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On This Day in History:  March 23

March 23 is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 283 days remain until the end of the year.

Lottery News On This Day

2020
Lottery Post breaks down every state lottery's response to COVID-19. As the COVID-19 coronavirus continues to disrupt businesses and lives throughout the United States, individual state lotteries have vastly different responses, and some will have you scratching your head.
2018
Two CT Lottery employees suspended without pay for their roles in botched raffle drawing. Two middle-level Connecticut Lottery Corp. employees have been suspended without pay in the continuing fallout from a million-dollar mistake in the Jan. 1 drawing that selected winners in the New Year's Super Draw game.
2017
WWII vet wins $300,000 lottery for 94th birthday. A World War II veteran receiving the birthday present of a lifetime when he won $300,000 in the Michigan Lottery.
2016
Six now face charges in CT Lottery scheme. Six people have been charged so far in connection with a scheme to manipulate Connecticut Lottery terminals to produce more instant winning tickets in the 5 Card Cash game, authorities said Tuesday.
2015
Multi-state Lucky for Life game comes to Kentucky. The Kentucky Lottery is now offering the multi-state game called Lucky for Life that has a top prize of $1,000 a day, every day, for the rest of the winner's life, or for a minimum of 20 years paid to the player's estate, in case of death.
2013
888 is first online gambling company to win US license. 888, a London, UK-listed operator of online casino, bingo and poker games, today announced that it has gained a license to operate in the United States.
2013
$50 million lottery winners outed by spiteful letter to new neighbors. A $50 million Australian lottery winner was the target of a spiteful letter outing him to his new neighbors, and he says he has an idea of who produced it.
2013
Three friends honor long-time pact to split lottery winnings. Three long-time chums who made a pact to split the pot if one of them ever won the lottery got their payday last week, Georgia Lottery officials announced on Thursday.
2012
Illinois to become first state to allow online lottery sales. Starting at 7 a.m. CT Sunday, Illinois residents who visit the Illinois Lottery Web site can register to play the Mega Millions and Lotto games online.
2011
7 guilty in $2M lottery fraud. Seven people have pleaded guilty in a lottery telemarketing fraud that U.S. prosecutors say bilked mostly elderly victims out of an estimated $2 million.
2011
$304 MILLION: Mega Millions lottery in rare territory. For only the 12th time in the history of United States lotteries, a lottery jackpot run-up has crossed into $300 million+ territory.
2010
S.D. Lottery considers adding Mega Millions. South Dakota Lottery commissioners will hold a rules hearing on Friday to decide whether the state should join 37 other states that offer Mega Millions, billed as "America's biggest jackpot game."
2010
Calif. Senate approves higher lottery payouts. The California Senate has approved a bill intended to dedicate a larger percentage of California lottery money to the public.
2010
Sisters' lottery jackpot trial begins today. Two Connecticut sisters, each in their 80s, are involved in a legal struggle for a $500,000 Powerball jackpot.
2009
Truck driver wins $1.9M lottery jackpot, will keep driving. A recent immigrant to Canada is nearly $2 million richer after he won a share of Wednesday night's $3.9 million Lotto 6/49 draw.
2009
N.C. lawmaker critical of Gov's move to take lottery funds from schools. North Carolina State Representative Carolyn Justice says the governor's decision to take lottery funds has left some school districts in distress.
2009
N.C. Supreme Court keeps lottery law in place. The North Carolina Education Lottery can still operate after the state Supreme Court deadlocked Friday over whether the votes creating the games were lawful.
2009
GTECH chosen as preferred bidder for N.Y. Lottery. Italian gaming company Lottomatica SpA said Sunday its wholly-owned subsidiary, GTECH Corporation, has been chosen as the preferred bidder to negotiate a seven-year contract with the New York Lottery to provide new online lottery solutions and services.
2009
Arkansas lottery approaches final votes this week. After months of negotiations, Arkansas lawmakers plan to give their final seal of approval this week to the state's new lottery and scholarship program.
2006
Powerball lottery jackpot raised to $117 million. Because no one correctly matched all six numbers in Wednesday's Powerball drawing, the jackpot grew to an estimated $117 million, with a cash option of $55.3 million.
2006
N.C. Lottery will have some unique vendors. Thousands of retailers are getting ready to sell North Carolina lottery tickets, but it won't just be convenience stores and supermarkets.
2004
Nebraska Senators to allocate lottery winnings. For the first time, the Nebraska Legislature will use about $5 million in unclaimed winnings to help balance the budget, much to the dismay of lottery officials.
2004
Lottery winner tells of lost millions. A former ambulance driver in St. Albans who scooped £6m on the UK National Lottery lost his fortune after his new life turned into a nightmare.
2004
News agency owner wins $259,000 in Penn. lottery. Wayde Christophel, a Waynesboro, Pennsylvania resident who owns The Waynesboro News Agency on West Main Street with his wife Kim, won the $259,000 jackpot in Friday night's Cash 5 drawing of the Pennsylvania Lottery.
2004
Persistence pays off for Tennessee lottery player. A Benton County, Tennessee woman, who spends about $10 per day on lottery tickets, won $50,000 in the scratch-off game "Jumbo Bucks".
2004
Tennessee Lottery committee recommends aganst gambling warnings. Efforts to strengthen the message to lottery players about the dangers of problem gambling failed to get a favorable recommendation yesterday from the Tennessee legislature's Lottery Oversight Committee.
2004
Colorado lottery bill would tighten ethics rules. One of the Colorado state Senate's most powerful members unveiled legislation designed to prevent conflicts of interest at the Colorado Lottery.
2004
GOP candidates show flexibility towards N.C. lottery. Republicans competing for the North Carolina gubernatorial nomination are showing more flexibility on the issue of a lottery than they did four years ago, but few seem to view the issue as a lynchpin in this year's campaign.

Top 25 Lottery Jackpots On This Day

1.$638.8 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Mar 23, 2019
2.$421 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Mar 23, 2018
3.$338.3 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Mar 23, 2013
4.$319 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Mar 25, 2011
5.$290 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Mar 23, 2012
6.€133 Million
US$187.81 Million
Multi-Country
Euro Millions
Draw Date
Mar 25, 2011
7.$151 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Mar 24, 2017
8.$150 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Mar 25, 2020
9.€118.55 Million
US$146.51 Million
Draw Date
Mar 24, 2018
10.€111 Million
US$142.77 Million
Multi-Country
Euro Millions
Draw Date
Mar 26, 2013
11.€125.53 Million
US$141.67 Million
Draw Date
Mar 26, 2019
12.$117 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Mar 25, 2006
13.$101 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Mar 23, 2011
13.$101 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Mar 24, 2020
15.€88 Million
US$97.02 Million
Multi-Country
EuroJackpot
Draw Date
Mar 27, 2020
16.$95 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Mar 25, 2008
17.$90 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Mar 23, 2016
18.€76.77 Million
US$85.72 Million
Multi-Country
EuroJackpot
Draw Date
Mar 25, 2016
19.$82 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Mar 24, 2006
20.$81 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Mar 25, 2009
21.€64 Million
US$77.11 Million
Multi-Country
Euro Millions
Draw Date
Mar 24, 2006
22.€61.19 Million
US$68.34 Million
Draw Date
Mar 24, 2016
23.$66 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Mar 26, 2002
24.€47 Million
US$64.61 Million
Multi-Country
EuroJackpot
Draw Date
Mar 28, 2014
25.$64.4 Million
Draw Date
Mar 24, 2014

Lottery Post Member Birthdays On This Day

1979
Friday, Mar 23, 1979
41 years old
1975
Sunday, Mar 23, 1975
45 years old
1974
Saturday, Mar 23, 1974
46 years old
1974
Saturday, Mar 23, 1974
46 years old
1972
Thursday, Mar 23, 1972
48 years old
1971
Tuesday, Mar 23, 1971
49 years old
1969
Sunday, Mar 23, 1969
51 years old
1968
Saturday, Mar 23, 1968
52 years old
1966
Wednesday, Mar 23, 1966
54 years old
1965
Tuesday, Mar 23, 1965
55 years old
1959
Monday, Mar 23, 1959
61 years old
1956
Friday, Mar 23, 1956
64 years old
1955
Wednesday, Mar 23, 1955
65 years old
1953
Monday, Mar 23, 1953
67 years old
1946
Saturday, Mar 23, 1946
74 years old
1937
Tuesday, Mar 23, 1937
83 years old
1910
Wednesday, Mar 23, 1910
110 years old
(year not provided)

Worldwide Events On This Day

2019
The US-backed Syrian Democratic Forces declared military victory over the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant after four years of fighting, although the group maintains a scattered presence and sleeper cells across Syria and Iraq.
2009
FedEx Express Flight 80: A McDonnell Douglas MD-11 flying from Guangzhou, China crashes at Tokyo's Narita International Airport, killing both the captain and the co-pilot.
2008
Official opening of Rajiv Gandhi International Airport in Hyderabad, India
2003
Battle of Nasiriyah, first major conflict during the invasion of Iraq.
2001
The Russian Mir space station is disposed of, breaking up in the atmosphere before falling into the southern Pacific Ocean near Fiji.
1999
Gunmen assassinate Paraguay's Vice President Luis María Argaña.
1996
Taiwan holds its first direct elections and chooses Lee Teng-hui as President.
1994
At an election rally in Tijuana, Mexican presidential candidate Luis Donaldo Colosio is assassinated by Mario Aburto Martínez.
1994
A United States Air Force (USAF) F-16 aircraft collides with a USAF C-130 at Pope Air Force Base and then crashes, killing 24 United States Army soldiers on the ground. This later became known as the Green Ramp disaster.
1994
Aeroflot Flight 593 crashed into the Kuznetsk Alatau mountain, Kemerovo Oblast, Russia, killing 75.
1991
The Revolutionary United Front, with support from the special forces of Charles Taylor's National Patriotic Front of Liberia, invades Sierra Leone in an attempt to overthrow Joseph Saidu Momoh, sparking the 11-year Sierra Leone Civil War.
1983
Strategic Defense Initiative: President Ronald Reagan makes his initial proposal to develop technology to intercept enemy missiles.
1982
Guatemala's government, headed by Fernando Romeo Lucas García is overthrown in a military coup by right-wing General Efraín Ríos Montt.
1980
Archbishop Óscar Romero of El Salvador gives his famous speech appealing to men of the El Salvadoran armed forces to stop killing the Salvadorans.
1978
The first UNIFIL troops arrived in Lebanon for peacekeeping mission along the Blue Line.
1977
The first of The Nixon Interviews (12 will be recorded over four weeks) is videotaped with British journalist David Frost interviewing former United States President Richard Nixon about the Watergate scandal and the Nixon tapes.
1965
NASA launches Gemini 3, the United States' first two-man space flight (crew: Gus Grissom and John Young).
1956
Pakistan becomes the first Islamic republic in the world. This date is now celebrated as Republic Day in Pakistan.
1940
The Lahore Resolution (Qarardad-e-Pakistan or Qarardad-e-Lahore) is put forward at the Annual General Convention of the All-India Muslim League.
1939
The Hungarian air force attacks the headquarters of the Slovak air force in Spišská Nová Ves, killing 13 people and beginning the Slovak-Hungarian War.
1935
Signing of the Constitution of the Commonwealth of the Philippines.
1933
The Reichstag passes the Enabling Act of 1933, making Adolf Hitler dictator of Germany.
1931
Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru and Sukhdev Thapar are hanged for the killing of a deputy superintendent of police during the Indian struggle for independence.
1919
In Milan, Italy, Benito Mussolini founds his Fascist political movement.
1918
First World War: On the third day of the German Spring Offensive, the 10th Battalion of the Royal West Kent Regiment is annihilated with many of the men becoming prisoners of war
1909
Theodore Roosevelt leaves New York for a post-presidency safari in Africa. The trip is sponsored by the Smithsonian Institution and National Geographic Society.
1905
Eleftherios Venizelos calls for Crete's union with Greece, and begins what is to be known as the Theriso revolt.
1901
Emilio Aguinaldo, only President of the First Philippine Republic, was captured at Palanan, Isabela by the forces of General Frederick Funston.
1889
The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community is established by Mirza Ghulam Ahmad in Qadian, British India.
1888
In England, The Football League, the world's oldest professional association football league, meets for the first time.
1885
Sino-French War: Chinese victory in the Battle of Phu Lam Tao near Hưng Hóa, northern Vietnam.
1879
War of the Pacific: The Battle of Topáter, the first battle of the war is fought between Chile and the joint forces of Bolivia and Peru.
1868
The University of California is founded in Oakland, California when the Organic Act is signed into law.
1862
American Civil War - The First Battle of Kernstown, Virginia, marks the start of Stonewall Jackson's Valley Campaign. Although a Confederate defeat, the engagement distracts Federal efforts to capture Richmond.
1857
Elisha Otis's first elevator is installed at 488 Broadway New York City.
1848
The ship John Wickliffe arrives at Port Chalmers carrying the first Scottish settlers for Dunedin, New Zealand. Otago province is founded.
1821
Greek War of Independence: Battle and fall of city of Kalamata.
1806
After traveling through the Louisiana Purchase and reaching the Pacific Ocean, explorers Lewis and Clark and their "Corps of Discovery" begin their arduous journey home.
1801
Tsar Paul I of Russia is struck with a sword, then strangled, and finally trampled to death inside his bedroom at St. Michael's Castle.
1775
American Revolutionary War: Patrick Henry delivers his speech - "Give me liberty, or give me death!" - at St. John's Episcopal Church, Richmond, Virginia.
1708
James Francis Edward Stuart lands at the Firth of Forth as part of the planned French invasion of Britain.
1568
The Peace of Longjumeau is signed, ending the second phase of the French Wars of Religion.
1540
Waltham Abbey is surrendered to King Henry VIII of England; the last religious community to be closed during the Dissolution of the Monasteries.
1400
The Trần dynasty of Vietnam is deposed, after one hundred and seventy-five years of rule, by Hồ Quý Ly, a court official.

Births On This Day

1996
Alexander Albon, Thai-British racing driver
1995
Kevin Kauber, Estonian footballer
1995
Jan Lisiecki, Canadian pianist
1995
Ozan Tufan, Turkish footballer
1994
Nick Powell, English footballer
1993
Kyle Lovett, Australian rugby league player
1993
Aytaç Kara, Turkish footballer
1992
Tolga Ciğerci, German-Turkish footballer
1992
Morgan Evans, Welsh rugby league player
1992
Kyrie Irving, Australian-American basketball player
1991
Gregg Wylde, Scottish footballer
1990
Jaime Alguersuari, Spanish race car driver
1990
Robert Zickert, German footballer
1989
Nikola Gulan, Serbian footballer
1989
Luis Fernando Silva, Mexican footballer
1989
Ayesha Curry, Canadian-American chef, author and television personality
1988
Dellin Betances, American baseball player
1988
Jason Kenny, English cyclist
1988
Michal Neuvirth, Czech ice hockey player
1987
Alan Toovey, Australian footballer
1986
Patrick Bordeleau, Canadian ice hockey player
1986
Andrea Dovizioso, Italian motorcycle racer
1986
Brett Eldredge, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
1986
Kangana Ranaut, Indian actress
1985
Maurice Jones-Drew, American football player
1985
Bethanie Mattek-Sands, American tennis player
1984
Ryan Araña, Filipino basketball player
1984
Brandon Marshall, American football player
1983
Hakan Balta, Turkish footballer
1983
Mo Farah, Somali-English runner
1983
Sascha Riether, German footballer
1983
Jerome Thomas, English footballer
1982
José Contreras Arrau, Chilean footballer
1982
Andrea Musacco, Italian footballer
1982
Evgeni Striganov, Estonian ice dancer
1981
Erin Crocker, American race car driver
1981
Tony Peña, Jr., Dominican baseball player
1981
Shelley Rudman, English bobsledder
1981
Giuseppe Sculli, Italian footballer
1981
Brett Young, American country music singer
1980
Russell Howard, English comedian
1979
Mark Buehrle, American baseball player
1979
Donncha O'Callaghan, Irish rugby player
1978
Simon Gärdenfors, Swedish illustrator
1978
Walter Samuel, Argentinian footballer
1977
Miklos Perlus, Canadian actor and screenwriter
1976
Jayson Blair, American journalist and author
1976
Chris Hoy, Scottish cyclist and race car driver
1976
Smriti Irani, Indian actress, producer and politician, Indian Minister of Human Resource Development
1976
Dougie Lampkin, English motorcycle racer
1976
Michelle Monaghan, American actress
1976
Jeremy Newberry, American football player
1976
Joel Peralta, Dominican baseball player
1976
Keri Russell, American actress
1976
Ricardo Zonta, Brazilian race car driver
1976
Sa Beining, Chinese host
1975
Burak Gürpınar, Turkish drummer
1974
Randall Park, American actor, director and screenwriter
1973
Jerzy Dudek, Polish footballer
1973
Wim Eyckmans, Belgian race car driver
1973
Jason Kidd, American basketball player and coach
1972
Jonas Björkman, Swedish-Monégasque tennis player and coach
1972
Joe Calzaghe, Welsh boxer
1972
Judith Godrèche, French actress and author
1971
Yasmeen Ghauri, Canadian model
1971
Gail Porter, Scottish model and television host
1971
Alexander Selivanov, Russian ice hockey player
1971
Hiroyoshi Tenzan, Japanese wrestler
1968
Damon Albarn, English singer-songwriter, producer and actor
1968
Mike Atherton, English cricketer and journalist
1968
Mitch Cullin, American author
1968
Fernando Hierro, Spanish footballer and manager
1968
Pierre Palmade, French actor and screenwriter
1966
Lorenzo Daniel, American sprinter
1966
Vasilis Vouzas, Greek footballer and manager
1965
Gary Whitehead, American poet and painter
1964
Hope Davis, American actress
1963
Míchel, Spanish footballer and manager
1963
Juan Ramón López Caro, Spanish footballer and manager
1963
Ana Fidelia Quirot, Cuban runner
1962
Steve Redgrave, English rower
1961
Roger Crisp, English philosopher and academic
1961
Craig Green, New Zealand rugby player
1961
Helmi Johannes, Indonesian journalist and producer
1960
Nicol Stephen, Baron Stephen, Scottish lawyer and politician, 2nd Deputy First Minister of Scotland
1959
Catherine Keener, American actress
1958
Etienne De Wilde, Belgian cyclist
1958
Bengt-Åke Gustafsson, Swedish ice hockey player and coach
1958
Hugh Grant, Scottish business executive
1957
Lucio Gutiérrez, Ecuadorian politician, 52nd President of Ecuador
1957
Robbie James, Welsh footballer and manager (d. 1998)
1957
Amanda Plummer, American actress
1956
José Manuel Barroso, Portuguese academic and politician, 115th Prime Minister of Portugal
1956
Andrew Mitchell, English soldier and politician, Secretary of State for International Development
1956
Jeremy Wade, English biologist and author
1955
Moses Malone, American basketball player and sportscaster (d. 2015)
1954
Geno Auriemma, Italian-American basketball player and coach
1954
Kenneth Cole, American fashion designer, founded Kenneth Cole Productions
1953
Bo Díaz, Venezuelan baseball player (d. 1990)
1953
Chaka Khan, American singer-songwriter
1953
Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw, Indian zoologist and businesswoman
1952
Francesco Clemente, Italian painter and illustrator
1952
Kent Lambert, New Zealand rugby player
1952
Kim Stanley Robinson, American author
1952
Rex Tillerson, American businessman, engineer and diplomat; 69th United States Secretary of State
1951
Ron Jaworski, American football player and sportscaster
1951
Adrian Reynard, English businessman, founded Reynard Motorsport
1950
Corinne Cléry, French actress
1950
Phil Lanzon, English keyboard player and songwriter
1950
Ahdaf Soueif, Egyptian author and translator
1949
Ric Ocasek, American singer-songwriter, guitarist and producer
1948
Wasim Bari, Pakistani cricketer
1948
Marie Malavoy, German-Canadian educator and politician
1947
Elizabeth Ann Scarborough, American author
1946
Alan Bleasdale, English screenwriter and producer
1945
Franco Battiato, Italian singer-songwriter and director
1945
David Grisman, American mandolin player and composer
1944
B. P. Gavrilov, Russian rugby player (d. 2006)
1944
Tony McPhee, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
1944
Michael Nyman, English composer of minimalist music and pianist
1943
Andrew Crockett, Scottish-English economist and banker (d. 2012)
1943
Lee May, American baseball player and coach
1943
Sharon Presley, American author and academic
1943
Nils-Aslak Valkeapää, Finnish singer, author and director (d. 2001)
1942
Michael Haneke, Austrian director, producer and screenwriter
1942
Jimmy Miller, American record producer and musician (d. 1994)
1942
Walter Rodney, Guyanese historian, scholar and activist (d. 1980)
1939
Robin Herd, English engineer and businessman
1939
Terry Paine, English footballer
1938
Jon Finlayson, Australian actor and screenwriter (d. 2012)
1937
Craig Breedlove, American race car driver
1937
Tony Burton, American actor, comedian, boxer and American football player (d. 2016)
1937
Robert Gallo, American physician and academic
1936
Jannis Kounellis, Greek painter and sculptor
1935
Barry Cryer, English comedian, actor and screenwriter
1934
Ludvig Faddeev, Russian mathematician and physicist
1934
Mark Rydell, American actor, director and producer
1933
Norman Bailey, English opera singer and educator
1933
Philip Zimbardo, American psychologist and academic
1932
Don Marshall, Canadian ice hockey player
1931
Yevgeny Grishin, Russian speed skater (d. 2005)
1931
Viktor Korchnoi, Russian chess player and author (d. 2016)
1931
Yevdokiya Mekshilo, Russian skier (d. 2013)
1929
Roger Bannister, English runner, neurologist and academic (d. 2018)
1929
Michael Manser, English architect and engineer (d. 2016)
1925
David Watkin, English cinematographer (d. 2008)
1924
Rodney Mims Cook, Sr., American lieutenant and politician (d. 2013)
1924
Bette Nesmith Graham, American inventor, invented Liquid Paper (d. 1980)
1924
Olga Kennard, English crystallographer and academic
1924
John Madin, English architect (d. 2012)
1923
Angelo Ingrassia, American soldier and judge (d. 2013)
1922
Marty Allen, American comedian and actor (d. 2018)
1922
Ugo Tognazzi, Italian actor (d. 1990)
1921
Donald Campbell, English race car driver (d. 1967)
1921
Peter Lawler, Australian public servant (d. 2017)
1920
Neal Edward Smith, American pilot, lawyer and politician
1920
Tetsuharu Kawakami, Japanese baseball player and manager (d. 2013)
1919
Carl Graffunder, American architect and educator (d. 2013)
1918
Stanley Armour Dunham, American sergeant (d. 1992)
1918
Helene Hale, American politician (d. 2013)
1918
Naoki Kazu, Japanese football player (d.1940s)
1917
Harry Cranbrook Allen, English historian (d. 1998)
1915
Mary Innes-Ker, Duchess of Roxburghe (d. 2014)
1915
Vasily Zaytsev, Russian captain (d. 1991)
1914
Milbourne Christopher, American magician and author (d. 1984)
1913
Abidin Dino, Turko-French painter and illustrator (d. 1993)
1912
Eleanor Cameron, Canadian-American author and critic (d. 1996)
1912
Neil McCorkell, English-South African cricketer and coach (d. 2013)
1912
Wernher von Braun, German-American physicist and engineer (d. 1977)
1910
Jerry Cornes, English runner, colonial officer and educator (d. 2001)
1910
Akira Kurosawa, Japanese director, producer and screenwriter (d. 1998)
1909
Charles Werner, American cartoonist (d. 1997)
1907
Daniel Bovet, Swiss-Italian pharmacologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1992)
1905
Lale Andersen, German chanson singer-songwriter (d. 1972)
1904
Joan Crawford, American film actress (d. 1977)
1903
Frank Sargeson, New Zealand's foremost short story writers (d. 1982)
1901
Bon Maharaja, Indian guru and religious writer (d. 1982)
1900
Erich Fromm, German psychologist and sociologist (d. 1980)
1899
Dora Gerson, German actress and singer (d. 1943)
1898
Louis Adamic, Slovenian-American author, translator and politician (d. 1951)
1898
Madeleine de Bourbon-Busset, Duchess of Parma (d. 1984)
1895
Encarnacion Alzona, Filipino historian and educator (d. 2001)
1895
Dane Rudhyar, French-American astrologer, author and composer (d. 1985)
1894
Arthur Grimsdell, English footballer and cricketer (d. 1963)
1893
Cedric Gibbons, Irish-American art director and production designer (d. 1960)
1893
Gopalswamy Doraiswamy Naidu, Indian engineer and businessman (d. 1974)
1891
Po Kya, Burmese author and educationist (d. 1942)
1887
Josef Čapek, Czech painter and poet (d. 1945)
1887
Rudolf Kinau, German author (d. 1975)
1887
Juan Gris, Spanish painter and sculptor (d. 1927)
1887
Sidney Hillman, Lithuanian-born American labor leader (d. 1946)
1886
Frank Irons, American long jumper (d. 1942)
1885
Platt Adams, American jumper and politician (d. 1961)
1884
Joseph Boxhall, English sailor (d. 1967)
1882
Emmy Noether, Jewish German-American mathematician, physicist and academic (d. 1935)
1881
Lacey Hearn, American sprinter (d. 1969)
1881
Roger Martin du Gard, French novelist and paleographer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1958)
1881
Hermann Staudinger, German chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1965)
1880
Heikki Ritavuori, Finnish lawyer and politician, Finnish Minister of the Interior (d. 1922)
1878
Franz Schreker, Austrian composer and conductor (d. 1934)
1876
Ziya Gökalp, Turkish sociologist, poet and activist (d. 1924)
1876
Thakin Kodaw Hmaing, Burmese poet, writer and political leader (d. 1964)
1874
Grantley Goulding, English hurdler (d. 1947)
1874
J. C. Leyendecker, German-American painter and illustrator (d. 1951)
1872
Michael Joseph Savage, Australian-New Zealand union leader and politician, 23rd Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 1940)
1869
Emilio Aguinaldo, Filipino general and politician, 1st President of the Philippines (d. 1964)
1869
Calouste Gulbenkian, Turkish-Armenian businessman and philanthropist (d. 1955)
1868
Dietrich Eckart, German journalist and politician (d. 1923)
1862
Nathaniel Reed, American criminal (d. 1950)
1858
Ludwig Quidde, German activist and politician, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1941)
1842
Friedrich Amelung, Estonian-German historian, businessman and composer (d. 1909)
1842
Susan Jane Cunningham, American mathematician (d. 1921)
1838
Marie Adam-Doerrer, Swiss women's rights activist and unionist. (d. 1908)
1834
Julius Reubke, German pianist and composer (d. 1858)
1826
Ludwig Minkus, Austrian violinist and composer (d. 1917)
1823
Schuyler Colfax, American journalist and politician, 17th Vice President of the United States (d. 1885)
1769
Augustin Daniel Belliard, French general and diplomat (d. 1832)
1769
William Smith, English geologist and cartographer (d. 1839)
1754
Jurij Vega, Slovene mathematician, physicist and artillery officer (d. 1802)
1750
Johannes Matthias Sperger, Austrian bassist and composer (d. 1812)
1749
Pierre-Simon Laplace, French mathematician and astronomer (d. 1827)
1732
Princess Marie Adélaïde of France (d. 1800)
1699
John Bartram, American botanist and explorer (d. 1777)
1643
Mary of Jesus de León y Delgado, Spanish Dominican lay sister and mystic (d. 1731)
1614
Jahanara Begum, Mughal princess (d. 1681)
1599
Thomas Selle, German composer (d. 1663)
1514
Lorenzino de' Medici, Italian writer and assassin (d. 1548)
1430
Margaret of Anjou (d. 1482)
1338
Emperor Go-Kōgon of Japan (d. 1374)

Deaths On This Day

2016
Joe Garagiola, Sr., American baseball player and sportscaster (b. 1926)
2016
Ken Howard, American actor (b. 1944)
2015
Gian Vittorio Baldi, Italian director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1930)
2015
Lee Kuan Yew, Singaporean lawyer and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Singapore (b. 1923)
2015
Bobby Lowther, American basketball player and lieutenant (b. 1923)
2015
Lil' Chris, English singer-songwriter, actor, and television personality (b. 1990)
2014
Dave Brockie, Canadian-American singer-songwriter and bass player (b. 1963)
2014
Jaroslav Šerých, Czech painter and illustrator (b. 1928)
2014
Adolfo Suárez, Spanish lawyer and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Spain (b. 1932)
2013
Boris Berezovsky, Russian-born Soviet-British mathematician and businessman (b. 1946)
2013
Onofre Corpuz, Filipino economist, historian, and academic (b. 1926)
2013
Virgil Trucks, American baseball player and coach (b. 1917)
2013
Joe Weider, Canadian-American bodybuilder and publisher, co-founded the International Federation of BodyBuilding & Fitness (b. 1919)
2012
Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed, Somalian politician, President of Somalia (b. 1934)
2012
Jim Duffy, American animator, director, and producer (b. 1937)
2012
Naji Talib, Iraqi politician, 52nd Prime Minister of Iraq (b. 1917)
2012
Lonnie Wright, American basketball and football player (b. 1945)
2011
Jean Bartik, American computer scientist and engineer (b. 1924)
2011
Elizabeth Taylor, American-British actress, socialite and humanitarian (b. 1932)
2009
Ghukas Chubaryan, Armenian sculptor (b. 1923)
2009
Raúl Macías, Mexican boxer and trainer (b. 1934)
2008
Vaino Vahing, Estonian psychiatrist, author, and playwright (b. 1940)
2007
Paul Cohen, American mathematician and theorist (b. 1934)
2007
Eric Medlen, American race car driver (b. 1973)
2006
David B. Bleak, American sergeant, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1932)
2006
Desmond Doss, American soldier, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1919)
2006
Cindy Walker, American singer-songwriter and dancer (b. 1918)
2004
Rupert Hamer, Australian soldier, lawyer, and politician, 39th Premier of Victoria (b. 1916)
2003
Fritz Spiegl, Austrian-English flute player and journalist (b. 1926)
2002
Eileen Farrell, American soprano (b. 1920)
2002
Ben Hollioake, Australian-English cricketer (b. 1977)
2001
Rowland Evans, American journalist (b. 1921)
2001
Margaret Jones, British archaeologist (b. 1916)
2001
Robert Laxalt, American author (b. 1923)
2001
David McTaggart, Canadian badminton player and environmentalist (b. 1932)
1999
Luis María Argaña, Paraguayan judge and politician, Vice President of Paraguay (b. 1932)
1999
Osmond Borradaile, Canadian director and cinematographer (b. 1898)
1995
Davie Cooper, Scottish footballer and coach (b. 1956)
1994
Luis Donaldo Colosio, Mexican economist and politician (b. 1950)
1994
Giulietta Masina, Italian actress (b. 1921)
1992
Friedrich Hayek, Austrian-German economist, philosopher, and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1899)
1992
Ron Lapointe, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1949)
1991
Parkash Singh, Indian soldier, Victoria Cross recipient (b. 1913)
1990
John Dexter, English director and producer (b. 1925)
1987
Olev Roomet, Estonian singer and violinist (b. 1901)
1985
Richard Beeching, Baron Beeching, English physicist and engineer (b. 1913)
1985
Peter Charanis, Greek-American scholar and educator (b. 1908)
1981
Beatrice Tinsley, English-New Zealand astronomer and cosmologist (b. 1941)
1981
Mike Hailwood, English motorcyclist (b. 1940)
1980
Arthur Melvin Okun, American economist and academic (b. 1928)
1979
Ted Anderson, English footballer (b. 1911)
1978
Haim Ernst Wertheimer, Israeli biochemist and academic (b. 1893)
1973
Bertram Stevens, Australian accountant and politician, 25th Premier of New South Wales (b. 1889)
1972
Cristóbal Balenciaga, Spanish fashion designer, founded Balenciaga (b. 1895)
1968
Edwin O'Connor, American journalist and author (b. 1918)
1965
Mae Murray, American actress, dancer, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1889)
1964
Peter Lorre, American actor (b. 1904)
1963
Thoralf Skolem, Norwegian mathematician and logician (b. 1887)
1961
Albert Bloch, American painter and educator (b. 1882)
1961
Jack Russell, English cricketer (b. 1887)
1960
Franklin Pierce Adams, American journalist and author (b. 1881)
1960
Said Nursî, Turkish theologian and scholar (b. 1878)
1955
Arthur Bernardes, Brazilian politician, 12th President of Brazil (b. 1875)
1953
Raoul Dufy, French painter and illustrator (b. 1877)
1953
Oskar Luts, Estonian author and playwright (b. 1887)
1931
Shivaram Rajguru, Indian activist (b. 1908)
1931
Bhagat Singh, Indian activist (b. 1907)
1931
Sukhdev Thapar, Indian activist (b. 1907)
1927
Paul César Helleu, French painter and etcher (b. 1859)
1923
Hovhannes Tumanyan, Armenian poet and author (b. 1869)
1914
Rafqa Pietra Choboq Ar-Rayès, Lebanese saint (b. 1832)
1910
Nadar, French photographer, journalist, and author (b. 1820)
1884
Henry C. Lord, American businessman (b. 1824)
1883
Arthur Macalister, Scottish-Australian politician, 2nd Premier of Queensland (b. 1818)
1842
Stendhal, French novelist (b. 1783)
1801
Paul I, Russian emperor (b. 1754)
1783
Charles Carroll, English barrister and politician (b. 1723)
1754
Johann Jakob Wettstein, Swiss theologian and critic (b. 1693)
1748
Johann Gottfried Walther, German organist and composer (b. 1684)
1747
Claude Alexandre de Bonneval, French general (b. 1675)
1742
Jean-Baptiste Dubos, French historian and author (b. 1670)
1680
Nicolas Fouquet, French politician (b. 1615)
1675
Anthoni van Noordt, Dutch organist and composer (b. 1619)
1629
Francis Fane, 1st Earl of Westmorland, English landowner and politician (b. 1580)
1618
James Hamilton, 1st Earl of Abercorn, Scottish police officer and politician (b. 1575)
1606
Justus Lipsius, Flemish philologist and scholar (b. 1547)
1596
Henry Unton, English diplomat (b. 1557)
1559
Gelawdewos, Ethiopian emperor (b. 1521)
1555
Julius III, pope of the Catholic Church (b. 1487)
1548
Itagaki Nobukata, Japanese samurai (b. 1489)
1483
Yolande, duchess of Lorraine (b. 1428)
1369
Peter, king of Castile and León (b. 1334)
1361
Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster, English politician, Lord High Steward of England (b. 1310)
1103
Eudes I, duke of Burgundy (b. 1058)
1022
Zhen Zong, Chinese emperor (b. 968)
851
Zhou Chi, Chinese historian and politician (b. 793)