On This Day in History: August 4
August 4 is the 216th day of the year (217th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 149 days remain until the end of the year.
Lottery News On This Day
- New Mexico lottery players now able to buy tickets at gas pumps. A state lawmaker is concerned over a new program that allows people to purchase lottery tickets at gasoline pumps in New Mexico.
- New York Governor signs bill to allow daily fantasy sports. Gov. Andrew Cuomo signed a bill into law Wednesday to allow the resumption of daily fantasy sports in New York.
- Ga. man throws away -- then recovers -- $10,000 in winning Cash 4 lottery tickets. Imagine having lottery tickets worth $10,000, and then realizing you had thrown them away.
- California Lottery begins offering tickets at gas pumps. Play at the Pump, the California Lottery's latest expansion of the lotto market, is both convenient and controversial.
- NY man claims friend broke deal to split lottery prize, files lawsuit. A Queens, New York, man claims one of his best friends is bilking him out of hundreds of thousands of dollars, after improbably striking the jackpot on a lottery ticket the two had agreed to split — and refusing to share the million dollar bounty.
- Suspected lottery ticket thief causes major wreck in getaway. A suspect is in a Houston-area hospital after fleeing the scene of a daring robbery in Conroe and causing a serious traffic accident as he was attempting to make his getaway.
- $1 million hasn't changed Iowa lottery winner. Five years since winning $1 million, Bob Boehm stands in roughly the same place.
- N.J. lottery drawing games offline across the state over the weekend. Half of all lottery retailers across New Jersey were not been able to issue any tickets from Friday night through Monday as a result of a "technical issue," a state Treasury spokesman confirmed Monday.
- $400 MILLION: Powerball jackpot skyrockets. For only the 4th time in the history of United States lotteries, a lottery jackpot has grown to $400 million or more.
- Powerball lottery jackpot increased to $180 million. The multi-state Powerball lottery drawing took place last night without any jackpot winners, causing the new jackpot for Saturday's drawing to grow to an estimated $180 million, with a cash option of $100.3 million.
- Playing same lottery numbers for 15 years paid off. The five numbers Chris Hoffman played in the Maryland lottery for 15 years never meant anything special to him -- until he won.
- Iowa Lottery to look at online options. The 25-year-old Iowa Lottery is an "offline business in an online world," but Director Terry Rich is out to change that.
- CT Lottery partners with Giants for new scratch game. Monday the New York Giants announced a partnership with the Connecticut Lottery Corporation to launch a Giants-branded scratch-off ticket game later this month.
- Texas Lottery launches Dallas Cowboys scratch-off game this month. The Texas Lottery Commission announced Monday that it will start a Dallas Cowboys scratch-off game Aug. 17. The $5 tickets will have cash prizes of up to $100,000 as well as chances to win packages that include a stadium suite, private tours, and airfare and tickets to an away game.
- Ohio Lottery director resigns. Ohio's lottery director resigned Tuesday from a rocky tenure serving in Gov. Ted Strickland's cabinet, as the state tries to expand the lottery to include video slot machines at horse racing tracks.
- All four PA Lottery raffle jackpots claimed. All four of the $1 million top-prize winners from the Pennsylvania Lottery's July 4 Millionaire Raffle drawing have claimed their prizes.
- Maryland Lottery's Green Ball promotion adds bonus drawings. The Maryland Lottery's Green Ball Double Draw promotion was triggered three times this past weekend, paying out hundreds of thousands of dollars in extra prize money to players of the Pick 3 game.
- Largest Texas Lottery jackpot claimed by trust. The winners of the largest Mega Millions jackpot ever won on a ticket sold in Texas have stepped forward to collect their prize money.
- $204 Million: Saturday Powerball Jackpot. Because no one correctly matched all six numbers in Wednesday's Powerball drawing the jackpot grew to an estimated $204 million, with a cash option of $92.7 million.
- Brothers sharing $11 million lottery win return to work. Thirteen years after James and John Daly split an $11 million lottery prize, the twin brothers have returned to their old jobs as maintenance workers in the Brockton, Massachusetts, schools.
- Euro Millions lottery winner wants 'normality'. Irish housewife Dolores McNamara wants to return to normality as soon as possible, her solicitor said today as she collected the biggest jackpot in European Lottery history.
- Maryland Lottery to replace classic Lotto game. The first Maryland lottery game to offer $1 million prizes seems likely to become extinct, a victim of players who opt to gamble instead on mega-jackpots.
- Mega Millions jackpot increases to $20 million. The jackpot in the multi-state Mega Millions lottery grew to $20 million Wednesday.
- Mega Millions Jackpot Grows to $42 Million. There were no Mega Millions jackpot winners Friday but 271,367 players across the nation won a total of almost $1.5 million in prizes.
- Powerball Jackpot Grows To $42 Million. There were no Powerball jackpot winners Saturday but 369,986 players across the nation won a total of more than $2.6 million in prizes in America's Game.
- Canadians Face Lottery Fraud Charges. Seven Canadians face criminal charges that they ran a phony lottery scheme that sought to defraud consumers in the United States using telemarketing, the U.S. Attorney's office in Boston said Friday.
- Poll: Lottery finds favor for raising revenue in Nevada. Most Nevadans favor a state lottery as an alternative means of funding education and are happy that state lawmakers didn't impose any more taxes than it did, according to a new statewide poll.
Top 25 Lottery Jackpots On This Day
- 1.$448.4 Million
Aug 7, 2013
- 2.$323 Million
Aug 4, 2017
- 3.$286 Million
Aug 5, 2017
- 4.€190 Million
Aug 7, 2012
- 5.€203.41 Million
Aug 6, 2019
- 6.$204 Million
Aug 5, 2006
- 7.$203 Million
Aug 4, 2018
- 8.$181 Million
Aug 4, 2012
- 9.$180 Million
Aug 6, 2011
- 10.$147 Million
Aug 5, 2020
- 11.$138 Million
Aug 5, 2009
- 12.€117.96 Million
Aug 4, 2016
- 13.$123 Million
Aug 4, 2007
- 14.$112 Million
Aug 7, 2019
- 15.$100 Million
Aug 5, 2014
- 16.$99 Million
Aug 5, 2011
- 17.$89 Million
Aug 7, 2007
- 18.€75 Million
Aug 7, 2018
- 19.$84 Million
Aug 4, 2009
- 20.€75 Million
Aug 7, 2020
- 21.$82 Million
Aug 6, 2005
- 22.$80 Million
Aug 6, 2014
- 23.€52 Million
Aug 10, 2007
- 24.€61 Million
Aug 9, 2019
- 25.$68 Million
Aug 7, 2019
Lottery Post Member Birthdays On This Day
Tuesday, Aug 4, 1987
33 years old
Wednesday, Aug 4, 1982
38 years old
Friday, Aug 4, 1967
53 years old
Monday, Aug 4, 1958
62 years old
Monday, Aug 4, 1952
68 years old
Saturday, Aug 4, 1951
69 years old
Monday, Aug 4, 1947
73 years old
Saturday, Aug 4, 1934
86 years old
(year not provided)
(year not provided)
(year not provided)
Worldwide Events On This Day
- At least 220 people are killed and over 5,000 are wounded when 2,700 tons of ammonium nitrate explodes in Beirut, Lebanon.
- Nine people are killed and 26 injured in a shooting in Dayton, Ohio. This comes only 12 hours after another mass shooting in El Paso, Texas, where 23 people were killed.
- NASA's Phoenix spacecraft is launched.
- A massacre is carried out by Sri Lankan government forces, killing 17 employees of the French INGO Action Against Hunger (known internationally as Action Contre la Faim, or ACF).
- Operation Storm begins in Croatia.
- The Federal Communications Commission rescinds the Fairness Doctrine which had required radio and television stations to present controversial issues "fairly".
- The Republic of Upper Volta changes its name to Burkina Faso.
- U.S. President Jimmy Carter signs legislation creating the United States Department of Energy.
- The Japanese Red Army takes more than 50 hostages at the AIA Building housing several embassies in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The hostages include the U.S. consul and the Swedish Chargé d'affaires. The gunmen win the release of five imprisoned comrades and fly with them to Libya.
- A bomb explodes in the Italicus Express train at San Benedetto Val di Sambro, Italy, killing 12 people and wounding 22.
- Vietnam War: At the apartment of French intermediary Jean Sainteny in Paris, American representative Henry Kissinger and North Vietnamese representative Xuân Thuỷ begin secret peace negotiations. The negotiations will eventually fail.
- The Constitution of the Cook Islands comes into force, giving the Cook Islands self-governing status within New Zealand.
- Civil rights movement: Civil rights workers Michael Schwerner, Andrew Goodman and James Chaney are found dead in Mississippi after disappearing on June 21.
- Second Gulf of Tonkin Incident: U.S. destroyers USS Maddox and USS Turner Joy mistakenly report coming under attack in the Gulf of Tonkin.
- The Supreme Court of Japan is established.
- An earthquake of magnitude 8.0 hits northern Dominican Republic. One hundred are killed and 20,000 are left homeless.
- The Holocaust: A tip from a Dutch informer leads the Gestapo to a sealed-off area in an Amsterdam warehouse, where they find and arrest Jewish diarist Anne Frank, her family, and four others.
- Prime Minister of Greece Ioannis Metaxas suspends parliament and the Constitution and establishes the 4th of August Regime.
- Diplomatic relations between Mexico and the Soviet Union are established.
- World War I: The German 12th Army occupies Warsaw during the Gorlice-Tarnów Offensive and the Great Retreat of 1915.
- In response to the German invasion of Belgium, Belgium and the British Empire declare war on Germany. The United States declares its neutrality.
- The father and stepmother of Lizzie Borden are found murdered in their Fall River, Massachusetts home. She was tried and acquitted for the crimes a year later.
- The Great Fire of Spokane, Washington destroys some 32 blocks of the city, prompting a mass rebuilding project.
- American Indian Wars: While protecting a railroad survey party in Montana, the United States 7th Cavalry, under Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer clashes for the first time with the Cheyenne and Lakota people near the Tongue River; only one man on each side is killed.
- Matica slovenská, Slovakia's public-law cultural and scientific institution focusing on topics around the Slovak nation, is established in Martin.
- The Hinomaru is established as the official flag to be flown from Japanese ships.
- The Saturday Evening Post is published for the first time as a weekly newspaper.
- French Revolutionary Wars: Napoleon leads the French Army of Italy to victory in the Battle of Lonato.
- The Treaty of Sistova is signed, ending the Ottoman-Habsburg wars.
- A newly passed tariff act creates the Revenue Cutter Service (the forerunner of the United States Coast Guard).
- France: abolition of feudalism by the National Constituent Assembly.
- Mount Asama erupts in Japan, killing about 1,400 people. The eruption causes a famine, which results in an additional 20,000 deaths.
- War of the Spanish Succession: Gibraltar is captured by an English and Dutch fleet, commanded by Admiral Sir George Rooke and allied with Archduke Charles.
- Great Peace of Montreal between New France and First Nations is signed.
- Date traditionally ascribed to Dom Perignon's invention of champagne; it is not clear whether he actually invented champagne, however he has been credited as an innovator who developed the techniques used to perfect sparkling wine.
- Battle of Al Kasr al Kebir: The Moroccans defeat the Portuguese. King Sebastian of Portugal is killed in the battle, leaving his elderly uncle, Cardinal Henry, as his heir. This initiates a succession crisis in Portugal.
- First War of Scottish Independence: James Douglas leads a raid into Weardale and almost kills Edward III of England.
- Second Barons' War: Battle of Evesham: The army of Prince Edward (the future king Edward I of England) defeats the forces of rebellious barons led by Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester, killing de Montfort and many of his allies.
- Goguryeo-Sui War: Emperor Wéndi of Sui orders his youngest son, Yang Liang (assisted by the co-prime minister Gao Jiong), to conquer Goguryeo (Korea) during the Manchurian rainy season, with a Chinese army and navy.
Births On This Day
- Bruna Marquezine, Brazilian actress
- Daniele Garozzo, Italian fencer
- Cole Sprouse, American actor
- Dylan Sprouse, American actor
- Thiago Cardoso, Brazilian footballer
- Izet Hajrović, Bosnian footballer
- Hikmet Balioğlu, Turkish footballer
- Siim Tenno, Estonian footballer
- Tomasz Kaczor, Polish sprint canoeist
- Jessica Mauboy, Australian singer-songwriter and actress
- Wang Hao, Chinese chess player
- Carly Foulkes, Canadian model and actress
- Kelley O'Hara, American soccer player and two time World Cup winner
- Jang Keun-suk, South Korean actor and singer
- Marreese Speights American basketball player
- Tomoya Warabino, Japanese actor
- Nick Augusto, American drummer
- Leon Camier, English motorcycle racer
- Cicinho, Brazilian footballer
- Iosia Soliola, New Zealand-Samoan rugby league player
- David Williams, Australian rugby league player
- Crystal Bowersox, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
- Robbie Findley, American soccer player
- Mark Milligan, Australian footballer
- Ha Seung-jin, South Korean basketball player
- Antonio Valencia, Ecuadorean footballer
- Terry Campese, Australian rugby league player
- Mardy Collins, American basketball player
- Greta Gerwig, American actress, producer, and screenwriter
- Marques Houston, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actor
- Benjamin Lauth, German footballer
- Abigail Spencer, American actress
- Meghan Markle, American actress and humanitarian, and member of British Royal Family
- Richard Dawson, English cricketer and coach
- Robin Peterson, South African cricketer
- Jeremy Adduono, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
- Luke Allen, American baseball player
- Kurt Busch, American race car driver
- Agnė Eggerth, Lithuanian sprinter
- Ibán Espadas, Spanish footballer
- Jon Knott, American baseball player
- Karine Legault, Canadian swimmer
- Sandeep Naik, Indian politician
- Siri Nordby, Norwegian footballer
- Ricardo Serrano, Spanish cyclist
- Per-Åge Skrøder, Norwegian ice hockey player
- Satoshi Hino, Japanese voice actor
- Frankie Kazarian, American wrestler
- Luís Boa Morte, Portuguese footballer and manager
- Paul Goldstein, American tennis player
- Andrew McLeod, Australian footballer
- Trevor Woodman, English rugby player and coach
- Andy Hallett, American actor and singer (d. 2009)
- Nikos Liberopoulos, Greek footballer
- Jutta Urpilainen, Finnish politician, Deputy Prime Minister of Finland
- Daniella van Graas, Dutch model and actress
- Kily González, Argentine footballer
- Eva Amaral, Spanish singer-songwriter and guitarist
- Xavier Marchand, French swimmer
- Marek Penksa, Slovak footballer
- Marcos Roberto Silveira Reis, Brazilian footballer
- Stefan Brogren, Canadian actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
- Bethan Benwell, English linguist, author, and academic
- Jeff Gordon, American race car driver and actor
- John August, American director and screenwriter
- Bret Baier, American journalist
- Steve House, American mountaineer
- Steven Jack, South African cricketer
- Kate Silverton, English journalist
- Mark Bickley, Australian footballer and coach
- Max Cavalera, Brazilian singer-songwriter and guitarist
- Troy O'Leary, American baseball player
- Daniel Dae Kim, South Korean-American actor
- Lee Mack, English comedian, actor, producer, and screenwriter
- Michael Marsh, American sprinter
- Vishal Bhardwaj, Indian film director, screenwriter, producer, music composer and playback singer
- Adam Afriyie, English businessman and politician
- Dennis Lehane, American author, screenwriter, and producer
- Fredrik Reinfeldt, Swedish soldier and politician, 42nd Prime Minister of Sweden
- Michael Skibbe, German footballer and manager
- Andrew Bartlett, Australian social worker and politician
- Keith Maurice Ellison, 30th Attorney General of Minnesota
- Roger Clemens, American baseball player and actor
- Paul Reynolds, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
- Barack Obama, American lawyer and politician, 44th President of the United States, Nobel Prize laureate
- Chuck C. Lopez, American jockey
- José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, Spanish academic and politician, 5th Prime Minister of Spain
- Bernard Rose, English director, screenwriter, and cinematographer
- Tim Winton, Australian author and playwright
- Robbin Crosby, American guitarist and songwriter (d. 2002)
- John Gormley, Irish politician, Minister for the Environment, Community and Local Government
- Allison Hedge Coke, American-Canadian poet and academic
- Mary Decker, American runner
- Silvan Shalom, Tunisian-Israeli sergeant and politician, 30th Deputy Prime Minister of Israel
- Rupert Farley, British actor and voice actor
- Brooks D. Simpson, American historian and author
- Valdis Valters, Latvian basketball player and coach
- John Wark, Scottish footballer and sportscaster
- Alberto Gonzales, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 80th United States Attorney General
- Billy Bob Thornton, American actor, director, and screenwriter
- Anatoliy Kinakh, Ukrainian engineer and politician, 11th Prime Minister of Ukraine
- Steve Phillips, English footballer
- François Valéry, Algerian-French singer-songwriter
- Hiroyuki Usui, Japanese footballer and manager
- James Arbuthnot, English lawyer and politician, Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills
- Moya Brennan, Irish singer-songwriter and harp player
- Gábor Demszky, Hungarian sociologist, lawyer, and politician
- Peter Goodfellow, English geneticist and academic
- Caldwell Jones, American basketball player and coach (d. 2014)
- N. Rangaswamy, Indian lawyer and politician, 9th Chief Minister of Puducherry
- John Riggins, American football player, sportscaster, and actor
- Johnny Grubb, American baseball player and coach
- Klaus Schulze, German keyboard player and songwriter
- Aleksei Turovski, Estonian zoologist and ethologist
- Paul McCarthy, American painter and sculptor
- Alan Mulally, American engineer and businessman
- Richard Belzer, American actor
- Doudou Ndoye, Senegalese lawyer and politician
- Vicente Álvarez Areces, Spanish politician, 6th President of the Principality of Asturias (d. 2019)
- Barbara Saß-Viehweger, German politician, lawyer and civil law notary
- Bjørn Wirkola, Norwegian ski jumper and footballer
- Don S. Davis, American actor (d. 2008)
- Cleon Jones, American baseball player
- David Lange, New Zealand lawyer and politician, 32nd Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 2005)
- Martin Jarvis, English actor
- Andy Smillie, English footballer
- Ted Strickland, American psychologist and politician, 68th Governor of Ohio
- Robin Harper, Scottish academic and politician
- Larry Knechtel, American bass player and pianist (d. 2009)
- Frances Stewart, English economist and academic
- Timi Yuro, American singer-songwriter (d. 2004)
- Jack Cunningham, Baron Cunningham of Felling, English politician, Minister for the Cabinet Office
- Frankie Ford, American R&B/rock & roll singer (d. 2015)
- Ellen Schrecker, American historian and academic
- David Bedford, English keyboard player, composer, and conductor (d. 2011)
- Giorgos Zographos, Greek singer and actor (d. 2005)
- Carol Arthur, American actress and producer
- Hans-Walter Eigenbrodt, German footballer and coach (d. 1997)
- Michael J. Noonan, Irish farmer and politician, 25th Minister of Defence for Ireland (d. 2013)
- Dallas Green, American baseball player and manager (d. 2017)
- Frances E. Allen, American computer scientist and academic (d. 2020)
- Liang Congjie, Chinese environmentalist, founded Friends of Nature (d. 2010)
- Naren Tamhane, Indian cricketer (d. 2002)
- Ali al-Sistani, Iranian-Iraqi cleric and scholar
- Kishore Kumar, Indian singer-songwriter and actor (d. 1987)
- Vellore G. Ramabhadran, Mridangam artiste from Tamil Nadu, India (d. 2012)
- Christian Goethals, Belgian race car driver (d. 2003)
- Gerard Damiano, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2008)
- Nadežka Mosusova, Serbian composer
- George Irving Bell, American physicist, biologist, and mountaineer (d. 2000)
- Perry Moss, American football player and coach (d. 2014)
- Mayme Agnew Clayton, American librarian (d.2006)
- Luis Aponte Martínez, Puerto Rican cardinal (d. 2012)
- Herb Ellis, American guitarist (d. 2010)
- Maurice Richard, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 2000)
- Helen Thomas, American journalist and author (d. 2013)
- Michel Déon, French novelist, playwright, and critic (d. 2016)
- Brian Crozier, Australian-English historian and journalist (d. 2012)
- John Fitch, American race car driver and engineer (d. 2012)
- Warren Avis, American businessman, founded Avis Rent a Car System (d. 2007)
- Wesley Addy, American actor (d. 1996)
- Robert Hayden, American poet and educator (d. 1980)
- Johann Niemann, German lieutenant (d. 1943)
- Aleksandr Danilovich Aleksandrov, Russian mathematician, physicist, and mountaineer (d. 1999)
- David Raksin, American composer and educator (d. 2004)
- Raoul Wallenberg, Swedish architect and diplomat (d. 1947)
- Anita Page, American actress (d. 2008)
- William Schuman, American composer and educator (d. 1992)
- Hedda Sterne, Romanian-American painter and photographer (d. 2011)
- Glenn Cunningham, American runner and academic (d. 1988)
- Kurt Eichhorn, German conductor (d. 1994)
- Eugen Schuhmacher, German zoologist, director, and producer (d. 1973)
- Abeid Karume, 1st President of Zanzibar (d. 1972)
- Witold Gombrowicz, Polish author and playwright (d. 1969)
- Helen Kane, American singer and actress (d. 1966)
- Joe Tate, English footballer and manager (d. 1973)
- Bill Hallahan, American baseball player (d. 1981)
- Louis Armstrong, American trumpet player and singer (d. 1971)
- Clarence Passailaigue, Jamaican cricketer (d. 1972)
- Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother of the United Kingdom (d. 2002)
- Ezra Taft Benson, American religious leader, 13th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (d. 1994)
- Ernesto Maserati, Italian race car driver and engineer (d. 1975)
- Fritz Gause, German historian and curator (d. 1973)
- Dolf Luque, Cuban baseball player and manager (d. 1957)
- Taher Saifuddin, Indian religious leader, 51st Da'i al-Mutlaq (d. 1965)
- Albert M. Greenfield, Ukrainian-American businessman and philanthropist (d. 1967)
- Béla Balázs, Hungarian poet and critic (d. 1949)
- Henri Cornet, French cyclist (d. 1941)
- Giovanni Giuriati, Italian lawyer and politician (d. 1970)
- John Scaddan, Australian politician, 10th Premier of Western Australia (d. 1934)
- William Holman, English-Australian politician, 19th Premier of New South Wales (d. 1934)
- Harry Lauder, Scottish actor and singer (d. 1950)
- Jake Beckley, American baseball player and coach (d. 1918)
- Knut Hamsun, Norwegian novelist, poet, and playwright, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1952)
- John Henry Twachtman, American painter, etcher, and academic (d. 1902)
- Henri Berger, German composer and bandleader (d. 1929)
- Walter Pater, English author, critic, and academic (d. 1894)
- Jens Vilhelm Dahlerup, Danish architect (d. 1907)
- John Venn, English mathematician and philosopher (d. 1923)
- Louis Vuitton, French fashion designer, founded Louis Vuitton (d. 1892)
- James Springer White, American religious leader, co-founded the Seventh-day Adventist Church (d. 1881)
- William Rowan Hamilton, Irish physicist, astronomer, and mathematician (d. 1865)
- Percy Bysshe Shelley, English poet and playwright (d. 1822)
- Nicolas-Jacques Conté, French soldier, painter, balloonist, and inventor (d. 1805)
- Granville Leveson-Gower, 1st Marquess of Stafford, English politician, Lord President of the Council (d. 1803)
- Johann Gottlob Lehmann, German mineralogist and geologist (d. 1767)
- Louis d'Orléans, Duke of Orléans (d. 1752)
- Thomas Blackwell, Scottish historian and scholar (d. 1757)
- Friedrich Casimir, Count of Hanau-Lichtenberg (1641-1680) and Hanau-Münzenberg (1642-1680) (d. 1685)
- François Hédelin, abbé d'Aubignac, French cleric and author (d. 1676)
- Udai Singh II, King of Mewar (d. 1572)
- Pope Urban VII (d. 1590)
- Bernardo Dovizi, Italian cardinal (d. 1520)
- Lucrezia de' Medici, Italian noblewoman (d. 1553)
- Margaret of Saxony, Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg (d. 1528)
- Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de' Medici, Florentine patron of the arts (d. 1503)
- Leopold I, Duke of Austria (d. 1326)
- Külüg Khan, Emperor Wuzong of Yuan (d. 1311)
- Richard de Clare, 6th Earl of Gloucester, English soldier (d. 1262)
Deaths On This Day
- Nuon Chea, Cambodian politician and theorist for the Khmer Rouge (b. 1926)
- Elsie Hillman, American philanthropist and politician (b. 1925)
- Les Munro, New Zealand soldier and pilot (b. 1919)
- John Rudometkin, American basketball player (b. 1940)
- Billy Sherrill, American songwriter and producer (b. 1936)
- James Brady, American activist and politician, 15th White House Press Secretary (b. 1940)
- Chester Crandell, American lawyer and politician (b. 1946)
- Jake Hooker, Israeli-American guitarist and songwriter (b. 1953)
- Keith H. Basso, American anthropologist and academic (b. 1940)
- Art Donovan, American football player and radio host (b. 1925)
- Olavi J. Mattila, Finnish engineer and politician, Finnish Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1918)
- Renato Ruggiero, Italian lawyer and politician, Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1930)
- Tony Snell, English lieutenant and pilot (b. 1922)
- Sandy Woodward, English admiral (b. 1932)
- Johnnie Bassett, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1935)
- Brian Crozier, Australian-English journalist and historian (b. 1918)
- Bud Riley, American football player and coach (b. 1925)
- Naoki Matsuda, Japanese footballer (b. 1977)
- Blake Snyder, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1957)
- Craig Jones, English motorcycle racer (b. 1985)
- Lee Hazlewood, American singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1929)
- Raul Hilberg, Austrian-American political scientist and historian (b. 1926)
- Anatoly Larkin, Russian-American physicist and theorist (b. 1932)
- Iván Szabó, Hungarian economist and politician, Minister of Finance of Hungary (b. 1934)
- Mary Sherman Morgan, American chemist and engineer (b. 1921)
- Hossein Panahi (Persian: حسین پناهی), Iranian actor and poet (b. 1956)
- Frederick Chapman Robbins, American pediatrician and virologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1916)
- Victor Mature, American actor (b. 1913)
- Yury Artyukhin, Russian colonel, engineer, and astronaut (b. 1930)
- Jeanne Calment, French super-centenarian; holds records for the world's substantiated longest-lived person (b. 1875)
- Geoff Hamilton, English gardener, author, and television host (b. 1936)
- Seichō Matsumoto, Japanese author (b. 1909)
- Ettore Maserati, Italian engineer and businessman (b. 1894)
- Don Whillans, English rock climber and mountaineer (b. 1933)
- Bruce Goff, American architect, designed the Boston Avenue Methodist Church (b. 1904)
- Melvyn Douglas, American actor (b. 1901)
- Edgar Adrian, 1st Baron Adrian, English physiologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1889)
- Enrique Angelelli, Argentinian bishop and martyr (b. 1923)
- Roy Thomson, 1st Baron Thomson of Fleet, Canadian-English publisher (b. 1894)
- Peter Smith, English cricketer (b. 1908)
- Marilyn Monroe, American model and actress (b. 1926)
- József Révai, Hungarian politician, Hungarian Minister of Education (b. 1898)
- Ethel Anderson, Australian poet, author, and painter (b. 1883)
- John Cain Sr., Australian politician, 34th Premier of Victoria (b. 1882)
- Washington Luís, Brazilian lawyer and politician, 13th President of Brazil (b. 1869)
- Krzysztof Kamil Baczyński, Polish soldier and poet (b. 1921)
- Alberto Franchetti, Italian composer and educator (b. 1860)
- Mihály Babits, Hungarian poet and author (b. 1883)
- Ze'ev Jabotinsky, Ukrainian-American general, journalist, and activist (b. 1880)
- Pearl White, American actress (b. 1889)
- Alfred Henry Maurer, American painter (b. 1868)
- Enver Pasha, Ottoman general and politician (b. 1881)
- Dave Gregory, Australian cricketer and umpire (b. 1845)
- Jules Lemaître, French playwright and critic (b. 1853)
- Isaac Levitan, Russian painter and educator (b. 1860)
- Samuel J. Tilden, American lawyer and politician, 25th Governor of New York (b. 1814)
- Hans Christian Andersen, Danish novelist, short story writer, and poet (b. 1805)
- Viktor Hartmann, Russian architect and painter (b. 1834)
- John Vianney, French priest and saint (b. 1786)
- Jacob Aall, Norwegian economist, historian, and politician (b. 1773)
- Kristjan Jaak Peterson, Estonian poet and author (b. 1801)
- Adam Duncan, 1st Viscount Duncan, Scottish admiral (b. 1731)
- Timothy Ruggles, American lawyer, jurist, and politician (b. 1711)
- John Burgoyne, English general and politician (b. 1723)
- Pierre de Rigaud, Marquis de Vaudreuil-Cavagnial, Canadian-French politician, Governor General of New France (b. 1698)
- Andrew Hamilton, Scottish-American lawyer and politician (b. 1676)
- Victor-Maurice, comte de Broglie, French general (b. 1647)
- René Lepage de Sainte-Claire, French-Canadian founder of Rimouski (b. 1656)
- Juan Ruiz de Alarcón, Mexican actor and playwright (b. 1581)
- Hugh Broughton, English scholar and theologian (b. 1549)
- William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley, English academic and politician, Lord High Treasurer (b. 1520)
- Sebastian of Portugal (b. 1554)
- Juan Sebastián Elcano, Spanish explorer and navigator (b. 1476)
- Philip I, Duke of Brabant (b. 1404)
- Galeazzo II Visconti, Lord of Milan (b. c. 1320)
- As-Salih Ismail, Sultan of Egypt (b. 1326)
- Wenceslaus III of Bohemia (b. 1289)
- Eudes of Burgundy, Count of Nevers (b. 1230)
- Peter de Montfort, English politician (b. 1215)
- Henry de Montfort (b. 1238)
- Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester, French-English soldier and politician, Lord High Steward (b. 1208)
- Hugh le Despencer, 1st Baron le Despencer, English politician (b. 1223)
- Gertrude of Saxony, countess and regent of Holland (b. c. 1030)
- Henry I of France (b. 1008)
- Berengar II of Italy (b. 900)
- Lady Zhen, Chinese empress (b. 183)