On This Day in History: February 28
February 28 is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 306 days remain until the end of the year (307 in leap years).
Lottery News On This Day
- 22-year-old grocery store bagger claims $70M jackpot from a lottery ticket he bought at work. A 22-year-old grocery store employee just won the biggest jackpot in Quebec's history after he purchased a ticket from the store where he works.
- S.C. man loses more than $140K to 'you've won the lottery' scam. Deputies say a man lost more than $140,000 to a lottery scam in York County, South Carolina.
- Undercover Kentucky Lottery investigation snares three store employees trying to steal prizes. An undercover operation conducted by the Kentucky Lottery has nabbed three store clerks trying to steal winning tickets.
- No sales tax on Mississippi lottery tickets, but winnings will still be taxed. The Mississippi Legislature is expected to pass a measure clarifying that tickets for state's soon to be rolling lottery are exempt from sales taxes.
- UK's oldest lottery winners claim £18 million jackpot. A couple from Bristol have become the oldest winners of the UK lottery, after claiming an £18 million (US$24.9 million) jackpot.
- Tennessee bill advances to remove lottery winners from government assistance. The Tennessee House on Monday passed a bill despite opposition from Democrats that, if it becomes law, would require the names of lottery winners to be cross checked with federal and state government assistance programs.
- New Mexico House committee endorses changes in lottery operations. Financial bonuses for state lottery officials and contractors would be tied to increases in scholarship money available to New Mexico college students under a bill that got unanimous bipartisan approval from a House committee Monday.
- Pennsylvania Lottery launches new Fast Play Games. The Pennsylvania Lottery today launched Fast Play, a new type of games offering players the chance to win prizes without scratching the ticket or waiting for a drawing.
- Florida woman gives away $43 million Lotto jackpot. Florida Lottery officials said a Largo woman was the winner of a $43 million jackpot, and she said she's not keeping a penny of it.
- New Georgia Lottery game starts Sunday. Starting Sunday, Georgia lottery players will be able to buy tickets for the latest Georgia Lottery game called All or Nothing.
- Winning lottery ticket gets Mass. man off the hook for speeding. A Rockland, Massachusetts, man not only won the lottery Thursday morning, but also used the winning ticket to help him avoid a speeding ticket in Hingham.
- Florida to join multi-state Mega Millions lottery. Florida will start selling tickets to the popular Mega Millions game later this year.
- Arizona bill to allow anonymity for lottery winners clears panel. A bill that would allow Arizona lottery winners to remain anonymous moved closer to passage Wednesday following a contentious hearing in a state Senate committee that pitted the Republican sponsor against Democrats who argued it would diminish public accountability.
- Michigan Lottery gears up for online sales in spring. The Michigan Lottery plans to begin selling online subscriptions for games such as Mega Millions and Powerball starting this spring.
- Woman wants part of estranged husband's lotto jackpot. The winner of a $34.5 million Hoosier Lotto jackpot wants to remain anonymous, but a woman who claims to be his estranged wife is demanding a piece of the prize.
- Marine credits karma for $2.9 million slots jackpot. A U.S. Marine stationed in Washington, D.C., won a $2.8 million progressive slot machine jackpot at the Bellagio in Las Vegas after being accepted as a bone marrow donor.
- Maryland Lottery Pick 4 drawing generates huge payout. Players of the Maryland Lottery's Pick 4 game hit a grand slam of sorts this weekend, and a payout record was tied in the process.
- Florida lottery ticket wins $182.1M Powerball jackpot. The winning lottery ticket for Saturday's $182.1 million Powerball jackpot was sold in a Publix store in Kissimmee, Florida, located on a road with a very fitting name.
- $212 MILLION: largest Mega Millions lottery jackpot in a year. There has been another rollover in the top prize for the multi-state Mega Millions lottery -- to $212 million. It is the largest Mega Millions jackpot in more than a year.
- $267 MILLION: Mega Millions lottery jackpot soars. The Mega Millions lottery drawing produced no jackpot winner last night, sending Friday's jackpot to the highest level in a year.
- After alleged lottery ticket theft, store banned from ticket sales. An Ohio convenience store is banned from selling lottery tickets for a month, after the owner and an employee stole part of a Warren woman's jackpot, according to police reports.
- Georgia woman nearly forgot about $5M winning lottery ticket. A 60-year-old Georgia woman nearly forgot about a scratch-off lottery ticket in the bottom of her purse, which turned out to be worth $5 million.
- N.M. Senate votes to shift more lottery funds to scholarships. The New Mexico State Senate voted 39-1 Tuesday to ensure that more proceeds from the New Mexico Lottery go toward the scholarship fund and less go toward administration.
- Lottery winner followed careful spending plan. How one lucky winner spent his new-found fortune, after winning a $220 million Powerball jackpot in 2005.
- N.C. Gov. calls for shift of lottery funds. Gov. Mike Easley's spending plan for next year would shift profits from the N.C. Lottery toward a pre-kindergarten program at the expense of school construction and scholarships.
- Indiana Senate approves lottery sell-off. Administration officials worked the back of the Senate chamber Tuesday and managed to secure just enough support to pass Gov. Mitch Daniels' plan to privatize the Hoosier Lottery.
- Mass. Rep. says lottery funds should go to areas with highest sales. A Massachusetts State Representative says there is an imbalance in the way Lottery proceeds are doled out to cities and towns.
- Mega Millions lottery jackpot up-sized to $267 million. Mega Millions sales have once again outpaced the forecast of Mega Millions officials, prompting them to increase tonight's lottery jackpot from $256 million to $267 million.
- California man turns in lottery scammers. A California man used common sense to avoid getting nabbed by a very common Canadian lottery scam.
- N.D. Lottery director discusses new game possibilities. North Dakota's lottery director talks about adding new games, as well as informal discussions between Mega Millions and Powerball officials over creating a new game bigger than Powerball.
- Texas Lottery eliminates Lotto bonus ball. Texas Lottery Commissioners voted today to ditch the unpopular Lotto Texas bonus ball and return to the style abandoned three years ago due to sagging sales.
- Mega Millions Jackpot Grows to $112 Million. The jackpot in the multistate Mega Millions lottery has grown to $112 million dollars.
- Lottery proposal faces long odds in Nevada. Motivated by a struggling education system, Nevada lawmakers are trying - for the 23rd time since 1975 - to establish a statewide lottery by amending the Nevada Constitution.
- Leader who pushed to start the ND lottery can no longer play. The leader of a petition drive to legalize the lottery in North Dakota can no longer play the game.
- NJ interim Gov. nominates new lottery director. Michellene Davis, a lawyer and veteran state policy adviser, has been nominated to be the next executive director of the New Jersey Lottery.
- New Georgia lottery scratch game popular with players. More expensive tickets and bigger prizes are helping to drive sales of $100 million Cash Spectacular, the Georgia Lottery's latest scratch game.
- Self-service lottery machines to be installed in Penn. liquor stores. Officials at two Pennsylvania state agencies are working on introducing player-activated lottery-ticket terminals in state liquor stores.
- Florida Lotto winner sued — again. After the winner of a $35 million Florida Lotto jackpot settled with his ex-wife, his ex-wife's sister stepped into the picture and wants a cut, too.
- Mega Millions lottery jackpot increases to $20 million. The jackpot in the multi-state Mega Millions lottery drawing grew to $20 million Saturday.
Top 25 Lottery Jackpots On This Day
- 1.$348 Million
Mar 2, 2019
- 2.$293 Million
Feb 28, 2018
- 3.$291.4 Million
Mar 2, 2016
- 4.$275 Million
Mar 2, 2007
- 5.$273 Million
Mar 1, 2019
- 6.$270 Million
Feb 28, 2006
- 7.$243 Million
Mar 2, 2018
- 8.$216 Million
Feb 28, 2014
- 9.$212 Million
Mar 3, 2009
- 10.$173 Million
Feb 28, 2009
- 11.$153 Million
Mar 1, 2008
- 12.$135 Million
Mar 1, 2016
- 13.€106.58 Million
Mar 1, 2018
- 14.€112.05 Million
Feb 28, 2019
- 15.€100 Million
Mar 6, 2009
- 16.$114 Million
Mar 3, 2010
- 17.$112 Million
Mar 1, 2005
- 17.$112 Million
Mar 2, 2010
- 19.$103 Million
Mar 2, 2013
- 20.$100 Million
Mar 1, 2000
- 21.$94 Million
Feb 28, 2012
- 22.$90 Million
Feb 28, 2007
- 23.€79 Million
Mar 3, 2015
- 24.$88 Million
Mar 1, 2011
- 25.€59 Million
Mar 4, 2011
Lottery Post Member Birthdays On This Day
Friday, Feb 28, 1986
34 years old
Tuesday, Feb 28, 1984
36 years old
Thursday, Feb 28, 1980
40 years old
Tuesday, Feb 28, 1978
42 years old
Monday, Feb 28, 1977
43 years old
Monday, Feb 28, 1977
43 years old
Thursday, Feb 28, 1974
46 years old
Sunday, Feb 28, 1965
55 years old
Wednesday, Feb 28, 1962
58 years old
Monday, Feb 28, 1955
65 years old
Thursday, Feb 28, 1952
68 years old
Wednesday, Feb 28, 1951
69 years old
(year not provided)
(year not provided)
(year not provided)
Worldwide Events On This Day
- Pope Benedict XVI resigns as the pope of the Catholic Church, becoming the first pope to do so since Pope Gregory XII, in 1415.
- A suicide bombing at a police recruiting centre in Al Hillah, Iraq kills 127.
- Over one million Taiwanese participate in the 228 Hand-in-Hand rally form a 500-kilometre (310 mi) long human chain to commemorate the February 28 Incident in 1947.
- During the religious violence in Gujarat, the 97 people killed in the Naroda Patiya massacre and 69 in Gulbarg Society massacre.
- First flight of RQ-4 Global Hawk, the first unmanned aerial vehicle certified to file its own flight plans and fly regularly in U.S. civilian airspace.
- Kosovo War: Serbian police begin the offensive against the Kosovo Liberation Army in Kosovo.
- An earthquake in northern Iran is responsible for about 3,000 deaths.
- GRB 970228, a highly luminous flash of gamma rays, strikes the Earth for 80 seconds, providing early evidence that gamma-ray bursts occur well beyond the Milky Way.
- Former Australian Liberal party leader John Hewson resigns from the Australian parliament almost two years after losing the Australian federal election, 1993.
- The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms agents raid the Branch Davidian church in Waco, Texas with a warrant to arrest the group's leader David Koresh. Four ATF agents and six Davidians die in the initial raid, starting a 51-day standoff.
- The first Gulf War ends.
- Olof Palme, 26th Prime Minister of Sweden, is assassinated in Stockholm.
- The Provisional Irish Republican Army carries out a mortar attack on the Royal Ulster Constabulary police station at Newry, killing nine officers in the highest loss of life for the RUC on a single day.
- The final episode of M*A*S*H airs, with almost 106 million viewers. It still holds the record for the highest viewership of a season finale.
- Andalusia approves its statute of autonomy through a referendum.
- In London, an underground train fails to stop at Moorgate terminus station and crashes into the end of the tunnel, killing 43 people.
- China-United States relations: The United States and China sign the Shanghai Communiqué.
- Discoverer 1, an American spy satellite that is the first object intended to achieve a polar orbit, is launched but fails to achieve orbit.
- A school bus in Floyd County, Kentucky hits a wrecker truck and plunges down an embankment into the rain-swollen Levisa Fork river. The driver and 26 children die in what remains one of the worst school bus accidents in U.S. history.
- The first color television sets using the NTSC standard are offered for sale to the general public.
- James Watson and Francis Crick announce to friends that they have determined the chemical structure of DNA; the formal announcement takes place on April 25 following publication in April's Nature (pub. April 2).
- Christiansborg Cross-Roads shooting in the Gold Coast, when a British police officer opens fire on a march of ex-servicemen, killing three of them and sparking major riots and looting in Accra.
- February 28 Incident: In Taiwan, civil disorder is put down with the loss of an estimated 30,000 civilians.
- The heavy cruiser USS Houston is sunk in the Battle of Sunda Strait with 693 crew members killed, along with HMAS Perth which lost 375 men.
- Basketball is televised for the first time (Fordham University vs. the University of Pittsburgh in Madison Square Garden).
- The erroneous word "dord" is discovered in the Webster's New International Dictionary, Second Edition, prompting an investigation.
- DuPont scientist Wallace Carothers invents nylon.
- Gleichschaltung: The Reichstag Fire Decree is passed in Germany a day after the Reichstag fire.
- The Charlevoix-Kamouraska earthquake strikes northeastern North America.
- The United Kingdom ends its protectorate over Egypt through a Unilateral Declaration of Independence.
- S.L. Benfica is founded in Portugal.
- The Second Boer War: The 118-day "Siege of Ladysmith" is lifted.
- Queen Ranavalona III, the last monarch of Madagascar, is deposed by a French military force.
- The USS Indiana, the lead ship of her class and the first battleship in the United States Navy comparable to foreign battleships of the time, is launched.
- One of the longest cases ever heard in an English court ends when the defendant is convicted of perjury for attempting to assume the identity of the heir to the Tichborne baronetcy.
- The Bulgarian Exarchate is established by decree of Sultan Abdülaziz of the Ottoman Empire.
- Seventy years of Holy See-United States relations are ended by a Congressional ban on federal funding of diplomatic envoys to the Vatican and are not restored until January 10, 1984.
- Regular steamship service from the east to the west coast of the United States begins with the arrival of the SS California in San Francisco Bay, four months 22 days after leaving New York Harbor.
- The Battle of the Sacramento River during the Mexican-American War is a decisive victory for the United States leading to the capture of Chihuahua.
- A gun on USS Princeton explodes while the boat is on a Potomac River cruise, killing six people, including two United States Cabinet members.
- Robert Nelson, leader of the Patriotes, proclaims the independence of Lower Canada (today Quebec).
- The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad is incorporated, becoming the first railroad in America offering commercial transportation of both people and freight.
- John Wesley charters the Methodist Church.
- Peshwa Bajirao I of the Maratha Empire defeats Asaf Jah I in the Battle of Palkhed.
- Battle of Helsingborg: 14,000 Danish invaders under Jørgen Rantzau are decisively defeated by an equally sized Swedish force under Magnus Stenbock. This is the last time Swedish and Danish troops meet on Swedish soil.
- Today is followed by March 1 in Sweden, thus creating the Swedish calendar.
- The Scottish National Covenant is signed in Edinburgh.
- Aztec king Cuauhtémoc is executed on the order of conquistador Hernán Cortés.
- The siege of Jaén ends in the context of the Spanish Reconquista resulting in the Castilian takeover of the city from the Taifa of Jaen.
- The Fourth Council of Constantinople closes.
- 202 BC
- Liu Bang is enthroned as the Emperor of China, beginning four centuries of rule by the Han dynasty.
Births On This Day
- Luka Dončić, Slovenian basketball player
- Jake Bugg, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
- Arkadiusz Milik, Polish footballer
- Takayasu Akira, Japanese sumo wrestler
- Carlos Dunlap, American football player
- Charles Jenkins, American basketball player
- Kevin Proctor, New Zealand rugby league player
- Angelababy, Chinese actress
- Aroldis Chapman, Cuban baseball player
- Jorge Gastélum, Mexican footballer
- Markéta Irglová, Czech singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actress
- Antonio Candreva, Italian footballer
- Tendai Mzungu, Australian footballer
- Travis Stevens, American judoka
- Tim Bresnan, English cricketer
- Jelena Janković, Serbian tennis player
- Diego Ribas da Cunha, Brazilian footballer
- Noureen DeWulf, American actress
- Karolína Kurková, Czech model and actress
- Terry Bywater, English basketball player
- Natalia Vodianova, Russian-French model and actress
- Brian Bannister, American baseball player and scout
- Florent Serra, French tennis player
- Pascal Bosschaart, Dutch footballer
- Lucian Bute, Romanian-Canadian boxer
- Christian Poulsen, Danish footballer
- Tayshaun Prince, American basketball player
- Sébastien Bourdais, French race car driver
- Ivo Karlović, Croatian tennis player
- Primož Peterka, Slovenian ski jumper
- Jeanne Cherhal, French singer-songwriter and guitarist
- Benjamin Raich, Austrian skier
- Jamaal Tinsley, American basketball player
- Mariano Zabaleta, Argentinian tennis player
- Jason Aldean, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
- Lance Hoyt, American football player and wrestler
- Ali Larter, American actress
- Mike Rucker, American football player
- Lee Carsley, English-Irish footballer and manager
- Alexander Zickler, German footballer and manager
- Eric Lindros, Canadian ice hockey player
- Scott McLeod, New Zealand rugby player
- Nicolas Minassian, French race car driver
- Masato Tanaka, Japanese wrestler
- Rory Cochrane, American actor
- Ville Haapasalo, Finnish actor and screenwriter
- Junya Nakano, Japanese pianist and composer
- Peter Stebbings, Canadian actor and director
- Daniel Handler, American journalist, author, and accordion player
- Noureddine Morceli, Algerian runner
- Butch Leitzinger, American race car driver
- Robert Sean Leonard, American actor
- Patrick Monahan, American singer-songwriter and actor
- Colin Cooper, English footballer and manager
- Martin Tielli, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist
- Vincent Askew, American basketball player and coach
- Paulo Futre, Portuguese footballer
- Archbishop Jovan VI of Ohrid
- Colum McCann, Irish-American author and academic
- Norman Smiley, English-American wrestler and trainer
- Djamolidine Abdoujaparov, Uzbekistan sprinter and cyclist
- Claudio Chiappucci, Italian cyclist
- Gary Belcher, Australian rugby league player and sportscaster
- Rae Dawn Chong, Canadian-American actress
- Mark Latham, Australian politician
- Barry McGuigan, Irish-British boxer
- Jack Abramoff, American businessman and lobbyist
- Megan McDonald, American librarian and author
- Manuel Torres Félix, Mexican criminal and narcotics trafficker (d. 2012)
- Natalya Estemirova, Russian journalist and activist (d. 2009)
- Jeanne Mas, Spanish-French singer-songwriter and actress
- David R. Ross, Scottish historian and author (d. 2010)
- Paul Delph, American singer-songwriter, keyboard player, and producer (d. 1996)
- Ainsley Harriott, English chef and author
- Ian Smith, New Zealand cricketer and sportscaster
- John Turturro, American actor, director, and screenwriter
- Cindy Wilson, American singer-songwriter
- Terry Leahy, English businessman
- Guy Maddin, Canadian director, screenwriter, and cinematographer
- Adrian Dantley, American basketball player and coach
- Gilbert Gottfried, American comedian, actor, and singer
- Brian Billick, American football player, coach, and sportscaster
- Ingo Hoffmann, Brazilian race car driver
- Paul Krugman, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
- Ricky Steamboat, American wrestler, referee, and trainer
- Bill Cratty, American dancer and choreographer (d. 1998)
- Debora Green, American physician convicted of murder
- Steven Chu, American physicist and politician, 12th United States Secretary of Energy, Nobel Prize laureate
- Mike Figgis, English director, screenwriter, and composer
- Bernadette Peters, American actress, singer, and author
- Mercedes Ruehl, American actress
- Alfred Sant, Maltese politician, 11th Prime Minister of Malta
- Stephanie Beacham, English actress
- Philip Bailhache, English lawyer and politician
- Robin Cook, Scottish educator and politician, Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs (d. 2005)
- Syreeta Wright, African-American singer songwriter (d. 2004)
- Mimsy Farmer, American-French actress and sculptor
- Bubba Smith, American football player and actor (d. 2011)
- Linda Preiss Rothschild, American mathematician and academic
- Kelly Bishop, American actress and dancer
- Edward Greenspan, Canadian lawyer and author (d. 2014)
- Sepp Maier, German footballer and manager
- Storm Thorgerson, English graphic designer (d. 2013)
- Barbara Acklin, American singer-songwriter (d. 1998)
- Hans Dijkstal, Egyptian-Dutch educator and politician, Deputy Prime Minister of the Netherlands (d. 2010)
- Donnie Iris, American rock singer-songwriter and guitarist
- Brian Jones, English guitarist, songwriter, and producer (d. 1969)
- Dino Zoff, Italian footballer and manager
- Aldo Andretti, Italian-American race car driver
- Mario Andretti, Italian-American race car driver
- Joe South, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and record producer (d. 2012)
- John Fahey, American guitarist (d. 2001)
- Chögyam Trungpa, Tibetan philosopher and scholar (d. 1987)
- Daniel C. Tsui, Chinese-American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
- Tommy Tune, American actor, singer, dancer, and director
- Foge Fazio, American football player and coach (d. 2009)
- Jeff Farrell, American swimmer
- Willie Bobo, American Latin Jazz/Afro-Cuban jazz percussionist (d. 1983)
- Rein Taagepera, Estonian political scientist and politician
- Don Francks, Canadian actor, singer, and jazz musician (d. 2016)
- Iajuddin Ahmed, Bangladeshi academic and politician, 14th President of Bangladesh (d. 2012)
- Peter Alliss, English golfer and sportscaster
- Gavin MacLeod, American actor
- Dean Smith, American basketball player and coach (d. 2015)
- Leon Cooper, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
- Hayden Fry, American football player and coach
- Frank Gehry, Canadian-American architect, designed 8 Spruce Street and Walt Disney Concert Hall
- John Montague, American-Irish poet and academic (d. 2016)
- Rangaswamy Srinivasan, Indian-American physical chemist and inventor
- Stanley Baker, Welsh actor and producer (d. 1976)
- Tom Aldredge, American actor (d. 2011)
- Sylvia del Villard, actress, dancer, choreographer and Afro-Puerto Rican activist (d. 1990)
- Svetlana Alliluyeva, Russian-American author and educator (d. 2011)
- Harry H. Corbett, Burmese-English actor (d. 1982)
- Uno Prii, Estonian-Canadian architect (d. 2000)
- Robert A. Roe, American soldier and politician (d. 2014)
- Charles Durning, American soldier and actor (d. 2012)
- Yuri Lotman, Russian-Estonian historian and scholar (d. 1993)
- Pierre Clostermann, French pilot, engineer, and author (d. 2006)
- Jadwiga Piłsudska, Polish soldier, pilot, and architect (d. 2014)
- Alfred Marshall, American businessman, founded Marshalls (d. 2013)
- Brian Urquhart, English soldier and diplomat, Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations
- Ernesto Alonso, Mexican actor, director, and producer (d. 2007)
- Cesar Climaco, Filipino lawyer and politician, 10th Mayor of Zamboanga City (d. 1984)
- Ketti Frings, American author, playwright, and screenwriter (d. 1981)
- Peter Medawar, Brazilian-English biologist and immunologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1987)
- Zero Mostel, American actor and comedian (d. 1977)
- Otakar Vávra, Czech director and screenwriter (d. 2011)
- Stephen Spender, English author and poet (d. 1995)
- Billie Bird, American actress (d. 2002)
- Milton Caniff, American cartoonist (d. 1988)
- Bugsy Siegel, American gangster (d. 1947)
- Vincente Minnelli, American director and screenwriter (d. 1986)
- Linus Pauling, American chemist and activist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1994)
- Wolf Hirth, German pilot and engineer, co-founded Schempp-Hirth (d. 1959)
- Zeki Rıza Sporel, Turkish footballer (d. 1969)
- Philip Showalter Hench, American physician and endocrinologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1965)
- Marcel Pagnol, French author, playwright and director (d. 1974)
- Ben Hecht, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1964)
- William Zorach, Lithuanian-American sculptor and painter (d. 1966)
- Ants Piip, Estonian lawyer and politician, 7th Prime Minister of Estonia (d. 1942)
- Seán Mac Diarmada, Irish rebel leader (d. 1916)
- Geraldine Farrar, American soprano and actress (d. 1967)
- José Vasconcelos, Mexican philosopher, lawyer, and politician, Mexican Secretary of Public Education (d. 1959)
- Pierre Fatou, French mathematician and astronomer (d. 1929)
- William McMaster Murdoch, Scottish sailor (d. 1912)
- Vyacheslav Ivanov, Russian poet and playwright (d. 1949)
- Wilfred Grenfell, English physician and missionary (d. 1940)
- Tore Svennberg, Swedish actor and director (d. 1941)
- Samuel W. McCall, American journalist and politician, 47th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1923)
- Arthur Giry, French historian and academic (d. 1899)
- Henri Duveyrier, French explorer (d. 1892)
- Alfred von Schlieffen, German field marshal (d. 1913)
- John Tenniel, English illustrator (d. 1914)
- Berthold Auerbach, German poet and author (d. 1882)
- Karl Ernst von Baer, German biologist, meteorologist, and geographer (d. 1876)
- George Townshend, 1st Marquess Townshend, English field marshal and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (d. 1807)
- Louis-Joseph de Montcalm, French general (d. 1759)
- Louis Godin, French astronomer and academic (d. 1760)
- René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur, French entomologist and academic (d. 1757)
- Guillaume Delisle, French cartographer (d. 1726)
- Aubrey de Vere, 20th Earl of Oxford, English soldier and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Essex (d. 1703)
- John Pearson, English bishop, theologian, and scholar (d. 1686)
- Jost Bürgi, Swiss mathematician and clockmaker (d. 1632)
- Cornelius Gemma, Dutch astronomer and astrologer (d. 1578)
- Michel de Montaigne, French philosopher and author (d. 1592)
- Francis III, Duke of Brittany, Duke of Brittany (d. 1536)
- Margaret of Scotland, Queen of Norway (d. 1283)
- Henry the Young King, son and heir of Henry II of England (d. 1183)
- Emperor Xizong of Jin (d. 1150)
Deaths On This Day
- André Previn, German-American pianist, conductor, and composer. (b. 1929)
- Pierre Pascau, Mauritian-Canadian journalist (b. 1938)
- George Kennedy, American actor (b. 1925)
- Alex Johnson, American baseball player (b. 1942)
- Yaşar Kemal, Turkish journalist and author (b. 1923)
- Hugo Brandt Corstius, Dutch linguist and author (b. 1935)
- Lee Lorch, American mathematician and activist (b. 1915)
- Donald A. Glaser, American physicist and biologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1926)
- Neil McCorkell, English cricketer and coach (b. 1912)
- Frisner Augustin, Haitian drummer and composer (b. 1948)
- Jim Green, American-Canadian educator and politician (b. 1943)
- Hal Roach, Irish comedian and author (b. 1927)
- Annie Girardot, French actress (b. 1931)
- Jane Russell, American actress and singer (b. 1921)
- Paul Harvey, American radio host (b. 1918)
- Joseph M. Juran, Romanian-American engineer and businessman (b. 1904)
- Charles Forte, Baron Forte, Italian-English businessman, founded the Forte Group (b. 1908)
- Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. American historian and critic (b. 1917)
- Billy Thorpe, English-Australian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (b. 1946)
- Owen Chamberlain, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1920)
- Chris Curtis, English singer and drummer (b. 1941)
- Daniel J. Boorstin, American historian and librarian (b. 1914)
- Carmen Laforet, Spanish author (b. 1921)
- Andres Nuiamäe, Estonian sergeant (b. 1982)
- Chris Brasher, Guyanese-English runner and journalist, co-founded the London Marathon (b. 1928)
- Fidel Sánchez Hernández, Salvadorian general and politician, President of El Salvador (b. 1917)
- Mary Stuart, American actress and singer (b. 1926)
- Helmut Zacharias, German violinist and composer (b. 1920)
- Dermot Morgan, Irish comedian and actor (b. 1952)
- Arkady Shevchenko, Ukrainian diplomat (b. 1930)
- Ishirō Honda, Japanese director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1911)
- Ruby Keeler, Canadian-American actress and dancer (b. 1909)
- Wassily Hoeffding, Finnish-American statistician and theorist (b. 1914)
- Stephen Tennant, English author (b. 1906)
- Winifred Atwell, Trinidadian pianist (b. 1910 or 1914)
- Zara Cully, American actress (b. 1892)
- Eric Frank Russell, English author (b. 1905)
- Eddie "Rochester" Anderson, American actor and comedian (b. 1905)
- Henry Luce, Chinese-American publisher, co-founded Time Magazine (b. 1898)
- Charles Bassett, American captain, engineer, and astronaut (b. 1931)
- Elliot See, American commander, engineer, and astronaut (b. 1927)
- Rajendra Prasad, Indian lawyer and politician, 1st President of India (b. 1884)
- Maxwell Anderson, American journalist, author, and playwright (b. 1888)
- Karel Doorman, Dutch admiral (b. 1889)
- Alfonso XIII of Spain (b. 1886)
- Charles Nicolle, French biologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1866)
- Chiquinha Gonzaga, Brazilian pianist, composer, and conductor (b. 1847)
- Guillaume Bigourdan, French astronomer and academic (b. 1851)
- Clemens von Pirquet, Austrian physician and immunologist (b. 1874)
- Friedrich Ebert, German politician, 1st President of Germany (b. 1871)
- Henry James, American novelist, short writer, and critic (b. 1843)
- George Hearst, American businessman and politician (b. 1820)
- Hortense Allart, Italian-French author (b. 1801)
- Alphonse de Lamartine, French author and poet (b. 1790)
- André Dumont, Belgian geologist and academic (b. 1809)
- Thomas Cushing, American lawyer and politician, 1st Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts (b. 1725)
- John Gwynn, English architect and engineer (b. 1713)
- Christian IV of Denmark (b. 1577)
- Cosimo II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1590)
- Aegidius Tschudi, Swiss historian and author (b. 1505)
- Martin Bucer, German Protestant reformer (b. 1491)
- Juan de la Cosa, Spanish cartographer and explorer (b. 1450)
- Isabella, Duchess of Lorraine (b. 1400)
- Leopold I, Duke of Austria (b. 1290)
- Henry III, Duke of Brabant (b. 1230)
- Raymond IV, Count of Toulouse (b. c. 1042)
- Abu Abdallah al-Shi'i, Muslim Shia imam
- Khosrow II, king of the Persian Empire