On This Day in History: March 3
March 3 is the 62nd day of the year (63rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 303 days remain until the end of the year.
Top 25 Lottery Jackpots On This Day
- 1.$390 Million
Mar 6, 2007
- 2.$381 Million
Mar 6, 2019
- 3.$321 Million
Mar 3, 2018
- 4.$265 Million
Mar 6, 2018
- 5.$240 Million
Mar 4, 2014
- 6.$212 Million
Mar 3, 2009
- 7.$173 Million
Mar 5, 2008
- 8.$150 Million
Mar 4, 2000
- 9.$144 Million
Mar 4, 2016
- 10.$133 Million
Mar 5, 2010
- 11.€107.87 Million
Mar 3, 2018
- 12.€114.59 Million
Mar 5, 2019
- 13.$127 Million
Mar 6, 2012
- 14.€100 Million
Mar 6, 2009
- 15.$123 Million
Mar 6, 2013
- 16.$114 Million
Mar 3, 2010
- 17.$105 Million
Mar 3, 2007
- 17.$105 Million
Mar 4, 2011
- 19.$101.8 Million
Mar 4, 1995
- 20.$90 Million
Mar 4, 2015
- 20.$90 Million
Mar 4, 2020
- 22.€79 Million
Mar 3, 2015
- 23.$83 Million
Mar 3, 2017
- 24.€59 Million
Mar 4, 2011
- 25.$68 Million
Mar 4, 2017
Lottery Post Member Birthdays On This Day
Thursday, Mar 3, 1988
32 years old
Saturday, Mar 3, 1984
36 years old
Wednesday, Mar 3, 1982
38 years old
Saturday, Mar 3, 1979
41 years old
Thursday, Mar 3, 1977
43 years old
Thursday, Mar 3, 1977
43 years old
Sunday, Mar 3, 1974
46 years old
Sunday, Mar 3, 1974
46 years old
Monday, Mar 3, 1969
51 years old
Sunday, Mar 3, 1968
52 years old
Friday, Mar 3, 1967
53 years old
Sunday, Mar 3, 1963
57 years old
Wednesday, Mar 3, 1954
66 years old
Saturday, Mar 3, 1951
69 years old
Tuesday, Mar 3, 1931
89 years old
(year not provided)
(year not provided)
(year not provided)
Worldwide Events On This Day
- A bomb blast in Karachi, Pakistan, kills at least 45 people and injured 180 others in a predominately Shia Muslim area.
- James Roszko murders four Royal Canadian Mounted Police constables during a drug bust at his property in Rochfort Bridge, Alberta, then commits suicide. This is the deadliest peace-time incident for the RCMP since 1885 and the North-West Rebellion.
- Steve Fossett becomes the first person to fly an airplane non-stop around the world solo without refueling.
- Margaret Wilson is elected as Speaker of the New Zealand House of Representatives, beginning a period lasting until August 23, 2006 where all the highest political offices (including Elizabeth II as Head of State), were occupied by women, making New Zealand the first country for this to occur.
- An amateur video captures the beating of Rodney King by Los Angeles police officers.
- The Australia Act 1986 commences, causing Australia to become fully independent from the United Kingdom.
- Arthur Scargill declares that the National Union of Mineworkers' national executive voted to end the longest-running industrial dispute in Great Britain without any peace deal over pit closures.
- A magnitude 8.3 earthquake strikes the Valparaíso Region of Chile, killing 177 and leaving nearly a million people homeless.
- The USS Nautilus is decommissioned and stricken from the Naval Vessel Register.
- Turkish Airlines Flight 981 crashes at Ermenonville near Paris, France killing all 346 aboard.
- Mohawk Airlines Flight 405 crashes as a result of a control malfunction and insufficient training in emergency procedures.
- Apollo program: NASA launches Apollo 9 to test the lunar module.
- Nuri al-Said becomes Prime Minister of Iraq for the eighth time.
- A De Havilland Comet (Canadian Pacific Air Lines) crashes in Karachi, Pakistan, killing 11.
- Jackie Brenston, with Ike Turner and his band, records "Rocket 88", often cited as "the first rock and roll record", at Sam Phillips's recording studios in Memphis, Tennessee.
- World War II: American and Filipino troops recapture Manila.
- World War II: The RAF accidentally bombs the Bezuidenhout area of The Hague, Netherlands, killing 511 people.
- The Order of Nakhimov and Order of Ushakov are instituted in USSR as the highest naval awards.
- World War II: In London, 173 people are killed in a crush while trying to enter an air-raid shelter at Bethnal Green tube station.
- World War II: Ten Japanese warplanes raid Broome, Western Australia, killing more than 100 people.
- Five people are killed in an arson attack on the offices of the communist newspaper Flamman in Luleå, Sweden.
- In Bombay, Mohandas Gandhi begins a hunger strike in protest at the autocratic rule in British India.
- Oil is discovered in Saudi Arabia.
- The United States adopts The Star-Spangled Banner as its national anthem.
- The 407-year-old Islamic caliphate is abolished, when Caliph Abdülmecid II of the Ottoman Caliphate is deposed. The last remnant of the old regime gives way to the reformed Turkey of Kemal Atatürk.
- The Free State of Fiume is annexed by the Kingdom of Italy.
- TIME magazine is published for the first time.
- Russia signs the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, agreeing to withdraw from World War I, and conceding German control of the Baltic States, Belarus and Ukraine. It also conceded Turkish control of Ardahan, Kars and Batumi.
- Thousands of women march in a suffrage parade in Washington, D.C.
- Rockefeller Foundation: John D. Rockefeller Jr. announces his retirement from managing his businesses so that he can devote all his time to philanthropy.
- Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany becomes the first person to make a sound recording of a political document, using Thomas Edison's phonograph cylinder.
- Shoshone National Forest is established as the first national forest in the US and world.
- The American Telephone & Telegraph Company is incorporated in New York.
- The Russo-Turkish War ends with Bulgaria regaining its independence from the Ottoman Empire according to the Treaty of San Stefano; a few months afterwards the Congress of Berlin stripped its status to a vassal principality of the Ottoman Empire.
- Georges Bizet's opera Carmen receives its première at the Opéra-Comique in Paris.
- The first ever organized indoor game of ice hockey is played in Montreal, Quebec, Canada as recorded in the Montreal Gazette.
- Censorship in the United States: The U.S. Congress enacts the Comstock Law, making it illegal to send any "obscene, lewd, or lascivious" books through the mail.
- Opening of The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation, the founding member of the HSBC Group.
- Alexander II of Russia signs the Emancipation Manifesto, freeing serfs.
- The two-day Great Slave Auction, the largest such auction in United States history, concludes.
- Second Opium War: France and the United Kingdom declare war on China.
- The Territory of Minnesota was created.
- Florida is admitted as the 27th U.S. state.
- The U.S. Congress passes the Missouri Compromise.
- The Russo-Ottoman siege of Corfu ends with the surrender of the French garrison.
- American Revolutionary War: The Continental Army is routed at the Battle of Brier Creek near Savannah, Georgia.
- American Revolutionary War: The first amphibious landing of the United States Marine Corps begins the Battle of Nassau.
- The Olympic Theatre, designed by Andrea Palladio, is inaugurated in Vicenza.
- Mughal Emperor Akbar defeats Sultan of Bengal Daud Khan Karrani's army at the Battle of Tukaroi.
- Empress Genshō abdicates the throne in favor of her nephew Shōmu who becomes emperor of Japan.
- Gundobad (nephew of Ricimer) nominates Glycerius as emperor of the Western Roman Empire.
Births On This Day
- Jayson Tatum, American basketball player
- Camila Cabello, Cuban-American singer
- Umika Kawashima, Japanese singer and actress
- Gabriela Cé, Brazilian tennis player
- Nicole Gibbs, American tennis player
- James Roberts, Australian rugby league player
- Anri Sakaguchi, Japanese actress
- Cho-rong, South Korean singer
- Vladimir Janković, Greek-Serbian basketball player
- Erwin Mulder, Dutch footballer
- Teodora Mirčić, Serbian tennis player
- Michael Morrison, English footballer
- Jan-Arie van der Heijden, Dutch footballer
- Max Waller, English cricketer
- Jesús Padilla, Mexican footballer
- Shraddha Kapoor, Indian actress, singer, and designer
- Jed Collins, American football player
- Stacie Orrico, American singer-songwriter
- Mehmet Topal, Turkish footballer
- Sam Morrow, Northern Irish footballer
- Valerio Bernabò, Italian rugby player
- Santonio Holmes, American football player
- Alexander Semin, Russian ice hockey player
- Ashley Hansen, Australian footballer
- Sarah Poewe, South African swimmer
- Jessica Biel, American actress, singer, and producer
- Colton Orr, Canadian ice hockey player
- Tolu Ogunlesi, Nigerian journalist, writer
- Brent Tate, Australian rugby league player
- David Bailey, American basketball player
- Tobias Forge, Swedish musician
- Julius Malema, South African politician
- Emmanuel Pappoe, Ghanaian footballer
- Mason Unck, American football player
- Albert Jorquera, Spanish footballer
- Matt Diaz, American baseball player
- Ronan Keating, Irish singer-songwriter and actor
- Stéphane Robidas, Canadian ice hockey player
- Buddy Valastro, American chef and television host
- Fraser Gehrig, Australian footballer
- Isabel Granada, Filipino-Spanish actress (d. 2017)
- Keit Pentus-Rosimannus, Estonian politician, 28th Estonian Minister of Foreign Affairs
- David Faustino, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
- Xavier Bettel, Luxembourger lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of Luxembourg
- Matthew Marsden, English actor and martial artist
- Darren Anderton, English footballer and sportscaster
- Charlie Brooker, English journalist, producer, and author
- Tyler Florence, American chef and author
- Julie Bowen, American actress
- Inzamam-ul-Haq, Pakistani cricketer and coach
- Brian Cox, English keyboard player and physicist
- Brian Leetch, American ice hockey player
- Tone Lōc, American rapper, producer, and actor
- Timo Tolkki, Finnish guitarist, songwriter, and producer
- Dragan Stojković, Serbian footballer and manager
- Raúl Alcalá, Mexican cyclist
- Laura Harring, Mexican-American model and actress, Miss USA 1985
- Glenn Kulka, Canadian ice hockey player and wrestler
- Martín Fiz, Spanish runner
- Khaltmaagiin Battulga, 5th President of Mongolia
- Glen E. Friedman, American photographer
- Jackie Joyner-Kersee, American heptathlete and long jumper
- Herschel Walker, American football player and mixed martial artist
- Mary Page Keller, American actress and producer
- John Matteson, American biographer
- Perry McCarthy, English race car driver
- Fatima Whitbread, English javelin thrower
- Neal Heaton, American baseball player and coach
- Ira Glass, American radio host and producer
- Duško Vujošević, Montenegrin basketball player and coach
- Miranda Richardson, English actress
- Stephen Budiansky, American historian, journalist, and author
- Thom Hoffman, Dutch actor and photographer
- Zbigniew Boniek, Polish footballer and manager
- John Fulton Reid, New Zealand cricketer
- Darnell Williams, English-American actor and director
- Keith Fergus, American golfer
- John Lilley, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
- Édouard Lock, Moroccan-Canadian dancer and choreographer
- Robyn Hitchcock, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
- Zico, Brazilian footballer and coach
- Rudy Fernandez, Filipino actor and producer (d. 2008)
- Andy Murray, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
- Heizō Takenaka, Japanese economist and politician
- Ron Chernow, American historian, journalist, and author
- Bonnie J. Dunbar, American engineer, academic, and astronaut
- Jesse Jefferson, American baseball player (d. 2011)
- Snowy White, English guitarist
- Clifton Snider, American author, poet, and critic
- Jennifer Warnes, American singer-songwriter and producer
- John Virgo, English snooker player and sportscaster
- George Miller, Australian director, producer, and screenwriter
- Hattie Winston, American actress
- Mike Pender, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
- Germán Castro Caycedo, Colombian author and journalist
- Perry Ellis, American fashion designer, founded Perry Ellis (d. 1986)
- Jean-Paul Proust, French-Monacan police officer and politician, 21st Minister of State of Monaco (d. 2010)
- Owen Spencer-Thomas, English minister and journalist
- Larry Burkett, American author and radio host (d. 2003)
- M. L. Jaisimha, Indian cricketer (d. 1999)
- Mal Anderson, Australian tennis player
- Michael Walzer, American philosopher and academic
- Zhelyu Zhelev, Bulgarian philosopher and politician, 2nd President of Bulgaria (d. 2015)
- Peter Brooke, Baron Brooke of Sutton Mandeville, English politician, Secretary of State for Northern Ireland
- Jimmy Garrison, American bassist and educator (d. 1976)
- Ion Iliescu, Romanian engineer and politician, 2nd President of Romania
- Pierre Aubert, Swiss lawyer and politician (d. 2016)
- James Merrill, American poet and playwright (d. 1995)
- Tomiichi Murayama, Japanese soldier and politician, 52nd Prime Minister of Japan
- Barney Martin, American police officer and actor (d. 2005)
- Doc Watson, American bluegrass singer-songwriter and musician (d. 2012)
- Nándor Hidegkuti, Hungarian footballer and manager (d. 2002)
- Diana Barrymore, American actress (d. 1960)
- Julius Boros, American golfer and accountant (d. 1994)
- James Doohan, Canadian-American actor and soldier (d. 2005)
- Ronald Searle, English-French soldier and illustrator (d. 2011)
- Arthur Kornberg, American biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2007)
- Sameera Moussa, Egyptian physicist and academic (d. 1952)
- Paul Halmos, Hungarian-American mathematician (d. 2006)
- Asger Jorn, Danish painter and sculptor (d. 1973)
- Margaret Bonds, American pianist and composer (d. 1972)
- Harold J. Stone, American actor (d. 2005)
- Jean Harlow, American actress (d. 1937)
- Hugues Lapointe, Canadian lawyer and politician, 22nd Lieutenant Governor of Quebec (d. 1982)
- Artur Lundkvist, Swedish poet and critic (d. 1991)
- Vasily Kozlov, Belarusian general and politician (d. 1967)
- Claude Choules, English-Australian soldier (d. 2011)
- Edna Best, British stage and film actress, appeared on early television in 1938 (d. 1974)
- Ruby Dandridge, African-American film and radio actress (d. 1987)
- Emil Artin, Austrian-German mathematician and academic (d. 1962)
- Ragnar Frisch, Norwegian economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1973)
- Matthew Ridgway, American general (d. 1993)
- Beatrice Wood, American illustrator and potter (d. 1998)
- Damaskinos of Athens, Greek archbishop (d. 1949)
- Lincoln J. Beachey, American pilot (d. 1915)
- Cyril Burt, English psychologist and geneticist (d. 1971)
- Paul Marais de Beauchamp, French zoologist (d. 1977)
- Elisabeth Abegg, German anti-Nazi resistance fighter (d. 1974)
- Charles Ponzi, Italian businessman (d. 1949)
- Florence Auer, American actress and screenwriter (d. 1962)
- Yōsuke Matsuoka, Japanese politician, Japanese Minister of Foreign Affairs (d. 1946)
- William Green, American union leader and politician (d. 1952)
- Maurice Garin, Italian-French cyclist (d. 1957)
- Henry Wood, English conductor (d. 1944)
- Émile Chartier, French philosopher and journalist (d. 1951)
- Fred A. Busse, American lawyer and politician, 39th Mayor of Chicago (d. 1914)
- John Montgomery Ward, American baseball player and manager (d. 1925)
- Alexander Graham Bell, Scottish-American engineer and academic, invented the telephone (d. 1922)
- Georg Cantor, Russian-German mathematician and philosopher (d. 1918)
- John Murray, Canadian-Scottish oceanographer and biologist (d. 1914)
- Jamsetji Tata, Indian businessman, founded Tata Group (d. 1904)
- George Pullman, American engineer and businessman, founded the Pullman Company (d. 1897)
- Shiranui Kōemon, Japanese sumo wrestler (d. 1879)
- Gustave de Molinari, Dutch-Belgian economist and theorist (d. 1912)
- William James Blacklock, English-Scottish painter (d. 1858)
- Jonas Furrer, Swiss politician (d. 1861)
- Thomas Field Gibson, English manufacturer who aided the welfare of the Spitalfields silk weavers (d. 1889)
- Heinrich Georg Bronn, German geologist and paleontologist (d. 1862)
- William Macready, English actor and manager (d. 1873)
- Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (d. 1841)
- William Godwin, English journalist and author (d. 1836)
- Madeleine de Verchères, Canadian rebel leader (d. 1747)
- Thomas Otway, English playwright and author (d. 1685)
- Edmund Waller, English poet and politician (d. 1687)
- Gisbertus Voetius, Dutch minister, theologian, and academic (d. 1676)
- Edward Herbert, 1st Baron Herbert of Cherbury, English-Welsh soldier, historian, and diplomat (d. 1648)
- Matthias Flacius, Croatian theologian and reformer (d. 1575)
- Luís of Portugal, Duke of Beja (d. 1555)
- John II of Portugal (d. 1495)
- Ascanio Sforza, Catholic cardinal (d. 1505)
Deaths On This Day
- Peter Hurford OBE, British organist and composer (b. 1930)
- Roger Bannister, English middle-distance athlete, first man to run a four-minute mile (b. 1929)
- David Ogden Stiers, American actor, voice actor and musician (b. 1942)
- René Préval, Haitian politician (b. 1943)
- Hayabusa, Japanese wrestler (b. 1968)
- Berta Cáceres, Honduran environmentalist (b. 1973)
- Martin Crowe, New Zealand cricketer and sportscaster (b. 1962)
- Thanat Khoman, Thai politician and diplomat, Deputy Prime Minister of Thailand (b. 1914)
- Ernest Braun, Austrian-English physicist and academic (b. 1925)
- M. Stanton Evans, American journalist and author (b. 1934)
- Robert Ashley, American soldier and composer (b. 1930)
- Sherwin B. Nuland, American surgeon, author, and educator (b. 1930)
- William R. Pogue, American colonel, pilot, and astronaut (b. 1930)
- Don Shows, American football player and coach (b. 1940)
- Luis Cubilla, Uruguayan footballer and manager (b. 1940)
- Bobby Rogers, American singer-songwriter (b. 1940)
- Ralph McQuarrie, American conceptual designer and illustrator (b. 1929)
- Ronnie Montrose, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer (b. 1947)
- Alex Webster, American football player and coach (b. 1931)
- May Cutler, Canadian journalist, author, and politician (b. 1923)
- Keith Alexander, English footballer and manager (b. 1956)
- Michael Foot, English journalist and politician, Secretary of State for Employment (b. 1913)
- Gilbert Parent, Canadian educator and politician, 33rd Speaker of the House of Commons of Canada (b. 1935)
- Giuseppe Di Stefano, Italian tenor and actor (b. 1921)
- Norman Smith, English drummer and producer (b. 1923)
- Osvaldo Cavandoli, Italian cartoonist (b. 1920)
- Ivor Cutler, Scottish poet and songwriter (b. 1923)
- Else Fisher, Australian-Swedish dancer, choreographer, and director (b. 1918)
- William Herskovic, Hungarian-American humanitarian (b. 1914)
- Max Fisher, American businessman and philanthropist (b. 1928)
- Horst Buchholz, German actor (b. 1933)
- Luis Marden, American linguist, photographer, and explorer (b. 1913)
- Goffredo Petrassi, Italian composer and conductor (b. 1904)
- G. M. C. Balayogi, Indian lawyer and politician, 12th Speaker of the Lok Sabha (b. 1951)
- Louis Edmonds, American actor (b. 1923)
- Eugene Sledge, American soldier, author, and academic (b. 1923)
- Toni Ortelli, Italian composer and conductor (b. 1904)
- Gerhard Herzberg, German-Canadian chemist and astronomer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1904)
- Lee Philips, American actor and director (b. 1927)
- Fred W. Friendly, American journalist and broadcaster (b. 1915)
- Marguerite Duras, French author and director (b. 1914)
- John Krol, American cardinal (b. 1910)
- Howard W. Hunter, American religious leader, 14th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1907)
- John Edward Williams, American author and academic (b. 1922)
- Mel Bradford, American author and critic (b. 1934)
- Carlos Marcello, Tunisian-American mob boss (b. 1910)
- Carlos Montoya, Spanish guitarist and composer (b. 1903)
- Albert Sabin, Polish-American physician and virologist (b. 1906)
- Arthur Murray, American dancer and educator (b. 1895)
- William Penney, Baron Penney, Gibraltar-born English mathematician, physicist, and academic (b. 1909)
- Charlotte Moore Sitterly, American astronomer (b. 1898)
- Henryk Szeryng, Polish-Mexican violinist and composer (b. 1918)
- Sewall Wright, American biologist and geneticist (b. 1889)
- Danny Kaye, American actor, singer, and dancer (b. 1911)
- Hergé, Belgian author and illustrator (b. 1907)
- Firaq Gorakhpuri, Indian poet and critic (b. 1896)
- Georges Perec, French author and screenwriter (b. 1936)
- Rebecca Lancefield, American microbiologist and researcher (b. 1895)
- Joseph Fields, American playwright, director, and producer (b. 1895)
- William Frawley, American actor and vaudevillian (b. 1887)
- Alice Pearce, American actress (b. 1917)
- Paul Wittgenstein, Austrian-American pianist (b. 1887)
- Lou Costello, American actor and comedian (b. 1906)
- George Thompson, English cricketer and umpire (b. 1877)
- Eugen d'Albert, Scottish-German pianist and composer (b. 1864)
- Katharine Wright, American educator (b. 1874)
- Mikhail Artsybashev, Ukrainian author and playwright (b. 1878)
- J. G. Parry-Thomas, Welsh race car driver and engineer (b. 1884)
- Antonio Annetto Caruana, Maltese archaeologist and author (b. 1830)
- George Gilman, American businessman, founded The Great Atlantic & Pacific Tea Company (b. 1826)
- Ned Williamson, American baseball player (b. 1857)
- Oliver Cowdery, American religious leader (b. 1806)
- Robert Adam, Scottish-English architect and politician, designed the Culzean Castle (b. 1728)
- Nicola Porpora, Italian composer and educator (b. 1686)
- William Stukeley, English archaeologist and historian (b. 1687)
- Jean Barbeyrac, French scholar and jurist (b. 1674)
- Johann Pachelbel, German organist and composer (b. 1653)
- Robert Hooke, English architect and philosopher (b. 1635)
- Chhatrapati Rajaram, 3rd Chhatrapati of Maratha Empire (b. 1670)
- Matthias de l'Obel, Flemish physician and botanist (b. 1538)
- William Douglas, 10th Earl of Angus, Scottish nobleman (b. 1552)
- Clement VIII, pope of the Catholic Church (b. 1536)
- Michael Coxcie, Flemish painter (b. 1499)
- Henry XI, duke of Legnica (b. 1539)
- Sebastiano Venier, doge of Venice (b. 1496)
- Michael Kantakouzenos Şeytanoğlu, Ottoman Greek magnate
- John Frederick I, Elector of Saxony (b. 1503)
- Arthur Plantagenet, 1st Viscount Lisle, illegitimate son of Edward IV
- Ausiàs March, Catalan knight and poet (b. 1397)
- Hugh III, Italian nobleman
- Andrew Harclay, 1st Earl of Carlisle, English military leader
- Antony Bek, bishop of Durham
- Vladimir IV Rurikovich, Grand Prince of Kiev (b. 1187)
- Hugh de Puiset, bishop of Durham (b. c. 1125)
- Bohemond I, Italo-Norman nobleman (b. 1058)
- Abd al-Rahman Sanchuelo, Umayyad chief minister (b. 983)
- Winwaloe, founder of Landévennec Abbey (b. c. 460)