On This Day in History: August 5
August 5 is the 217th day of the year (218th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 148 days remain until the end of the year.
Lottery News On This Day
- CT Lottery official disciplined for botched raffle draw claims lottery has vendetta against him. The Connecticut Lottery's longtime security director claims that an attempt to discipline him over the botched Jan. 1 raffle drawing is part of a pattern of retaliation against him for his role three years ago in exposing retailer fraud in the canceled 5 Card Cash game — a charge the lottery vehemently denies.
- 3 charged in theft of $250,000 lottery ticket. An employee at an Iowa lottery retailer is charged with stealing a winning $250,000 instant scratch ticket and working with her boyfriend and mother in a clumsy attempt to claim the prize, investigators said last week.
- More people playing, winning in SC Lottery. The South Carolina Education Lottery announced Monday it set records for ticket sales and the amount of money raised for education in the last fiscal year. It also set records for the amount of prize money paid out and the commissions paid to lottery retailers.
- $212 MILLION: Powerball lottery jackpot surges. There was no jackpot winner in the Saturday night drawing of the multi-state Powerball lottery game, causing the grand prize to increase to an estimated $212 million for Wednesday's drawing.
- New Penn. Lottery 5-digit game on sale Aug. 26. The Pennsylvania Lottery's latest game is the 5-digit numbers game, Quinto, offering 13 ways to play and win up to $50,000 cash.
- $76 Million Powerball Jackpot Up For Grabs. Because no one correctly matched all six numbers in Wednesday's Powerball drawing the jackpot grew to an estimated $76 million, with a cash option of $39.6 million.
- Winning small: It's still a blast for Lotto pals. 27 lucky players in Ohio shared a $4 million Super Lotto jackpot Saturday night.
- Lottery lunch ladies still humble a year after jackpot win. It's been a year since the Holdingford, Minnesota lunch ladies struck the jackpot, literally, and they remain celebrities among school food service workers. But they're also still humble.
- Virginia Lottery posts record profits. The Virginia Lottery turned a record profit for the third consecutive year, topping $400 million for the first time since the lottery's inception 16 years ago, officials announced Wednesday.
- Powerball Winner Offers 'No Excuses' for Incident. Jack Whittaker said he hopes the discovery of his evening of drinking at a strip club will not affect the Jack Whittaker Foundation, which he established to help charities operated by the Church of God and other causes.
- Mega Millions Considers Multiplier. In the wake of Texas' choice to join the Mega Millions, the multi-state lottery game may be enhanced to include a multiplier option similar to the Powerball Power Play feature.
- Thieves Steal Lottery Winner's $545,000. More than half a million dollars was stolen early Tuesday from record Powerball winner Jack Whittaker's vehicle parked outside a strip club, but the money was recovered, a sheriff's deputy said.
- TEXAS JOINS MEGA MILLIONS. The Texas Lottery Commission voted today to join 10 other states in the multistate lottery Mega Millions. Lottery officials expect $324.5 million in game ticket sales in Texas over 10 months starting this fall.
- Lottery defendant: I'm angry. For three days, Jamal Townes listened quietly as his co-workers at Englewood Hospital accused him of being a modern-day Judas for allegedly hiding a $25 million winning lottery ticket from their office pool. Yesterday, the 27-year-old X-ray technician got the chance to respond.
- State could be lucky winner of $100,000 Powerball prize. Montana Lottery officials announced last week that a $100,000 winning Powerball ticket, which was purchased in Kalispell in March, has yet to be cashed. If the holder of the ticket doesn't come forward by Sept. 26 - six months after the drawing - the money is forfeited to the state.
- Georgia Lottery set to go broke without rules change. Georgia's lottery-funded scholarship program is so popular that the state may be unable to fund it within three years. Some lawmakers think one way to help the program survive would be to tighten rules that allow marginal students to qualify.
- UK Lottery chiefs may double ticket prices. The price of a National Lottery ticket could rise - and even double to £2 - under plans being considered by the operator Camelot, it emerged today.
- Tennessee lottery head warms to Georgia. If Georgia lottery officials can prove that they can get Tennessee's lottery going "faster and cheaper," the two states could become kissing cousins.
Top 25 Lottery Jackpots On This Day
- 1.$448.4 Million
Aug 7, 2013
- 2.$350 Million
Aug 8, 2017
- 3.$286 Million
Aug 5, 2017
- 4.€190 Million
Aug 7, 2012
- 5.€203.41 Million
Aug 6, 2019
- 6.$223 Million
Aug 8, 2018
- 7.$212 Million
Aug 8, 2012
- 8.$204 Million
Aug 5, 2006
- 9.$180 Million
Aug 6, 2011
- 10.$141 Million
Aug 8, 2007
- 11.$138 Million
Aug 5, 2009
- 12.€119.3 Million
Aug 6, 2016
- 13.$112 Million
Aug 7, 2019
- 14.$102 Million
Aug 7, 2009
- 15.$100 Million
Aug 5, 2014
- 16.$99 Million
Aug 5, 2011
- 17.$89 Million
Aug 7, 2007
- 18.€75 Million
Aug 7, 2018
- 19.$82 Million
Aug 6, 2005
- 20.$80 Million
Aug 6, 2014
- 21.$76 Million
Aug 7, 2004
- 22.$75 Million
Aug 8, 2001
- 23.€52 Million
Aug 10, 2007
- 24.€61 Million
Aug 9, 2019
- 25.$68 Million
Aug 7, 2019
Lottery Post Member Birthdays On This Day
Wednesday, Aug 5, 1987
32 years old
Monday, Aug 5, 1985
34 years old
Tuesday, Aug 5, 1980
39 years old
Thursday, Aug 5, 1976
43 years old
Saturday, Aug 5, 1972
47 years old
Saturday, Aug 5, 1972
47 years old
Thursday, Aug 5, 1971
48 years old
Wednesday, Aug 5, 1970
49 years old
Thursday, Aug 5, 1965
54 years old
Wednesday, Aug 5, 1964
55 years old
Monday, Aug 5, 1963
56 years old
Sunday, Aug 5, 1962
57 years old
Wednesday, Aug 5, 1953
66 years old
Sunday, Aug 5, 1945
74 years old
(year not provided)
(year not provided)
(year not provided)
(year not provided)
(year not provided)
(year not provided)
(year not provided)
Worldwide Events On This Day
- The Environmental Protection Agency at Gold King Mine waste water spill releases 3 million gallons of heavy metal toxin tailings and waste water into the Animas River in Colorado.
- The Wisconsin Sikh temple shooting took place in Oak Creek, Wisconsin, killing six victims; the perpetrator committed suicide after being wounded by police.
- The Copiapó mining accident occurs, trapping 33 Chilean miners approximately 2,300 ft (700 m) below the ground for 69 days.
- Ten members of International Assistance Mission Nuristan Eye Camp team are killed by persons unknown in Kuran wa Munjan District of Badakhshan Province, Afghanistan.
- A car bomb explodes in the Indonesian capital of Jakarta outside the Marriott Hotel killing 12 and injuring 150.
- Yugoslav Wars: The city of Knin, Croatia, a significant Serb stronghold, is captured by Croatian forces during Operation Storm. The date is celebrated in Croatia as Victory Day.
- General elections are held in Nicaragua with the Sandinista National Liberation Front winning a majority.
- President Ronald Reagan fires 11,359 striking air-traffic controllers who ignored his order for them to return to work.
- In Afghanistan, Maoists undertake the Bala Hissar uprising against the Leninist government.
- Vietnam War: The U.S. Congress places a $1 billion limit on military aid to South Vietnam.
- Mars 6 is launched from the USSR
- The first Pacific Islands Forum (then known as the "South Pacific Forum") is held in Wellington, New Zealand, with the aim of enhancing cooperation between the independent countries of the Pacific Ocean.
- The Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 begins as Pakistani soldiers cross the Line of Control dressed as locals.
- Vietnam War: Operation Pierce Arrow: American aircraft from carriers USS Ticonderoga and USS Constellation bomb North Vietnam in retaliation for strikes against U.S. destroyers in the Gulf of Tonkin.
- Cold War: The United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union sign the Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.
- Apartheid: Nelson Mandela is jailed. He would not be released until 1990.
- American actress Marilyn Monroe is found dead at her home from a drug overdose.
- Burkina Faso, then known as Upper Volta, becomes independent from France.
- American Bandstand, a show dedicated to the teenage "baby-boomers" by playing the songs and showing popular dances of the time, debuts on the ABC television network.
- In Ecuador, an earthquake destroys 50 towns and kills more than 6,000.
- World War II: At least 1,104 Japanese POWs in Australia attempt to escape from a camp at Cowra, New South Wales; 545 temporarily succeed but are later either killed, commit suicide, or are recaptured.
- World War II: Polish insurgents liberate a German labor camp (Gęsiówka) in Warsaw, freeing 348 Jewish prisoners.
- World War II: The Nazis begin a week-long massacre of between 40,000 and 50,000 civilians and prisoners of war in Wola, Poland.
- World War II: The Soviet Union formally annexes Latvia.
- Harry Houdini performs his greatest feat, spending 91 minutes underwater in a sealed tank before escaping.
- Plaid Cymru is formed with the aim of disseminating knowledge of the Welsh language that is at the time in danger of dying out.
- World War I: Battle of Romani: Allied forces, under the command of Archibald Murray, defeat an attacking Ottoman army under the command of Friedrich Freiherr Kress von Kressenstein, securing the Suez Canal and beginning the Ottoman retreat from the Sinai Peninsula.
- World War I: The German minelayer SS Königin Luise lays a minefield about 40 miles (64 km) off the Thames Estuary (Lowestoft). She is intercepted and sunk by the British light-cruiser HMS Amphion.
- World War I: The guns of Point Nepean fort at Port Phillip Heads in Victoria (Australia) fire across the bows of the Norddeutscher Lloyd steamer SS Pfalz which is attempting to leave the Port of Melbourne in ignorance of the declaration of war and she is detained; this is said to be the first Allied shot of the War.
- In Cleveland, Ohio, the first electric traffic light is installed.
- Persian Constitutional Revolution: Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar, King of Iran, agrees to convert the government to a constitutional monarchy.
- Peter O'Connor sets the first IAAF recognised long jump world record of 24 ft 11.75 in (7.6137 m). The record will stand for 20 years.
- Bertha Benz drives from Mannheim to Pforzheim and back in the first long distance automobile trip, commemorated as the Bertha Benz Memorial Route since 2008.
- The cornerstone for the Statue of Liberty is laid on Bedloe's Island (now Liberty Island) in New York Harbor.
- The Standard Oil of New Jersey is established.
- Japan launches its postal savings system, modeled after a similar system in the United Kingdom.
- American Civil War: The Battle of Mobile Bay begins at Mobile Bay near Mobile, Alabama, Admiral David Farragut leads a Union flotilla through Confederate defenses and seals one of the last major Southern ports.
- American Civil War: Battle of Baton Rouge: Along the Mississippi River near Baton Rouge, Louisiana, Confederate troops attempt to take the city, but are driven back by fire from Union gunboats.
- American Civil War: In order to help pay for the war effort, the United States government levies the first income tax as part of the Revenue Act of 1861 (3% of all incomes over US$800; rescinded in 1872).
- The United States Army abolishes flogging.
- Charles XV of Sweden of Sweden-Norway is crowned king of Norway in Trondheim.
- Cyrus West Field and others complete the first transatlantic telegraph cable after several unsuccessful attempts. It will operate for less than a month.
- Greek War of Independence: Constantine Kanaris leads a Greek fleet to victory against Ottoman and Egyptian naval forces in the Battle of Samos.
- The British Admiralty dismisses Francis Ronalds's new invention of the first working electric telegraph as "wholly unnecessary", preferring to continue using the semaphore.
- The Battle of Castiglione in Napoleon's first Italian campaigns of the French Revolutionary Wars.
- The Battle of Dogger Bank takes place.
- Pontiac's War: Battle of Bushy Run: British forces led by Henry Bouquet defeat Chief Pontiac's Indians at Bushy Run.
- Freedom of the press: New York Weekly Journal writer John Peter Zenger is acquitted of seditious libel against the royal governor of New York, on the basis that what he had published was true.
- Austro-Turkish War (1716-1718): One-fifth of a Turkish army and the Grand Vizier are killed in the Battle of Petrovaradin.
- Beaver Wars: Fifteen hundred Iroquois attack Lachine in New France.
- The Mayflower departs from Southampton, England, carrying would-be settlers, on its first attempt to reach North America; it is forced to dock in Dartmouth when its companion ship, the Speedwell, springs a leak.
- The Gowrie Conspiracy against King James VI of Scotland (later to become King James I of England) takes place.
- Sir Humphrey Gilbert establishes the first English colony in North America, at what is now St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador.
- The Battle of Otterburn, a border skirmish between the Scottish and the English in Northern England, is fought near Otterburn.
- William Wallace, who led the Scottish resistance against England, is captured by the English near Glasgow and transported to London where he is put on trial and executed.
- Spanish Reconquista: the forces of the Kingdom of Castile initiate the ultimately futile Siege of Algeciras against the Emirate of Granada.
- Henry I is crowned King of England in Westminster Abbey.
- Byzantine-Norman wars: Italo-Normans begin a nearly-three-year siege of Bari.
- The Battle of Alhandic is fought between Ramiro II of León and Abd-ar-Rahman III at Zamora in the context of the Spanish Reconquista. The battle resulted in a victory for the Emirate of Córdoba.
- The last major Danish army to raid England for nearly a century is defeated at the Battle of Tettenhall by the allied forces of Mercia and Wessex, led by King Edward the Elder and Æthelred, Lord of the Mercians.
- Battle of Maserfield: Penda of Mercia defeats and kills Oswald of Northumbria.
- Roman armies enter Betar, slaughtering thousands and ending the bar Kokhba revolt.
- AD 25
- Guangwu claims the throne as Chinese emperor, restoring the Han dynasty after the collapse of the short-lived Xin dynasty.
Births On This Day
- Jack Cogger, Australian rugby league player
- Takakeishō Mitsunobu, Japanese sumo wrestler
- Pierre-Emile Højbjerg, Danish footballer
- Esteban Gutiérrez, Mexican race car driver
- Konrad Hurrell, Tongan rugby league player
- Andreas Weimann, Austrian footballer
- Ryan Bertrand, English footballer
- Mathieu Manset, French footballer
- Michael Jamieson, Scottish-English swimmer
- Federica Pellegrini, Italian swimmer
- Genelia D'Souza, Indian actress
- Paula Creamer, American golfer
- Kathrin Zettel, Austrian skier
- Laurent Ciman, Belgian footballer
- Salomon Kalou, Ivorian footballer
- Gil Vermouth, Israeli footballer
- Erkan Zengin, Swedish footballer
- Steve Matai, New Zealand rugby league player
- Helene Fischer, German singer-songwriter
- Jamie Houston, English-German rugby player
- Lolo Jones, American hurdler
- Michele Pazienza, Italian footballer
- Tobias Regner, German singer-songwriter
- Jeff Robson, Australian rugby league player
- Pete Sell, American mixed martial artist
- David Clarke, English ice hockey player
- Carl Crawford, American baseball player
- Maik Franz, German footballer
- Erik Guay, Canadian skier
- Travie McCoy, American rapper, singer, and songwriter
- Anna Rawson, Australian golfer
- Wayne Bridge, English footballer
- Salvador Cabañas, Paraguayan footballer
- Jason Culina, Australian footballer
- David Healy, Irish footballer
- Cosmin Bărcăuan, Romanian footballer and manager
- Kim Gevaert, Belgian sprinter
- Eric Hinske, American baseball player and coach
- Mark Mulder, American baseball player and sportscaster
- Michael Walsh, English footballer
- Jeff Friesen, Canadian ice hockey player
- Marians Pahars, Latvian footballer and manager
- Eugen Trică, Romanian footballer and manager
- Dan Hipgrave, English guitarist and journalist
- Josep Jufré, Catalan cyclist
- Eicca Toppinen, Finnish cellist and composer
- Alvin Ceccoli, Australian footballer
- Olle Kullinger, Swedish footballer
- Antoine Sibierski, French footballer
- Paul Carige, Australian rugby league player
- Justin Marshall, New Zealand rugby player and sportscaster
- Ikuto Hidaka, Japanese wrestler
- Aaqib Javed, Pakistani cricketer and coach
- Darren Shahlavi, English-American actor and martial artist (d. 2015)
- Jon Sleightholme, English rugby player
- Theodore Whitmore, Jamaican footballer and manager
- Christian Olde Wolbers, Belgian-American guitarist, songwriter, and producer
- Valdis Dombrovskis, Latvian academic and politician, 11th Prime Minister of Latvia
- James Gunn, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
- Jackie Doyle-Price, English politician
- Vasbert Drakes, Barbadian cricketer
- Venkatesh Prasad, Indian cricketer and coach
- Robert Scott, Australian rower
- Terri Clark, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist
- Kendo Kashin, Japanese wrestler and mixed martial artist
- Marine Le Pen, French lawyer and politician
- Oleh Luzhny, Ukrainian footballer and manager
- Colin McRae, Scottish race car driver (d. 2007)
- John Olerud, American baseball player
- Matthew Caws, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
- Jennifer Finch, American singer, bass player, and photographer
- Jonathan Silverman, American actor and producer
- Jeff Coffin, American saxophonist and composer
- Motoi Sakuraba, Japanese keyboard player and composer
- Rory Morrison, English journalist (d. 2013)
- Adam Yauch, American rapper and director (d. 2012)
- Steve Lee, Swiss singer-songwriter (d. 2010)
- Ingmar De Vos, Belgian sports administrator
- Patrick Ewing, Jamaican-American basketball player and coach
- Otis Thorpe, American basketball player
- Janet McTeer, English actress
- Athula Samarasekera, Sri Lankan cricketer and coach
- Tim Wilson, American comedian, singer-songwriter, and guitarist (d. 2014)
- David Baldacci, American lawyer and author
- Pete Burns, English singer-songwriter (d. 2016)
- Pat Smear, American guitarist and songwriter
- Larry Corowa, Australian rugby league player
- David Gill, English businessman
- Faith Prince, American actress and singer
- Christopher Chessun, English bishop
- Jerry Ciccoritti, Canadian actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
- Eddie Ojeda, American guitarist and songwriter
- Rick Mahler, American baseball player and coach (d. 2005)
- Tamás Faragó, Hungarian water polo player
- John Jarratt, Australian actor and producer
- Louis Walsh, Irish talent manager
- Samantha Sang, Australian pop singer
- Luiz Gushiken, Brazilian trade union leader and politician (d. 2013)
- Mahendra Karma, Indian lawyer and politician (d. 2013)
- Ray Clemence, English footballer and manager
- Barbara Flynn, English actress
- David Hungate, American bass guitarist, producer, and arranger (Toto)
- Shin Takamatsu, Japanese architect and academic
- Bernie Carbo, American baseball player
- France A. Córdova, American astrophysicist and academic
- Rick Derringer, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
- Greg Leskiw, Canadian guitarist and songwriter
- Bruce Coslet, American football player and coach
- Rick van der Linden, Dutch keyboard player and songwriter (d. 2006)
- Bob McCarthy, Australian rugby league player and coach
- Erika Slezak, American actress
- Xavier Trias, Spanish pediatrician and politician, 118th Mayor of Barcelona
- Loni Anderson, American actress
- Christopher Gunning, English composer
- Nelson Briles, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 2005)
- Sammi Smith, American country music singer-songwriter (d. 2005)
- Joe Boyd, American record producer, founded Hannibal Records
- Bob Clark, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2007)
- Leonid Kizim, Ukrainian general, pilot, and astronaut (d. 2010)
- Airto Moreira, Brazilian-American drummer and composer
- Bobby Braddock, American country music songwriter, musician, and producer
- Roman Gabriel, American football player, coach, and actor
- Rick Huxley, English bass player (The Dave Clark Five) (d. 2013)
- Roger Clark, English race car driver (d. 1998)
- Herb Brooks, American ice hockey player and coach (d. 2003)
- Brian G. Marsden, English-American astronomer and academic (d. 2010)
- Nikolai Baturin, Estonian author and playwright
- Michael Ballhaus, German director and cinematographer
- Peter Inge, Baron Inge, English field marshal
- John Saxon, American actor
- Roy Benavidez, American Master Sergeant and Medal of Honor Winner (d. 1998)
- Karl Johan Åström, Swedish engineer and theorist
- Wendell Berry, American novelist, short story writer, poet, and essayist
- Gay Byrne, Irish radio and television host
- Tera de Marez Oyens, Dutch pianist and composer (d. 1996)
- Vladimir Fedoseyev, Russian conductor
- Tom Hafey, Australian footballer and coach (d. 2014)
- Neil Armstrong, American pilot, engineer, and astronaut (d. 2012)
- Damita Jo DeBlanc, American comedian, actress, and singer (d. 1998)
- Richie Ginther, American race car driver (d. 1989)
- Michal Kováč, Slovak lawyer and politician, 1st President of Slovakia
- Don Matheson, American soldier, police officer, and actor (d. 2014)
- John H. Moore II, American lawyer and judge (d. 2013)
- Betsy Jolas, French composer
- Jeri Southern, American jazz singer and pianist (d. 1991)
- Devan Nair, Malaysian-Singaporean union leader and politician, 3rd President of Singapore (d. 2005)
- L. Tom Perry, American businessman and religious leader (d. 2015)
- Frank Stranahan, American golfer (d. 2013)
- Terry Becker, American actor, director, and producer (d. 2014)
- George Tooker, American painter and academic (d. 2011)
- Tom Drake, American actor and singer (d. 1982)
- Betty Oliphant, English-Canadian ballerina, co-founded Canada's National Ballet School (d. 2004)
- Peter Viereck, American poet and academic (d. 2006)
- Parley Baer, American actor (d. 2002)
- Abbé Pierre, French priest and humanitarian (d. 2007)
- Robert Taylor, American actor and singer (d. 1969)
- Bruno Coquatrix, French songwriter and manager (d. 1979)
- Herminio Masantonio, Argentinian footballer (d. 1956)
- Harold Holt, Australian lawyer and politician, 17th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1967)
- Jose Garcia Villa, Filipino short story writer and poet (d. 1997)
- Joan Hickson, English actress (d. 1998)
- John Huston, American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1987)
- Wassily Leontief, German-American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1999)
- Kenneth V. Thimann, English-American botanist and microbiologist (d. 1997)
- Claude Autant-Lara, French director, screenwriter, and politician (d. 2000)
- Rudolf Schottlaender, German philosopher, classical philologist and translator (d. 1988)
- Roberta Dodd Crawford, American soprano and educator (d. 1954)
- Aksel Larsen, Danish lawyer and politician (d. 1972)
- Naum Gabo, Russian-American sculptor (d. 1977)
- Erich Kleiber, Austrian conductor and director (d. 1956)
- Conrad Aiken, American novelist, short story writer, critic, and poet (d. 1973)
- Reginald Owen, English-American actor and singer (d. 1972)
- Anne Acheson, Irish sculptor (d. 1962)
- Gertrude Rush, American lawyer and jurist (d. 1962)
- Ruth Sawyer, American author and educator (d. 1970)
- Tom Thomson, Canadian painter (d. 1917)
- Mary Ritter Beard, American historian and activist (d. 1958)
- Wesley Clair Mitchell, American economist and academic (d. 1948)
- Horace Rawlins, English golfer (d. 1935)
- Oswaldo Cruz, Brazilian physician, bacteriologist, and epidemiologist, founded the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (d. 1917)
- Oskar Merikanto, Finnish pianist and composer (d. 1924)
- Carl Harries, German chemist and academic (d. 1923)
- Harry Trott, Australian cricketer (d. 1917)
- Joseph Merrick, English man with severe deformities (d. 1890)
- Louis Wain, English artist (d. 1939)
- Guy de Maupassant, French short story writer, novelist, and poet (d. 1893)
- Ilya Repin, Russian painter and sculptor (d. 1930)
- James Scott Skinner, Scottish violinist and composer (d. 1927)
- Carola of Vasa (d. 1907)
- Louise of the Netherlands (d. 1871)
- Deodoro da Fonseca, Brazilian field marshal and politician, 1st President of Brazil (d. 1892)
- Edward John Eyre, English explorer and politician, Governor of Jamaica (d. 1901)
- Ivar Aasen, Norwegian poet and linguist (d. 1896)
- Ambroise Thomas, French composer (d. 1896)
- Niels Henrik Abel, Norwegian mathematician and theorist (d. 1829)
- Friedrich August Kummer, German cellist and composer (d. 1879)
- Thomas Lynch Jr., American commander and politician (d. 1779)
- Leonardo Leo, Italian composer (d. 1744)
- Vitus Bering, Danish explorer (d. 1741)
- James Anderson, Scottish lawyer and historian (d. 1728)
- Richard Ottley, English politician (d. 1670)
- Antonio Cesti, Italian organist and composer (d. 1669)
- Antonio Barberini, Italian cardinal (d. 1671)
- Joseph Justus Scaliger, French philologist and historian (d. 1609)
- Alexander Jagiellon, Polish king (d. 1506)
- Guillaume Dufay, Belgian-Italian composer and theorist (d. 1474)
- Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent, English politician, Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports (d. 1330)
- Ladislaus IV of Hungary (d. 1290)
- 79 BC
- Tullia, Roman daughter of Cicero (d. 45 BC)
Deaths On This Day
- Arthur Walter James, English journalist and politician (b. 1912)
- Tony Millington, Welsh footballer (b. 1943)
- Harold J. Greene, American general (b. 1962)
- Vladimir Orlov, Russian author (b. 1936)
- Chapman Pincher, Indian-English historian, journalist, and author (b. 1914)
- Jesse Leonard Steinfeld, American physician and academic, 11th Surgeon General of the United States (b. 1927)
- Ruth Asawa, American sculptor and educator (b. 1926)
- Shawn Burr, Canadian-American ice hockey player (b. 1966)
- Willie Dunn, Canadian singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1942)
- Roy Rubin, American basketball player and coach (b. 1925)
- May Song Vang, American activist (b. 1951)
- Rob Wyda, American commander and judge (b. 1959)
- Erwin Axer, Polish director and screenwriter (b. 1917)
- Michel Daerden, Belgian lawyer and politician (b. 1949)
- Fred Matua, American football player (b. 1984)
- Martin E. Segal, Russian-American businessman, co-founded Film Society of Lincoln Center (b. 1916)
- Chavela Vargas, Costa Rican-Mexican singer-songwriter and actress (b. 1919)
- Roland Charles Wagner, French author and translator (b. 1960)
- Andrzej Lepper, Polish farmer and politician, Deputy Prime Minister of Poland (b. 1954)
- Aziz Shavershian, Russian-born Australian Bodybuilder and internet sensation (b. 1989)
- Budd Schulberg, American author, screenwriter, and producer (b. 1914)
- Neil Bartlett, English-American chemist and academic (b. 1932)
- Reg Lindsay, Australian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (b. 1929)
- Jean-Marie Lustiger, French cardinal (b. 1926)
- Florian Pittiș, Romanian actor, singer, director, and producer (b. 1943)
- Polina Astakhova, Russian gymnast and coach (b. 1936)
- Jim O'Hora, American football player and coach (b. 1915)
- Raul Roco, Filipino lawyer and politician, 31st Filipino Secretary of Education (b. 1941)
- Eddie Jenkins, Welsh footballer (b. 1909)
- Chick Hearn, American sportscaster (b. 1916)
- Franco Lucentini, Italian journalist and author (b. 1920)
- Darrell Porter, American baseball player (b. 1952)
- Matt Robinson, American actor, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1937)
- Otema Allimadi, Ugandan politician, 2nd Prime Minister of Uganda (b. 1929)
- Christopher Skase, Australian-Spanish businessman (b. 1948)
- Otto Buchsbaum, Austrian-Brazilian journalist and activist (b. 1920)
- Tullio Crali, Montenegrin-Italian pilot and painter (b. 1910)
- Lala Amarnath, Indian cricketer who scored India's first Test century (b. 1911)
- Alec Guinness, English actor (b. 1914)
- Otto Kretschmer, German commander (b. 1912)
- Todor Zhivkov, Bulgarian commander and politician, 36th Prime Minister of Bulgaria (b. 1911)
- Menachem Avidom, Israeli composer (b. 1908)
- Alain de Changy, Belgian race car driver (b. 1922)
- Robert Muldoon, New Zealand politician, 31st Prime Minister of New Zealand (b. 1921)
- Paul Brown, American football player and coach (b. 1908)
- Soichiro Honda, Japanese engineer and businessman, founded Honda (b. 1906)
- Georg Gaßmann, German politician, Mayor of Marburg (b. 1910)
- Arnold Horween, American football player and coach (b. 1898)
- Richard Burton, Welsh-Swiss actor and producer (b. 1925)
- Judy Canova, American actress and comedian (b. 1913)
- Joan Robinson, English economist and author (b. 1903)
- Harold L. Runnels, American soldier and politician (b. 1924)
- Jesse Haines, American baseball player and coach (b. 1893)
- Luther Perkins, American guitarist (b. 1928)
- Art Ross, Canadian-American ice hockey player and coach (b. 1886)
- Salvador Bacarisse, Spanish composer (b. 1898)
- Arthur Meighen, Canadian lawyer and politician, 9th Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1874)
- Edgar Guest, English-American journalist and poet (b. 1881)
- Heinrich Otto Wieland, German chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1877)
- Carmen Miranda, Portuguese-Brazilian actress and singer (b. 1909)
- Sameera Moussa, Egyptian physicist and academic (b. 1917)
- Montagu Toller, English cricketer and lawyer (b. 1871)
- Wilhelm Marx, German lawyer and politician, 17th Chancellor of Germany (b. 1863)
- Maurice Turnbull, Welsh cricketer and rugby player (b. 1906)
- Béla Jankovich, Hungarian economist and politician, Minister of Education of Hungary (b. 1865)
- David Townsend, American art director and set designer (b. 1891)
- Charles Harold Davis, American painter and academic (b. 1856)
- Millicent Fawcett, English trade union leader and activist (b. 1847)
- Dimitrios Rallis, Greek lawyer and politician, 78th Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1844)
- George Butterworth, British composer, killed at the Battle of the Somme (b. 1885)
- Bob Caruthers, American baseball player and umpire (b. 1864)
- George Dibbs, Australian politician, 10th Premier of New South Wales (b. 1834)
- Victoria, Princess Royal of the United Kingdom (b. 1840)
- Friedrich Engels, German philosopher (b. 1820)
- Spotted Tail, American tribal chief (b. 1823)
- Ferdinand Ritter von Hebra, Austrian physician and dermatologist (b. 1816)
- Robert Williams (known as Trebor Mai), Welsh poet (b. 1830)
- Jacques Boucher de Crèvecœur de Perthes, French archaeologist and historian (b. 1788)
- Richard Howe, 1st Earl Howe, English admiral and politician (b. 1726)
- Frederick North, Lord North, English politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1732)
- Charles Clémencet, French historian and author (b. 1703)
- Thomas Linley the younger, English composer (b. 1756)
- John Hervey, 2nd Baron Hervey, English courtier and politician, Vice-Chamberlain of the Household (b. 1696)
- Thomas Newcomen, English engineer, invented the eponymous Newcomen atmospheric engine (b. 1664)
- Juan García de Zéspedes, Mexican tenor and composer (b. 1619)
- George Abbot, English archbishop and academic (b. 1562)
- Alonso García de Ramón, Spanish soldier and politician, Royal Governor of Chile (b. 1552)
- John Ruthven, 3rd Earl of Gowrie, Scottish conspirator (b. 1577)
- Stanislaus Hosius, Polish cardinal (b. 1504)
- John Holland, 2nd Duke of Exeter (b. 1395)
- Richard of Conisburgh, 3rd Earl of Cambridge (b. 1375)
- Henry Scrope, 3rd Baron Scrope of Masham (b. 1370)
- Kōgon, Japanese emperor (b. 1313)
- Gruffydd ap Llywelyn, King of Gwynedd
- Li Decheng, Chinese general (b. 863)
- Euthymius I of Constantinople (b. 834)
- Eowils and Halfdan, joint kings of Northumbria
- Ingwær, king of Northumbria
- Ranulf II, duke of Aquitaine (b. 850)
- Louis III, Frankish king (b. 863)
- Ubayd Allah ibn Yahya ibn Khaqan, Abbasid vizier
- Heizei, Japanese emperor (b. 773)
- Eowa, king of Mercia
- Oswald, king of Northumbria (b. 604)
- Xiao Ji, prince of the Liang dynasty (b. 508)