On This Day in History: March 1
March 1 is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 305 days remain until the end of the year.
Lottery News On This Day
- The daily lottery was originally a Harlem game — then the government wanted in. The numbers were a sprawling, black-run business for decades before the New York state government wanted a piece of the action.
- Gaming the lottery was this couple's retirement plan. How two retirees exploited a flaw in the system to make millions.
- N.J. Gov. proposes using lottery funds to fix pension hole. New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie used his budget address Tuesday to take a final stab at saving government worker pensions, proposing to dedicate revenues from lottery ticket sales to the distressed fund.
- Online Michigan lottery winners get instant notification after the drawing. If you play the Michigan Lottery online and win, expect a phone call. If you don't, keep an eye on your ticket and the phone number on the back.
- Lottery-winner secrecy bill dies in Idaho Senate. An Idaho Senate panel has killed legislation that would have allowed lottery winners to hide their identities.
- Michigan man had $1 million lottery ticket in his wallet for months. A Michigan man walked around with a $1 million lottery ticket in his wallet for two months before realizing he was a big winner.
- Man wins Russia's biggest ever lottery jackpot. A resident of the Siberian city of Novosibirsk has won 350 million rubles (US$4.7 million) — Russia's biggest-ever lottery prize, the state-run lottery Gosloto said in a statement Monday.
- Judge won't give bakery workers partial lottery prize. A Cook County, Illinois, judge on Thursday refused to award a partial payout of a $118 million Mega Millions prize won by employees of a Chicago Heights-based bakery.
- Autopsy reveals little about Illinois lottery winner death. An autopsy on the exhumed body of an Indian-born lottery winner in the U.S. who was poisoned with cyanide yielded no significant new clues about his death, a medical examiner said Friday.
- Winner of airline lottery eats winning ticket. A passenger flying on a Ryanair flight Thursday from Krakow, Poland, to the U.K.'s East Midlands airport ate a winning lottery ticket worth 10,000 euros ($15,000) when he was told he could not claim the prize mid-flight.
- Two tickets will share $174M Powerball lottery jackpot. Two tickets for the Powerball game Saturday night -- one sold in Delaware and the other in Pennsylvania -- matched all five numbers plus the Powerball drawn to win a share of the top prize.
- $267 million Mega Millions lottery ticket sold in Ohio. The winning ticket from the $267 million Mega Millions drawing Tuesday night was sold in the northwest Ohio town of Lyons, an Ohio Lottery spokeswoman said.
- Colorado Lottery to suspend sales for one day. Colorado plans to halt lottery ticket sales for one day this spring while workers install machines that verify which tickets are winners.
- Maine Gov. moves forward on controversial lottery plan. As Republican lawmakers pressed for more details Monday, the Baldacci administration was fast-tracking its plan to sell off Maine's lottery revenue stream in order to help balance the state's two-year, $5.7 billion budget.
- Persistence pays off for long-time lottery player. After playing the lottery for 25 years, Winnipeg residents Ron Jones and his wife Gloria Dutchuk won an $8.3 million (US$6.7 million) jackpot Saturday.
- Singapore man wrongfully jailed while claiming lottery jackpot. A Singaporean man who was wrongly detained while collecting a US$1.2 million lottery prize has finally received his winnings after a woman who claimed to be the rightful winner was jailed.
- Texas Lottery Considering Computerized Drawings. Warning to Texas Lottery players: Your state lottery is considering a move that will eliminate real lottery ball machines, and will use a computer to select your lottery numbers.
- World Games officials face probe. A lawyer representing disgruntled investors in the controversial World Games Inc. (WGI) has reported WGI's Norwegian officials to the country's white collar crime unit.
- Powerball Jackpot Soars to $61 Million. Because no one correctly matched all six numbers in Saturday's Powerball drawing the jackpot grew to an estimated $61 million, with a cash option of $33 million.
- One person wins $8.5 million Colorado Lottery. One person matched all six numbers in Saturday's Colorado Lotto drawing, winning the $8.5 million jackpot.
- Tennessee lottery sale drop-off is less than expected. Since the first Tennessee scratch-off lottery tickets started selling more than a month ago, sales have been declining -- but at a rate less than expected.
- Luck, Be a Lady, Madame, and Senora. After more than a decade of research, three national lottery companies have finally rolled out the game they're betting can match the success of U.S. multi-state lotteries: Euro Millions.
- Florida Lotto jackpot rolls over to $6 million. No ticket matched all six Florida Lotto numbers, causing the jackpot to roll over to $6 million, lottery officials said Sunday.
- Tennessee Cash 3 lottery game starts today. Tennessee will hold its first Cash 3 lottery drawing tonight at 6:28 p.m., and will add Powerball early this summer.
- Calif. lottery 'winner' didn't buy ticket. The rags-to-riches story of Jaime Chavez Ramos has a new plot: He has signed over a $10 million California SuperLotto jackpot to Benjamin Garcia, whom Ramos identified as his cousin.
Top 25 Lottery Jackpots On This Day
- 1.$348 Million
Mar 2, 2019
- 2.$321 Million
Mar 3, 2018
- 3.$291.4 Million
Mar 2, 2016
- 4.$275 Million
Mar 2, 2007
- 5.$273 Million
Mar 1, 2019
- 6.$243 Million
Mar 2, 2018
- 7.$240 Million
Mar 4, 2014
- 8.$212 Million
Mar 3, 2009
- 9.$153 Million
Mar 1, 2008
- 10.$135 Million
Mar 1, 2016
- 11.€106.58 Million
Mar 1, 2018
- 12.€113.38 Million
Mar 2, 2019
- 13.€100 Million
Mar 6, 2009
- 14.$114 Million
Mar 3, 2010
- 15.$112 Million
Mar 1, 2005
- 15.$112 Million
Mar 2, 2010
- 17.$108 Million
Mar 2, 2012
- 18.$105 Million
Mar 3, 2007
- 19.$103 Million
Mar 2, 2013
- 20.$100 Million
Mar 1, 2000
- 21.$90 Million
Mar 4, 2015
- 21.$90 Million
Mar 4, 2020
- 23.€79 Million
Mar 3, 2015
- 24.$88 Million
Mar 1, 2011
- 25.$83 Million
Mar 3, 2017
Lottery Post Member Birthdays On This Day
Monday, Mar 1, 1982
38 years old
Monday, Mar 1, 1982
38 years old
Sunday, Mar 1, 1981
39 years old
Sunday, Mar 1, 1981
39 years old
Saturday, Mar 1, 1980
40 years old
Thursday, Mar 1, 1979
41 years old
Monday, Mar 1, 1976
44 years old
Saturday, Mar 1, 1975
45 years old
Monday, Mar 1, 1971
49 years old
Sunday, Mar 1, 1970
50 years old
Saturday, Mar 1, 1969
51 years old
Monday, Mar 1, 1965
55 years old
Monday, Mar 1, 1965
55 years old
Thursday, Mar 1, 1962
58 years old
Thursday, Mar 1, 1962
58 years old
Thursday, Mar 1, 1956
64 years old
Wednesday, Mar 1, 1950
70 years old
(year not provided)
(year not provided)
(year not provided)
(year not provided)
(year not provided)
(year not provided)
(year not provided)
Worldwide Events On This Day
- 35 people are killed and 143 injured in a mass stabbing at Kunming Railway Station in China.
- The Armenian police clash with peaceful opposition rally protesting against allegedly fraudulent presidential elections, as a result ten people are killed.
- Tornadoes break out across the southern United States, killing at least 20 people, including eight at Enterprise High School.
- English-language Wikipedia reaches its one millionth article, Jordanhill railway station.
- In Roper v. Simmons, the U.S. Supreme Court rules that the execution of juveniles found guilty of murder is unconstitutional.
- Management of the United States Customs Service and the United States Secret Service move to the United States Department of Homeland Security.
- The International Criminal Court holds its inaugural session in The Hague.
- U.S. invasion of Afghanistan: Operation Anaconda begins in eastern Afghanistan.
- The Envisat environmental satellite successfully reaches an orbit 800 kilometers (500 mi) above the Earth on its 11th launch, carrying the heaviest payload to date at 8500 kilograms (8.5 tons).
- Titanic became the first film to gross over $1 billion worldwide.
- Bosnia and Herzegovina declares its independence from Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
- Uprisings against Saddam Hussein begin in Iraq, leading to the death of more than 25,000 people mostly civilian.
- Steve Jackson Games is raided by the United States Secret Service, prompting the later formation of the Electronic Frontier Foundation.
- First collection of twelve Swatch models was introduced in Zürich, Switzerland.
- Provisional Irish Republican Army member Bobby Sands begins his hunger strike in HM Prison Maze.
- Watergate scandal: Seven are indicted for their role in the Watergate break-in and charged with conspiracy to obstruct justice.
- Black September storms the Saudi embassy in Khartoum, Sudan, resulting in the assassination of three Western hostages.
- The Thai province of Yasothon is created after being split off from the Ubon Ratchathani Province.
- President of Pakistan Yahya Khan indefinitely postpones the pending national assembly session, precipitating massive civil disobedience in East Pakistan.
- Venera 3 Soviet space probe crashes on Venus becoming the first spacecraft to land on another planet's surface.
- The Ba'ath Party takes power in Syria.
- Villarrica Volcano begins a strombolian eruption causing lahars that destroy half of the town of Coñaripe.
- United States President John F. Kennedy establishes the Peace Corps.
- Uganda becomes self-governing and holds its first elections.
- Samuel Alphonsus Stritch is appointed Pro-Prefect of the Propagation of Faith and thus becomes the first U.S. member of the Roman Curia.
- The International Air Transport Association finalizes a draft of the Radiotelephony spelling alphabet for the International Civil Aviation Organization.
- Formation of the East German Nationale Volksarmee.
- Nuclear weapons testing: The Castle Bravo, a 15-megaton hydrogen bomb, is detonated on Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean, resulting in the worst radioactive contamination ever caused by the United States.
- Armed Puerto Rican nationalists attack the United States Capitol building, injuring five Representatives.
- Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin suffers a stroke and collapses; he dies four days later.
- Cold War: Klaus Fuchs is convicted of spying for the Soviet Union by disclosing top secret atomic bomb data.
- Indonesian Army recaptures and occupies for six hours its capital city Yogyakarta from the Dutch.
- The International Monetary Fund begins financial operations.
- The Bank of England is nationalised.
- World War II: Japanese forces land on Java, the main island of the Dutch East Indies, at Merak and Banten Bay (Banten), Eretan Wetan (Indramayu) and Kragan (Rembang).
- World War II: Bulgaria signs the Tripartite Pact, allying itself with the Axis powers.
- An Imperial Japanese Army ammunition dump explodes at Hirakata, Osaka, Japan, killing 94.
- The Hoover Dam is completed.
- Charles Lindbergh's son is reportedly kidnapped.
- The Australian cricket team captained by Warwick Armstrong becomes the first team to complete a whitewash of The Ashes, something that would not be repeated for 86 years.
- March 1st Movement begins in Korea under Japanese rule.
- The Zimmermann Telegram is reprinted in newspapers across the United States after the U.S. government releases its unencrypted text.
- The Republic of China joins the Universal Postal Union.
- The worst avalanche in United States history buries a Great Northern Railway train in northeastern King County, Washington, killing 96 people.
- The Australian Army is formed.
- Battle of Adwa: An Ethiopian army defeats an outnumbered Italian force, ending the First Italo-Ethiopian War.
- Henri Becquerel discovers radioactive decay.
- Electrical engineer Nikola Tesla gives the first public demonstration of radio in St. Louis, Missouri.
- The Anglo-Chinese School, Singapore is founded by Bishop William Oldham.
- The first Minnesota State Capitol burns down due to a fire.
- E. Remington and Sons in Ilion, New York begins production of the first practical typewriter.
- Yellowstone National Park is established as the world's first national park.
- Marshal F. S. López dies during the Battle of Cerro Corá thus marking the end of the Paraguayan War.
- The Pi Kappa Alpha Fraternity is founded at the University of Virginia.
- Nebraska becomes the 37th U.S. state; Lancaster, Nebraska is renamed Lincoln and becomes the state capital.
- German psychologist Friedrich Eduard Beneke disappears; two years later his remains are found in a canal near Charlottenburg.
- Archibald Montgomerie, 13th Earl of Eglinton, is appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.
- United States President John Tyler signs a bill authorizing the United States to annex the Republic of Texas.
- A convention of delegates from 57 Texas communities convenes in Washington-on-the-Brazos, Texas, to deliberate independence from Mexico.
- Napoleon returns to France from his banishment on Elba.
- Georgetown University's congressional charter is signed into law by President James Madison.
- Leaders of the Mamluk dynasty are killed by Egyptian ruler Muhammad Ali.
- Justice Samuel Chase is acquitted at the end of his impeachment trial by the U.S. Senate.
- The Dutch East India Company is nationalized by the Batavian Republic.
- French Revolutionary War: Battle of Aldenhoven during the Flanders Campaign.
- The first United States census is authorized.
- The Continental Congress adopts the Articles of Confederation.
- The siege and destruction of Fort Neoheroka begins during the Tuscarora War in North Carolina, effectively opening up the colony's interior to European colonization.
- Sweden introduces its own Swedish calendar, in an attempt to gradually merge into the Gregorian calendar, reverts to the Julian calendar on this date in 1712, and introduces the Gregorian calendar on this date in 1753.
- Sarah Good, Sarah Osborne and Tituba are brought before local magistrates in Salem Village, Massachusetts, beginning what would become known as the Salem witch trials.
- Georgeana, Massachusetts (now known as York, Maine), becomes the first incorporated city in the United States.
- Samuel de Champlain reclaims his role as commander of New France on behalf of Cardinal Richelieu.
- Writs issued in February by Charles I of England mandate that every county in England (not just seaport towns) pay ship tax by this date.
- The city of Rio de Janeiro is founded.
- Sixty-three Huguenots are massacred in Wassy, France, marking the start of the French Wars of Religion.
- Forces of the Catholic Monarchs engage the combined Portuguese-Castilian armies of Afonso V and Prince John at the Battle of Toro.
- The Unitas Fratrum is established in the village of Kunvald, on the Bohemian-Moravian borderland. It is to date the second oldest Protestant denomination.
- Emperor Louis the Pious is restored as sole ruler of the Frankish Empire. After his re-accession to the throne, his eldest son Lothair I flees to Burgundy.
- Vetranio is asked by Constantina, sister of Constantius II, to proclaim himself Caesar.
- Crispus and Constantine II, sons of Roman Emperor Constantine I, and Licinius Iunior, son of Emperor Licinius, are made Caesares.
- Emperor Diocletian and Maximian appoint Constantius Chlorus and Galerius as Caesars. This is considered the beginning of the Tetrarchy, known as the Quattuor Principes Mundi ("Four Rulers of the World").
- 86 BC
- Lucius Cornelius Sulla, at the head of a Roman Republic army, enters Athens, removing the tyrant Aristion who was supported by troops of Mithridates VI of Pontus ending the Siege of Athens and Piraeus.
- 509 BC
- Publius Valerius Publicola celebrates the first triumph of the Roman Republic after his victory over the deposed king Lucius Tarquinius Superbus at the Battle of Silva Arsia.
Births On This Day
- Justin Bieber, Canadian singer-songwriter
- Tyreek Hill, American football player
- Nathan Brown, Australian rugby league player
- Michael Conforto, American baseball player
- Kurt Mann, Australian rugby league player
- Josh McEachran, English footballer
- Tenille Tayla, Australian professional wrestler
- Carlos Vela, Mexican footballer
- Yang Hyeon-jong, South Korean baseball player
- Kesha, American singer-songwriter and actress
- Big E, American wrestler
- Andreas Ottl, German footballer
- Naima Mora, American model and actress
- Alexander Steen, Canadian-Swedish ice hockey player
- Daniel Carvalho, Brazilian footballer
- Lupita Nyong'o, Mexican-Kenyan actress
- Davey Richards, American wrestler
- Anthony Tupou, Australian rugby league player
- Juan Manuel Ortiz, Spanish footballer
- Will Power, Australian race car driver
- Shahid Afridi, Pakistani cricketer
- Sercan Güvenışık, German-Turkish footballer
- Djimi Traoré, Malian footballer
- Mikkel Kessler, Danish boxer
- Bruno Langlois, Canadian cyclist
- Jensen Ackles, American actor and director
- Rens Blom, Dutch pole vaulter
- Esther Cañadas, Spanish actress and model
- Travis Kvapil, American race car driver
- Mark-Paul Gosselaar, American actor
- Jack Davenport, English actor
- Anton Gunn, American academic and politician
- Chris Webber, American basketball player and sportscaster
- Thomas Adès, English pianist, composer, and conductor
- Ivan Cleary, Australian rugby league player and coach
- Jason V Brock, American author, filmmaker, artist, scholar and musician
- Javier Bardem, Spanish actor and producer
- George Eads, American actor
- Aron Winter, Suriname-Dutch footballer and manager
- Paul Hollywood, English chef
- Zack Snyder, American director, producer, and screenwriter
- Booker T, American wrestler and sportscaster
- Stewart Elliott, Canadian jockey
- Clinton Gregory, American singer-songwriter and fiddler
- Paul Le Guen, French footballer and manager
- Bryan Batt, American actor and singer
- Maurice Benard, American actor
- Ron Francis, Canadian ice hockey player and manager
- Russell Coutts, New Zealand sailor
- Mark Gardner, American baseball player
- Bill Leen, American bass player and producer
- Mike Rozier, American football player
- Nick Griffin, English politician
- Nik Kershaw, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
- Wayne B. Phillips, Australian cricketer and coach
- Tim Daly, American actor, director, and producer
- Dalia Grybauskaitė, Lithuanian politician, 6th President of Lithuania
- Catherine Bach, American actress
- Ron Howard, American actor, director, and producer
- Rod Reddy, Australian rugby league player and coach
- Sinan Çetin, Turkish actor, director, and producer
- Carlos Queiroz, Portuguese footballer and manager
- Dave Barr, Canadian golfer
- Nevada Barr, American actress and author
- Leigh Matthews, Australian footballer, coach, and sportscaster
- Jerri Nielsen, American physician and explorer (d. 2009)
- Martin O'Neill, Northern Irish footballer and manager
- Sergei Kourdakov, Russian-American KGB agent (d. 1973)
- Alan Thicke, Canadian-American actor and composer (d. 2016)
- Gerry Boulet, Canadian singer-songwriter (d. 1990)
- Jim Crace, English author and academic
- Dirk Benedict, American actor and director
- Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee, Indian politician, 7th Chief Minister of West Bengal
- John Breaux, American lawyer and politician
- Roger Daltrey, English singer-songwriter, producer, and actor
- Mike d'Abo, English singer
- Gil Amelio, American businessman
- José Ángel Iribar, Spanish footballer and manager
- Rashid Sunyaev, Russian-German astronomer and physicist
- Richard Myers, American general
- Robert Hass, American poet
- Robin Gray, Australian politician, 37th Premier of Tasmania
- Robert Grossman, American painter, sculptor, and author (d. 2018)
- Leo Brouwer, Cuban guitarist, composer, and conductor
- Mustansar Hussain Tarar, Pakistani author
- Jean-Edern Hallier, French author (d. 1997)
- Robert Conrad, American actor, radio host and stuntman
- Jean-Michel Folon, Belgian painter and sculptor (d. 2005)
- Joan Hackett, American actress (d. 1983)
- Gastone Nencini, Italian cyclist (d. 1980)
- Georgi Markov, Bulgarian journalist and author (d. 1978)
- Jacques Rivette, French director, screenwriter, and critic (d. 2016)
- George O. Abell, American astronomer, professor at UCLA, science popularizer, and skeptic (d. 1983)
- Harry Belafonte, American singer-songwriter and actor
- Robert Bork, American lawyer and scholar, United States Attorney General (d. 2012)
- Robert Clary, French-American actor and author
- Cesare Danova, Italian-American actor (d. 1992)
- Pete Rozelle, American businessman and commissioner of the National Football League (d. 1996)
- Allan Stanley, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 2013)
- Arnold Drake, American author and screenwriter (d. 2007)
- Deke Slayton, American soldier, pilot, and astronaut (d. 1993)
- William Gaines, American publisher (d. 1992)
- Yitzhak Rabin, Israeli general and politician, 5th Prime Minister of Israel, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1995)
- Cameron Argetsinger, American race car driver and lawyer (d. 2008)
- Terence Cooke, American cardinal (d. 1983)
- Richard Wilbur, American poet, translator, and essayist (d. 2017)
- Max Bentley, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1984)
- João Goulart, Brazilian lawyer and politician, 24th President of Brazil (d. 1976)
- Gladys Spellman, American educator and politician (d. 1988)
- Robert Lowell, American poet (d. 1977)
- Harry Caray, American sportscaster (d. 1998)
- Ralph Ellison, American novelist and literary critic (d. 1994)
- Gerald Emmett Carter, Canadian cardinal (d. 2003)
- Boris Chertok, Polish-Russian engineer and academic (d. 2011)
- Archer John Porter Martin, English chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2002)
- David Niven, English soldier and actor (d. 1983)
- Eugene Esmonde, English lieutenant and pilot (d. 1942)
- Winston Sharples, American pianist and composer (d. 1978)
- Phạm Văn Đồng, Vietnamese lieutenant and politician, 2nd Prime Minister of Vietnam (d. 2000)
- Doris Hare, Welsh-English actress, singer, and dancer (d. 2000)
- Paul Hartman, American actor, singer, and dancer (d. 1973)
- Glenn Miller, American trombonist, composer, and bandleader (d. 1944)
- Erich von dem Bach-Zelewski, German SS officer (d. 1972)
- Dimitri Mitropoulos, Greek pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1960)
- Moriz Seeler, German playwright and producer (d. 1942)
- Mercedes de Acosta, American author, poet, and playwright (d. 1968)
- Ryūnosuke Akutagawa, Japanese author and educator (d. 1927)
- Ralph Hitz, Austrian-American hotelier (d. 1940)
- Theresa Bernstein, Polish-American painter and author (d. 2002)
- Tetsuro Watsuji, Japanese historian and philosopher (d. 1960)
- Ewart Astill, English cricketer and billiards player (d. 1948)
- Oskar Kokoschka, Austrian-Swiss painter, poet, and playwright (d. 1980)
- Lytton Strachey, British writer and critic (d. 1932)
- Henri de Baillet-Latour, Belgian businessman (d. 1942)
- E. M. Antoniadi, Greek-French astronomer and academic (d. 1944)
- Alexander Golovin, Russian painter and set designer (d. 1930)
- Théophile Delcassé, French politician, French Minister of Foreign Affairs (d. 1923)
- Augustus Saint-Gaudens, Irish-American sculptor and academic (d. 1907)
- Nikolaos Gyzis, Greek painter and academic (d. 1901)
- William Dean Howells, American novelist, playwright, and critic (d. 1920)
- Philip Fysh, English-Australian politician, 12th Premier of Tasmania (d. 1919)
- Joseph Hubert Reinkens, German bishop and academic (d. 1896)
- Giovanni Duprè, Italian sculptor and educator (d. 1882)
- Augustus Pugin, English architect, co-designed the Palace of Westminster (d. 1852)
- Frédéric Chopin, Polish pianist and composer (d. 1849)
- Wilford Woodruff, American religious leader, 4th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (d. 1898)
- François Séverin Marceau-Desgraviers, French general (d. 1796)
- François Buzot, French lawyer and politician (d. 1794)
- William Cushing, American lawyer and judge (d. 1810)
- Tsangyang Gyatso, sixth Dalai Lama (d. 1706)
- Caroline of Ansbach, British queen and regent (d. 1737)
- Samuel Werenfels, Swiss theologian and author (d. 1740)
- John de Brito, Portuguese Jesuit missionary and martyr (d. 1693)
- Abraham Teniers, Flemish painter (d. 1670)
- John Pell, English mathematician and linguist (d. 1685)
- Jean-Charles della Faille, Flemish priest and mathematician (d. 1652)
- Richard Weston, 1st Earl of Portland (d. 1635)
- William Stafford, English courtier and conspirator (d. 1612)
- Rudolph Goclenius, German philosopher and lexicographer (d. 1628)
- Vladislaus II of Hungary (d. 1516)
- Isabella of Coimbra (d. 1455)
- Antoninus of Florence, Italian archbishop and saint (d. 1459)
- Hugh le Despenser, 1st Earl of Winchester (d. 1326)
- Alfonso VII, king of León and Castile (d. 1157)
Deaths On This Day
- Mike Willesee, Australian journalist and producer (b. 1942)
- María Rubio, Mexican television, film and stage actress (b. 1934)
- Minnie Miñoso, Cuban-American baseball player and coach (b. 1922)
- Alain Resnais, French director, cinematographer, and screenwriter (b. 1922)
- Bonnie Franklin, American actress, dancer, and singer (b. 1944)
- Andrew Breitbart, American journalist and publisher (b. 1969)
- Germano Mosconi, Italian journalist (b. 1932)
- Kristian Digby, English television host and director (b. 1977)
- Peter Osgood, English footballer (b. 1947)
- Mian Ghulam Jilani, Pakistani general (b. 1914)
- Archie Goodwin, American author and illustrator (b. 1937)
- César Rodríguez Álvarez, Spanish footballer and manager (b. 1920)
- Georges J. F. Köhler, German biologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1946)
- Edwin H. Land, American scientist and businessman, co-founded the Polaroid Corporation (b. 1909)
- Vasantdada Patil, Indian politician, 5th Chief Minister of Maharashtra (b. 1917)
- Joe Besser, American comedian and actor (b. 1907)
- Jackie Coogan, American actor (b. 1914)
- Arthur Koestler, Hungarian-English journalist and author (b. 1905)
- Wilhelmina Cooper, Dutch-American model and businesswoman, founded Wilhelmina Models (b. 1940)
- Dixie Dean, English footballer (b. 1907)
- Mustafa Barzani, Iraqi-Kurdistan politician (b. 1903)
- Paul Scott, English author, poet, and playwright (b. 1920)
- Jean Martinon, French conductor and composer (b. 1910)
- Bobby Timmons, American pianist and composer (b. 1935)
- Fritz Houtermans, Polish-German physicist and academic (b. 1903)
- Mariano Azuela, Mexican physician and author (b. 1873)
- Alexandre Yersin, Swiss-French physician and bacteriologist (b. 1863)
- George S. Rentz, American commander (b. 1882)
- Anton Hansen Tammsaare, Estonian author (b. 1878)
- Gabriele D'Annunzio, Italian journalist and politician (b. 1863)
- Mikhail Kuzmin, Russian author and poet (b. 1871)
- Frank Teschemacher, American Jazz musician (b. 1906)
- Rafael Moreno Aranzadi, Spanish footballer (b. 1892)
- John H. Bankhead, American lawyer and politician (b. 1842)
- Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 4th Earl of Minto, English soldier and politician, 8th Governor General of Canada (b. 1845)
- Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff, Dutch-German chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1852)
- José María de Pereda, Spanish author (b. 1833)
- Isaac Todhunter, English mathematician and academic (b. 1820)
- Theodor Kullak, German pianist, composer, and educator (b. 1818)
- Tristan Corbière, French poet and educator (b. 1845)
- Peter Barlow, English mathematician and physicist (b. 1776)
- Claude Victor-Perrin, Duc de Belluno, French general and politician, French Minister of Defence (b. 1764)
- Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1747)
- Luigi Vanvitelli, Italian architect, designed the Palace of Caserta (b. 1700)
- Hermann Samuel Reimarus, German philosopher and author (b. 1694)
- Roger North, English lawyer and author (b. 1653)
- Francesco Redi, Italian physician and poet (b. 1626)
- Ecaterina Cercheza, princess consort of Moldavia (b. 1620)
- Richard Zouch, English judge and politician (b. 1590)
- Girolamo Frescobaldi, Italian pianist and composer (b. 1583)
- George Herbert, English poet and orator (b. 1593)
- Thomas Campion, English poet and composer (b. 1567)
- George Wishart, Scottish minister and martyr (b. 1513)
- Francisco de Almeida, Portuguese soldier and explorer (b. 1450)
- Amadeus VI, count of Savoy (b. 1334)
- Ayurbarwada Buyantu Khan, Chinese emperor (b. 1286)
- Gruffydd ap Llywelyn Fawr, Welsh noble, son of Llywelyn the Great (b. 1200)
- Thomas, count of Savoy (b. 1178)
- Stephen II, king of Hungary and Croatia (b. 1101)
- Ermesinde of Carcassonne, countess and regent of Barcelona (b. 972)
- En'yū, Japanese emperor (b. 959)
- Rudesind, Galician bishop (b. 907)
- Leo VIII, pope of the Catholic Church
- David, Welsh bishop and saint
- Felix III, pope of the Catholic Church