On This Day in History: August 15
August 15 is the 227th day of the year (228th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 138 days remain until the end of the year.
Lottery News On This Day
- Some Oregon lottery tickets printed with wrong date. Oregon residents who purchased Powerball lottery tickets over the weekend will want to double check the draw dates after a computer glitch caused some tickets to misstate which date the winning numbers will be drawn, lottery officials said Tuesday.
- NC man almost falls out of fishing boat upon learning of lottery win. Now he can buy a bigger boat.
- California Lottery cancels sales meeting in aftermath of rowdy party photos. The California Lottery is postponing a planned sales conference in the wake of an anonymous employee's recent complaint to Gov. Jerry Brown about senior leaders behaving inappropriately at a Southern California bar two years ago.
- CT Lottery app mistakenly identified winning tickets as losers. If there was ever an example of why people should double-check their own lottery tickets, this is it.
- NC lottery winner spent $9M bailing out convict fiancé. A North Carolina lottery winner used part of her $188 million Powerball jackpot to bail her convict fiancé out of jail — twice.
- Indiana woman has second major lottery win. A Princeton, Indiana, woman is the latest to claim the Hoosier Lottery's Lucky Millionaire prize -- her second major lottery win.
- Georgia Lottery president/CEO announces retirement. Georgia Lottery Corp. President and CEO Margaret R. DeFrancisco announced publicly today that she will be retiring from her full-time position as head of the Lottery.
- Ct. to deduct back taxes from lottery winnings. A new law the Connecticut Lottery to deduct delinquent taxes and penalties before distributing a lottery prize of $5,000 or more to a winner, was signed into law Friday by Gov. Dannel Malloy.
- Church rejects donation from lottery winner. A Florida Lottery jackpot winner offered his church a donation of around $600,000, but the church and Pastor David Tarkington politely declined and told Powell they will not accept the lottery winnings.
- Tenn. Lottery Readying Application For Stores To Sell Lottery Tickets. The Tennessee Lottery Board is working on the official application for convenience stores interested in selling lottery tickets.
- Employee accused of stealing $17,000 worth of lottery tickets. A former convenience store employee has been released from jail on a personal recognizance bond after she was accused of stealing more than $17,000 worth of lottery tickets from a Texas gas station.
- Powerball Jackpot Soars to $72 Million. There were no Powerball jackpot winners Wednesday but 389,455 players across the nation won a total of almost $2.7 million in prizes. Because no one correctly matched all six numbers in Wednesday's drawing the jackpot grew to an estimated $72 million, with a cash option of $37.8 million.
- Former lottery employee arrested for breach of trust. A former lottery employee who is the son of state Rep. John Scott was charged Thursday with taking more than $1,000 in promotional funds from the South Carolina Education Lottery.
- Washington jackpot at record high. Tomorrow's Washington State Lottery Lotto Plus game is at a record high of $33 million.
Top 25 Lottery Jackpots On This Day
- 1.$432.5 Million
Aug 16, 2017
- 2.$337 Million
Aug 15, 2012
- 3.$213 Million
Aug 15, 2009
- 4.$181 Million
Aug 15, 2007
- 5.$170 Million
Aug 18, 2009
- 6.$149 Million
Aug 17, 2019
- 7.$148 Million
Aug 17, 2007
- 8.$144 Million
Aug 15, 2014
- 9.€123.8 Million
Aug 16, 2016
- 10.€99 Million
Aug 17, 2018
- 11.€74 Million
Aug 21, 2009
- 12.€95 Million
Aug 18, 2020
- 13.$100 Million
Aug 15, 2001
- 14.$94 Million
Aug 17, 2016
- 15.€70 Million
Aug 16, 2013
- 16.€84 Million
Aug 16, 2019
- 17.$88 Million
Aug 17, 2018
- 18.$86 Million
Aug 17, 2010
- 19.€75 Million
Aug 16, 2019
- 20.€54 Million
Aug 15, 2008
- 21.€53 Million
Aug 16, 2011
- 22.$72 Million
Aug 16, 2003
- 23.$71 Million
Aug 17, 2019
- 24.$70 Million
Aug 15, 2015
- 24.$70 Million
Aug 15, 2008
Lottery Post Member Birthdays On This Day
Monday, Aug 15, 1988
32 years old
Friday, Aug 15, 1986
34 years old
Friday, Aug 15, 1980
40 years old
Sunday, Aug 15, 1976
44 years old
Sunday, Aug 15, 1976
44 years old
Friday, Aug 15, 1975
45 years old
Thursday, Aug 15, 1974
46 years old
Tuesday, Aug 15, 1972
48 years old
Sunday, Aug 15, 1971
49 years old
Thursday, Aug 15, 1968
52 years old
Tuesday, Aug 15, 1967
53 years old
Sunday, Aug 15, 1965
55 years old
Saturday, Aug 15, 1964
56 years old
Saturday, Aug 15, 1964
56 years old
Thursday, Aug 15, 1963
57 years old
Wednesday, Aug 15, 1962
58 years old
Thursday, Aug 15, 1957
63 years old
Thursday, Aug 15, 1957
63 years old
Wednesday, Aug 15, 1956
64 years old
Friday, Aug 15, 1952
68 years old
(year not provided)
(year not provided)
(year not provided)
(year not provided)
Worldwide Events On This Day
- North Korea moves its clock back half an hour to introduce Pyongyang Time, 8⁄2 hours ahead of UTC.
- At least 27 people are killed and 226 injured in an explosion in southern Beirut near a complex used by Lebanon's militant group Hezbollah in Lebanon. A previously unknown Syrian Sunni group claims responsibility in an online video.
- The Smithsonian announces the discovery of the olinguito, the first new carnivorous species found in the Americas in 35 years.
- An 8.0-magnitude earthquake off the Pacific coast devastates Ica and various regions of Peru killing 514 and injuring 1,090.
- Israel's unilateral disengagement plan to evict all Israelis from the Gaza Strip and from four settlements in the northern West Bank begins.
- The Helsinki Agreement between the Free Aceh Movement and the Government of Indonesia was signed, ending almost three decades of fighting.
- Beni Ounif massacre in Algeria: Some 29 people are killed at a false roadblock near the Moroccan border, leading to temporary tensions with Morocco.
- Northern Ireland: Omagh bombing takes place; 29 people (including a woman pregnant with twins) killed and some 220 others injured.
- In South Carolina, Shannon Faulkner becomes the first female cadet matriculated at The Citadel (she drops out less than a week later).
- The Kurdistan Workers' Party in Turkey starts a campaign of armed attacks upon the Turkish military with an attack on police and gendarmerie bases in Şemdinli and Eruh
- The Big Ear, a radio telescope operated by Ohio State University as part of the SETI project, receives a radio signal from deep space; the event is named the "Wow! signal" from the notation made by a volunteer on the project.
- Bangladeshi leader Sheikh Mujibur Rahman is killed along with most members of his family during a military coup.
- Takeo Miki makes the first official pilgrimage to Yasukuni Shrine by an incumbent prime minister on the anniversary of the end of World War II.
- Yuk Young-soo, First Lady of South Korea, is killed during an apparent assassination attempt upon President Park Chung-hee.
- Vietnam War: The USAF bombing of Cambodia ends.
- President Richard Nixon completes the break from the gold standard by ending convertibility of the United States dollar into gold by foreign investors.
- Bahrain gains independence from the United Kingdom.
- Patricia Palinkas becomes the first woman to play professionally in an American football game.
- The Woodstock Music & Art Fair opens in upstate New York, featuring some of the top rock musicians of the era.
- The Beatles play to nearly 60,000 fans at Shea Stadium in New York City, an event later regarded as the birth of stadium rock.
- Execution of Henry John Burnett, the last man to be hanged in Scotland.
- President Fulbert Youlou is overthrown in the Republic of the Congo, after a three-day uprising in the capital.
- James Joseph Dresnok defects to North Korea after running across the Korean Demilitarized Zone. Dresnok died in 2016.
- Border guard Conrad Schumann flees from East Germany while on duty guarding the construction of the Berlin Wall.
- Republic of the Congo (Brazzaville) becomes independent from France.
- Alfredo Stroessner begins his dictatorship in Paraguay.
- A flash flood drenches the town of Lynmouth, England, killing 34 people.
- The First Republic of Korea (South Korea) is established in the southern half of the peninsula.
- India gains Independence from British rule after near 190 years of British company and crown rule, and joins the Commonwealth of Nations.
- Founder of Pakistan, Muhammad Ali Jinnah is sworn in as first Governor-General of Pakistan in Karachi.
- Jewel Voice Broadcast by the Emperor Showa following effective surrender of Japan in the World War II, Korea gains Independence from the Empire of Japan.
- World War II: Operation Dragoon: Allied forces land in southern France.
- World War II: Battle of Trahili: Superior German forces surround Cretan partisans, who manage to escape against all odds.
- World War II: Operation Pedestal: The oil tanker SS Ohio reaches the island of Malta barely afloat carrying vital fuel supplies for the island's defenses.
- Corporal Josef Jakobs is executed by firing squad at the Tower of London at 07:12, making him the last person to be executed at the Tower for espionage.
- An Italian submarine torpedoes and sinks the Greek cruiser Elli at Tinos harbor during peacetime, marking the most serious Italian provocation prior to the outbreak of the Greco-Italian War in October.
- Twenty-six Junkers Ju 87 bombers commanded by Walter Sigel meet unexpected ground fog during a dive-bombing demonstration for Luftwaffe generals at Neuhammer. Thirteen of them crash and burn.
- The Wizard of Oz premieres at Grauman's Chinese Theater in Los Angeles, California.
- Will Rogers and Wiley Post are killed after their aircraft develops engine problems during takeoff in Barrow, Alaska.
- Polish-Soviet War: Battle of Warsaw, so-called Miracle at the Vistula.
- A story in New York World newspaper reveals that the Imperial German government had purchased excess phenol from Thomas Edison that could be used to make explosives for the war effort and diverted it to Bayer for aspirin production.
- A servant of American architect Frank Lloyd Wright murders seven people and sets fire to the living quarters of Wright's Wisconsin home, Taliesin.
- The Panama Canal opens to traffic with the transit of the cargo ship SS Ancon.
- World War I: The First Russian Army, led by Paul von Rennenkampf, enters East Prussia.
- World War I: Beginning of the Battle of Cer, the first Allied victory of World War I.
- Ordination in Constantinople of Fr. Raphael Morgan, the first African-American Orthodox priest, "Priest-Apostolic" to America and the West Indies.
- Fratton Park football ground in Portsmouth, England is officially first opened.
- Ibadan area becomes a British Protectorate after a treaty signed by Fijabi, the Baale of Ibadan with the British acting Governor of Lagos, George C. Denton.
- The Anglo-Satsuma War begins between the Satsuma Domain of Japan and the United Kingdom (Traditional Japanese date: July 2, 1863).
- The Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace in Honolulu, Hawaii is dedicated. Now the cathedral of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Honolulu, it is the oldest Roman Catholic cathedral in continuous use in the United States.
- Tivoli Gardens, one of the oldest still intact amusement parks in the world, opens in Copenhagen, Denmark.
- The Marquis de Lafayette, the last surviving French general of the American Revolutionary War, arrives in New York and begins a tour of 24 states.
- Seven Years' War: Battle of Liegnitz: Frederick the Great's victory over the Austrians under Ernst Gideon von Laudon.
- French forces end the bombardment of Brussels.
- Nine Years' War: Battle of Curlew Pass: Irish forces led by Hugh Roe O'Donnell successfully ambush English forces, led by Sir Conyers Clifford, sent to relieve Collooney Castle.
- Imjin War: At the Battle of Hansan Island, the Korean Navy, led by Yi Sun-sin, Yi Eok-gi, and Won Gyun, decisively defeats the Japanese Navy, led by Wakisaka Yasuharu.
- Jesuit priest Francis Xavier comes ashore at Kagoshima (Traditional Japanese date: 22 July 1549).
- Arequipa, Peru is founded.
- Asunción, Paraguay is founded.
- Ignatius of Loyola and six classmates take initial vows, leading to the creation of the Society of Jesus in September 1540.
- Panama City, Panama is founded.
- Seven Portuguese armed vessels led by Fernão Pires de Andrade meet Chinese officials at the Pearl River estuary.
- Afonso de Albuquerque of Portugal conquers Malacca, the capital of the Malacca Sultanate.
- Pope Sixtus IV consecrates the Sistine Chapel.
- The Empire of Trebizond surrenders to the forces of Sultan Mehmed II. This is regarded by some historians as the real end of the Byzantine Empire. Emperor David is exiled and later murdered.
- Francesco Sforza, lord of Milan, conquers Lucca.
- The city of Rhodes surrenders to the forces of the Knights of St. John, completing their conquest of Rhodes. The knights establish their headquarters on the island and rename themselves the Knights of Rhodes.
- Mongol invasion of Japan: The Mongolian fleet of Kublai Khan is destroyed by a "divine wind" for the second time in the Battle of Kōan.
- Michael VIII Palaiologos is crowned as the first Byzantine emperor in fifty-seven years.
- The foundation stone of Cologne Cathedral, built to house the relics of the Three Wise Men, is laid. (Construction is eventually completed in 1880.)
- The Battle of the Puig takes place in the context of the Spanish Reconquista pitting the forces of the Taifa of Valencia against the Kingdom of Aragon. The battle resulted in an Aragonese victory.
- The cave city of Vardzia is consecrated by Queen Tamar of Georgia.
- Starting date of the First Crusade as set by Pope Urban II.
- The Pavian-born Benedictine Lanfranc is appointed as the new Archbishop of Canterbury in England.
- King Macbeth is killed at the Battle of Lumphanan by the forces of Máel Coluim mac Donnchada.
- King Stephen I, the first king of Hungary, dies; his nephew, Peter Orseolo, succeeds him.
- Byzantine general Eustathios Daphnomeles blinds and captures Ibatzes of Bulgaria by a ruse, thereby ending Bulgarian resistance against Emperor Basil II's conquest of Bulgaria.
- Holy Roman Emperor Otto II is defeated by the Saracens in the Battle of Capo Colonna, in Calabria.
- The Saracens conquer and destroy Taranto.
- Noble Erchana of Dahauua grants the Bavarian town of Dachau to the Diocese of Freising
- The Battle of Roncevaux Pass takes place between the army of Charlemagne and a Basque army.
- Carloman, mayor of the palace of Austrasia, renounces his position as majordomo and retires to a monastery near Rome. His brother Pepin the Short becomes the sole ruler (de facto) of the Frankish Kingdom.
- Arab-Byzantine wars: Raising of the Second Arab Siege of Constantinople.
- Arab-Byzantine wars: Maslama ibn Abd al-Malik begins the Second Arab Siege of Constantinople, which will last for nearly a year.
- Arab-Byzantine wars: The Battle of Yarmouk between Byzantine Empire and Rashidun Caliphate begins.
Births On This Day
- Paola Reis, BMX rider
- Chief Keef, American rapper
- Lasse Vigen Christensen, Danish footballer
- Kosuke Hagino, Japanese swimmer
- Rieah Holder, Barbadian netball player
- Clinton N'Jie, Cameroonian footballer
- Alex Oxlade-Chamberlain, English footballer
- Baskaran Adhiban, Indian chess player
- Petja Piiroinen, Finnish snowboarder
- Jennifer Lawrence, American actress
- Joe Jonas, American singer-songwriter
- Ryan McGowan, Australian footballer
- Jordan Rapana, New Zealand rugby league player
- Oussama Assaidi, Moroccan footballer
- Ryan D'Imperio, American football player
- Michel Kreder, Dutch cyclist
- Sean McAllister, English footballer
- Nipsey Hussle, American rapper (d. 2019)
- Siobhan Chamberlain, English association football goalkeeper
- Casey Burgener, American weightlifter
- Germán Caffa, Argentine footballer
- David Harrison, American basketball player
- Brendan Hansen, American swimmer
- Óliver Pérez, American baseball player
- Carl Edwards, American race car driver
- Waleed Aly, Australian journalist and television host
- Lilia Podkopayeva, Ukrainian gymnast
- Stavros Tziortziopoulos, Greek footballer
- Kerri Walsh Jennings, American volleyball player
- Martin Biron, Canadian ice hockey player
- Anthony Rocca, Australian footballer and coach
- Boudewijn Zenden, Dutch footballer and manager
- Bertrand Berry, American football player and radio host
- Vijay Bharadwaj, Indian cricketer and coach
- Brendan Morrison, Canadian ice hockey player
- Kara Wolters, American basketball player
- Natasha Henstridge, Canadian model and actress
- Tomasz Suwary, Polish footballer
- Ben Affleck, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
- Jennifer Alexander, Canadian ballerina (d. 2007)
- Adnan Sami, Indian singer, musician, music composer, pianist and actor
- Anthony Anderson, American comedian, actor, and producer
- Ben Silverman, American actor, producer, and screenwriter, founded Electus Studios
- Bernard Fanning, Australian singer-songwriter
- Carlos Roa, Argentine footballer
- Debra Messing, American actress
- Tony Hand, Scottish ice hockey player and coach
- Scott Brosius, American baseball player and coach
- Dimitris Papadopoulos, Greek basketball player and coach
- Rob Thomas, American author, screenwriter, and producer
- Jane Ellison, English lawyer and politician
- Melinda Gates, American businesswoman and philanthropist, co-founded the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
- Alejandro González Iñárritu, Mexican director, producer, and screenwriter
- Simon Hart, Welsh soldier and politician
- Jack Russell, England cricketer and coach
- Tom Colicchio, American chef and author
- Rıdvan Dilmen, Turkish footballer and manager
- Inês Pedrosa, Portuguese writer
- Vilja Savisaar-Toomast, Estonian lawyer and politician
- Ed Gillespie, American political strategist
- Matt Johnson, English singer-songwriter and musician
- Gary Kubiak, American football player and coach
- Suhasini Maniratnam, Indian actress and screenwriter
- Scott Altman, American captain, pilot, and astronaut
- Simon Baron-Cohen, English-Canadian psychiatrist and author
- Craig MacTavish, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
- Simple Kapadia, Indian actress and costume designer (d. 2009)
- Victor Shenderovich, Russian journalist and radio host
- Željko Ivanek, Slovenian-American actor
- Lorraine Desmarais, Canadian pianist and composer
- Freedom Neruda, Ivorian journalist
- Robert Syms, English businessman and politician
- Stieg Larsson, Swedish journalist and author (d. 2004)
- Carol Thatcher, English journalist and author
- Mark Thatcher, English businessman
- Wolfgang Hohlbein, German author
- Chuck Burgi, American drummer
- Ann Biderman, American screenwriter and producer
- Bobby Caldwell, American singer-songwriter
- John Childs, English cricketer
- Tommy Aldridge, American drummer
- Tom Kelly, American baseball player
- Anne, Princess Royal of the United Kingdom
- Patsy Gallant, Canadian singer-songwriter and actress
- Tom Johnston, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
- Rakhee Gulzar, Indian film actress
- Jimmy Webb, American singer-songwriter and pianist
- Khaleda Zia, Bangladeshi politician, 9th Prime Minister of Bangladesh
- Dimitris Sioufas, Greek lawyer and politician, Greek Minister of Health (d. 2019)
- Eileen Bell, Northern Irish civil servant and politician, 2nd Speaker of the Northern Ireland Assembly
- Pete York, English rock drummer
- Jim Brothers, American sculptor (d. 2013)
- Don Rich, American country musician (d. 1974)
- Gudrun Ensslin, German militant leader, founded Red Army Faction (d. 1977)
- Stephen Breyer, American lawyer and judge
- Stix Hooper, American jazz drummer
- Pran Kumar Sharma, Indian cartoonist (d. 2014)
- Maxine Waters, American educator and politician
- Janusz Zajdel, Polish engineer and author (d. 1985)
- Rita Shane, American soprano and educator (d. 2014)
- Jim Dale, English actor, narrator, singer, director, and composer
- Régine Deforges, French author, playwright, and director (d. 2014)
- Bobby Byrd, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2007)
- Reginald Scarlett, Jamaican cricketer and coach (d. 2019)
- Bobby Helms, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1997)
- Stanley Milgram, American social psychologist (d. 1984)
- Mike Seeger, American folk musician and folklorist (d. 2009)
- Abby Dalton, American actress (d. 2020)
- Robert L. Forward, American physicist and engineer (d. 2002)
- Johan Steyn, Baron Steyn, South African-English lawyer and judge (d. 2017)
- Ernest C. Brace, American captain and pilot (d. 2014)
- Richard F. Heck, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2015)
- Carl Joachim Classen, German scholar and academic (d. 2013)
- Malcolm Glazer, American businessman (d. 2014)
- Nicolas Roeg, English director and cinematographer (d. 2018)
- Eddie Leadbeater, English cricketer (d. 2011)
- Oliver Popplewell, English cricketer and judge
- Julius Katchen, American pianist and composer (d. 1969)
- Sami Michael, Iraqi-Israeli author and playwright
- John Silber, American philosopher and academic (d. 2012)
- Konstantinos Stephanopoulos, Greek lawyer and politician, 6th President of Greece (d. 2016)
- Mike Connors, American actor and producer (d. 2017)
- Rose Maddox, American singer-songwriter and fiddle player (d. 1998)
- Oscar Peterson, Canadian pianist and composer (d. 2007)
- Bill Pinkney, American singer (The Drifters) (d. 2007)
- Erik Schmidt, Swedish-Estonian painter and author (d. 2014)
- Robert Bolt, English playwright and screenwriter (d. 1995)
- Hedy Epstein, German-American Holocaust survivor and activist (d. 2016)
- Yoshirō Muraki, Japanese production designer, art director, and fashion designer (d. 2009)
- Phyllis Schlafly, American lawyer, writer, and political activist (d. 2016)
- Rose Marie, American actress and singer (d. 2017)
- Leonard Baskin, American sculptor and illustrator (d. 2000)
- Giorgos Mouzakis, Greek trumpet player and composer (d. 2005)
- Sabino Barinaga, Spanish footballer and manager (d. 1988)
- August Kowalczyk, Polish actor and director (d. 2012)
- Judy Cassab, Austrian-Australian painter (d. 2008)
- Huntz Hall, American actor (d. 1999)
- Benedict Kiely, Irish journalist and author (d. 2007)
- Jack Lynch, Irish footballer and politician, 5th Taoiseach of Ireland (d. 1999)
- Óscar Romero, Salvadoran archbishop (d. 1980)
- Aleks Çaçi, Albanian journalist and author (d. 1989)
- Signe Hasso, Swedish-American actress (d. 2002)
- Paul Rand, American graphic designer and art director (d. 1996)
- Julia Child, American chef and author (d. 2004)
- Wendy Hiller, English actress (d. 2003)
- Hugo Winterhalter, American composer and bandleader (d. 1973)
- George Klein, Canadian inventor, invented the motorized wheelchair (d. 1992)
- Jan Campert, Dutch journalist and critic (d. 1943)
- Arnulfo Arias Madrid, 21st president of the republic of Panamá (d. 1988)
- Pyotr Novikov, Russian mathematician and theorist (d. 1975)
- Estelle Brody, American silent film actress (d. 1995)
- Jack Tworkov, Polish-American painter and educator (d. 1982)
- Jan Brzechwa, Polish author and poet (d. 1966)
- Gerty Cori, Czech-American biochemist and physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1957)
- Catherine Doherty, Russian-Canadian activist, founded the Madonna House Apostolate (d. 1985)
- Paul Outerbridge, American photographer and educator (d. 1958)
- Leslie Comrie, New Zealand astronomer and academic (d. 1950)
- Louis de Broglie, French physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1987)
- Abraham Wachner, New Zealand politician, 35th Mayor of Invercargill (d. 1950)
- Jacques Ibert, French composer and educator (d. 1962)
- Bill Whitty, Australian cricketer (d. 1974)
- Edna Ferber, American novelist, short story writer, and playwright (d. 1968)
- Ivan Meštrović, Croatian sculptor and architect (d. 1962)
- Marion Bauer, American composer and critic (d. 1955)
- Gisela Richter, English archaeologist and art historian (d. 1972)
- Alfred Wagenknecht, German-American activist and politician (d. 1956)
- Ethel Barrymore, American actress (d. 1959)
- Tachiyama Mineemon, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 22nd Yokozuna (d. 1941)
- Stylianos Gonatas, Greek colonel and politician, 111th Prime Minister of Greece (d. 1966)
- Samuel Coleridge-Taylor, English pianist, violinist, and composer (d. 1912)
- Ramaprasad Chanda, Indian archaeologist and historian (d. 1942)
- Sri Aurobindo, Indian guru, poet, and philosopher (d. 1950)
- Italo Santelli, Italian fencer (d. 1945)
- Mikao Usui, Japanese spiritual leader, founded Reiki (d. 1926)
- Aleksey Krylov, Russian mathematician and engineer (d. 1945)
- Florence Harding, American publisher, 31st First Lady of the United States (d. 1924)
- Charles Comiskey, American baseball player and manager (d. 1931)
- E. Nesbit, English author and poet (d. 1924)
- Albert Ballin, German businessman (d. 1918)
- Keir Hardie, Scottish politician and trade unionist (d. 1915)
- Walter Crane, English artist and book illustrator (d. 1915)
- Thomas-Alfred Bernier, Canadian journalist, lawyer, and politician (d. 1908)
- Antonín Petrof, Czech piano maker (d. 1915)
- John Chisum, American businessman (d. 1884)
- Jules Grévy, French lawyer and politician, 4th President of the French Republic (d. 1891)
- Sangolli Rayanna, Indian warrior (d. 1831)
- Eliza Lee Cabot Follen, American writer, editor, abolitionist (d. 1860)
- Thomas De Quincey, English journalist and author (d. 1859)
- Walter Scott, Scottish novelist, playwright, and poet (d. 1832)
- Napoleon Bonaparte, French general and emperor (d. 1821)
- Matthias Claudius, German poet and author (d. 1815)
- Johann Christoph Kellner, German organist and composer (d. 1803)
- Blind Jack, English engineer (d. 1810)
- Francesco Zuccarelli, Italian painter and Royal Academician (d. 1788)
- John Grubb, American politician (d. 1708)
- Marie de Lorraine, duchess of Guise (d. 1688)
- Gilles Ménage, French lawyer, philologist, and scholar (d. 1692)
- Henry Howard, 22nd Earl of Arundel, English politician (d. 1652)
- Herman IV, landgrave of Hesse-Rotenburg (d. 1658)
- Gabriel Báthory, Prince of Transylvania (d. 1613)
- Bartol Kašić, Croatian linguist and lexicographer (d. 1650)
- George III, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau, German prince (d. 1553)
- George, duke of Bavaria (d. 1503)
- Luigi Pulci, Italian poet (d. 1484)
- Richard de Vere, 11th Earl of Oxford, English commander (d. 1417)
- Anthony of Padua, Portuguese priest and saint (d. 1231)
- Alfonso IX, king of León and Galicia (d. 1230)
- Teishi, empress of Japan (d. 1094)
Deaths On This Day
- Gunnar Birkerts, Latvian-American architect (b. 1925)
- Julian Bond, American academic and politician (b. 1940)
- Hamid Gul, Pakistani general (b. 1936)
- Licia Albanese, Italian-American soprano and actress (b. 1909)
- Rosalía Mera, Spanish businesswoman, co-founded Inditex and Zara (b. 1944)
- Sławomir Mrożek, Polish-French author and playwright (b. 1930)
- Marich Man Singh Shrestha, Nepali politician, 28th Prime Minister of Nepal (b. 1942)
- Bob Birch, American bass player and saxophonist (b. 1956)
- Altamiro Carrilho, Brazilian flute player and composer (b. 1924)
- Harry Harrison, American author and illustrator (b. 1925)
- Rick Rypien, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1984)
- Vic Toweel, South African-Australian boxer (b. 1929)
- Jerry Wexler, American journalist and producer (b. 1917)
- Richard Bradshaw, English conductor and director (b. 1944)
- John Gofman, American biologist, chemist, and physicist (b. 1918)
- Geoffrey Orbell, New Zealand physician (b. 1908)
- Sam Pollock, Canadian businessman (b. 1925)
- Te Atairangikaahu, New Zealand queen (b. 1931)
- Rick Bourke, Australian rugby league player (b. 1955)
- Coenraad Bron, Dutch computer scientist and academic (b. 1937)
- Faas Wilkes, Dutch footballer and manager (b. 1923)
- Bendapudi Venkata Satyanarayana, Indian dermatologist and academic (b. 1927)
- Sune Bergström, Swedish biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1916)
- Amarsinh Chaudhary, Indian politician, 8th Chief Minister of Gujarat (b. 1941)
- Yavuz Çetin, Turkish singer-songwriter (b. 1970)
- Richard Chelimo, Kenyan runner (b. 1972)
- Kateryna Yushchenko, Ukrainian computer scientist and academic (b. 1919)
- Hugh Casson, English architect and interior designer (b. 1910)
- Ida Gerhardt, Dutch poet and educator (b. 1905)
- John Cameron Swayze, American journalist and actor (b. 1906)
- Wout Wagtmans, Dutch cyclist (b. 1929)
- Linda Laubenstein, American physician and academic (b. 1947)
- Viktor Tsoi, Russian musician and actor (b. 1962)
- Minoru Genda, Japanese general, pilot, and politician (b. 1904)
- Thrasyvoulos Tsakalotos, Greek general and diplomat (b. 1897)
- Ernie Bushmiller, American cartoonist (b. 1905)
- Jock Taylor, Scottish motorcycle sidecar racer (b. 1954)
- Hugo Theorell, Swedish biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1903)
- Carol Ryrie Brink, American author (b. 1895)
- Jørgen Løvset, Norwegian gynaecologist and academic (b. 1896)
- Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, Bengali politician, 1st President of Bangladesh (b. 1920)
- Clay Shaw, American businessman (b. 1913)
- Harun Karadeniz, Turkish political activist and author (b. 1942)
- Paul Lukas, Hungarian-American actor (b. 1887)
- René Magritte, Belgian painter (b. 1898)
- Lei Feng, Chinese soldier (b. 1940)
- Ludwig Prandtl, German physicist and engineer (b. 1875)
- Artur Schnabel, Polish pianist and composer (b. 1882)
- Korechika Anami, Japanese general and politician, 54th Japanese Minister of the Army (b. 1887)
- Fred Hockley, English lieutenant and pilot (b. 1923)
- Mahadev Desai, Indian activist and author (b. 1892)
- Grazia Deledda, Italian novelist and poet, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1871)
- Wiley Post, American pilot (b. 1898)
- Will Rogers, American actor, comedian, and screenwriter (b. 1879)
- Paul Signac, French painter and author (b. 1863)
- Anatole von Hügel, Italian ethnologist and academic, co-founded St Edmund's College, Cambridge (b. 1854)
- Konrad Mägi, Estonian painter and educator (b. 1878)
- Thomas J. Higgins, American sergeant, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1831)
- Euclides da Cunha, Brazilian sociologist and journalist (b. 1866)
- Joseph Joachim, Hungarian violinist, composer, and conductor (b. 1831)
- Nathaniel Claiborne, American farmer and politician (b. 1777)
- Johan Gadolin, Finnish chemist, physicist, and mineralogist (b. 1760)
- José María Coppinger, governor of Spanish East Florida (b. 1733)
- Giuseppe Parini, Italian poet and author (b. 1729)
- Pierre Bouguer, French mathematician, geophysicist, and astronomer (b. 1698)
- Marin Marais, French viol player and composer (b. 1656)
- Constantin Brâncoveanu, Romanian prince (b. 1654)
- Johann Adam Schall von Bell, German missionary and astronomer (b. 1591)
- John Barclay, Scottish poet and author (b. 1582)
- Thomas Kyd, English playwright (b. 1558)
- Hermann of Wied, German archbishop (b. 1477)
- Odet of Foix, Viscount of Lautrec, French general (b. 1485)
- John V, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg (b. 1439)
- Alexander Agricola, Flemish composer (b. c. 1445)
- Infanta Isabella of Portugal, Queen of Castile and León (b. 1428)
- Ide Pedersdatter Falk, Danish noblewoman (b. 1358)
- Adalbertus Ranconis de Ericinio, Bohemian theologian and rector of the University of Paris (b. circa 1320)
- Philippa of Hainault, Queen consort of Edward III of England (b. 1314)
- Yesün Temür, emperor of the Yuan Dynasty (b. 1293)
- Lorenzo Tiepolo, Doge of Venice
- Robert de Sorbon, French theologian and educator, founded the College of Sorbonne (b. 1201)
- Saint Hyacinth of Poland
- Marie of France, Duchess of Brabant (b. 1198)
- Conrad II, Duke of Swabia (b. 1173)
- Alexios I Komnenos, Byzantine emperor (b. 1048)
- Macbeth, King of Scotland
- Stephen I, Hungarian king (b. 975)
- Nikephoros Phokas Barytrachelos, Byzantine rebel
- Minnborinus, Irish missionary and abbot
- Li Yu, ruler ('king') of Southern Tang
- Ma Xisheng, Chinese governor and king (b. 899)
- Han Jian, Chinese warlord (b. 855)
- Altfrid, bishop of Hildesheim
- Yi Zong, Chinese emperor (b. 833)
- Roland, Frankish military leader
- Abu Hanifa, Iraqi scholar and educator (b. 699)
- Libius Severus, Roman emperor (b. 420)
- Honorius, Roman emperor (b. 384)
- Lan Han, official of the Xianbei state Lan Yan