On This Day in History: March 23
March 23 is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 283 days remain until the end of the year.
Lottery News On This Day
- Lottery Post breaks down every state lottery's response to COVID-19. As the COVID-19 coronavirus continues to disrupt businesses and lives throughout the United States, individual state lotteries have vastly different responses, and some will have you scratching your head.
- Two CT Lottery employees suspended without pay for their roles in botched raffle drawing. Two middle-level Connecticut Lottery Corp. employees have been suspended without pay in the continuing fallout from a million-dollar mistake in the Jan. 1 drawing that selected winners in the New Year's Super Draw game.
- WWII vet wins $300,000 lottery for 94th birthday. A World War II veteran receiving the birthday present of a lifetime when he won $300,000 in the Michigan Lottery.
- Six now face charges in CT Lottery scheme. Six people have been charged so far in connection with a scheme to manipulate Connecticut Lottery terminals to produce more instant winning tickets in the 5 Card Cash game, authorities said Tuesday.
- Multi-state Lucky for Life game comes to Kentucky. The Kentucky Lottery is now offering the multi-state game called Lucky for Life that has a top prize of $1,000 a day, every day, for the rest of the winner's life, or for a minimum of 20 years paid to the player's estate, in case of death.
- 888 is first online gambling company to win US license. 888, a London, UK-listed operator of online casino, bingo and poker games, today announced that it has gained a license to operate in the United States.
- $50 million lottery winners outed by spiteful letter to new neighbors. A $50 million Australian lottery winner was the target of a spiteful letter outing him to his new neighbors, and he says he has an idea of who produced it.
- Three friends honor long-time pact to split lottery winnings. Three long-time chums who made a pact to split the pot if one of them ever won the lottery got their payday last week, Georgia Lottery officials announced on Thursday.
- Illinois to become first state to allow online lottery sales. Starting at 7 a.m. CT Sunday, Illinois residents who visit the Illinois Lottery Web site can register to play the Mega Millions and Lotto games online.
- 7 guilty in $2M lottery fraud. Seven people have pleaded guilty in a lottery telemarketing fraud that U.S. prosecutors say bilked mostly elderly victims out of an estimated $2 million.
- $304 MILLION: Mega Millions lottery in rare territory. For only the 12th time in the history of United States lotteries, a lottery jackpot run-up has crossed into $300 million+ territory.
- S.D. Lottery considers adding Mega Millions. South Dakota Lottery commissioners will hold a rules hearing on Friday to decide whether the state should join 37 other states that offer Mega Millions, billed as "America's biggest jackpot game."
- Calif. Senate approves higher lottery payouts. The California Senate has approved a bill intended to dedicate a larger percentage of California lottery money to the public.
- Sisters' lottery jackpot trial begins today. Two Connecticut sisters, each in their 80s, are involved in a legal struggle for a $500,000 Powerball jackpot.
- Truck driver wins $1.9M lottery jackpot, will keep driving. A recent immigrant to Canada is nearly $2 million richer after he won a share of Wednesday night's $3.9 million Lotto 6/49 draw.
- N.C. lawmaker critical of Gov's move to take lottery funds from schools. North Carolina State Representative Carolyn Justice says the governor's decision to take lottery funds has left some school districts in distress.
- N.C. Supreme Court keeps lottery law in place. The North Carolina Education Lottery can still operate after the state Supreme Court deadlocked Friday over whether the votes creating the games were lawful.
- GTECH chosen as preferred bidder for N.Y. Lottery. Italian gaming company Lottomatica SpA said Sunday its wholly-owned subsidiary, GTECH Corporation, has been chosen as the preferred bidder to negotiate a seven-year contract with the New York Lottery to provide new online lottery solutions and services.
- Arkansas lottery approaches final votes this week. After months of negotiations, Arkansas lawmakers plan to give their final seal of approval this week to the state's new lottery and scholarship program.
- Powerball lottery jackpot raised to $117 million. Because no one correctly matched all six numbers in Wednesday's Powerball drawing, the jackpot grew to an estimated $117 million, with a cash option of $55.3 million.
- N.C. Lottery will have some unique vendors. Thousands of retailers are getting ready to sell North Carolina lottery tickets, but it won't just be convenience stores and supermarkets.
- Nebraska Senators to allocate lottery winnings. For the first time, the Nebraska Legislature will use about $5 million in unclaimed winnings to help balance the budget, much to the dismay of lottery officials.
- Lottery winner tells of lost millions. A former ambulance driver in St. Albans who scooped £6m on the UK National Lottery lost his fortune after his new life turned into a nightmare.
- News agency owner wins $259,000 in Penn. lottery. Wayde Christophel, a Waynesboro, Pennsylvania resident who owns The Waynesboro News Agency on West Main Street with his wife Kim, won the $259,000 jackpot in Friday night's Cash 5 drawing of the Pennsylvania Lottery.
- Persistence pays off for Tennessee lottery player. A Benton County, Tennessee woman, who spends about $10 per day on lottery tickets, won $50,000 in the scratch-off game "Jumbo Bucks".
- Tennessee Lottery committee recommends aganst gambling warnings. Efforts to strengthen the message to lottery players about the dangers of problem gambling failed to get a favorable recommendation yesterday from the Tennessee legislature's Lottery Oversight Committee.
- Colorado lottery bill would tighten ethics rules. One of the Colorado state Senate's most powerful members unveiled legislation designed to prevent conflicts of interest at the Colorado Lottery.
- GOP candidates show flexibility towards N.C. lottery. Republicans competing for the North Carolina gubernatorial nomination are showing more flexibility on the issue of a lottery than they did four years ago, but few seem to view the issue as a lynchpin in this year's campaign.
Top 25 Lottery Jackpots On This Day
- 1.$638.8 Million
Mar 23, 2019
- 2.$421 Million
Mar 23, 2018
- 3.$338.3 Million
Mar 23, 2013
- 4.$319 Million
Mar 25, 2011
- 5.$290 Million
Mar 23, 2012
- 6.€133 Million
Mar 25, 2011
- 7.$151 Million
Mar 24, 2017
- 8.$150 Million
Mar 25, 2020
- 9.€118.55 Million
Mar 24, 2018
- 10.€111 Million
Mar 26, 2013
- 11.€125.53 Million
Mar 26, 2019
- 12.$117 Million
Mar 25, 2006
- 13.$101 Million
Mar 23, 2011
- 13.$101 Million
Mar 24, 2020
- 15.€88 Million
Mar 27, 2020
- 16.$95 Million
Mar 25, 2008
- 17.$90 Million
Mar 23, 2016
- 18.€76.77 Million
Mar 25, 2016
- 19.$82 Million
Mar 24, 2006
- 20.$81 Million
Mar 25, 2009
- 21.€64 Million
Mar 24, 2006
- 22.€61.19 Million
Mar 24, 2016
- 23.$66 Million
Mar 26, 2002
- 24.€47 Million
Mar 28, 2014
- 25.$64.4 Million
Mar 24, 2014
Lottery Post Member Birthdays On This Day
Friday, Mar 23, 1979
41 years old
Sunday, Mar 23, 1975
45 years old
Saturday, Mar 23, 1974
46 years old
Saturday, Mar 23, 1974
46 years old
Thursday, Mar 23, 1972
48 years old
Tuesday, Mar 23, 1971
49 years old
Sunday, Mar 23, 1969
51 years old
Saturday, Mar 23, 1968
52 years old
Wednesday, Mar 23, 1966
54 years old
Tuesday, Mar 23, 1965
55 years old
Monday, Mar 23, 1959
61 years old
Friday, Mar 23, 1956
64 years old
Wednesday, Mar 23, 1955
65 years old
Monday, Mar 23, 1953
67 years old
Saturday, Mar 23, 1946
74 years old
Tuesday, Mar 23, 1937
83 years old
Wednesday, Mar 23, 1910
110 years old
(year not provided)
Worldwide Events On This Day
- The US-backed Syrian Democratic Forces declared military victory over the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant after four years of fighting, although the group maintains a scattered presence and sleeper cells across Syria and Iraq.
- FedEx Express Flight 80: A McDonnell Douglas MD-11 flying from Guangzhou, China crashes at Tokyo's Narita International Airport, killing both the captain and the co-pilot.
- Official opening of Rajiv Gandhi International Airport in Hyderabad, India
- Battle of Nasiriyah, first major conflict during the invasion of Iraq.
- The Russian Mir space station is disposed of, breaking up in the atmosphere before falling into the southern Pacific Ocean near Fiji.
- Gunmen assassinate Paraguay's Vice President Luis María Argaña.
- Taiwan holds its first direct elections and chooses Lee Teng-hui as President.
- At an election rally in Tijuana, Mexican presidential candidate Luis Donaldo Colosio is assassinated by Mario Aburto Martínez.
- A United States Air Force (USAF) F-16 aircraft collides with a USAF C-130 at Pope Air Force Base and then crashes, killing 24 United States Army soldiers on the ground. This later became known as the Green Ramp disaster.
- Aeroflot Flight 593 crashed into the Kuznetsk Alatau mountain, Kemerovo Oblast, Russia, killing 75.
- The Revolutionary United Front, with support from the special forces of Charles Taylor's National Patriotic Front of Liberia, invades Sierra Leone in an attempt to overthrow Joseph Saidu Momoh, sparking the 11-year Sierra Leone Civil War.
- Strategic Defense Initiative: President Ronald Reagan makes his initial proposal to develop technology to intercept enemy missiles.
- Guatemala's government, headed by Fernando Romeo Lucas García is overthrown in a military coup by right-wing General Efraín Ríos Montt.
- Archbishop Óscar Romero of El Salvador gives his famous speech appealing to men of the El Salvadoran armed forces to stop killing the Salvadorans.
- The first UNIFIL troops arrived in Lebanon for peacekeeping mission along the Blue Line.
- The first of The Nixon Interviews (12 will be recorded over four weeks) is videotaped with British journalist David Frost interviewing former United States President Richard Nixon about the Watergate scandal and the Nixon tapes.
- NASA launches Gemini 3, the United States' first two-man space flight (crew: Gus Grissom and John Young).
- Pakistan becomes the first Islamic republic in the world. This date is now celebrated as Republic Day in Pakistan.
- The Lahore Resolution (Qarardad-e-Pakistan or Qarardad-e-Lahore) is put forward at the Annual General Convention of the All-India Muslim League.
- The Hungarian air force attacks the headquarters of the Slovak air force in Spišská Nová Ves, killing 13 people and beginning the Slovak-Hungarian War.
- Signing of the Constitution of the Commonwealth of the Philippines.
- The Reichstag passes the Enabling Act of 1933, making Adolf Hitler dictator of Germany.
- Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru and Sukhdev Thapar are hanged for the killing of a deputy superintendent of police during the Indian struggle for independence.
- In Milan, Italy, Benito Mussolini founds his Fascist political movement.
- First World War: On the third day of the German Spring Offensive, the 10th Battalion of the Royal West Kent Regiment is annihilated with many of the men becoming prisoners of war
- Theodore Roosevelt leaves New York for a post-presidency safari in Africa. The trip is sponsored by the Smithsonian Institution and National Geographic Society.
- Eleftherios Venizelos calls for Crete's union with Greece, and begins what is to be known as the Theriso revolt.
- Emilio Aguinaldo, only President of the First Philippine Republic, was captured at Palanan, Isabela by the forces of General Frederick Funston.
- The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community is established by Mirza Ghulam Ahmad in Qadian, British India.
- In England, The Football League, the world's oldest professional association football league, meets for the first time.
- Sino-French War: Chinese victory in the Battle of Phu Lam Tao near Hưng Hóa, northern Vietnam.
- War of the Pacific: The Battle of Topáter, the first battle of the war is fought between Chile and the joint forces of Bolivia and Peru.
- The University of California is founded in Oakland, California when the Organic Act is signed into law.
- American Civil War - The First Battle of Kernstown, Virginia, marks the start of Stonewall Jackson's Valley Campaign. Although a Confederate defeat, the engagement distracts Federal efforts to capture Richmond.
- Elisha Otis's first elevator is installed at 488 Broadway New York City.
- The ship John Wickliffe arrives at Port Chalmers carrying the first Scottish settlers for Dunedin, New Zealand. Otago province is founded.
- Greek War of Independence: Battle and fall of city of Kalamata.
- After traveling through the Louisiana Purchase and reaching the Pacific Ocean, explorers Lewis and Clark and their "Corps of Discovery" begin their arduous journey home.
- Tsar Paul I of Russia is struck with a sword, then strangled, and finally trampled to death inside his bedroom at St. Michael's Castle.
- American Revolutionary War: Patrick Henry delivers his speech - "Give me liberty, or give me death!" - at St. John's Episcopal Church, Richmond, Virginia.
- James Francis Edward Stuart lands at the Firth of Forth as part of the planned French invasion of Britain.
- The Peace of Longjumeau is signed, ending the second phase of the French Wars of Religion.
- Waltham Abbey is surrendered to King Henry VIII of England; the last religious community to be closed during the Dissolution of the Monasteries.
- The Trần dynasty of Vietnam is deposed, after one hundred and seventy-five years of rule, by Hồ Quý Ly, a court official.
Births On This Day
- Alexander Albon, Thai-British racing driver
- Kevin Kauber, Estonian footballer
- Jan Lisiecki, Canadian pianist
- Ozan Tufan, Turkish footballer
- Nick Powell, English footballer
- Kyle Lovett, Australian rugby league player
- Aytaç Kara, Turkish footballer
- Tolga Ciğerci, German-Turkish footballer
- Morgan Evans, Welsh rugby league player
- Kyrie Irving, Australian-American basketball player
- Gregg Wylde, Scottish footballer
- Jaime Alguersuari, Spanish race car driver
- Robert Zickert, German footballer
- Nikola Gulan, Serbian footballer
- Luis Fernando Silva, Mexican footballer
- Ayesha Curry, Canadian-American chef, author and television personality
- Dellin Betances, American baseball player
- Jason Kenny, English cyclist
- Michal Neuvirth, Czech ice hockey player
- Alan Toovey, Australian footballer
- Patrick Bordeleau, Canadian ice hockey player
- Andrea Dovizioso, Italian motorcycle racer
- Brett Eldredge, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
- Kangana Ranaut, Indian actress
- Maurice Jones-Drew, American football player
- Bethanie Mattek-Sands, American tennis player
- Ryan Araña, Filipino basketball player
- Brandon Marshall, American football player
- Hakan Balta, Turkish footballer
- Mo Farah, Somali-English runner
- Sascha Riether, German footballer
- Jerome Thomas, English footballer
- José Contreras Arrau, Chilean footballer
- Andrea Musacco, Italian footballer
- Evgeni Striganov, Estonian ice dancer
- Erin Crocker, American race car driver
- Tony Peña, Jr., Dominican baseball player
- Shelley Rudman, English bobsledder
- Giuseppe Sculli, Italian footballer
- Brett Young, American country music singer
- Russell Howard, English comedian
- Mark Buehrle, American baseball player
- Donncha O'Callaghan, Irish rugby player
- Simon Gärdenfors, Swedish illustrator
- Walter Samuel, Argentinian footballer
- Miklos Perlus, Canadian actor and screenwriter
- Jayson Blair, American journalist and author
- Chris Hoy, Scottish cyclist and race car driver
- Smriti Irani, Indian actress, producer and politician, Indian Minister of Human Resource Development
- Dougie Lampkin, English motorcycle racer
- Michelle Monaghan, American actress
- Jeremy Newberry, American football player
- Joel Peralta, Dominican baseball player
- Keri Russell, American actress
- Ricardo Zonta, Brazilian race car driver
- Sa Beining, Chinese host
- Burak Gürpınar, Turkish drummer
- Randall Park, American actor, director and screenwriter
- Jerzy Dudek, Polish footballer
- Wim Eyckmans, Belgian race car driver
- Jason Kidd, American basketball player and coach
- Jonas Björkman, Swedish-Monégasque tennis player and coach
- Joe Calzaghe, Welsh boxer
- Judith Godrèche, French actress and author
- Yasmeen Ghauri, Canadian model
- Gail Porter, Scottish model and television host
- Alexander Selivanov, Russian ice hockey player
- Hiroyoshi Tenzan, Japanese wrestler
- Damon Albarn, English singer-songwriter, producer and actor
- Mike Atherton, English cricketer and journalist
- Mitch Cullin, American author
- Fernando Hierro, Spanish footballer and manager
- Pierre Palmade, French actor and screenwriter
- Lorenzo Daniel, American sprinter
- Vasilis Vouzas, Greek footballer and manager
- Gary Whitehead, American poet and painter
- Hope Davis, American actress
- Míchel, Spanish footballer and manager
- Juan Ramón López Caro, Spanish footballer and manager
- Ana Fidelia Quirot, Cuban runner
- Steve Redgrave, English rower
- Roger Crisp, English philosopher and academic
- Craig Green, New Zealand rugby player
- Helmi Johannes, Indonesian journalist and producer
- Nicol Stephen, Baron Stephen, Scottish lawyer and politician, 2nd Deputy First Minister of Scotland
- Catherine Keener, American actress
- Etienne De Wilde, Belgian cyclist
- Bengt-Åke Gustafsson, Swedish ice hockey player and coach
- Hugh Grant, Scottish business executive
- Lucio Gutiérrez, Ecuadorian politician, 52nd President of Ecuador
- Robbie James, Welsh footballer and manager (d. 1998)
- Amanda Plummer, American actress
- José Manuel Barroso, Portuguese academic and politician, 115th Prime Minister of Portugal
- Andrew Mitchell, English soldier and politician, Secretary of State for International Development
- Jeremy Wade, English biologist and author
- Moses Malone, American basketball player and sportscaster (d. 2015)
- Geno Auriemma, Italian-American basketball player and coach
- Kenneth Cole, American fashion designer, founded Kenneth Cole Productions
- Bo Díaz, Venezuelan baseball player (d. 1990)
- Chaka Khan, American singer-songwriter
- Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw, Indian zoologist and businesswoman
- Francesco Clemente, Italian painter and illustrator
- Kent Lambert, New Zealand rugby player
- Kim Stanley Robinson, American author
- Rex Tillerson, American businessman, engineer and diplomat; 69th United States Secretary of State
- Ron Jaworski, American football player and sportscaster
- Adrian Reynard, English businessman, founded Reynard Motorsport
- Corinne Cléry, French actress
- Phil Lanzon, English keyboard player and songwriter
- Ahdaf Soueif, Egyptian author and translator
- Ric Ocasek, American singer-songwriter, guitarist and producer
- Wasim Bari, Pakistani cricketer
- Marie Malavoy, German-Canadian educator and politician
- Elizabeth Ann Scarborough, American author
- Alan Bleasdale, English screenwriter and producer
- Franco Battiato, Italian singer-songwriter and director
- David Grisman, American mandolin player and composer
- B. P. Gavrilov, Russian rugby player (d. 2006)
- Tony McPhee, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
- Michael Nyman, English composer of minimalist music and pianist
- Andrew Crockett, Scottish-English economist and banker (d. 2012)
- Lee May, American baseball player and coach
- Sharon Presley, American author and academic
- Nils-Aslak Valkeapää, Finnish singer, author and director (d. 2001)
- Michael Haneke, Austrian director, producer and screenwriter
- Jimmy Miller, American record producer and musician (d. 1994)
- Walter Rodney, Guyanese historian, scholar and activist (d. 1980)
- Robin Herd, English engineer and businessman
- Terry Paine, English footballer
- Jon Finlayson, Australian actor and screenwriter (d. 2012)
- Craig Breedlove, American race car driver
- Tony Burton, American actor, comedian, boxer and American football player (d. 2016)
- Robert Gallo, American physician and academic
- Jannis Kounellis, Greek painter and sculptor
- Barry Cryer, English comedian, actor and screenwriter
- Ludvig Faddeev, Russian mathematician and physicist
- Mark Rydell, American actor, director and producer
- Norman Bailey, English opera singer and educator
- Philip Zimbardo, American psychologist and academic
- Don Marshall, Canadian ice hockey player
- Yevgeny Grishin, Russian speed skater (d. 2005)
- Viktor Korchnoi, Russian chess player and author (d. 2016)
- Yevdokiya Mekshilo, Russian skier (d. 2013)
- Roger Bannister, English runner, neurologist and academic (d. 2018)
- Michael Manser, English architect and engineer (d. 2016)
- David Watkin, English cinematographer (d. 2008)
- Rodney Mims Cook, Sr., American lieutenant and politician (d. 2013)
- Bette Nesmith Graham, American inventor, invented Liquid Paper (d. 1980)
- Olga Kennard, English crystallographer and academic
- John Madin, English architect (d. 2012)
- Angelo Ingrassia, American soldier and judge (d. 2013)
- Marty Allen, American comedian and actor (d. 2018)
- Ugo Tognazzi, Italian actor (d. 1990)
- Donald Campbell, English race car driver (d. 1967)
- Peter Lawler, Australian public servant (d. 2017)
- Neal Edward Smith, American pilot, lawyer and politician
- Tetsuharu Kawakami, Japanese baseball player and manager (d. 2013)
- Carl Graffunder, American architect and educator (d. 2013)
- Stanley Armour Dunham, American sergeant (d. 1992)
- Helene Hale, American politician (d. 2013)
- Naoki Kazu, Japanese football player (d.1940s)
- Harry Cranbrook Allen, English historian (d. 1998)
- Mary Innes-Ker, Duchess of Roxburghe (d. 2014)
- Vasily Zaytsev, Russian captain (d. 1991)
- Milbourne Christopher, American magician and author (d. 1984)
- Abidin Dino, Turko-French painter and illustrator (d. 1993)
- Eleanor Cameron, Canadian-American author and critic (d. 1996)
- Neil McCorkell, English-South African cricketer and coach (d. 2013)
- Wernher von Braun, German-American physicist and engineer (d. 1977)
- Jerry Cornes, English runner, colonial officer and educator (d. 2001)
- Akira Kurosawa, Japanese director, producer and screenwriter (d. 1998)
- Charles Werner, American cartoonist (d. 1997)
- Daniel Bovet, Swiss-Italian pharmacologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1992)
- Lale Andersen, German chanson singer-songwriter (d. 1972)
- Joan Crawford, American film actress (d. 1977)
- Frank Sargeson, New Zealand's foremost short story writers (d. 1982)
- Bon Maharaja, Indian guru and religious writer (d. 1982)
- Erich Fromm, German psychologist and sociologist (d. 1980)
- Dora Gerson, German actress and singer (d. 1943)
- Louis Adamic, Slovenian-American author, translator and politician (d. 1951)
- Madeleine de Bourbon-Busset, Duchess of Parma (d. 1984)
- Encarnacion Alzona, Filipino historian and educator (d. 2001)
- Dane Rudhyar, French-American astrologer, author and composer (d. 1985)
- Arthur Grimsdell, English footballer and cricketer (d. 1963)
- Cedric Gibbons, Irish-American art director and production designer (d. 1960)
- Gopalswamy Doraiswamy Naidu, Indian engineer and businessman (d. 1974)
- Po Kya, Burmese author and educationist (d. 1942)
- Josef Čapek, Czech painter and poet (d. 1945)
- Rudolf Kinau, German author (d. 1975)
- Juan Gris, Spanish painter and sculptor (d. 1927)
- Sidney Hillman, Lithuanian-born American labor leader (d. 1946)
- Frank Irons, American long jumper (d. 1942)
- Platt Adams, American jumper and politician (d. 1961)
- Joseph Boxhall, English sailor (d. 1967)
- Emmy Noether, Jewish German-American mathematician, physicist and academic (d. 1935)
- Lacey Hearn, American sprinter (d. 1969)
- Roger Martin du Gard, French novelist and paleographer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1958)
- Hermann Staudinger, German chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1965)
- Heikki Ritavuori, Finnish lawyer and politician, Finnish Minister of the Interior (d. 1922)
- Franz Schreker, Austrian composer and conductor (d. 1934)
- Ziya Gökalp, Turkish sociologist, poet and activist (d. 1924)
- Thakin Kodaw Hmaing, Burmese poet, writer and political leader (d. 1964)
- Grantley Goulding, English hurdler (d. 1947)
- J. C. Leyendecker, German-American painter and illustrator (d. 1951)
- Michael Joseph Savage, Australian-New Zealand union leader and politician, 23rd Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 1940)
- Emilio Aguinaldo, Filipino general and politician, 1st President of the Philippines (d. 1964)
- Calouste Gulbenkian, Turkish-Armenian businessman and philanthropist (d. 1955)
- Dietrich Eckart, German journalist and politician (d. 1923)
- Nathaniel Reed, American criminal (d. 1950)
- Ludwig Quidde, German activist and politician, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1941)
- Friedrich Amelung, Estonian-German historian, businessman and composer (d. 1909)
- Susan Jane Cunningham, American mathematician (d. 1921)
- Marie Adam-Doerrer, Swiss women's rights activist and unionist. (d. 1908)
- Julius Reubke, German pianist and composer (d. 1858)
- Ludwig Minkus, Austrian violinist and composer (d. 1917)
- Schuyler Colfax, American journalist and politician, 17th Vice President of the United States (d. 1885)
- Augustin Daniel Belliard, French general and diplomat (d. 1832)
- William Smith, English geologist and cartographer (d. 1839)
- Jurij Vega, Slovene mathematician, physicist and artillery officer (d. 1802)
- Johannes Matthias Sperger, Austrian bassist and composer (d. 1812)
- Pierre-Simon Laplace, French mathematician and astronomer (d. 1827)
- Princess Marie Adélaïde of France (d. 1800)
- John Bartram, American botanist and explorer (d. 1777)
- Mary of Jesus de León y Delgado, Spanish Dominican lay sister and mystic (d. 1731)
- Jahanara Begum, Mughal princess (d. 1681)
- Thomas Selle, German composer (d. 1663)
- Lorenzino de' Medici, Italian writer and assassin (d. 1548)
- Margaret of Anjou (d. 1482)
- Emperor Go-Kōgon of Japan (d. 1374)
Deaths On This Day
- Joe Garagiola, Sr., American baseball player and sportscaster (b. 1926)
- Ken Howard, American actor (b. 1944)
- Gian Vittorio Baldi, Italian director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1930)
- Lee Kuan Yew, Singaporean lawyer and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Singapore (b. 1923)
- Bobby Lowther, American basketball player and lieutenant (b. 1923)
- Lil' Chris, English singer-songwriter, actor, and television personality (b. 1990)
- Dave Brockie, Canadian-American singer-songwriter and bass player (b. 1963)
- Jaroslav Šerých, Czech painter and illustrator (b. 1928)
- Adolfo Suárez, Spanish lawyer and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Spain (b. 1932)
- Boris Berezovsky, Russian-born Soviet-British mathematician and businessman (b. 1946)
- Onofre Corpuz, Filipino economist, historian, and academic (b. 1926)
- Virgil Trucks, American baseball player and coach (b. 1917)
- Joe Weider, Canadian-American bodybuilder and publisher, co-founded the International Federation of BodyBuilding & Fitness (b. 1919)
- Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed, Somalian politician, President of Somalia (b. 1934)
- Jim Duffy, American animator, director, and producer (b. 1937)
- Naji Talib, Iraqi politician, 52nd Prime Minister of Iraq (b. 1917)
- Lonnie Wright, American basketball and football player (b. 1945)
- Jean Bartik, American computer scientist and engineer (b. 1924)
- Elizabeth Taylor, American-British actress, socialite and humanitarian (b. 1932)
- Ghukas Chubaryan, Armenian sculptor (b. 1923)
- Raúl Macías, Mexican boxer and trainer (b. 1934)
- Vaino Vahing, Estonian psychiatrist, author, and playwright (b. 1940)
- Paul Cohen, American mathematician and theorist (b. 1934)
- Eric Medlen, American race car driver (b. 1973)
- David B. Bleak, American sergeant, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1932)
- Desmond Doss, American soldier, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1919)
- Cindy Walker, American singer-songwriter and dancer (b. 1918)
- Rupert Hamer, Australian soldier, lawyer, and politician, 39th Premier of Victoria (b. 1916)
- Fritz Spiegl, Austrian-English flute player and journalist (b. 1926)
- Eileen Farrell, American soprano (b. 1920)
- Ben Hollioake, Australian-English cricketer (b. 1977)
- Rowland Evans, American journalist (b. 1921)
- Margaret Jones, British archaeologist (b. 1916)
- Robert Laxalt, American author (b. 1923)
- David McTaggart, Canadian badminton player and environmentalist (b. 1932)
- Luis María Argaña, Paraguayan judge and politician, Vice President of Paraguay (b. 1932)
- Osmond Borradaile, Canadian director and cinematographer (b. 1898)
- Davie Cooper, Scottish footballer and coach (b. 1956)
- Luis Donaldo Colosio, Mexican economist and politician (b. 1950)
- Giulietta Masina, Italian actress (b. 1921)
- Friedrich Hayek, Austrian-German economist, philosopher, and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1899)
- Ron Lapointe, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1949)
- Parkash Singh, Indian soldier, Victoria Cross recipient (b. 1913)
- John Dexter, English director and producer (b. 1925)
- Olev Roomet, Estonian singer and violinist (b. 1901)
- Richard Beeching, Baron Beeching, English physicist and engineer (b. 1913)
- Peter Charanis, Greek-American scholar and educator (b. 1908)
- Beatrice Tinsley, English-New Zealand astronomer and cosmologist (b. 1941)
- Mike Hailwood, English motorcyclist (b. 1940)
- Arthur Melvin Okun, American economist and academic (b. 1928)
- Ted Anderson, English footballer (b. 1911)
- Haim Ernst Wertheimer, Israeli biochemist and academic (b. 1893)
- Bertram Stevens, Australian accountant and politician, 25th Premier of New South Wales (b. 1889)
- Cristóbal Balenciaga, Spanish fashion designer, founded Balenciaga (b. 1895)
- Edwin O'Connor, American journalist and author (b. 1918)
- Mae Murray, American actress, dancer, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1889)
- Peter Lorre, American actor (b. 1904)
- Thoralf Skolem, Norwegian mathematician and logician (b. 1887)
- Albert Bloch, American painter and educator (b. 1882)
- Jack Russell, English cricketer (b. 1887)
- Franklin Pierce Adams, American journalist and author (b. 1881)
- Said Nursî, Turkish theologian and scholar (b. 1878)
- Arthur Bernardes, Brazilian politician, 12th President of Brazil (b. 1875)
- Raoul Dufy, French painter and illustrator (b. 1877)
- Oskar Luts, Estonian author and playwright (b. 1887)
- Shivaram Rajguru, Indian activist (b. 1908)
- Bhagat Singh, Indian activist (b. 1907)
- Sukhdev Thapar, Indian activist (b. 1907)
- Paul César Helleu, French painter and etcher (b. 1859)
- Hovhannes Tumanyan, Armenian poet and author (b. 1869)
- Rafqa Pietra Choboq Ar-Rayès, Lebanese saint (b. 1832)
- Nadar, French photographer, journalist, and author (b. 1820)
- Henry C. Lord, American businessman (b. 1824)
- Arthur Macalister, Scottish-Australian politician, 2nd Premier of Queensland (b. 1818)
- Stendhal, French novelist (b. 1783)
- Paul I, Russian emperor (b. 1754)
- Charles Carroll, English barrister and politician (b. 1723)
- Johann Jakob Wettstein, Swiss theologian and critic (b. 1693)
- Johann Gottfried Walther, German organist and composer (b. 1684)
- Claude Alexandre de Bonneval, French general (b. 1675)
- Jean-Baptiste Dubos, French historian and author (b. 1670)
- Nicolas Fouquet, French politician (b. 1615)
- Anthoni van Noordt, Dutch organist and composer (b. 1619)
- Francis Fane, 1st Earl of Westmorland, English landowner and politician (b. 1580)
- James Hamilton, 1st Earl of Abercorn, Scottish police officer and politician (b. 1575)
- Justus Lipsius, Flemish philologist and scholar (b. 1547)
- Henry Unton, English diplomat (b. 1557)
- Gelawdewos, Ethiopian emperor (b. 1521)
- Julius III, pope of the Catholic Church (b. 1487)
- Itagaki Nobukata, Japanese samurai (b. 1489)
- Yolande, duchess of Lorraine (b. 1428)
- Peter, king of Castile and León (b. 1334)
- Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster, English politician, Lord High Steward of England (b. 1310)
- Eudes I, duke of Burgundy (b. 1058)
- Zhen Zong, Chinese emperor (b. 968)
- Zhou Chi, Chinese historian and politician (b. 793)