On This Day in History: August 19
August 19 is the 231st day of the year (232nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 134 days remain until the end of the year.
Lottery News On This Day
- Washington Lottery making changes to Hit 5 game. The Washington Lottery revealed modifications to its popular Hit 5 lottery game just a week after announcing its rebranding of "Daily Game" to "Pick 3." Starting Sunday, August 30, players will see those changes in effect.
- Lottery Post becomes installable app for mobile users. Speednet Group, a leading lottery technology company, today announced the general availability of its latest version of the Lottery Post mobile website, which allows mobile users to install the site as an app on their phones.
- VIDEO: See what it's like to win a Colorado Lottery prize. If you've ever imagined what it must be like to win a Colorado Lottery Second-Chance Drawing, get ready to experience all of those winning moments.
- Virginia Lottery turns over more than a half-billion dollars to education. For just the second time in its history, the Virginia Lottery has delivered more than a half-billion dollars to Virginia's K-12 public schools in a single fiscal year.
- Texas Lottery to double number of Pick 3 and Pick 4 draws. In a few weeks, Texas Lottery players will have twice as many opportunities per day to play the Pick 3 and Pick 4 games.
- Mother and son share bittersweet lottery win. A South Carolina man won $150,000 on a lottery ticket he bought to honor his father on the anniversary of his death.
- Teammates fool Diamondbacks player with lottery prank. Major League Baseball player Wade Miley was fooled by his fellow Diamondbacks teammates last Sunday when they mixed in a fake scratch-off ticket with his real ones.
- Winning €6m Ireland Lotto ticket sold in Lahinch, Co Clare. The popular Irish seaside town of Lahinch, Co Clare is buzzing with excitement after someone bought the winning lottery ticket from Saturday's draw worth more than €6 million at a local supermarket.
- Iowa officials trying to solve lotto mystery, may release surveillance video. Investigators in Iowa may release surveillance video of a person who purchased an unclaimed lottery ticket in hopes the public will see something that will help a criminal probe.
- Arizona Lottery sales hit record levels. People in Arizona are spending record amounts of money on lottery tickets, a sales surge that is surpassing that of other states.
- TN lottery scholarships safe from cuts. The dollar shortfall between Tennessee lottery revenue and the scholarship programs it funds is much less than previously projected, a study shows, indicating that lottery scholarships won't have to be cut or made harder to get.
- Mega Millions and Powerball prizes top $200 million. Jackpots for the two multistate lotteries in the U.S. rose above $200 million each as players await tonight's drawing for one of the prizes.
- Lottery fever hits Tennessee & Georgia: both states have jackpots over $200 million. Lottery Fever hits folks in Tennessee and Georgia as both states celebrate jackpots over $200 Million.
- Mega Millions lottery jackpot zooms to $207M. The jackpot for Friday night's Mega Millions drawing climbed to $207 million after no players matched all six numbers in Tuesday night's game.
- N.C. lottery expands vending machine use. North Carolina Education Lottery Commission officials are hoping a new deal that will allow players to purchase Powerball and other game tickets from vending machines will help extend the lottery's reach into more retail chain stores, like Walmart.
- His and Hers: Wisconsin spouses win identical lottery jackpots. A Wisconsin husband and wife each won their own $350,000 jackpots in this weekend's SuperCash state lottery.
- Air Force sergeant claims $93.4 million Powerball jackpot. A Kirtland Air Force Base master sergeant who decided on a whim to buy a lottery ticket while picking up milk at a Raley's supermarket won a $93.4 million Powerball jackpot, lottery officials announced Friday.
- $14 Million Powerball Jackpot Up for Grabs. Because no one correctly matched all six numbers in Wednesday's Powerball drawing the jackpot grew to an estimated $14 million, with a cash option of $6.8 million.
- Mistrial declared in $4M lottery ticket dispute. A former convenience store clerk will keep collecting winnings from a $4 million Massachusetts Lottery scratch ticket after a Superior Court judge declared a mistrial yesterday in a dispute over ownership of the ticket.
- N.J. Lottery sales top $2 billion for third straight year. New Jersey lottery revenues rose more than 5 percent in the past fiscal year, topping $2 billion in sales for the third consecutive year.
- Burglar Has Lotto Fever. Columbus, Georgia police are talking about an unusual late-night break-in at a convenience store, where the thief stole a lottery machine and two rolls of scratch-off tickets valued at $600.
- Bookies in Exile. Many of the bookmakers who started offshore betting operations so optimistically are finding themselves locked into an isolated way of life that with each passing day seems a worse bet.
- GTECH lottery systems built to handle blackout. In last week's blackout in the Northeast, no completed lottery sales were lost or dropped, but in stores without power, purchases were impossible.
- Lottery deal with Georgia best bet, expert says. Tennessee's lottery could reap as much as an extra $249 million over a seven-year period by joining forces with Georgia, according to a consultant hired by the state lottery board.
Top 25 Lottery Jackpots On This Day
- 1.$541.9 Million
Aug 19, 2017
- 2.$259.9 Million
Aug 19, 2009
- 3.$245 Million
Aug 22, 2007
- 4.€147.81 Million
Aug 22, 2009
- 5.$207 Million
Aug 21, 2009
- 6.$200 Million
Aug 22, 2001
- 7.$171 Million
Aug 21, 2007
- 8.$160 Million
Aug 19, 2014
- 9.€126.25 Million
Aug 20, 2016
- 10.€107 Million
Aug 21, 2018
- 11.€110 Million
Aug 21, 2020
- 12.$110 Million
Aug 20, 2016
- 13.€79 Million
Aug 20, 2013
- 14.€74 Million
Aug 21, 2009
- 15.€69 Million
Aug 22, 2008
- 16.$102 Million
Aug 21, 2018
- 17.€91 Million
Aug 20, 2019
- 18.€90 Million
Aug 23, 2019
- 19.$100 Million
Aug 20, 2010
- 20.€65 Million
Aug 19, 2011
- 21.$90 Million
Aug 21, 2002
- 22.$85 Million
Aug 20, 2003
- 23.$81 Million
Aug 19, 2008
- 24.$80 Million
Aug 21, 2010
- 24.$80 Million
Aug 19, 2015
Lottery Post Member Birthdays On This Day
Saturday, Aug 19, 1995
25 years old
Tuesday, Aug 19, 1986
34 years old
Monday, Aug 19, 1985
35 years old
Thursday, Aug 19, 1982
38 years old
Tuesday, Aug 19, 1980
40 years old
Sunday, Aug 19, 1979
41 years old
Tuesday, Aug 19, 1975
45 years old
Monday, Aug 19, 1974
46 years old
Saturday, Aug 19, 1972
48 years old
Monday, Aug 19, 1968
52 years old
Monday, Aug 19, 1968
52 years old
Wednesday, Aug 19, 1964
56 years old
Wednesday, Aug 19, 1964
56 years old
Friday, Aug 19, 1960
60 years old
Friday, Aug 19, 1955
65 years old
Wednesday, Aug 19, 1953
67 years old
Wednesday, Aug 19, 1953
67 years old
Tuesday, Aug 19, 1952
68 years old
Worldwide Events On This Day
- Tens of thousands of farmed non-native Atlantic salmon are accidentally released into the wild in Washington waters in the 2017 Cypress Island Atlantic salmon pen break.
- The Dhamara Ghat train accident kills at least 37 people in the Indian state of Bihar.
- Operation Iraqi Freedom ends, with the last of the United States brigade combat teams crossing the border to Kuwait.
- A series of bombings in Baghdad, Iraq, kills 101 and injures 565 others.
- The first-ever joint military exercise between Russia and China, called Peace Mission 2005 begins.
- A car-bomb attack on United Nations headquarters in Iraq kills the agency's top envoy Sérgio Vieira de Mello and 21 other employees.
- Shmuel HaNavi bus bombing: A suicide attack on a bus in Jerusalem, planned by Hamas, kills 23 Israelis, seven of them children. in the .
- Khankala Mi-26 crash: A Russian Mil Mi-26 helicopter carrying troops is hit by a Chechen missile outside Grozny, killing 118 soldiers.
- In Belgrade, Yugoslavia, tens of thousands of Serbians rally to demand the resignation of Federal Republic of Yugoslavia President Slobodan Milošević.
- Dissolution of the Soviet Union, August Coup: Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev is placed under house arrest while on holiday in the town of Foros, Ukraine.
- Crown Heights riot begins.
- Polish president Wojciech Jaruzelski nominates Solidarity activist Tadeusz Mazowiecki to be the first non-communist prime minister in 42 years.
- Several hundred East Germans cross the frontier between Hungary and Austria during the Pan-European Picnic, part of the events that began the process of the Fall of the Berlin Wall.
- Hungerford massacre: In the United Kingdom, Michael Ryan kills sixteen people with a semi-automatic rifle and then commits suicide.
- Gulf of Sidra Incident: United States fighters intercept and shoot down two Libyan Sukhoi Su-22 fighter jets over the Gulf of Sidra.
- Saudia Flight 163, a Lockheed L-1011 TriStar burns after making an emergency landing at King Khalid International Airport in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, killing 301 people.
- Otłoczyn railway accident: In Poland's worst post-war railway accident, 67 people lose their lives and a further 62 are injured.
- In Iran, Cinema Rex fire caused more than 400 deaths.
- Japanese prime minister Eisaku Satō becomes the first post-World War II sitting prime minister to visit Okinawa Prefecture.
- Syncom 3, the first geostationary communication satellite, is launched. Two months later, it would enable live coverage of the 1964 Summer Olympics.
- Cold War: In Moscow, Russia, Soviet Union, downed American U-2 pilot Francis Gary Powers is sentenced to ten years imprisonment by the Soviet Union for espionage.
- Sputnik program: Korabl-Sputnik 2: The Soviet Union launches the satellite with the dogs Belka and Strelka, 40 mice, two rats and a variety of plants.
- In the Northeast United States, severe flooding caused by Hurricane Diane, claims 200 lives.
- Cold War: The CIA and MI6 help to overthrow the government of Mohammad Mosaddegh in Iran and reinstate the Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.
- August Revolution: Viet Minh led by Ho Chi Minh take power in Hanoi, Vietnam.
- World War II: Liberation of Paris: Paris, France rises against German occupation with the help of Allied troops.
- World War II: Operation Jubilee: The 2nd Canadian Infantry Division leads an amphibious assault by allied forces on Dieppe, France and fails, many Canadians are killed or captured. The operation was intended to develop and try new amphibious landing tactics for the coming full invasion in Normandy.
- Germany and Romania sign the Tiraspol Agreement, rendering the region of Transnistria under control of the latter.
- First flight of the B-25 Mitchell medium bomber.
- The Great Purge of the Soviet Union begins when the first of the Moscow Trials is convened.
- The first All-American Soap Box Derby is held in Dayton, Ohio.
- The German referendum of 1934 approves Hitler's appointment as head of state with the title of Führer.
- Patriarch Sergius of Moscow proclaims the declaration of loyalty of the Russian Orthodox Church to the Soviet Union.
- The Tambov Rebellion breaks out, in response to the Bolshevik policy of Prodrazvyorstka.
- The Indianapolis Motor Speedway opens for automobile racing. Wilfred Bourque and his mechanic are killed during the first day's events.
- American Indian Wars: During an uprising in Minnesota, Lakota warriors decide not to attack heavily defended Fort Ridgely and instead turn to the settlement of New Ulm, killing white settlers along the way.
- First ascent of Weisshorn, fifth highest summit in the Alps.
- The First Sioux War begins when United States Army soldiers kill Lakota chief Conquering Bear and in return are massacred.
- California Gold Rush: The New York Herald breaks the news to the East Coast of the United States of the gold rush in California (although the rush started in January).
- The French government announces that Louis Daguerre's photographic process is a gift "free to the world".
- Gervasio Antonio de Posadas joins Argentina's Second Triumvirate.
- War of 1812: American frigate USS Constitution defeats the British frigate HMS Guerriere off the coast of Nova Scotia, Canada earning the nickname "Old Ironsides".
- American Revolutionary War: Battle of Blue Licks: The last major engagement of the war, almost ten months after the surrender of the British commander Charles Cornwallis following the Siege of Yorktown.
- Gustav III of Sweden stages a coup d'état, in which he assumes power and enacts a new constitution that divides power between the Riksdag and the King.
- Battle of Lagos Naval battle during the Seven Years' War between Great Britain and France.
- Prince Charles Edward Stuart raises his standard in Glenfinnan: The start of the Second Jacobite Rebellion, known as "the 45".
- Ottoman-Persian War: In the Battle of Kars, the Ottoman army is routed by Persian forces led by Nader Shah.
- Salem witch trials: In Salem, Province of Massachusetts Bay, five people, one woman and four men, including a clergyman, are executed after being convicted of witchcraft.
- Second Anglo-Dutch War: Rear Admiral Robert Holmes leads a raid on the Dutch island of Terschelling, destroying 150 merchant ships, an act later known as "Holmes's Bonfire".
- The "Samlesbury witches", three women from the Lancashire village of Samlesbury, England, are put on trial, accused of practicing witchcraft, one of the most famous witch trials in British history.
- Mary, Queen of Scots, aged 18, returns to Scotland after spending 13 years in France.
- In Ireland, the Hiberno-Norman de Burghs (Burkes) and Anglo-Norman Fitzgeralds fight in the Battle of Knockdoe.
- Pope Pius II is elected the 211th Pope.
- Baldwin III of Jerusalem takes control of the Kingdom of Jerusalem from his mother Melisende, and also captures Ascalon.
- Abu Yazid, a Kharijite rebel leader, is defeated and killed in the Hodna Mountains in modern-day Algeria by Fatimid forces.
- 43 BC
- Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus, later known as Augustus, compels the Roman Senate to elect him Consul.
- 295 BC
- The first temple to Venus, the Roman goddess of love, beauty and fertility, is dedicated by Quintus Fabius Maximus Gurges during the Third Samnite War.
Births On This Day
- Thomas Flegler, Australian rugby league player
- Lachlan Lewis, Australian rugby league player
- Nafissatou Thiam, Belgian pentathlete and heptathlete
- Fernando Gaviria, Colombian cyclist
- Danny Galbraith, Scottish footballer
- Romeo Miller, American basketball player, rapper, actor
- Veronica Roth, American author
- Nick Driebergen, Dutch swimmer
- Nico Hülkenberg, German race car driver
- Sotiris Balafas, Greek footballer
- Saori Kimura, Japanese volleyball player
- Christina Perri, American singer and songwriter
- David A. Gregory, American actor
- Gavin Cooper, Australian rugby league player
- Lindsey Jacobellis, American snowboarder
- Simon Bird, English actor and screenwriter
- Alessandro Matri, Italian footballer
- Ryan Taylor, English footballer
- Mike Conway, English race car driver
- Missy Higgins, Australian singer-songwriter
- John McCargo, American football player
- J. J. Hardy, American baseball player
- Kevin Rans, Belgian pole vaulter
- Stipe Miocic, American professional mixed martial artist
- Nick Kennedy, English rugby player
- Percy Watson, American football player and wrestler
- Darius Campbell, Scottish singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor
- Craig Frawley, Australian rugby league player
- Jun Jin, South Korean singer
- Paul Parry, Welsh footballer
- Michael Todd, American bass player
- Oumar Kondé, Swiss footballer
- Chris Capuano, American baseball player
- Qais Al Khonji, Omani entrepreneur
- Iban Mayo, Spanish cyclist
- Régine Chassagne, Canadian singer-songwriter
- Chynna Clugston, American illustrator
- Marco Materazzi, Italian footballer and manager
- Tasma Walton, Australian actress
- Roberto Abbondanzieri, Argentinian footballer and manager
- Chihiro Yonekura, Japanese singer-songwriter
- Mary Joe Fernández, Dominican-American tennis player and coach
- João Vieira Pinto, Portuguese footballer
- Douglas Allen Tunstall Jr., American professional wrestler and politician
- Nate Dogg, American rapper (d. 2011)
- Matthew Perry, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
- Kazuyoshi Tatsunami, Japanese baseball player and coach
- Clay Walker, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
- Khandro Rinpoche, Indian spiritual leader
- Lee Ann Womack, American singer-songwriter
- Hemant Birje, Indian actor
- Kevin Dillon, American actor
- Kyra Sedgwick, American actress and producer
- James Tomkins, Australian rower
- John Stamos, American actor
- Joey Tempest, Swedish rock singer-songwriter and musician
- Jonathan Coe, English author and academic
- Morten Andersen, Danish-American football player
- Chris Mortimer, Australian rugby league player
- Ricky Pierce, American basketball player
- Gary Gaetti, American baseball player, coach, and manager
- Anthony Muñoz, American football player and sportscaster
- Brendan Nelson, Australian physician and politician, 47th Minister for Defence for Australia
- Rick Snyder, American politician and businessman, 48th Governor of Michigan
- Paul-Jan Bakker, Dutch cricketer
- Gary Chapman, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
- Martin Donovan, American actor and director
- Ian Gould, English cricketer and umpire
- Cesare Prandelli, Italian footballer and manager
- Christine Soetewey, Belgian high jumper
- Gerda Verburg, Dutch trade union leader and politician, Dutch Minister of Agriculture
- Adam Arkin, American actor, director, and producer
- José Rubén Zamora, Guatemalan journalist
- Mary-Anne Fahey, Australian actress
- Peter Gallagher, American actor
- Patricia Scotland, Baroness Scotland of Asthal, Dominica-born English lawyer and politician, Attorney General for England and Wales
- Ned Yost, American baseball player and manager
- Oscar Larrauri, Argentinian race car driver
- Jonathan Frakes, American actor and director
- John Deacon, English bass player and songwriter
- Gustavo Santaolalla, Argentinian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
- Jennie Bond, English journalist and author
- Sudha Murty, Indian author and teacher, head of Infosys Foundation
- Michael Nazir-Ali, Pakistani-English bishop
- Robert Hughes, Australian actor
- Christy O'Connor Jnr, Irish golfer and architect (d. 2016)
- Dave Dutton, English actor and screenwriter
- Terry Hoeppner, American football player and coach (d. 2007)
- Gerard Schwarz, American conductor and director
- Anuška Ferligoj, Slovenian mathematician
- Charles Bolden, American general and astronaut
- Bill Clinton, American lawyer and politician, 42nd President of the United States
- Dawn Steel, American film producer (d. 1997)
- Dennis Eichhorn, American author and illustrator (d. 2015)
- Charles Wellesley, 9th Duke of Wellington, English politician
- Ian Gillan, English singer-songwriter
- Jack Canfield, American author
- Bodil Malmsten, Swedish author and poet
- Eddy Raven, American country music singer-songwriter
- Charles Wang, Chinese-American businessman and philanthropist, co-founded Computer Associates International (d. 2018)
- Don Fardon, English pop singer
- Sid Going, New Zealand rugby player
- Billy J. Kramer, English pop singer
- Fred Thompson, American actor, lawyer, and politician (d. 2015)
- John Cootes, Australian rugby league player, priest, and businessman
- Mihalis Papagiannakis, Greek educator and politician (d. 2009)
- Roger Cook, English songwriter, singer, and producer
- Johnny Nash, American singer-songwriter (d. 2020)
- Jill St. John, American model and actress
- Ginger Baker, English drummer and songwriter (d. 2019)
- Diana Muldaur, American actress
- Nelly Vuksic, Argentine conductor and musician
- Richard Ingrams, English journalist, founded The Oldie
- William Motzing, American composer and conductor (d. 2014)
- Richard McBrien, American priest, theologian, and academic (d. 2015)
- Bobby Richardson, American baseball player and coach
- David Durenberger, American soldier, lawyer, and politician
- Renée Richards, American tennis player and ophthalmologist
- Bettina Cirone, American model and photographer
- David Hopwood, English microbiologist and geneticist
- Debra Paget, American actress
- Thomas P. Salmon, American lawyer and politician, 75th Governor of Vermont
- Banharn Silpa-archa, Thai politician, Prime Minister (1995-1996) (d. 2016)
- Bill Shoemaker, American jockey and author (d. 2003)
- Frank McCourt, American author and educator (d. 2009)
- Bill Foster, American basketball player and coach (d. 2016)
- Ion N. Petrovici, Romanian-German neurologist and academic
- Shiv Prasaad Singh, Indian Hindi writer (d.1998)
- Bernard Levin, English journalist, author, and broadcaster (d. 2004)
- Angus Scrimm, American actor and author (d. 2016)
- Claude Gauvreau, Canadian poet and playwright (d. 1971)
- Willard Boyle, Canadian physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2011)
- William Marshall, American actor, director, and opera singer (d. 2003)
- Jack Holland, Australian rugby league player (d. 1994)
- Gene Roddenberry, American screenwriter and producer (d. 1991)
- Malcolm Forbes, American publisher and politician (d. 1990)
- Jimmy Rowles, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1996)
- Dennis Poore, English race car driver and businessman (d. 1987)
- Ring Lardner, Jr., American journalist and screenwriter (d. 2000)
- Alfred Rouleau, Canadian businessman (d. 1985)
- Lajos Baróti, Hungarian footballer and manager (d. 2005)
- Fumio Hayasaka, Japanese composer (d. 1955)
- Rose Heilbron, British barrister and judge (d. 2005)
- John Argyris, Greek engineer and academic (d. 2004)
- Peter Kemp, Indian-English soldier and author (d. 1993)
- Richard Simmons, American actor (d. 2003)
- Herb Narvo, Australian rugby league player, coach, and boxer(d. 1958)
- Anna Terruwe, Dutch psychiatrist and author (d. 2004)
- Quentin Bell, English historian and author (d. 1996)
- Saint Alphonsa, first woman of Indian origin to be canonized as a saint by the Catholic Church (d. 1946)
- Ronald King, New Zealand rugby player (d. 1988)
- Hazari Prasad Dwivedi, Indian historian, author, and scholar (d. 1979)
- Thruston Ballard Morton, American soldier and politician (d. 1982)
- Philo Farnsworth, American inventor, invented the Fusor (d. 1971)
- Maurice Wilks, English engineer and businessman (d. 1963)
- James Gould Cozzens, American novelist and short story writer (d. 1978)
- Ogden Nash, American poet (d. 1971)
- Gontran de Poncins, French author and adventurer (d. 1962)
- Gilbert Ryle, English philosopher, author, and academic (d. 1976)
- Dorothy Burr Thompson, American archaeologist and art historian (d. 2001)
- Colleen Moore, American actress (d. 1988)
- C. Suntharalingam, Sri Lankan lawyer, academic, and politician (d. 1985)
- S. Satyamurti, Indian lawyer and politician (d. 1943)
- Coco Chanel, French fashion designer, founded the Chanel Company (d. 1971)
- José Mendes Cabeçadas, Portuguese admiral and politician, 9th President of Portugal (d. 1965)
- George Enescu, Romanian violinist, pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1955)
- George Shepherd, 1st Baron Shepherd (d. 1954)
- Manuel L. Quezon, Filipino soldier, lawyer, and politician, 2nd President of the Philippines (d. 1944)
- Fred Stone, American actor and producer (d. 1959)
- Orville Wright, American engineer and pilot, co-founded the Wright Company (d. 1948)
- Bernard Baruch, American businessman and philanthropist (d. 1965)
- Ellen Willmott, English horticulturalist (d. 1934)
- Joaquim Nabuco, Brazilian politician and diplomat (d. 1910)
- Gustave Caillebotte, French painter and engineer (d. 1894)
- Luis Martín, Spanish religious leader, 24th Superior General of the Society of Jesus (d. 1906)
- C. I. Scofield, American minister and theologian (d. 1921)
- Tom Wills, Australian cricketer and pioneer of Australian rules football (d. 1880)
- Julius Lothar Meyer, German chemist (d. 1895)
- Julius van Zuylen van Nijevelt, Luxembourger-Dutch politician, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (d. 1894)
- Harriette Newell Woods Baker, American editor and children's book writer (d. 1893)
- Francis I, king of the Two Sicilies (d. 1830)
- Madame du Barry, French mistress of Louis XV of France (d. 1793)
- Charles-François de Broglie, marquis de Ruffec, French soldier and diplomat (d. 1791)
- Edward Boscawen, English admiral and politician (d. 1761)
- Samuel Richardson, English author and publisher (d. 1761)
- Eustace Budgell, English journalist and politician (d. 1737)
- John Flamsteed, English astronomer and academic (d. 1719)
- John Dryden, English poet, literary critic and playwright (d. 1700)
- Gerbrand van den Eeckhout, Dutch painter, etcher, and poet (d. 1674)
- Jan Fyt, Flemish painter (d. 1661)
- Elizabeth Stuart, queen of Bohemia (d. 1662)
- Henry Rich, 1st Earl of Holland, English soldier and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Berkshire (d. 1649)
- Daišan, Chinese prince and statesman (d. 1648)
- Salamone Rossi, Italian violinist and composer (probable; d. 1630)
- Íñigo López de Mendoza, 1st Marquis of Santillana, Spanish poet and politician (d. 1458)
- Catherine of Bohemia, duchess of Austria (d. 1395)
- Marcus Aurelius Probus, Roman emperor (d. 282)
Deaths On This Day
- Lars Larsen, Danish businessman and billionaire, founder and owner of the Danish retail chain JYSK (b. 1948)
- Dick Gregory, American comedian, author and activist (b. 1932)
- Jack Riley, American actor and voice artist (b. 1935)
- George Houser, American minister and activist (b. 1916)
- Sanat Mehta, Indian activist and politician (b. 1935)
- Samih al-Qasim, Palestinian poet and journalist (b. 1939)
- Simin Behbahani, Iranian poet and activist (b. 1927)
- James Foley, American photographer and journalist (b. 1973)
- Candida Lycett Green, Anglo-Irish journalist and author (b. 1942)
- Musa'id bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Saudi Arabian prince (b. 1923)
- Russell S. Doughten, American director and producer (b. 1927)
- Abdul Rahim Hatif, Afghan politician, 8th President of Afghanistan (b. 1926)
- Donna Hightower, American singer-songwriter (b. 1926)
- Donal Henahan, American journalist and critic (b. 1921)
- Ivar Iversen, Norwegian canoe racer (b. 1914)
- Tony Scott, English-American director and producer (b. 1944)
- Edmund Skellings, American poet and academic (b. 1932)
- Raúl Ruiz, Chilean director and producer (b. 1941)
- Don Hewitt, American television producer, created 60 Minutes (b. 1922)
- Levy Mwanawasa, Zambian lawyer and politician, 3rd President of Zambia (b. 1948)
- Mo Mowlam, English academic and politician, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster (b. 1949)
- Carlos Roberto Reina, Honduran lawyer and politician, President of Honduras (b. 1926)
- Sérgio Vieira de Mello, Brazilian diplomat (b. 1948)
- Donald Woods, South African journalist and activist (b. 1933)
- Bineshwar Brahma, Indian poet, author, and educator (b. 1948)
- Theodore Trautwein, American lawyer and judge (b. 1920)
- Pierre Schaeffer, French composer and musicologist (b. 1910)
- Linus Pauling, American chemist and biologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1901)
- Utpal Dutt, Bangladeshi actor, director, and playwright (b. 1929)
- Hermione Baddeley, English actress (b. 1906)
- Viv Thicknesse, Australian rugby player (b. 1910)
- August Neo, Estonian wrestler (b. 1908)
- Jessie Matthews, English actress, singer, and dancer (b. 1907)
- Otto Frank, German-Swiss businessman, father of Anne Frank (b. 1889)
- Aleksander Kreek, Estonian shot putter and discus thrower (b. 1914)
- Groucho Marx, American comedian and actor (b. 1890)
- Alastair Sim, Scottish-English actor (b. 1900)
- Ken Wadsworth, New Zealand cricketer (b. 1946)
- Mark Donohue, American race car driver and engineer (b. 1937)
- Paweł Jasienica, Polish soldier and historian (b. 1909)
- George Gamow, Ukrainian-American physicist and cosmologist (b. 1904)
- Hugo Gernsback, Luxembourg-born American author and publisher (b. 1884)
- Isaac Deutscher, Polish-English journalist and historian (b. 1907)
- David Bomberg, English soldier and painter (b. 1890)
- Alcide De Gasperi, Italian journalist and politician, 30th Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1881)
- Giovanni Giorgi, Italian physicist and engineer (b. 1871)
- Tomás Burgos, Chilean philanthropist (b. 1875)
- Harald Kaarmann, Estonian footballer (b. 1901)
- Heinrich Rauchinger, Kraków-born painter (b. 1858)
- Federico García Lorca, Spanish poet, playwright, and director (b. 1898)
- Louis Anquetin, French painter (b. 1861)
- Sergei Diaghilev, Russian critic and producer, founded Ballets Russes (b. 1872)
- Stephanos Skouloudis, Greek banker and diplomat, 97th Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1838)
- Vilfredo Pareto, Italian sociologist and economist (b. 1845)
- Tevfik Fikret, Turkish poet and educator (b. 1867)
- Franz Xavier Wernz, German religious leader, 25th Superior General of the Society of Jesus (b. 1844)
- Jean-Baptiste Accolay, Belgian violinist, composer, and conductor (b. 1833)
- John Wesley Hardin, American Old West outlaw, gunfighter (b. 1853)
- Auguste Villiers de l'Isle-Adam, French author, poet, and playwright (b. 1838)
- Jeremiah S. Black, American lawyer and politician, 24th United States Attorney General (b. 1810)
- Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre, French mathematician and astronomer (b. 1749)
- Fredrik Henrik af Chapman, Swedish admiral and shipbuilder (b. 1721)
- Johann Balthasar Neumann, German engineer and architect, designed Basilica of the Fourteen Holy Helpers (b. 1687)
- Anthony Grey, 11th Earl of Kent, English politician (b. 1645)
- Köprülü Fazıl Mustafa Pasha, Ottoman commander and politician, 117th Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire (b. 1637)
- Jean Eudes, French priest, founded the Congregation of Jesus and Mary (b. 1601)
- Blaise Pascal, French mathematician, physicist, and philosopher (b. 1623)
- Yom-Tov Lipmann Heller, Bohemian rabbi (b. 1579)
- Alexander Henderson, Scottish theologian and academic (b. 1583)
- Andrea Palladio, Italian architect, designed the Church of San Giorgio Maggiore and Il Redentore (b. 1508)
- Vincenzo Cappello, Venetian admiral and statesman (b. 1469)
- King Alexander Jagiellon of Poland (b. 1461)
- Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1415)
- Richard Olivier de Longueil, French cardinal (b. 1406)
- Andrea del Castagno, Italian painter (b. 1421)
- Louis of Toulouse, French bishop and saint (b. 1274)
- Alphonso, Earl of Chester (b. 1273)
- Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Provence (b. 1195)
- Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany (b. 1158)
- Al-Juwayni, Muslim scholar and imam (b. 1028)
- Hawise, Duchess of Brittany (b. 1037)
- Fujiwara no Sukemasa, Japanese noble, statesman and calligrapher (b. 944)
- Abu Yazid, Kharijite rebel leader (b. 873)
- Credan, English abbot and saint
- AD 14
- Augustus, Roman emperor (b. 63 BC)