthew Pavlich, Australian footballer
- Margaret Simpson, Ghanaian heptathlete
- Ricky Whittle, English actor
- Jesse Carlson, American baseball player
- Matt Cross, American wrestler
- Richie McCaw, New Zealand rugby player
- Carsten Schlangen, German runner
- Paul O'Neill, English racing driver
- Jeff Waldstreicher, American lawyer and politician
- Wardy Alfaro, Costa Rican footballer and coach
- Psy, South Korean musician
- Donald Trump Jr., American businessman and son of U.S. President Donald Trump
- Luís Carreira, Portuguese motorcycle racer (d. 2012)
- Matthew Hoggard, English cricketer
- Rami Alanko, Finnish ice hockey player
- Toni Kuivasto, Finnish footballer and coach
- Rob Penders, Dutch footballer
- Sander Schutgens, Dutch runner
- Joe Abercrombie, English author
- Mario Aerts, Belgian cyclist
- Tony Kanaan, Brazilian race car driver
- Ryan Sakoda, Japanese-American wrestler and trainer
- Shandon Anderson, American basketball player
- Malcolm Middleton, Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist
- Curtis Myden, Canadian swimmer
- Grégory Coupet, French footballer
- Joey McIntyre, American singer-songwriter and actor
- Scott Manley, Scottish YouTube personality
- Brent Barry, American basketball player and sportscaster
- Esteban Loaiza, Mexican baseball player
- Jorge Alberto da Costa Silva, Brazilian footballer
- Danny McNamara, English singer-songwriter
- Carlos Morales Quintana, Spanish-Danish architect and sailor
- Bryon Russell, American basketball player
- Gerry Dee, Canadian comedian, actor, and screenwriter
- Junot Diaz, Dominican-born American novelist, short story writer, and essayist
- Paul McGregor, Australian rugby league player and coach
- Tony Dorigo, Australian-English footballer and sportscaster
- Julie Doucet, Canadian cartoonist and author
- Gong Li, Chinese actress
- Laxman Sivaramakrishnan, Indian cricketer
- Nicholas Sparks, American author, screenwriter, and producer
- Winston Benjamin, Antiguan cricketer
- Michael McDonald, American comedian, actor, and director
- Scott Ian, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
- Tyrone Corbin, American basketball player and coach
- Chris Hallam, English-Welsh swimmer and wheelchair racer (d. 2013)
- Jennifer Higdon, American composer
- Rick Aguilera, American baseball player and coach
- Jeremy Heywood, English economist and civil servant (d. 2018)
- Nina Li Chi, Hong Kong actress
- Steve Bruce, English footballer and manager
- Liveris Andritsos, Greek basketball player
- Val Kilmer, American actor
- Phill Kline, American lawyer and politician, Kansas Attorney General
- Baron Waqa, Nauruan composer and politician, 14th President of Nauru
- Paul Westerberg, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
- Geoff Marsh, Australian cricketer and coach
- Bebe Neuwirth, American actress and dancer
- Robert Goodwill, English farmer and politician
- Helma Knorscheidt, German shot putter
- Steve Rude, American author and illustrator
- Alex Salmond, Scottish economist and politician, 4th First Minister of Scotland
- Hermann Tilke, German racing driver, architect and engineer
- Jane Badler, American actress
- Vaughan Jones, New Zealand mathematician and academic (d. 2020)
- Jean-Pierre Rives, French rugby player, painter, and sculptor
- Tom Hamilton, American bass player and songwriter
- Kenny Roberts, American motorcycle racer
- Bob Gilder, American golfer
- Inge Helten, German sprinter
- Cheryl Womack, American businesswoman
- Ellen Datlow, American anthologist and author
- Flora Gomes, Bissau-Guinean filmmaker
- Susan Shwartz, American author
- Joe Dallesandro, American actor
- Sandy Jardine, Scottish footballer and manager (d. 2014)
- Donna Summer, American singer-songwriter (d. 2012)
- Burton Cummings, Canadian singer-songwriter and keyboard player
- Rita Lee, Brazilian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actress
- Tim Matheson, American actor, director, and producer
- Roy Greenslade, English journalist and academic
- Bryan Hamilton, Northern Irish footballer and coach
- Raphael Kaplinsky, South African international development academic
- Pius Ncube, Zimbabwean archbishop
- Lyudmila Pakhomova, Russian ice dancer (d. 1986)
- Cliff Richey, American tennis player
- Eric Robson, Scottish journalist and author
- Nigel Rudd, English businessman, founded Williams Holdings
- Tim Stevens, English bishop
- Diane von Fürstenberg, Belgian-American fashion designer
- Connie Willis, American author
- Taylor Hackford, American director, producer, and screenwriter
- John Denver, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (d. 1997)
- Ben Kingsley, English actor
- Pete Quaife, English bass player, author, and artist (d. 2010)
- Andy Summers, English guitarist, songwriter, and producer
- Alex Ferguson, Scottish footballer and manager
- Sarah Miles, English actress
- Mani Neumeier, German drummer
- Willye White, American sprinter and long jumper (d. 2007)
- Rosalind Cash, American singer and actress (d. 1995)
- Atje Keulen-Deelstra, Dutch speed skater (d. 2013)
- Avram Hershko, Hungarian-Israeli biochemist and physician, Nobel Prize laureate
- Anthony Hopkins, Welsh actor, director, and composer
- Barry Hughes, Welsh footballer and manager (d. 2019)
- Tess Jaray, Austrian-English painter and educator
- Salman of Saudi Arabia, King of Saudi Arabia
- Ameer Muhammad Akram Awan, Indian author, poet, and scholar (d. 2017)
- Edward Bunker, American author, screenwriter, and actor (d. 2005)
- Don James, American football player and coach (d. 2013)
- Felix Rexhausen, German journalist and author (d. 1992)
- Bob Shaw, Northern Irish journalist and author (d. 1996)
- Odetta, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actress (d. 2008)
- Jaime Escalante, Bolivian-American educator (d. 2010)
- Mies Bouwman, Dutch television host (d. 2018)
- Peter May, English cricketer (d. 1994)
- Ross Barbour, American pop singer (d. 2011)
- Tatyana Shmyga, Russian actress and singer (d. 2011)
- Siné, French cartoonist (d. 2016)
- Veijo Meri, Finnish author and translator (d. 2015)
- Valerie Pearl, English historian and academic (d. 2016)
- Billy Snedden, Australian lawyer and politician, 17th Attorney-General for Australia (d. 1987)
- Irina Korschunow, German author and screenwriter (d. 2013)
- Sri Lal Sukla, Indian author (d. 2011)
- Daphne Oram, British composer and electronic musician (d. 2003)
- Taylor Mead, American actor and poet (d. 2013)
- Giannis Dalianidis, Greek actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2010)
- Tomás Balduino, Brazilian bishop (d. 2014)
- Halina Czerny-Stefańska, Polish pianist and educator (d. 2001)
- Luis Zuloaga, Venezuelan baseball player (d. 2013)
- Rex Allen, American actor and singer-songwriter (d. 1999)
- Tommy Byrne, American baseball player, coach, and politician (d. 2007)
- Carmen Contreras-Bozak, Puerto Rican-American soldier (d. 2017)
- Ray Graves, American football player and coach (d. 2015)
- Evelyn Knight, American singer (d. 2007)
- Wilfrid Noyce, English mountaineer and author (d. 1962)
- Sam Ragan, American journalist, author, and poet (d. 1996)
- Mary Logan Reddick, American neuroembryologist (d. 1966)
- John Frost, Indian-English general (d. 1993)
- Dal Stivens, Australian soldier and author (d. 1997)
- Carl Dudley, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1973)
- Enrique Maier, Spanish tennis player (d. 1981)
- Jonah Jones, American trumpet player and saxophonist (d. 2000)
- Simon Wiesenthal, Ukrainian-Austrian Nazi hunter and author (d. 2005)
- Helen Dodson Prince, American astronomer and academic (d. 2002)
- Jule Styne, English-American composer (d. 1994)
- William Heynes, English engineer (d. 1989)
- Lionel Daunais, Canadian singer-songwriter (d. 1982)
- Roy Goodall, English footballer (d. 1982)
- Nikos Ploumpidis, Greek educator and politician (d. 1954)
- Silvestre Revueltas, Mexican violinist, composer, and conductor (d. 1940)
- Princess Victoria Adelaide of Schleswig-Holstein (d. 1970)
- Bobby Byrne, American baseball and soccer player (d. 1964)
- Mihály Fekete, Hungarian actor, screenwriter, and film director (d. 1960)
- Max Pechstein, German painter and academic (d. 1955)
- Fred Beebe, American baseball player and coach (d. 1957)
- George Marshall, American general and politician, 50th United States Secretary of State, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1959)
- Elizabeth Arden, Canadian businesswoman, founded Elizabeth Arden, Inc. (d. 1966)
- Horacio Quiroga, Uruguayan-Argentinian author, poet, and playwright (d. 1937)
- Lawrence Beesley, English journalist and author (d. 1967)
- Julius Meier, American businessman and politician, 20th Governor of Oregon (d. 1937)
- Konstantin Konik, Estonian surgeon and politician, 19th Estonian Minister of Education (d. 1936)
- Fred Marriott, American race car driver (d. 1956)
- Henri Matisse, French painter and sculptor (d. 1954)
- Robert Grant Aitken, American astronomer and academic (d. 1951)
- Joseph S. Cullinan, American businessman, co-founded Texaco (d. 1937)
- King Kelly, American baseball player and manager (d. 1894)
- Giovanni Pascoli, Italian poet and scholar (d. 1912)
- Henry Carter Adams, American economist and academic (d. 1921)
- Giovanni Boldini, Italian painter (d. 1931)
- Émile Loubet, French lawyer and politician, 7th President of France (d. 1929)
- Queen Kapiolani of Hawaii (d. 1899)
- Hugh Nelson Scottish-Australian politician, 11th Premier of Queensland (d. 1906)
- Isma'il Pasha, Egyptian ruler (d. 1895)
- Alexander Smith, Scottish poet and critic (d. 1867)
- George Meade, American general and engineer (d. 1872)
- Marie d'Agoult, German-French historian and author (d. 1876)
- Friedrich Robert Faehlmann, Estonian physician, philologist, and academic (d. 1850)
- Johann Spurzheim, German-American physician and phrenologist (d. 1832)
- Pierre-Charles Villeneuve, French admiral (d. 1806)
- Gottfried August Bürger, German poet and academic (d. 1794)
- Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis, English general and politician, 3rd Governor-General of India (d. 1805)
- Charles Edward Stuart, Scottish claimant to the throne of England (d. 1788)
- Arima Yoriyuki, Japanese mathematician and educator (d. 1783)
- Herman Boerhaave, Dutch botanist and physician (d. 1738)
- Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba, Spanish general and politician, 24th Governor of the Duchy of Milan (d. 1645)
- Emperor Go-Yōzei of Japan, (d. 1617)
- Simon Forman, English occultist and astrologer (d. 1611)
- Henry I, Duke of Guise (d. 1588)
- John Radcliffe, English politician (d. 1568)
- Andreas Vesalius, Belgian anatomist, physician, and author (d. 1564)
- Beatrice of Portugal, Duchess of Savoy (d. 1538)
- Eleonora Gonzaga, Duchess of Urbino (d. 1570)
- Jacques Cartier, French navigator and explorer (d. 1557)
- Pope Callixtus III (d. 1458)
- Muhammad bin Qasim, Syrian general (d. 715)
Deaths On This Day
- Kader Khan, Indian actor (b. 1937)
- William Christopher, American actor (b. 1932)
- Natalie Cole, American singer-songwriter and actress (b. 1950)
- Wayne Rogers, American actor and investor (b. 1933)
- Edward Herrmann, American actor (b. 1943)
- Abdullah Hussain, Malaysian author (b. 1920)
- Norm Phelps, American author and activist (b. 1939)
- S. Arthur Spiegel, American captain, lawyer, and judge (b. 1920)
- Valerian Wellesley, 8th Duke of Wellington, British soldier and politician (b. 1915)
- James Avery, American actor (b. 1945)
- Roberto Ciotti, Italian guitarist and composer (b. 1953)
- Bob Grant, American radio host (b. 1929)
- Irina Korschunow, German author and screenwriter (b. 1925)
- Peter Ebert, English director and producer (b. 1918)
- Tarak Mekki, Tunisian businessman and politician (b. 1958)
- Jovette Marchessault, Canadian author and playwright (b. 1938)
- Günter Rössler, German photographer and journalist (b. 1926)
- Raymond Impanis, Belgian cyclist (b. 1925)
- Per Oscarsson, Swedish actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1927)
- Cahal Daly, Irish cardinal and philosopher (b. 1917)
- Justin Keating, Irish surgeon, journalist, and politician, Minister for Industry and Commerce (b. 1930)
- Donald E. Westlake, American author and screenwriter (b. 1933)
- Roy Amara, American scientific researcher (b. 1925)
- Michael Goldberg, American painter and educator (b. 1924)
- Bill Idelson, American actor, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1919)
- Milton L. Klein, Canadian lawyer and politician (b. 1910)
- Ettore Sottsass, Austrian-Italian architect and designer (b. 1917)
- Ya'akov Hodorov, Israeli footballer (b. 1927)
- Seymour Martin Lipset, American sociologist, author, and academic (b. 1922)
- George Sisler, Jr., American businessman (b. 1917)
- Enrico Di Giuseppe, American tenor and educator (b. 1932)
- Phillip Whitehead, English screenwriter, producer, and politician (b. 1937)
- Gérard Debreu, French economist and mathematician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1921)
- Arthur R. von Hippel German-American physicist and author (b. 1898)
- Kevin MacMichael, Canadian guitarist, songwriter, and producer (b. 1951)
- Eileen Heckart, American actress (b. 1919)
- Alan Cranston, American journalist and politician (b. 1914)
- José Greco, Italian-American dancer and choreographer (b. 1918)
- Binyamin Ze'ev Kahane, American-Israeli rabbi and scholar (b. 1966)
- Elliot Richardson, American lawyer and politician, 69th United States Attorney General (b. 1920)
- Abul Hasan Ali Nadwi, Indian Muslim scholar and author (b. 1914)
- Ted Glossop, Australian rugby league player and coach (b. 1934)
- Floyd Cramer, American singer-songwriter and pianist (b. 1933)
- Billie Dove, American actress (b. 1903)
- Wesley Addy, American actor (b. 1913)
- Woody Strode, American football player, wrestler, and actor (b. 1914)
- Zviad Gamsakhurdia, Georgian anthropologist and politician, 1st President of Georgia (b. 1939)
- Brandon Teena, American murder victim (b. 1972)
- George Allen, American football player and coach (b. 1918)
- Vasily Lazarev, Russian physician, colonel, and astronaut (b. 1928)
- Giovanni Michelucci, Italian architect and urban planner, designed the Firenze Santa Maria Novella railway station (b. 1891)
- Nicolas Calas, Greek-American poet and critic (b. 1907)
- Jerry Turner, American journalist (b. 1929)
- Ricky Nelson, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (b. 1940)
- Sevim Burak, Turkish author and playwright (b. 1931)
- Marshall McLuhan, Canadian philosopher and theorist (b. 1911)
- Raoul Walsh, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1887)
- Basil Wolverton, American illustrator (b. 1909)
- Roberto Clemente, Puerto Rican-American baseball player and Marine (b. 1934)
- Henry Gerber, German-American activist, founded the Society for Human Rights (b. 1892)
- Cyril Scott, English composer, writer, and poet (b. 1879)
- George Lewis, American clarinet player and composer (b. 1900)
- Bobby Byrne, American baseball and soccer player (b. 1884)
- Ólafur Thors, Icelandic lawyer and politician, 8th Prime Minister of Iceland (b. 1892)
- Henry Maitland Wilson, English field marshal (b. 1881)
- Albert Plesman, Dutch businessman, founded KLM (b. 1889)
- Murtaza Hasan Chandpuri, Indian Muslim scholar (b. 1868)
- Charles Koechlin, French composer and educator (b. 1867)
- Rıza Tevfik Bölükbaşı, Turkish philosopher, poet, and politician (b. 1869)
- Raimond Valgre, Estonian pianist and composer (b. 1913)
- Malcolm Campbell, English racing driver and journalist (b. 1885)
- Miguel de Unamuno, Spanish philosopher, author, and poet (b. 1864)
- Cornelia Clapp, American marine biologist (b. 1849)
- Boies Penrose, American lawyer and politician (b. 1860)
- Archibald Hoxsey, American pilot (b. 1884)
- John Moisant, American pilot and engineer (b. 1868)
- Spencer Trask, American financier and philanthropist (b. 1844)
- Thomas Joannes Stieltjes, Dutch mathematician and academic (b. 1856)
- Samuel Ajayi Crowther, Nigerian bishop and linguist (b. 1809)
- Pancha Carrasco, Costa Rican soldier (b. 1826)
- Ion Creangă, Romanian author and educator (b. 1837)
- George Kerferd, English-Australian politician, 10th Premier of Victoria (b. 1831)
- Samson Raphael Hirsch, German rabbi and scholar (b. 1808)
- Gustave Courbet, French-Swiss painter and sculptor (b. 1819)
- Catherine Labouré, French nun and saint (b. 1806)
- Aleksis Kivi, Finnish author and playwright (b. 1834)
- Jean-Pierre Duport, French cellist (b. 1741)
- Jean-François Marmontel, French historian and author (b. 1723)
- Richard Montgomery, American general (b. 1738)
- Charles III Philip, Elector Palatine (b. 1661)
- Carlo Gimach, Maltese architect, engineer and poet (b. 1651)
- John Flamsteed, English astronomer and academic (b. 1646)
- Catherine of Braganza (b. 1638)
- Robert Boyle, Anglo-Irish chemist and physicist (b. 1627)
- Dudley North, English merchant and economist (b. 1641)
- Giovanni Alfonso Borelli, Italian physiologist and physicist (b. 1608)
- Oliver St John, English judge and politician, Chief Justice of the Common Pleas (b. 1598)
- Janusz Radziwiłł, Polish-Lithuanian politician (b. 1612)
- Dorgon, Chinese emperor (b. 1612)
- Ludolph van Ceulen, German-Dutch mathematician and academic (b. 1540)
- Thomas Erastus, Swiss physician and theologian (b. 1524)
- Pierino Belli, Italian commander and jurist (b. 1502)
- Shimazu Tadayoshi, Japanese daimyō (b. 1493)
- William Skeffington, English-Irish politician, Lord Deputy of Ireland (b. 1465)
- Bianca Maria Sforza, Holy Roman Empress (b. 1472)
- Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury, English politician, Lord Chancellor of the United Kingdom (b. 1400)
- Margaret Holland, English noblewoman (b. 1385)
- Thomas Beaufort, Duke of Exeter (b. 1377)
- Johanna of Bavaria, Queen of Bohemia (b. c. 1362)
- John Wycliffe, English philosopher, theologian, and translator (b. 1331)
- Frederick III, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1238)
- Margaret, Countess of Anjou (b. 1273)
- Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford, English politician, Lord High Constable of England (b. 1249)
- Leopold V, Duke of Austria (b. 1157)
- Ottokar III of Styria (b. 1124)
- Ahmad Maymandi, Persian statesman, vizier of the Ghaznavid Empire
- Ibn Hawshab, founder of the Isma'ili community in Yemen
- Li Shiji, Chinese general (b. 594)
- Pope Sylvester I
- Commodus, Roman emperor (b. 161)
- 45 BC
- Quintus Fabius Maximus, consul suffectus