On This Day in History: November 18
November 18 is the 322nd day of the year (323rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 43 days remain until the end of the year.
Lottery News On This Day
- $49M Texas Mega Millions jackpot claimed by trust. The $49 million Mega Millions lottery jackpot won in Texas this past October was claimed this week by a trust, effectively keeping the real winner anonymous.
- Florida lawmakers move to allow lottery sales as gas pumps, ATMs. Florida legislators are moving forward with a bill that would allow lottery tickets to be sold anywhere you can swipe a credit card, including gas pumps and ATMs.
- Audit: Stores buying Michigan lottery tickets from players. Some Michigan stores that sell lottery tickets are hitting the jackpot by buying winning tickets from desperate players at a discount, according to auditors who are urging a crackdown on the illegal practice.
- $250 MILLION: Powerball lottery jackpot surges. There was no jackpot winner in the Saturday night drawing of the multi-state Powerball game, causing the grand prize to increase to an estimated $250 million for Wednesday's drawing.
- Georgia man turns trashed ticket into $250,000. A Georgia taco server won $250,000 after exchanging a trashed Mega Millions ticket worth $3 for three new tickets.
- N.Y. man will use lottery winnings for retirement. A $1 Sweet Million ticket paid off big for a Port Jervis, New York, father of two who won a $1 million jackpot.
- Arkansas lottery to sell Mega Millions tickets. The Arkansas Lottery Commission agreed Tuesday to sell Mega Millions tickets next year, making multi-state jackpots available to lottery participants four nights a week instead of two.~
- Clerk's error makes N.J. man a $100,000 winner. A Bridgeton, New Jersey, resident has a store clerk's error to thank for his purchase of a scratch-off lottery ticket worth $100,000.
- Tenn. Lottery CEO blames lagging sales on Powerball. Tennessee officials are hedging their bets on Powerball to lift the lottery out of a sales slump that could hurt revenue projections for education.
- Arkansas lottery bill is first legislation filed for 2009. The first bill filed in the 2009 legislative session Monday carried symbolic weight and political heft but was scanty on substance.
- Maryland Lottery to offer limited-run raffle-style game. The Maryland Lottery will join several other USA state lotteries this Christmas season by offering Countdown to Millions, a $20 raffle-style game.
- New Florida Lottery raffle will make 10 millionaires. The Florida Lottery's newest game could be just the ticket to brighten up someone's holiday season, but the game won't be for everyone. That's because if you wait too long to buy a ticket, you could be shut out of the game.
- Man who stole winning lottery ticket gets 5 years. After a judge on Friday sentenced Sam Grair to five years and four months in prison for stealing a lottery ticket worth $524,000, the prosecutor stated, "It is a deterrent to any store clerk that is in a position of trust so they won't do the same thing."
- Illinois woman wins $7 million lottery jackpot. Alberta James of Machesney Park, Illinois, will take some time off of her job as a mail carrier and enjoy the holidays in style after winning a $7 million Illinois Lotto jackpot.
- Huge Euro Millions lottery jackpot split 20 ways. With no single ticket holder matching all five main numbers and the two Lucky Star numbers, the £123 million (US$233 million, €182 million) Euro Millions jackpot, which had been rolled over for an 11th time, was shared between 20 people across Europe.
- Oregon Lottery winner goes to jail. A White City woman accused of using a dead woman's credit card to buy an Oregon Lottery ticket that won a $1 million prize has been jailed for violating her probation on a methamphetamine possession charge.
- Ex-legislator seeks to lead Texas Lottery. Talmadge Heflin, a once-powerful state legislator defeated last year by a political newcomer in a House race decided by 16 votes, has applied to become the Texas Lottery's next executive director.
- New N.C. Lottery chief says integrity of games is important. Chosen amid an ethical scandal involving lottery commissioners, the man picked yesterday as executive director of North Carolina's new lottery wasted no time promising games that will be run honorably, with low-key advertising.
- S.C. Lottery suspends sales due to computer glitch. South Carolina Lottery officials suspended sales of the Pick 3 and Pick 4 games Thursday after there was a problem upgrading software.
- $315M Mega Millions lottery winners stay on the job. A secretary and six laboratory workers at Kaiser Permanente in California held the winning ticket for the $315 million Mega Millions jackpot -- but they still came in to work, a company spokeswoman said.
- Indiana Resident Claims $12 Million Powerball Jackpot. A Muncie, Indiana man got the call of a lifetime recently when a store clerk told him that he won a $12.8 million Powerball jackpot.
- California Lottery Kicks Off Review. The California Lottery today posted to its Web site a request for proposal for its four-year, $100 million general market advertising account.
- Lottery may make early contract picks. The Tennessee lottery board is still on track with the Nov. 24 deadline to decide on contracts for gaming vendors.
Top 25 Lottery Jackpots On This Day
- 1.$333.5 Million
Nov 19, 2016
- 2.$250 Million
Nov 21, 2012
- 3.$192 Million
Nov 19, 2019
- 4.€162 Million
Nov 20, 2015
- 5.$165 Million
Nov 19, 2013
- 6.$149 Million
Nov 19, 2004
- 7.$139 Million
Nov 21, 2018
- 7.$139 Million
Nov 20, 2018
- 9.€123 Million
Nov 19, 2019
- 10.$120 Million
Nov 21, 2007
- 11.$119 Million
Nov 18, 2017
- 12.$106 Million
Nov 21, 2017
- 13.€90 Million
Nov 22, 2019
- 14.$83 Million
Nov 20, 2004
- 15.$82 Million
Nov 18, 2016
- 16.$80 Million
Nov 20, 2019
- 17.$78 Million
Nov 18, 2000
- 18.€66.04 Million
Nov 20, 2018
- 19.$73 Million
Nov 18, 2008
- 20.€60.44 Million
Nov 18, 2017
- 21.€60 Million
Nov 21, 2017
- 22.$70 Million
Nov 18, 2015
- 23.$60 Million
Nov 19, 2011
- 23.$60 Million
Nov 19, 2014
- 25.$53 Million
Nov 19, 2016
Lottery Post Member Birthdays On This Day
Wednesday, Nov 18, 1992
27 years old
Sunday, Nov 18, 1984
35 years old
Thursday, Nov 18, 1982
37 years old
Tuesday, Nov 18, 1980
39 years old
Tuesday, Nov 18, 1980
39 years old
Wednesday, Nov 18, 1970
49 years old
Thursday, Nov 18, 1965
54 years old
Wednesday, Nov 18, 1959
60 years old
Wednesday, Nov 18, 1959
60 years old
Thursday, Nov 18, 1954
65 years old
(year not provided)
Worldwide Events On This Day
- NASA launches the MAVEN probe to Mars.
- Pope Tawadros II of Alexandria becomes the 118th Pope of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria.
- In the United Kingdom, the Local Government Act 2003, repealing Section 28, becomes effective.
- The Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court rules 4-3 in Goodridge v. Department of Public Health that the state's ban on same-sex marriage is unconstitutional and gives the state legislature 180 days to change the law making Massachusetts the first state in the United States to grant marriage rights to same-sex couples.
- Iraq disarmament crisis: United Nations weapons inspectors led by Hans Blix arrive in Iraq.
- At Texas A&M University, the Aggie Bonfire collapses killing 12 students and injuring 27 others.
- A fire occurs on a train traveling through the Channel Tunnel from France to England causing several injuries and damaging approximately 500 metres (1,600 ft) of tunnel.
- In the United States, the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is approved by the House of Representatives.
- In South Africa, 21 political parties approve a new constitution, expanding voting rights and ending white minority rule.
- Shiite Muslim kidnappers in Lebanon release Anglican Church envoys Terry Waite and Thomas Sutherland.
- After an 87-day siege, the Croatian city of Vukovar capitulates to the besieging Yugoslav People's Army and allied Serb paramilitary forces.
- War on Drugs: U.S. President Ronald Reagan signs a bill into law allowing the death penalty for drug traffickers.
- King's Cross fire: In London, 31 people die in a fire at the city's busiest underground station, King's Cross St Pancras.
- In Jonestown, Guyana, Jim Jones led his Peoples Temple to a mass murder-suicide that claimed 918 lives in all, 909 of them in Jonestown itself, including over 270 children. Congressman Leo Ryan is murdered by members of the Peoples Temple hours earlier.
- Oman declares its independence from United Kingdom.
- U.S. President Richard Nixon asks the U.S. Congress for $155 million in supplemental aid for the Cambodian government.
- The first push-button telephone goes into service.
- United States President John F. Kennedy sends 18,000 military advisors to South Vietnam.
- The Iva Valley Shooting occurs after the coal miners of Enugu in Nigeria go on strike over withheld wages; 21 miners are shot dead and 51 are wounded by police under the supervision of the British colonial administration of Nigeria.
- The Ballantyne's Department Store fire in Christchurch, New Zealand, kills 41; it is the worst fire disaster in the history of New Zealand.
- The Popular Socialist Youth is founded in Cuba.
- World War II: Battle of Berlin: Four hundred and forty Royal Air Force planes bomb Berlin causing only light damage and killing 131. The RAF loses nine aircraft and 53 air crew.
- World War II: German leader Adolf Hitler and Italian Foreign Minister Galeazzo Ciano meet to discuss Benito Mussolini's disastrous Italian invasion of Greece.
- Grand Banks earthquake: Off the south coast of Newfoundland in the Atlantic Ocean, a Richter magnitude 7.2 submarine earthquake, centered on the Grand Banks, breaks 12 submarine transatlantic telegraph cables and triggers a tsunami that destroys many south coast communities in the Burin Peninsula.
- Release of the animated short Steamboat Willie, the first fully synchronized sound cartoon, directed by Walt Disney and Ub Iwerks, featuring the third appearances of cartoon characters Mickey Mouse and Minnie Mouse. This is considered by the Disney corporation to be Mickey's birthday.
- Latvia declares its independence from Russia.
- World War I: First Battle of the Somme: In France, British Expeditionary Force commander Douglas Haig calls off the battle which started on July 1, 1916.
- Two United States warships are sent to Nicaragua after 500 revolutionaries (including two Americans) are executed by order of José Santos Zelaya.
- Prince Carl of Denmark becomes King Haakon VII of Norway.
- The Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty is signed by the United States and Panama, giving the United States exclusive rights over the Panama Canal Zone.
- Britain and the United States sign the Hay-Pauncefote Treaty, which nullifies the Clayton-Bulwer Treaty and withdraws British objections to an American-controlled canal in Panama.
- American and Canadian railroads institute five standard continental time zones, ending the confusion of thousands of local times.
- Susan B. Anthony and 14 other women are arrested for voting illegally in the United States presidential election of 1872.
- Mark Twain's short story "The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County" is published in the New York Saturday Press.
- King Christian IX of Denmark signs the November constitution that declares Schleswig to be part of Denmark. This is seen by the German Confederation as a violation of the London Protocol and leads to the German-Danish war of 1864.
- Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Krasnoi ends in French defeat, but Marshal of France Michel Ney's leadership leads to him becoming known as "the bravest of the brave".
- In a naval action during the Napoleonic Wars, French frigates defeat British East Indiamen in the Bay of Bengal.
- The Battle of Vertières, the last major battle of the Haitian Revolution, is fought, leading to the establishment of the Republic of Haiti, the first black republic in the Western Hemisphere.
- The rebuilt debtors' prison, at the Castellania in Valletta, receives the first prisoners.
- The future Frederick II (known as Frederick the Great), King of Prussia, is granted a royal pardon and released from confinement.
- The new St Peter's Basilica is consecrated.
- Tiryaki Hasan Pasha, an Ottoman provincial governor, routs the Habsburg forces commanded by Ferdinand the Archduke of Austria during the Siege of Nagykanizsa.
- French King Charles VIII occupies Florence, Italy.
- Christopher Columbus first sights the island now known as Puerto Rico.
- A seawall at the Zuiderzee dike in the Netherlands breaks, flooding 72 villages and killing about 10,000 people. This event will be known as St Elizabeth's flood.
- Pope Boniface VIII issues the Papal bull Unam sanctam, claiming spiritual supremacy for the papacy.
- Pope Martin IV excommunicates King Peter III of Aragon.
- Pope Innocent III excommunicates Holy Roman Emperor Otto IV.
- Phillip II becomes king of France.
- Maginulfo is elected the Antipope as Sylvester IV.
- The Council of Clermont begins: called by Pope Urban II, it led to the First Crusade to the Holy Land.
- The Visigoths, led by king Alaric I, cross the Alps and invade northern Italy.
- The old St. Peter's Basilica is consecrated.
Births On This Day
- Nick Cotric, Australian rugby league player
- Danka Kovinić, Montenegrin professional tennis player
- Bernhard Luxbacher, Austrian footballer
- Kelly Versteeg, Dutch tennis player
- Akiyuki Hashimoto, Japanese sprinter
- Zhang Zetian, Chinese businesswoman and investor
- Nathan Kress, American actor and director
- Steven Skrzybski, German footballer
- Ahmed Kelly, Iraqi-Australian swimmer
- Noppawan Lertcheewakarn, Thai tennis player
- Myk Perez, Filipino singer
- Lu Jiajing, Chinese tennis player
- Natalie Osman, American wrestler
- Jeffrey Jordan, American basketball player
- Michael Roach, American soccer player
- Yoon Park, South Korean actor
- Allyson Felix, American sprinter
- Christian Siriano, American fashion designer
- Ryohei Chiba, Japanese singer and dancer
- Enar Jääger, Estonian footballer
- Travis Buck, American baseball player
- Michael Dawson, English footballer
- Jon Lech Johansen, Norwegian computer programmer and engineer, created DeCSS
- Greg Estandia, American football player
- Dianne dela Fuente, Filipino singer and actress
- Nasim Pedrad, Iranian-American actress
- Vittoria Puccini, Italian actress
- Maggie Stiefvater, American author
- Allison Tolman, American actress
- Christina Vidal, American actress and singer
- Hamza al-Ghamdi, Saudi Arabian terrorist, hijacker of United Airlines Flight 175 (d. 2001)
- Luke Chadwick, English footballer
- Minori Chihara, Japanese voice actress and singer
- François Duval, Belgian race car driver
- Denny Hamlin, American race car driver
- Dustin Kensrue, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
- Neeti Mohan, Indian playback singer
- Damien Johnson, Irish footballer
- Aldo Montano, Italian fencer
- Trent Barrett, Australian rugby league player, coach, and sportscaster
- Shagrath, Norwegian singer-songwriter (Dimmu Borgir Chrome Division, Ov Hell, and Fimbulwinter)
- Dominic Armato, American voice actor
- Sage Francis, American rapper (Non-Prophets)
- Matt Welsh, Australian swimmer
- Mona Zaki, Egyptian actress
- Lucy Akhurst, English actress and producer
- Shawn Camp, American baseball player
- Anthony McPartlin, English comedian, actor, and producer
- David Ortiz, Dominican-American baseball player
- Pastor Troy, American rapper, producer, and actor
- Jason Williams, American basketball player
- Graham Coughlan, Irish footballer and coach
- Chloë Sevigny, American actress and fashion designer
- Petter Solberg, Norwegian race car driver
- Jonnie Irwin, English television presenter and business expert
- Nic Pothas, South African cricketer and coach
- Jeroen Straathof, Dutch cyclist and speed skater
- Therese Coffey, English chemist and politician
- Terrance Hayes, American poet and academic
- Matthew Rodwell, Australian rugby league player and sportscaster
- Mike Epps, American comedian, actor, and producer
- Megyn Kelly, American lawyer and journalist
- Peta Wilson, Australian model and actress
- Sam Cassell, American basketball player and coach
- Ahmed Helmy, Egyptian actor
- Koichiro Kimura, Japanese mixed martial artist and wrestler (d. 2014)
- Duncan Sheik, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor
- Barry Hunter, Irish footballer and manager
- George Kotsiopoulos, American stylist and journalist
- Romany Malco, American rapper, producer, actor, and screenwriter (College Boyz)
- Gary Sheffield, American baseball player and coach
- Owen Wilson, American actor, producer, comedian and screenwriter
- Tom Gordon, American baseball player
- Jocelyn Lemieux, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster
- Gavin Peacock, English footballer and sportscaster
- Tim DeLaughter, American singer-songwriter and musician (Tripping Daisy; The Polyphonic Spree)
- Rita Cosby, American journalist and author
- Nadia Sawalha, English actress
- Len Bias, American basketball player (d. 1986)
- Dante Bichette, American baseball player and coach
- Peter Schmeichel, Danish footballer and sportscaster
- Joost Zwagerman, Dutch author and poet (d. 2015)
- Bart Bryant, American golfer
- Kirk Hammett, American guitarist and songwriter
- Steven Moffat, Scottish screenwriter and producer
- Elizabeth Perkins, American actress
- Yeşim Ustaoğlu, Turkish director, producer, and screenwriter
- Kim Wilde, English singer-songwriter
- Jimmy Quinn, Northern Irish footballer and manager
- Daniel Brailovsky, Argentinian footballer and manager
- Tony Bunn, American bassist, composer, producer, and writer
- Noel Brotherston, Irish-English footballer and painter (d. 1995)
- Warren Moon, American football player and sportscaster
- Jim Weirich, American computer scientist, developed Rake Software (d. 2014)
- Carter Burwell, American composer and conductor
- Jan Kuehnemund, American rock guitarist (Vixen) (d. 2013)
- Alan Moore, English author and illustrator
- Kevin Nealon, American comedian, actor, and screenwriter
- Peter Beattie, Australian lawyer and politician, 36th Premier of Queensland
- Delroy Lindo, English actor and director
- John Parr, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
- Pete Morelli, American businessman
- Justin Raimondo, American journalist and author
- Graham Parker, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
- Rudy Sarzo, Cuban-American rock bass player
- Herman Rarebell, German rock drummer and songwriter
- Tõnis Mägi, Estonian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor
- Andrea Marcovicci, American actress and singer
- Kongō Masahiro, Japanese sumo wrestler (d. 2014)
- Ana Mendieta, Cuban-American sculptor and painter (d. 1985)
- Jack Tatum, American football player (d. 2010)
- Timothy Maude, American general (d. 2001)
- Jameson Parker, American actor and producer
- Ross Wilson, Australian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
- Alan Dean Foster, American author
- Chris Rainbow, Scottish singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2015)
- Wilma Mankiller, American tribal chief (d. 2010)
- Mahinda Rajapaksa, Sri Lankan lawyer and politician, 6th President of Sri Lanka
- Wolfgang Joop, German fashion designer, founded JOOP!
- Edwin C. Krupp, American astronomer, archaeoastronomer, author, Director Griffith Observatory
- Leonardo Sandri, Argentinian cardinal
- Linda Evans, American actress
- Susan Sullivan, American actress
- Gary Bettenhausen, American race car driver (d. 2014)
- Angela Watkinson, English educator and politician
- James Welch, American novelist and poet (d. 2003)
- Margaret Atwood, Canadian novelist, poet, and critic
- Margaret Jay, Baroness Jay of Paddington, English journalist and politician, Leader of the House of Lords
- Amanda Lear, Hong Kong-French singer-songwriter and actress
- John McKay, British-Canadian mathematician
- Brenda Vaccaro, American actress
- Jules Mikhael Al-Jamil, Iraqi-Lebanese archbishop (d. 2012)
- Norbert Ratsirahonana, Malagasy politician, Prime Minister of Madagascar
- Karl Schranz, Austrian skier
- Ennio Antonelli, Italian cardinal
- Don Cherry, American trumpet player (Old and New Dreams, New York Contemporary Five, and Codona) (d. 1995)
- Rudolf Bahro, German philosopher and politician (d. 1997)
- Rodney Hall, Australian author and poet
- Vassilis Vassilikos, Greek journalist and diplomat
- Bruce Conner, American painter, photographer, and director (d. 2008)
- Danny McDevitt, American baseball player (d. 2010)
- Gianna D'Angelo, American soprano and educator (d. 2013)
- Salvador Laurel, Filipino lawyer and politician, 5th Prime Minister of the Philippines (d. 2004)
- Sheila Jordan, American singer-songwriter and pianist
- Hank Ballard, American R&B singer-songwriter (d. 2003)
- Knowlton Nash, Canadian journalist and author (d. 2014)
- Gene Mauch, American baseball player and manager (d. 2005)
- Alexander Mackenzie Stuart, Baron Mackenzie-Stuart, Scottish soldier, engineer, and judge (d. 2000)
- Anna Elisabeth (Lise) Østergaard, Danish psychologist and politician (d. 1996)
- Alan Shepard, American admiral, pilot, and astronaut (d. 1998)
- Ted Stevens, American soldier, lawyer, and politician (d. 2010)
- Luis Somoza Debayle, Nicaraguan politician, 70th President of Nicaragua (d. 1967)
- Marjorie Gestring, American springboard diver (d. 1992)
- Mustafa Khalil, Egyptian lawyer and politician, 77th Prime Minister of Egypt (d. 2008)
- Robert Fryer, American playwright and producer (d. 2000)
- Ron Suart, English football player and manager (d. 2015)
- Jocelyn Brando, American actress (d. 2005)
- İlhan Berk, Turkish poet and author (d. 2008)
- Tasker Watkins, Welsh soldier, judge, and politician, Victoria Cross recipient (d. 2007)
- Beebe Steven Lynk, African-American chemist and author (d. 1948)
- Pedro Infante, Mexican actor and singer (d. 1957)
- Ken Burkhart, American baseball player and umpire (d. 2004)
- Haguroyama Masaji, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 36th Yokozuna (d. 1969)
- Endre Rozsda, Hungarian-French painter and illustrator (d. 1999)
- Vic Hey, Australian rugby league player and coach (d. 1995)
- Hilda Nickson, English author (d. 1977)
- Attilio Bertolucci, Italian poet and author (d. 2000)
- Johnny Mercer, American singer-songwriter and producer, co-founded Capitol Records (d. 1976)
- Imogene Coca, American actress, comedian, and singer (d. 2001)
- Gustav Nezval, Czech actor (d. 1998)
- Compay Segundo, Cuban singer-songwriter and guitarist (Buena Vista Social Club) (d. 2003)
- Sait Faik Abasıyanık, Turkish author and poet (d. 1954)
- Alec Issigonis, Greek-English car designer, designed the mini car (d. 1988)
- Klaus Mann, German-American novelist, short story writer, and critic (d. 1949)
- George Wald, American neurobiologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1997)
- Alan Lennox-Boyd, 1st Viscount Boyd of Merton, English lieutenant and politician, Secretary of State for the Colonies (d. 1983)
- Masao Koga, Japanese composer and guitarist (d. 1978)
- Franklin Adreon, American film and television director (d. 1979)
- George Gallup, American statistician and academic (d. 1984)
- V. Shantaram, Indian actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1984)
- Craig Wood, American golfer (d. 1968)
- Eugene Ormandy, Hungarian-American violinist and conductor (d. 1985)
- Howard Thurman, American author, philosopher and civil rights activist (d. 1981)
- Patrick Blackett, Baron Blackett, English physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1974)
- Gio Ponti, Italian architect, industrial designer, furniture designer, artist, and publisher.(d. 1979)
- Stanislav Kosior, Polish-Russian politician (d. 1939)
- Frances Marion, American screenwriter, novelist and journalist (d. 1973)
- Ferenc Münnich, Hungarian soldier and politician, 47th Prime Minister of Hungary (d. 1967)
- Carl Vinson, American judge and politician (d. 1981)
- Amelita Galli-Curci, Italian-American soprano (d. 1963)
- Wyndham Lewis, English painter and critic (d. 1957)
- Jacques Maritain, French philosopher and author (d. 1973)
- Frances Gertrude McGill, pioneering Canadian forensic pathologist (d. 1959)
- Naum Torbov, Bulgarian architect, designed the Central Sofia Market Hall (d. 1952)
- Victor Hémery, French race car driver (d. 1950)
- Clarence Day, American author and poet (d. 1935)
- Henry Daglish, Australian politician, 6th Premier of Western Australia (d. 1920)
- Dorothy Dix, American journalist and author (d. 1951)
- Ignacy Jan Paderewski, Polish pianist, composer, and politician, 2nd Prime Minister of the Republic of Poland (d. 1941)
- Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia (d. 1929)
- August Kundt, German physicist and educator (d. 1894)
- W. S. Gilbert, English playwright, poet, and illustrator (d. 1911)
- James Patterson, English-Australian politician, 17th Premier of Victoria (d. 1895)
- Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld, Finnish-Swedish geologist and explorer (d. 1901)
- Asa Gray, American botanist and academic (d. 1888)
- Alfonso Ferrero La Marmora, Italian general and politician, 6th Prime Minister of Italy (d. 1878)
- Louis Daguerre, French physicist and photographer, developed the daguerreotype (d. 1851)
- David Wilkie, Scottish painter and academic (d. 1841)
- Wilhelmine of Prussia, Queen of the Netherlands (d. 1837)
- Prince Louis Ferdinand of Prussia (d. 1806)
- Thomas Burgess, English bishop and philosopher (d. 1837)
- Carl Friedrich Christian Fasch, German harpsichord player and composer (d. 1800)
- Philibert Commerson, French physician and explorer (d. 1773)
- Pierre Bayle, French philosopher and author (d. 1706)
- Eleonora Gonzaga, Italian wife of Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1686)
- Philipp Ludwig II, Count of Hanau-Münzenberg (d. 1612)
- Hippolytus Guarinonius, Italian physician and polymath (d. 1654)
- Lamoral, Count of Egmont (d. 1568)
- Emperor Kōnin of Japan (d. 782)
- Itzam K'an Ahk II, Mayan ruler (d. 757)
Deaths On This Day
- Malcolm Young, Scottish-Australian hard rock guitarist (b. 1953)
- Sharon Jones, American soul and funk singer (b. 1956)
- Abdelhamid Abaaoud, Belgian-Moroccan terrorist (b. 1987)
- Dan Halldorson, Canadian-American golfer (b. 1952)
- Jonah Lomu, New Zealand rugby player (b. 1975)
- Dave Appell, American singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1922)
- Pepe Eliaschev, Argentinian journalist and author (b. 1945)
- Ahmad Lozi, Jordanian educator and politician, 48th Prime Minister of Jordan (b. 1925)
- C. Rudhraiya, Indian director and producer (b. 1947)
- Thomas Howard, American football player (b. 1983)
- Bennett Reimer, American author and academic (b. 1932)
- S. R. D. Vaidyanathan, Indian nadaswaram player and composer (b. 1929)
- Ljubomir Vračarević, Serbian martial artist, founded Real Aikido (b. 1947)
- Peter Wintonick, Canadian director and producer (b. 1953)
- Emilio Aragón Bermúdez, Spanish clown, singer, and accordion player (b. 1929)
- Phoebe Hearst Cooke, American businesswoman and philanthropist (b. 1927)
- Philip Ledger, English organist, composer, and academic (b. 1937)
- Kenny Morgans, Welsh footballer and manager (b. 1939)
- Freddy Beras-Goico, Dominican comedian and television host (b. 1940)
- Brian G. Marsden, English-American astronomer and academic (b. 1937)
- Red Robbins, American basketball player (b. 1944)
- Harold J. Stone, American actor (b. 1911)
- Robert Bacher, American physicist and academic (b. 1905)
- Cy Coleman, American pianist and composer (b. 1929)
- Michael Kamen, American composer and conductor (b. 1948)
- James Coburn, American actor (b. 1928)
- Walter Matuszczak, Polish-American football player 1939 All-America, 1941 New York Giants draft (b. 1918)
- Paul Bowles, American composer and author (b. 1910)
- Doug Sahm, American singer and guitarist (b. 1941)
- Tara Singh Hayer, Indian-Canadian journalist and publisher (b. 1936)
- Miron Grindea, Romanian-English journalist (b. 1909)
- Cab Calloway, American singer-songwriter and bandleader (The Cab Calloway Orchestra) (b. 1907)
- Peter Ledger, Australian painter and illustrator (b. 1945)
- Gustáv Husák, Slovak lawyer and politician, 9th President of Czechoslovakia (b. 1913)
- Jacques Anquetil, French cyclist (b. 1934)
- Gia Carangi, American model (b. 1960)
- Mary Hamman, American journalist and author (b. 1907)
- Conn Smythe, Canadian soldier, ice hockey player, and businessman (b. 1895)
- Freddie Fitzsimmons, American baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1901)
- Jim Jones, American cult leader, founded Peoples Temple (b. 1931)
- Leo Ryan, American soldier, educator, and politician (b. 1925)
- Kurt Schuschnigg, Italian-Austrian lawyer and politician, 15th Federal Chancellor of Austria (b. 1897)
- Man Ray, American-French photographer and painter (b. 1890)
- Danny Whitten, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Crazy Horse) (b. 1943)
- Ted Heath, English trombonist and bandleader (b. 1902)
- Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr., American businessman and diplomat, 44th United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom (b. 1888)
- Henry A. Wallace, American agronomist and bureaucrat, 33rd Vice President of the United States, 11th US Secretary of Agriculture (b. 1888)
- Niels Bohr, Danish footballer, physicist, and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1885)
- Paul Éluard, French poet and author (b. 1895)
- Émile Nelligan, Canadian poet and author (b. 1879)
- Walther Nernst, German chemist and physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1864)
- Chris Watson, Chilean-Australian journalist and politician, 3rd Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1867)
- Ivane Javakhishvili, Georgian historian and academic (b. 1876)
- V. O. Chidambaram Pillai, Indian lawyer and politician (b. 1872)
- Scipione Borghese, 10th Prince of Sulmona Italian race car driver, explorer, and politician (b. 1871)
- Marcel Proust, French author and critic (b. 1871)
- Renée Vivien, English-French poet (b. 1877)
- William Allingham, Irish-English poet and scholar (b. 1824)
- Chester A. Arthur, American general, lawyer, and politician, 21st President of the United States (b. 1829)
- Rose Philippine Duchesne, French-American nun and saint (b. 1769)
- Adam Weishaupt, German philosopher and academic, founded the Illuminati (b. 1748)
- William Jessop, English engineer (b. 1745)
- Jacques-Alexandre Laffon de Ladebat, French shipbuilder and merchant (b. 1719)
- Louis Philippe I, Duke of Orléans (b. 1725)
- Bartolomeu de Gusmão, Portuguese priest (b. 1685)
- Miklós Zrínyi, Croatian and Hungarian military leader and statesman (b. 1620)
- George Talbot, 6th Earl of Shrewsbury, English commander and politician, Lord High Steward of Ireland (b. 1528)
- Yun Won-hyung, Korean writer and politician (b. 1509)
- Cuthbert Tunstall, English bishop (b. 1474)
- Gedik Ahmed Pasha, Ottoman politician, 17th Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
- Basilius Bessarion, titular patriarch of Constantinople (b. c. 1403)
- Roger Bolingbroke, English cleric, astronomer, astrologer, magister and alleged necromancer
- Frederick II, Margrave of Meissen (b. 1310)
- Constance of Portugal, Portuguese infanta (b. 1290)
- John II, duke of Brittany (b. 1239)
- Adam Marsh, English scholar and theologian
- Robin Hood, heroic outlaw in English folklore (b. 1160)
- Albert the Bear, margrave of Brandenburg (b. c. 1100)
- Adelaide of Maurienne, French queen consort (b. 1092)
- Thomas of Bayeux, archbishop of York
- Liutgard of Saxony, duchess of Lorraine (b. 931)
- Odo of Cluny, Frankish abbot and saint (b. c. 878)