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On This Day in History:  October 20

October 20 is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 72 days remain until the end of the year.

Lottery News On This Day

2018
Mega Millions sets world record with $1.6 billion lottery jackpot for Tuesday drawing. A Mega Millions jackpot roll that had already made history has now reached a new world record for the biggest lottery jackpot ever.
2017
Cops bust long-running illegal Philly 'street lottery'. Philadelphia law enforcement broke up a long-running illegal lottery run by a local crime family.
2017
77-year-old crossing guard with winning $1M lottery ticket will keep working. A 77-year-old crossing guard from Syracuse, New York, plans to keep working even after winning $1 million in the New York Lottery.
2015
N.C. Powerball winner's fiancé jailed for third time this year. The man engaged to the North Carolina woman who claimed a $188 million Powerball lottery jackpot payout earlier this year was placed back in jail for the third time in less than a year on Monday.
2015
Wyoming Lottery shelves keno plan. Some Wyoming lawmakers say they're bothered the Wyoming Lottery Corp. considered introducing keno without their approval and they expect to introduce legislation limiting the lottery.
2015
Georgia lottery officials question legality of fantasy sports companies. Georgia Lottery officials are questioning whether the daily fantasy sports industry can legally operate in the state, according to a letter sent last month to CEOs of DraftKings and FanDuel.
2011
Prolific lottery winner does it again. A North Carolina man received his sixth major Virginia Lottery prize when he claimed $65,800 in the Virginia Lottery's October 13 Pick 4 day drawing.
2010
Once a victim, retiree allegedly joined scammers to bilk others. An elderly Minnesota man was a victim of a lottery scam, but then he joined the scam in a failed attempt to try to recoup his losses.
2010
Lottery bill could limit winner's take. Michigan lawmakers are being asked to prevent any person receiving welfare from winning major Michigan State Lottery prizes, and the idea has area residents and business people at odds.
2007
Divide and Conquer: Meet the Lottery Titans. Over the last three decades, Gtech and Scientific Games have jointly generated several billion dollars in revenue as vendors to lotteries -- a business that flourishes at the crossroads of capitalism and public policy. In the process, the companies have steadily -- and often controversially -- evolved from minor suppliers into an influential oligopoly with a hammerlock on lottery operations.
2007
California looks to British lottery model. California is seeking to become the first US state to privatize its lottery to raise as much as $37 billion (£18 billion, €26 billion), with some of the funds used to finance governor Arnold Schwarzeneg­ger's sweeping health care reforms.
2005
26-year-old Iowan wins $853,000 lottery prize. Alicia Rhomberg, a youth services worker from Hiawatha, Iowa, claimed a second-tier prize of $853,000 Thursday from Wednesday night's Powerball jackpot drawing.
2005
Millionaire senator wins $853K in lottery. On a whim prompted by the frenzy over Wednesday's $340 million Powerball jackpot, New Hampshire Republican Senator Judd Gregg bought a ticket that matched five of the six numbers in the Powerball game.
2005
$340 million lottery ticket bought in Oregon gold rush town. A Powerball ticket worth $340 million was sold in the Gold Rush town of Jacksonville, Oregon lottery officials said today morning.
2005
Second-largest lottery jackpot in US history won. One ticket sold in Oregon matched all six numbers in Wednesday's Powerball drawing to win the $340 million jackpot, the second-largest ever in United States history.
2004
Mega Millions Lottery Jackpot Increases to $40 Million. The jackpot in the multi-state Mega Millions lottery grew to $40 million Wednesday.
2004
Lottery jackpot magic strikes twice for Wisconsin family. Gerri Holat of St. Francis, Wisconsin, a Milwaukee suburb, has hit the Megabucks jackpot twice - sort of.
2004
Smoking ban foes plan shutdown of NY lottery game. A New York City-based group is calling on small business owners across the state to shut down their Quick Draw lottery games for a week to protest the state's smoking ban.
2003
Paul's lottery past: rocky beginnings, happier endings. Rebecca Paul's admirers outnumber her critics by a long shot in Georgia's capital city. But the critics were hot when Paul was starting the state's lottery in 1993. Ten years later, Tennessee has hired her to do the same thing for up to $752,500 a year.
2003
Big lottery vendor dogged by controversy. Scandal and suspicion have marked GTECH's 22 years in the lottery business. But so has spectacular success. The company, which is expected to bid on the Tennessee lottery's online games contract, helps run lotteries in 26 states and 42 other countries.
2003
Is Rebecca Paul as good as they say?. When state lottery commissioners hired Rebecca Paul as the nation's highest-paid lottery director, they justified their decision by saying she was "the best," the "gold standard." State Sen. Steve Cohen dubbed her "the Michael Jordan" of her field. But a Tennessean review has found that many of the claims surrounding her are overstated.
2003
Powerball Jackpot Reaches $162 Million. Because no one correctly matched all six numbers in Saturday's Powerball drawing the jackpot grew to an estimated $162 million, with a cash option of $84.2 million. That ranks as the 6th largest Powerball jackpot ever.
2003
Mega Millions Jackpot Grows to $22 Million. No tickets matched all six numbers in the Friday Mega Millions drawing, so the jackpot grows to an estimated $22 million for the Tuesday, October 21, 2003 drawing.
2003
Will Alabama get gambling?. Alabama remains the lone holdout in the South for state-regulated gambling, although the state does have Indian casinos and wagering at dog tracks.
2003
Florida Lotto jackpot rolls over to $10 million. No ticket matched all six Florida Lotto numbers, creating a $10 million jackpot for Wednesday's drawing, lottery officials said Sunday.
2003
Russia's First Lottery Bill Moves to Senate. The State Duma on Friday passed in the third reading a bill on lotteries that will be Russia's first attempt at federally regulating the industry if approved by the Federation Council and signed by the president.
2003
Accomplishments of Ex-Lottery Director Questioned. Rebecca Paul was hired to start Tennessee's lottery and is paid more than her peers because of her success running Georgia's games, but some of Paul's accomplishments during her time in Georgia are overstated, according to a review by The Tennessean newspaper.

Top 25 Lottery Jackpots On This Day

1.$1.54 Billion
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Oct 23, 2018
2.$476.7 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Oct 20, 2018
3.€180 Million
US$229.66 Million
Multi-Country
Euro Millions
Draw Date
Oct 21, 2014
4.$216 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Oct 23, 2013
5.$200 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Oct 21, 2014
6.€159.89 Million
US$174.97 Million
Draw Date
Oct 20, 2016
7.$173 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Oct 21, 2017
8.$162 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Oct 22, 2003
9.$151 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Oct 22, 2016
10.$148 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Oct 22, 2011
11.€100.76 Million
US$130.16 Million
Draw Date
Oct 23, 2008
12.$120 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Oct 23, 2019
13.€95 Million
US$119.37 Million
Multi-Country
Euro Millions
Draw Date
Oct 20, 2006
14.$110 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Oct 22, 2014
15.$108 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Oct 21, 2005
16.€90 Million
US$102.51 Million
Multi-Country
EuroJackpot
Draw Date
Oct 26, 2018
17.$101 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Oct 22, 2010
18.€76 Million
US$98.77 Million
Multi-Country
Euro Millions
Draw Date
Oct 23, 2012
19.$93 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Oct 20, 2015
20.$92 Million
California
SuperLotto Plus
Draw Date
Oct 22, 2003
21.$90 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Oct 21, 2015
22.€59 Million
US$84.38 Million
Multi-Country
Euro Millions
Draw Date
Oct 23, 2009
23.$82 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Oct 22, 2019
24.$80 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Oct 20, 2012
25.$76 Million
Draw Date
Oct 21, 2009

Lottery Post Member Birthdays On This Day

1989
Friday, Oct 20, 1989
30 years old
1986
Monday, Oct 20, 1986
33 years old
1980
Monday, Oct 20, 1980
39 years old
1977
Thursday, Oct 20, 1977
42 years old
1973
Saturday, Oct 20, 1973
46 years old
1970
Tuesday, Oct 20, 1970
49 years old
1955
Thursday, Oct 20, 1955
64 years old
1953
Tuesday, Oct 20, 1953
66 years old
1911
Friday, Oct 20, 1911
108 years old
(year not provided)

Worldwide Events On This Day

2011
Libyan Civil War: Rebel forces capture Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi in his hometown of Sirte and kill him shortly thereafter.
1991
A 6.8 Mw earthquake strikes the Uttarkashi region of India, killing more than 1,000 people.
1982
During the UEFA Cup match between FC Spartak Moscow and HFC Haarlem, 66 people are crushed to death in the Luzhniki disaster.
1981
Two police officers and an armored car guard are killed during an armed robbery carried out by members of the Black Liberation Army and Weather Underground.
1977
Rock band Lynyrd Skynyrd's airplane crashes. Lead singer Ronnie Van Zant and guitarist Steve Gaines perish in the crash.
1976
The ferry George Prince is struck by a ship while crossing the Mississippi River. Seventy-eight passengers and crew die, and only 18 people aboard the ferry survive.
1973
"Saturday Night Massacre": United States President Richard Nixon fires U.S. Attorney General Elliot Richardson and Deputy Attorney General William Ruckelshaus after they refuse to fire special prosecutor Archibald Cox, who is finally fired by Robert Bork.
1973
The Sydney Opera House is opened by Elizabeth II after 14 years of construction.
1968
Former First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy marries Greek shipping tycoon Aristotle Onassis.
1962
People's Republic of China launches simultaneous offensives in Ladakh and across the McMahon Line, igniting the Sino-Indian War.
1961
The Soviet Union performs the first armed test of a submarine-launched ballistic missile, launching an R-13 from a Golf-class submarine.
1952
The Governor of Kenya declares a state of emergency and begins arresting hundreds of suspected leaders of the Mau Mau Uprising.
1951
The "Johnny Bright incident" occurs in Stillwater, Oklahoma.
1947
The House Un-American Activities Committee begins its investigation into Communist infiltration of the Hollywood film industry, resulting in a blacklist that prevents some from working in the industry for years.
1944
World War II: The Soviet Army and Yugoslav Partisans liberate Belgrade.
1944
Liquefied natural gas leaks from storage tanks in Cleveland and then explodes, leveling 30 blocks and killing 130 people.
1944
American general Douglas MacArthur fulfills his promise to return to the Philippines when he commands an Allied assault on the islands.
1941
World War II: Thousands of civilians in German-occupied Serbia are murdered in the Kragujevac massacre.
1935
The Long March, a mammoth retreat undertaken by the armed forces of the Chinese Communist Party a year prior, ends.
1910
The hull of the RMS Olympic, sister-ship to the ill-fated RMS Titanic, is launched from the Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast.
1904
Chile and Bolivia sign the Treaty of Peace and Friendship, delimiting the border between the two countries.
1883
Peru and Chile sign the Treaty of Ancón, by which the Tarapacá province is ceded to the latter, bringing an end to Peru's involvement in the War of the Pacific.
1827
In the Battle of Navarino, a combined Turkish and Egyptian fleet is defeated by British, French and Russian naval forces in the last significant battle fought with wooden sailing ships.
1818
The Convention of 1818 is signed between the United States and the United Kingdom, which settles the Canada-United States border on the 49th parallel for most of its length.
1803
The United States Senate ratifies the Louisiana Purchase.
1781
The Patent of Toleration, providing limited freedom of worship, is approved in Austria.
1740
France, Prussia, Bavaria and Saxony refuse to honour the Pragmatic Sanction, and the War of the Austrian Succession begins.
1720
Caribbean pirate Calico Jack is captured by the Royal Navy.
1572
Eighty Years' War: Three thousand Spanish soldiers wade through fifteen miles of water in one night to effect the relief of Goes.
1568
The Spanish Duke of Alba defeats a Dutch rebel force under William the Silent.
1548
The city of La Paz is founded by Alonso de Mendoza.

Births On This Day

1998
Jordan Ridley, Australian rules footballer
1996
Anthony Sinisuka Ginting, Indonesian badminton player
1992
Ksenia Semyonova, Russian gymnast
1992
Ferhat Yazgan, Turkish footballer
1990
Sam Mataora, Cook Islands rugby league player
1989
Jess Glynne, English singer-songwriter
1988
Candice Swanepoel, South African supermodel and philanthropist
1987
Raphael Hackl, German rugby player
1986
Wanlop Saechio, Thai footballer
1986
Elyse Taylor, Australian model
1985
Dominic McGuire, American basketball player
1985
Alphonso Smith, American football player
1985
James Sutton, English race car driver
1984
Mitch Lucker, American singer-songwriter (d. 2012)
1984
Florent Sinama Pongolle, French footballer
1984
Andrew Trimble, Irish rugby player
1983
Flavio Cipolla, Italian tennis player
1983
Luis Saritama, Ecuadorian footballer
1983
Michel Vorm, Dutch footballer
1982
Kristian Bak Nielsen, Danish footballer
1982
Becky Brewerton, Welsh golfer
1981
Dimitris Papadopoulos, Greek footballer
1981
Francisco Javier Rodríguez, Mexican footballer
1980
Chad Robinson, Australian rugby league player (d. 2016)
1980
José Veras, Dominican baseball player
1979
Vasyl Baranov, Ukrainian footballer
1979
Paul Ifill, English footballer
1979
John Krasinski, American actor, director, and producer
1979
Paul O'Connell, Irish rugby player
1979
Paul Terek, American decathlete
1978
Virender Sehwag, Indian cricketer
1978
Paul Wilson, Scottish bass player and songwriter
1977
Matt Jansen, English footballer and manager
1977
Leila Josefowicz, Canadian-American violinist
1977
Erko Saviauk, Estonian footballer
1977
Sam Witwer, American actor and musician
1976
Nikolaos Bacharidis, Greek footballer
1976
Dan Fogler, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
1976
Nicola Legrottaglie, Italian footballer and manager
1974
Bashar Rahal, Emirati-American actor and producer
1974
Brian Limond, Scottish comedian and writer
1974
Ed Hale, American singer-songwriter, writer and socio-political activist
1972
Pie Geelen, Dutch swimmer
1972
Will Greenwood, English rugby player and sportscaster
1972
Brian Schatz, American academic and politician, 11th Lieutenant Governor of Hawaii
1971
Snoop Dogg, American rapper, producer, and actor
1971
Eddie Jones, American basketball player
1971
Kamiel Maase, Dutch runner
1971
Dannii Minogue, Australian singer-songwriter and actress
1970
Sander Boschker, Dutch footballer
1970
Neil Heywood, English-Chinese businessman (d. 2011)
1970
Aapo Ilves, Estonian poet and illustrator
1970
Michelle Malkin, American blogger and author
1969
Laurie Daley, Australian rugby league player and coach
1969
Juan González, Puerto Rican-American baseball player
1969
Labros Papakostas, Greek high jumper
1968
Susan Tully, English actress, director, and producer
1967
Elizabeth Carling, English actress and singer
1967
Kerrod Walters, Australian rugby league player
1967
Kevin Walters, Australian rugby league player and coach
1966
Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, Jordanian militant Islamist (d. 2006)
1966
Allan Donald, South African cricketer and coach
1966
Patrick Volkerding, American computer scientist and engineer, founded Slackware
1965
Norman Blake, Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist
1965
Jonathan I. Schwartz, American businessman
1965
Mikhail Shtalenkov, Russian ice hockey player
1965
William Zabka, American actor and producer
1964
Kamala Harris, American lawyer and politician, 32nd Attorney General of California
1964
Tomoko Yamaguchi, Japanese actress and singer
1963
Julie Payette, Canadian engineer and astronaut
1963
Nikos Tsiantakis, Greek footballer
1963
Stan Valckx, Dutch footballer and manager
1962
David M. Evans, American director and screenwriter
1962
Dave Wong, Hong Kong-Taiwanese singer-songwriter and actor
1961
Audun Kleive, Norwegian drummer and composer
1961
Kate Mosse, English author and playwright
1961
Ian Rush, Welsh footballer and manager
1961
Les Stroud, Canadian director, producer, and harmonica player
1961
Michie Tomizawa, Japanese voice actress and singer
1960
Konstantin Aseev, Russian chess player and trainer (d. 2004)
1959
Mark Little, Australian comedian, actor, and screenwriter
1958
Valerie Faris, American director and producer
1958
Lynn Flewelling, American author and academic
1958
Scott Hall, American wrestler
1958
Mark King, English singer-songwriter and bass player
1958
Dave Krieg, American football player
1958
Viggo Mortensen, American-Danish actor and producer
1957
Jane Bonham-Carter, Baroness Bonham-Carter of Yarnbury, English politician
1957
Chris Cowdrey, English cricketer and sportscaster
1957
Hilda Solis, American academic and politician, 25th United States Secretary of Labor
1956
Danny Boyle, English director, producer, and screenwriter
1956
Martin Taylor, English guitarist
1955
Thomas Newman, American composer and conductor
1955
David Profumo, English author and academic
1955
Aaron Pryor, American boxer
1954
Steve Orich, American composer and conductor
1953
Keith Hernandez, American baseball player and sportscaster
1953
Richard McWilliam, American businessman and philanthropist, co-founded the Upper Deck Company (d. 2013)
1953
Bill Nunn, American actor (d. 2016)
1952
Melanie Mayron, American actress and director
1952
Derek Ridgers, English photographer and art director
1952
Wilma Josefina Salgado, Ecuadorian politician and economist
1951
Al Greenwood, American keyboard player
1951
Patrick Hall, English lawyer and politician
1951
Ken Ham, Australian-American evangelist
1951
Leif Pagrotsky, Swedish businessman and politician
1951
Claudio Ranieri, Italian footballer and manager
1950
Tom Petty, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (d. 2017)
1950
William Russ, American actor and director
1949
Valeriy Borzov, Ukrainian-Russian sprinter
1948
Peter Combe, Australian entertainer
1948
Sandra Dickinson, American-English actress and composer
1948
Piet Hein Donner, Dutch jurist and politician, Dutch Minister of Justice
1948
Melih Gökçek, Turkish journalist and politician, Mayor of Ankara
1946
Diana Gittins, American-English sociologist, author, and academic
1946
Lewis Grizzard, American comedian and author (d. 1994)
1946
Elfriede Jelinek, Austrian author and playwright, Nobel Prize laureate
1946
Richard Loncraine, English director and screenwriter
1946
Lucien Van Impe, Belgian cyclist
1946
Chris Woodhead, English civil servant and academic (d. 2015)
1945
Ric Lee, English drummer (Ten Years After)
1944
Nalin de Silva, Sri Lankan physicist and philosopher
1944
David Mancuso, American party planner, created The Loft (d. 2016)
1943
Dunja Vejzović, Croatian soprano and actress
1942
Earl Hindman, American actor (d. 2003)
1942
Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard, German biologist and geneticist, Nobel Prize laureate
1942
Bart Zoet, Dutch cyclist (d. 1992)
1941
Anneke Wills, English actress
1940
Kathy Kirby, English singer (d. 2011)
1940
Robert Pinsky, American poet and critic
1940
Jean-Pierre Dikongué Pipa, Cameroonian filmmaker
1939
Patrick Hughes, English painter, illustrator, and photographer
1938
Emidio Greco, Italian director and screenwriter (d. 2012)
1938
Iain Macmillan, Scottish photographer and educator (d. 2006)
1937
Cancio Garcia, Filipino lawyer and jurist (d. 2013)
1937
Wanda Jackson, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
1937
Juan Marichal, Dominican baseball player and sportscaster
1937
Emma Tennant, English author (d. 2017)
1936
Bobby Seale, American activist, co-founded the Black Panther Party
1935
Jerry Orbach, American actor and singer (d. 2004)
1934
Bill Chase, American trumpet player (d. 1974)
1934
Eddie Harris, American saxophonist (d. 1996)
1933
Barrie Chase, American actress and dancer
1932
Rosey Brown, American football player and coach (d. 2004)
1932
William Christopher, American actor and singer (d. 2016)
1932
Rokurō Naya, Japanese voice actor (d. 2014)
1931
Richard Caliguiri, American lawyer and politician, 54th Mayor of Pittsburgh (d. 1988)
1931
Mickey Mantle, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 1995)
1931
Ken Morrison, English businessman (d. 2017)
1928
Michael O'Donnell, English physician, author, and journalist
1927
Joyce Brothers, American psychologist, author, and actress (d. 2013)
1927
Gunturu Seshendra Sarma, Indian poet and critic (d. 2007)
1926
Edward Douglas-Scott-Montagu, 3rd Baron Montagu of Beaulieu, English lieutenant and politician, founded the National Motor Museum (d. 2015)
1925
Art Buchwald, American soldier and journalist (d. 2007)
1925
Tom Dowd, American record producer and engineer (d. 2002)
1925
Roger Hanin, Algerian-French actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2015)
1924
Robert Peters, American poet, playwright, and critic (d. 2014)
1923
Robert Craft, American conductor and musicologist (d. 2015)
1922
John Anderson, American actor (d. 1992)
1922
Franco Ventriglia, American opera singer (d. 2012)
1921
Manny Ayulo, American race car driver (d. 1955)
1921
Hans Warren, Dutch poet and author (d. 2001)
1920
Nick Cardy, American illustrator (d. 2013)
1920
Fanny de Sivers, Estonian-French linguist and academic (d. 2011)
1920
Siddhartha Shankar Ray, Indian lawyer and politician, Chief Minister of West Bengal (d. 2010)
1919
Tracy Hall, American chemist and academic (d. 2008)
1918
Martin Drewes, German soldier and pilot (d. 2013)
1918
Robert Lochner, American-German soldier and journalist (d. 2003)
1917
Stéphane Hessel, German-French activist and diplomat (d. 2013)
1917
Jean-Pierre Melville, French actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1973)
1914
Fayard Nicholas, American actor, dancer, and choreographer (d. 2006)
1913
Grandpa Jones, American singer-songwriter and banjo player (d. 1998)
1912
Ruhi Su, Turkish singer-songwriter (d. 1985)
1910
Chen Liting, Chinese director and playwright (d. 2013)
1909
Carla Laemmle, American actress and photographer (d. 2014)
1909
Yasushi Sugiyama, Japanese painter (d. 1993)
1908
Stuart Hamblen, American singer-songwriter, actor, and radio show host (d. 1989)
1907
Arlene Francis, American actress and television personality (d. 2001)
1904
Tommy Douglas, Scottish-Canadian minister and politician, 7th Premier of Saskatchewan (d. 1986)
1904
Enolia McMillan, American educator and activist (d. 2006)
1904
Anna Neagle, English actress, singer, and producer (d. 1986)
1901
Frank Churchill, American film composer (d. 1942)
1901
Adelaide Hall, American-English singer, actress, and dancer (d. 1993)
1900
Ismail al-Azhari, Sudanese politician, 3rd President of Sudan (d. 1969)
1900
Wayne Morse, American lieutenant, lawyer, and politician (d. 1974)
1897
Yi Un, South Korean general (d. 1970)
1895
Rex Ingram, American actor (d. 1969)
1895
Morrie Ryskind, American writer/director (d. 1985)
1894
Olive Thomas, American model and actress (d. 1920)
1893
Charley Chase, American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1940)
1891
Samuel Flagg Bemis, American historian and author (d. 1973)
1891
James Chadwick, English physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1974)
1890
Aleksander Maaker, Estonian bagpipe player (d. 1968)
1889
Johann Gruber, Austrian priest and saint (d. 1944)
1887
Prince Yasuhiko Asaka of Japan (d. 1981)
1885
Jelly Roll Morton, American pianist, composer, and bandleader (Red Hot Peppers and New Orleans Rhythm Kings) (d. 1941)
1882
Margaret Dumont, American actress (d. 1965)
1882
Bela Lugosi, Hungarian-American actor (d. 1956)
1874
Charles Ives, American composer (d. 1954)
1864
James F. Hinkle, American banker and politician, 6th Governor of New Mexico (d. 1951)
1859
John Dewey, American psychologist and philosopher (d. 1952)
1858
John Burns, English union leader and politician, President of the Board of Trade (d. 1943)
1854
Arthur Rimbaud, French soldier and poet (d. 1891)
1847
Frits Thaulow, Norwegian painter (d. 1906)
1832
Constantin Lipsius, German architect and theorist (d. 1894)
1822
Thomas Hughes, English lawyer and judge (d. 1896)
1819
Báb, Iranian religious leader, founded Bábism (d. 1850)
1819
Karol Mikuli, Ukrainian-Polish pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1897)
1808
Karl Andree, German geographer and journalist (d. 1875)
1801
Melchior Berri, Swiss architect and educator, designed the Natural History Museum of Basel (d. 1854)
1790
Patrick Matthew. Scottish farmer and biologist (d. 1874)
1785
George Ormerod, English historian and author (d. 1873)
1784
Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, English academic and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1865)
1780
Pauline Bonaparte, French sister of Napoleon (d. 1825)
1759
Chauncey Goodrich, American lawyer and politician, 8th Lieutenant Governor of Connecticut (d. 1815)
1740
Isabelle de Charrière, Dutch author and poet (d. 1805)
1719
Gottfried Achenwall, German historian, economist, and jurist (d. 1772)
1718
Catherine Gordon, Duchess of Gordon, Scottish aristocrat (d. 1779)
1711
Timothy Ruggles, American lawyer, jurist, and politician, (d. 1795)
1677
Stanisław Leszczyński, King of Poland (d. 1766)
1660
Robert Bertie, 1st Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, English politician, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster (d. 1723)
1632
Christopher Wren, English physicist, mathematician, and architect, designed St Paul's Cathedral (d. 1723)
1632
Edward Hungerford, English politician (d. 1711)
1620
Aelbert Cuyp, Dutch painter (d. 1691)
1616
Thomas Bartholin, Danish physician, mathematician, and theologian (d. 1680)
1612
Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Burlington, Anglo-Irish nobleman, Lord High Treasurer of Ireland, Cavalier (d. 1698)
1554
Bálint Balassi, Hungarian writer and noble (d. 1594)
1496
Claude, Duke of Guise (d. 1550)
1475
Giovanni di Bernardo Rucellai, Italian poet and playwright (d. 1525)
888
Zhu Youzhen, emperor of Later Liang (d. 923)

Deaths On This Day

2018
Wim Kok, Dutch prime minister (b. 1938)
2016
Robert E. Kramek, former United States Coast Guard admiral (b. 1939)
2016
Junko Tabei, Japanese mountaineer (b. 1939)
2015
Makis Dendrinos, Greek basketball player and coach (b. 1950)
2015
Arno Gruen, German-Swiss psychologist and psychoanalyst (b. 1923)
2015
Kazimierz Łaski, Polish-Austrian economist and academic (b. 1921)
2015
Michael Meacher, English academic and politician, Secretary of State for the Environment, Transport and the Regions (b. 1939)
2015
Ian Steel, Scottish cyclist and manager (b. 1928)
2014
René Burri, Swiss photographer and journalist (b. 1933)
2014
Oscar de la Renta, Dominican-American fashion designer (b. 1932)
2014
Christophe de Margerie, French businessman (b. 1951)
2013
Jovanka Broz, Croatian-Serbian colonel (b. 1924)
2013
Don James, American football player and coach (b. 1932)
2013
Lawrence Klein, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1920)
2013
Joginder Singh, Kenyan race car driver (b. 1932)
2013
Larri Thomas, American actress and dancer (b. 1932)
2013
Sid Yudain, American journalist, founded Roll Call (b. 1923)
2012
Przemysław Gintrowski, Polish poet and composer (b. 1951)
2012
Paul Kurtz, American philosopher and academic (b. 1925)
2012
Dave May, American baseball player (b. 1943)
2012
John McConnell, American activist, created Earth Day (b. 1915)
2012
E. Donnall Thomas, American physician and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1920)
2012
Raymond Watson, American businessman (b. 1926)
2011
Muammar Gaddafi, Libyan colonel and politician, Prime Minister of Libya (b. 1942)
2011
Mutassim Gaddafi, Libyan colonel (b. 1977)
2011
Abu-Bakr Yunis Jabr, Libyan politician (b. 1942)
2010
W. Cary Edwards, American politician (b. 1944)
2010
Bob Guccione, American publisher, founded Penthouse magazine (b. 1930)
2010
Eva Ibbotson, Austrian-English author (b. 1925)
2010
Max Kohnstamm, Dutch historian and diplomat (b. 1914)
2010
Farooq Leghari, Pakistani politician, 8th President of Pakistan (b. 1940)
2008
Gene Hickerson, American football player (b. 1935)
2007
Max McGee, American football player and sportscaster (b. 1932)
2006
Arnold Viiding, Estonian shot putter and discus thrower (b. 1911)
2006
Jane Wyatt, American actress (b. 1910)
2005
Shirley Horn, American singer and pianist (b. 1934)
2005
Eva Švankmajerová, Czech painter and poet (b. 1940)
2005
André van der Louw, Dutch lawyer and politician, 16th Mayor of Rotterdam (b. 1933)
2004
Anthony Hecht, American poet and educator (b. 1923)
2004
Chuck Hiller, American baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1934)
2003
Jack Elam, American actor (b. 1918)
2001
Ted Ammon, American financier and banker (b. 1949)
1999
Calvin Griffith, Canadian-American businessman (b. 1911)
1999
Jack Lynch, Irish footballer, lawyer, and politician, 5th Taoiseach of Ireland (b. 1917)
1995
Christopher Stone, American actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1942)
1995
John Tonkin, Australian politician, 20th Premier of Western Australia (b. 1902)
1994
Burt Lancaster, American actor (b. 1913)
1993
Yasushi Sugiyama, Japanese painter (b. 1909)
1992
Werner Torkanowsky, German-American conductor (b. 1926)
1990
Joel McCrea, American actor (b. 1905)
1989
Anthony Quayle, English actor and director (b. 1913)
1988
Sheila Scott, English pilot and author (b. 1922)
1987
Andrey Kolmogorov, Russian mathematician and academic (b. 1903)
1984
Carl Ferdinand Cori, Czech-American biochemist and pharmacologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1896)
1984
Paul Dirac, English-American physicist and mathematician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1902)
1983
Yves Thériault, Canadian author (b. 1915)
1983
Merle Travis, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1917)
1978
Gunnar Nilsson, Swedish race car driver (b. 1948)
1977
Steve Gaines, American guitarist (b. 1949)
1977
Ronnie Van Zant, American singer-songwriter (b. 1948)
1972
Harlow Shapley, American astronomer and academic (b. 1885)
1968
Bud Flanagan, English actor and screenwriter (b. 1896)
1967
Shigeru Yoshida, Japanese politician and diplomat, 32nd Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1878)
1964
Herbert Hoover, American engineer and politician, 31st President of the United States (b. 1874)
1957
Michalis Dorizas, Greek-American javelin thrower and football player (b. 1890)
1956
Lawrence Dale Bell, American industrialist and founder of Bell Aircraft Corporation (b. 1894)
1953
Werner Baumbach, German colonel and pilot (b. 1916)
1950
Henry L. Stimson, American colonel, lawyer, and politician, 46th United States Secretary of State (b. 1867)
1941
Ken Farnes, English cricketer and soldier (b. 1911)
1940
Gunnar Asplund, Swedish architect and academic, co-designed Skogskyrkogården (b. 1885)
1936
Anne Sullivan, American educator (b. 1866)
1935
Arthur Henderson, Scottish-English politician, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1863)
1928
Jack Peddie, Scottish footballer (b. 1876)
1926
Eugene V. Debs, American union leader and politician (b. 1855)
1910
David B. Hill, American lawyer and politician, 29th Governor of New York (b. 1843)
1908
Vaiben Louis Solomon, Australian politician, 21st Premier of South Australia (b. 1853)
1900
Naim Frashëri, Albanian poet and translator (b. 1846)
1894
James Anthony Froude, English historian, novelist, biographer and editor (b. 1818)
1890
Richard Francis Burton, English-Italian geographer and explorer (b. 1821)
1883
George Chichester, 3rd Marquess of Donegall (b. 1797)
1871
Karl Christian Ulmann, Latvian-German theologian and academic (b. 1793)
1870
Michael William Balfe, Irish violinist and composer (b. 1808)
1865
Champ Ferguson, American guerrilla leader (b. 1821)
1740
Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1685)
1713
Archibald Pitcairne, Scottish physician and academic (b. 1652)
1652
Antonio Coello, Spanish poet and playwright (b. 1611)
1640
John Ball, English clergyman and theologian (b. 1585)
1631
Michael Maestlin, German astronomer and mathematician (b. 1550)
1602
Walter Leveson, Elizabethan member of parliament, Shropshire landowner (b. 1550)
1570
João de Barros, Portuguese historian and author (b. 1496)
1538
Francesco Maria I della Rovere, Duke of Urbino, condottiero (b. 1490)
1524
Thomas Linacre, English physician and scholar (b. 1460)
1439
Ambrose the Camaldulian, Italian theologian
1438
Jacopo della Quercia, Sienese sculptor (b. c. 1374)
1423
Henry Bowet, Archbishop of York
1401
Klaus Störtebeker, German pirate
1327
Teresa d'Entença, Countess of Urgell (b. 1300)
1187
Pope Urban III
1139
Henry X, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1108)
1122
Ralph d'Escures, archbishop of Canterbury
967
Li Yixing, Chinese governor
460
Aelia Eudocia, Byzantine wife of Theodosius II (b. 401)