On This Day in History: March 18
March 18 is the 77th day of the year (78th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 288 days remain until the end of the year.
Lottery News On This Day
- Lucky 4's on St. Patrick's Day — Virginia Lottery's Pick 3 draws 4-4-4. Virginia Lottery players struck a pot of gold on St. Patrick's Day when triple 4's were drawn in yesterday's Pick 3 daytime drawing.
- Oklahoma tribe says state lottery 'second chance' game violates compacts. An online state lottery game violates the gaming compacts between Oklahoma and Native American tribes and should end the exclusivity fees tribes pay the state each year, an Oklahoma-based tribe said in a court filing.
- Oregon Lottery draws winning 2020 St. Patrick's Day Raffle numbers. The Oregon Lottery has announced the winning numbers for the St. Patrick's Day Raffle.
- Winner of $1.5B lottery jackpot donates some winnings to Alabama tornado victims. The winner of the largest Mega Millions jackpot in US history — $1.5 billion — is sharing some of her newfound wealth to help others in need.
- Arkansas bill to keep lottery winner names secret fails. An effort to keep the identities of some lottery winners secret has failed in the Arkansas House.
- One lottery ticket sold in Pennsylvania wins Saturday's $456.7 million Powerball jackpot. St. Patrick's Day brought the Luck of the Irish to the state of Pennsylvania Saturday night.
- Multi-state lottery game coming to Wyoming. WyoLotto players could have a new draw game to play by this fall after the Wyoming Lottery Corp. board of directors on Thursday unanimously approved adding the Lucky for Life game to the three currently offered.
- Quest for lottery jackpot denied again. The long-running case of Clarence Jackson, who has been fighting for 19 years to claim $5.8 million in lottery winnings, encountered another setback Tuesday when a legislative committee voted 13-12 to reject his case.
- Maine lottery scratch tickets may get new controversial name. The Maine State Lottery may soon give a name to its scratch tickets for the first time, but the name isn't sitting well with everyone.
- N.C. store owner accused of stealing winning lottery ticket. Police in Dunn, North Carolina, said that when a lottery player brought a winning ticket into a Pop Mart, about 40 miles south of Raleigh, the store's owner told her it wasn't a winner and kept it, later trying to claim the prize of nearly $88,000 for himself.
- Arkansas Lottery sued for trademark infringement. The Arkansas Scholarship Lottery is the target of a lawsuit by a man who claims he owns the trademark to names the state lottery is using.
- Arkansas Lottery will add raffle games to lineup. The Arkansas Lottery Commission voted yesterday to authorize the introduction of raffle games during the 2010-2011 fiscal year.
- Illinois Lottery's Raffle creates four lucky millionaires. The Illinois Lottery held its sixth-ever Millionaire Raffle drawing yesterday -- the third on St. Patrick's Day -- which instantly created four new millionaires.
- Oregon Lottery draws St. Patrick's Raffle. The Oregon Lottery yesterday held the state's third raffle drawing -- the second it has held on St. Patrick's Day -- resulting in one new millionaire and over one thousand other prize winners.
- Bus driver wins £2m lottery jackpot three months after divorce. Just weeks after his divorce, bus driver Kevin Halstead won £2.3 million (US$3.5 million) playing the Lottery.
- New Hampshire Lottery celebrates 45th anniversary. Just like when New Hampshire started its first-in-the-nation lottery in 1964, opponents of expanded gambling still argue today that it will hurt the state's image and cause more problems than it would solve.
- Lottery supporters in Nevada try again. Advocates of a lottery in the nation's No. 1 gambling state have faced a long run of bad luck in getting Nevada legislators to back the idea -- but they're betting the time is right for one more attempt.
- 19-year-old from N.Y. wins $1M lottery prize. Albion, New York, native Brittanie DeClerck dreams of owning her own pet shop someday; a dream she now wants to make real with part of the $1,000,000 top prize she won on an Emerald 8s scratch off ticket from the New York Lottery.
- Lottery officials confirm Chubb workers as winners of $140M Mega Millions jackpot. New Jersey State Lottery officials today confirmed that the 10 employees of Chubb Insurance who last week claimed the winning Mega Millions ticket would be awarded a total of roughly $140 million before taxes.
- Illinois Lottery creates four lucky millionaires. The Illinois Lottery held its fourth-ever Millionaire Raffle drawing yesterday -- the second on St. Patrick's Day -- which instantly created four millionaires.
- Oregon Lottery draws first raffle. The Oregon Lottery yesterday held the state's first-ever raffle, the appropriately-named St. Patrick's Day Raffle, resulting in one new millionaire and over one thousand other prize winners.
- Women win $276M lottery jackpot - and report back to work. If you thought you'd just won a fortune, would you go to work the next day? Eight women who toil in a tax office in Morgantown, West Virginia did just that on Monday, as they anxiously await confirmation that they hold the winning ticket in a $276.3 million lottery jackpot.
- Illinois Lottery makes four lucky millionaires. The Illinois Lottery held its second-ever Millionaire Raffle drawing yesterday, which instantly created four millionaires.
- First WV lottery winner gets final annuity check. A Wood County man who was the West Virginia Lottery's first jackpot winner received his last of 20 payments on Wednesday.
- Man finally wins lottery claim from washed-up ticket. A Spaniard has won a six-year court battle to claim the equivalent of about $50,000 US from a winning lottery ticket that went through a washing machine and came out in pieces.
- Winning $4.86 million lottery ticket recovered from store garbage. Being a good Samaritan may not pay off in money, but doing a good deed is reward enough for one store clerk who rescued a nearly $5 million lottery ticket from the trash and returned it to its rightful owner.
- Elderly man, claiming he was cheated of lottery prize, wins settlement. An elderly man who claims he was swindled out of a winning lottery ticket has won a court settlement with the Ontario Lottery and Gaming Corp.
- Record lottery winner rushes back to work. Germany's biggest individual lottery winner had no time to celebrate after becoming 20.4 million euros (US$27 million) richer because he was too worried about being late for work.
- Oklahoma lottery funds still tied up. Legislators are still working on details of a plan to give the new Oklahoma Education Lottery Commission an emergency appropriation of $500,000, a Senate leader said Wednesday.
- Georgia Lottery's Million-Dollar Hoopla Set to Tip-Off. The Georgia Lottery Corporation's Million-Dollar Hoopla promotion is coming to the Gainesville District to give a lucky player the chance to win $1 million.
- Another winning Powerball ticket sold in Pennsylvania. For the third time in four months, a winning Powerball ticket was bought in Western Pennsylvania -- this time in Marshall, state lottery officials said Thursday.
- $12 Million Powerball Jackpot Up For Grabs. Because no one correctly matched all six numbers in Wednesday's Powerball drawing the jackpot grew to an estimated $12 million, with a cash option of $6.7 million.
- Two Wisconsin brothers arrested in lottery tickets theft. Two brothers from Antigo, Wisconsin were jailed Tuesday after they were caught trying to cash stolen lottery tickets.
Top 25 Lottery Jackpots On This Day
- 1.$562.1 Million
Mar 20, 2019
- 2.$414 Million
Mar 18, 2014
- 3.$377 Million
Mar 20, 2018
- 4.$260 Million
Mar 20, 2013
- 5.$241 Million
Mar 20, 2012
- 6.$205.3 Million
Mar 20, 2021
- 7.$201 Million
Mar 18, 2011
- 8.€105 Million
Mar 18, 2011
- 9.€123.27 Million
Mar 18, 2021
- 10.€116.07 Million
Mar 20, 2018
- 11.$141 Million
Mar 18, 2017
- 12.$140 Million
Mar 21, 2017
- 13.€121.9 Million
Mar 19, 2019
- 14.$130 Million
Mar 18, 2020
- 15.$105 Million
Mar 19, 2021
- 16.€86 Million
Mar 19, 2021
- 17.$96 Million
Mar 20, 2020
- 18.$88 Million
Mar 18, 2006
- 19.$85 Million
Mar 19, 2011
- 20.€76 Million
Mar 20, 2020
- 21.$80 Million
Mar 19, 2014
- 21.$80 Million
Mar 19, 2016
- 23.€64 Million
Mar 24, 2006
- 24.$70 Million
Mar 21, 2012
- 25.$69 Million
Mar 18, 2008
Lottery Post Member Birthdays On This Day
Tuesday, Mar 18, 1980
41 years old
Friday, Mar 18, 1977
44 years old
Friday, Mar 18, 1977
44 years old
Tuesday, Mar 18, 1975
46 years old
Sunday, Mar 18, 1973
48 years old
Sunday, Mar 18, 1973
48 years old
Thursday, Mar 18, 1971
50 years old
Friday, Mar 18, 1966
55 years old
Sunday, Mar 18, 1962
59 years old
Friday, Mar 18, 1960
61 years old
Tuesday, Mar 18, 1958
63 years old
Tuesday, Mar 18, 1952
69 years old
Tuesday, Mar 18, 1947
74 years old
Worldwide Events On This Day
- The Bardo National Museum in Tunisia is attacked by gunmen. 23 people, almost all tourists, are killed, and at least 50 other people are wounded.
- The parliaments of Russia and Crimea sign an accession treaty.
- The tail of a Russian Antonov An-24 charter plane breaks off while en route to Turkey, causing the plane to crash and killing all 50 people on board.
- A nightclub fire in Quezon City, Philippines kills 162 people.
- Bosnia's Bosniaks and Croats sign the Washington Agreement, ending war between the Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia and the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and establishing the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
- Germans in the German Democratic Republic vote in the first democratic elections in the former communist dictatorship.
- In the largest art theft in US history, 12 paintings, collectively worth around $500 million, are stolen from the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum in Boston.
- A Vostok-2M rocket at Plesetsk Cosmodrome Site 43 explodes during a fueling operation, killing 48 people.
- Peru: A landslide crashes into Yanawayin Lake, killing 200 people at the mining camp of Chungar.
- Lon Nol ousts Prince Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia.
- The United States begins secretly bombing the Sihanouk Trail in Cambodia, used by communist forces to infiltrate South Vietnam.
- Gold standard: The U.S. Congress repeals the requirement for a gold reserve to back US currency.
- The supertanker Torrey Canyon runs aground off the Cornish coast.
- Cosmonaut Alexei Leonov, leaving his spacecraft Voskhod 2 for 12 minutes, becomes the first person to walk in space.
- The Évian Accords end the Algerian War of Independence, which had begun in 1954.
- The Hawaii Admission Act is signed into law.
- An earthquake hits western Turkey, killing 265 people.
- Soviet consultants leave Yugoslavia in the first sign of the Tito-Stalin Split.
- Mount Vesuvius in Italy erupts, killing 26 people, causing thousands to flee their homes, and destroying dozens of Allied bombers.
- The War Relocation Authority is established in the United States to take Japanese Americans into custody.
- World War II: Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini meet at the Brenner Pass in the Alps and agree to form an alliance against France and the United Kingdom.
- Mexico creates Pemex by expropriating all foreign-owned oil reserves and facilities.
- The New London School explosion in New London, Texas, kills 300 people, mostly children.
- Spanish Civil War: Spanish Republican forces defeat the Italians at the Battle of Guadalajara.
- The Tri-State Tornado hits the Midwestern states of Missouri, Illinois, and Indiana, killing 695 people.
- In India, Mohandas Gandhi is sentenced to six years in prison for civil disobedience, of which he serves only two.
- The second Peace of Riga is signed between Poland and the Soviet Union.
- The Kronstadt rebellion is suppressed by the Red Army.
- World War I: During the Battle of Gallipoli, three battleships are sunk during a failed British and French naval attack on the Dardanelles.
- King George I of Greece is assassinated in the recently liberated city of Thessaloniki.
- Macario Sakay issues Presidential Order No. 1 of his Tagalog Republic.
- Phoebe (moon), a satellite of Saturn, becomes first to be discovered with photographs, taken in August 1898, by William Henry Pickering.
- The Hawaiian Kingdom signs a treaty with the United States granting exclusive trade rights.
- Declaration of the Paris Commune; President of the French Republic, Adolphe Thiers, orders the evacuation of Paris.
- American Civil War: The Congress of the Confederate States adjourns for the last time.
- The premiere of Fry's Leonora in Philadelphia is the first known performance of an grand opera by an American composer.
- March Revolution: In Berlin there is a struggle between citizens and military, costing about 300 lives.
- Six farm labourers from Tolpuddle, Dorset, England are sentenced to be transported to Australia for forming a trade union.
- The first modern republic in Germany, the Republic of Mainz, is declared by Andreas Joseph Hofmann.
- Flanders Campaign of the French Revolution, Battle of Neerwinden.
- American Revolution: The British Parliament repeals the Stamp Act.
- New York governor George Clarke's complex at Fort George is burned in an arson attack, starting the New York Conspiracy of 1741.
- English lord John Berkeley sold his half of New Jersey to the Quakers
- The Third Anglo-Powhatan War begins in the Colony of Virginia.
- Susenyos is formally crowned Emperor of Ethiopia.
- Valletta is made the capital city of Malta.
- Albert II of Habsburg becomes King of the Romans.
- Jacques de Molay, the 23rd and final Grand Master of the Knights Templar, is burned at the stake.
- First Mongol invasion of Poland: Mongols overwhelm Polish armies in Kraków in the Battle of Chmielnik and plunder the city.
- Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor, declares himself King of Jerusalem in the Sixth Crusade.
- An earthquake in the Levant and the Arabian Peninsula leaves up to 20,000 dead.
- Roman Senate annuls Tiberius' will and proclaims Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus Germanicus (aka Caligula = Little Boots) emperor.
Births On This Day
- Ciara Bravo, American actress
- Rieko Ioane, New Zealand rugby union player
- Ryan Truex, American race car driver
- Takuya Terada, Japanese singer, actor, and model
- Dylan Mattingly, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
- Sam Williams, Australian rugby league player
- Francesco Checcucci, Italian footballer
- Lily Collins, English-American actress
- Shreevats Goswami, Indian cricketer
- Kana Nishino, Japanese singer-songwriter
- Paul Marc Rousseau, Canadian guitarist and producer
- Ming Xi, Chinese model
- Rebecca Soni, American swimmer
- Lykke Li, Swedish singer-songwriter
- Abdennour Chérif El-Ouazzani, Algerian footballer
- Ana Beatriz, Brazilian race car driver
- Marvin Humes, English singer
- Vince Lia, Australian footballer
- Simone Padoin, Italian footballer
- Rajeev Ram, American tennis player
- Vonzell Solomon, American singer and actress
- Ethan Carter III, American wrestler
- Stéphanie Cohen-Aloro, French tennis player
- Andy Sonnanstine, American baseball player
- Tomasz Stolpa, Polish footballer
- Mantorras, Angolan footballer
- Chad Cordero, American baseball player
- Timo Glock, German race car driver
- Adam Pally, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
- Tora Berger, Norwegian biathlete
- Fabian Cancellara, Swiss cyclist
- Leslie Djhone, French sprinter
- Jang Na-ra, South Korean singer and actress
- Kasib Powell, American basketball player
- Tom Starke, German footballer
- Doug Warren, American soccer player
- Lovro Zovko, Croatian tennis player
- Sébastien Frey, French footballer
- Sophia Myles, English actress
- Alexei Yagudin, Russian figure skater
- Adam Levine, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and television personality
- Fernandão, Brazilian footballer and manager (d. 2014)
- Brooke Hanson, Australian swimmer
- Brian Scalabrine, American basketball player, coach, and sportscaster
- Jonas Wallerstedt, Swedish footballer, coach, and manager
- Zdeno Chára, Slovak ice hockey player
- Danny Murphy, English international footballer and sportscaster
- Fernando Rodney, Dominican-American baseball player
- Willy Sagnol, French footballer and manager
- Terrmel Sledge, American baseball player and coach
- Giovanna Antonelli, Brazilian actress and producer
- Tomo Ohka, Japanese baseball player
- Scott Podsednik, American baseball player
- Mike Quackenbush, American wrestler, trainer, and author, founded Chikara wrestling promotion
- Sutton Foster, American actress, singer, and dancer
- Brian Griese, American football player and sportscaster
- Kimmo Timonen, Finnish ice hockey player
- Tomas Žvirgždauskas, Lithuanian footballer
- Laure Savasta, French basketball player, coach, and sportscaster
- Stuart Zender, English bass player, songwriter, and producer
- Luci Christian, American voice actress and screenwriter
- Dane Cook, American comedian, actor, director, and producer
- Reince Priebus, American lawyer and politician
- Wayne Arthurs, Australian tennis player
- Mike Bell, American wrestler (d. 2008)
- Mariaan de Swardt, South African-American tennis player, coach, and sportscaster
- Kitty Ussher, English economist and politician
- Queen Latifah, American rapper, producer, and actress
- Andy Cutting, English accordion player and composer
- Vassily Ivanchuk, Ukrainian chess player
- Shaun Udal, English cricketer
- Miguel Herrera, Mexican footballer and manager
- Temur Ketsbaia, Georgian footballer and manager
- Paul Marsden, English businessman and politician
- Miki Berenyi, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
- Jerry Cantrell, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
- Peter Jones, English businessman
- Brian Watts, Canadian golfer
- Bonnie Blair, American speed skater
- Alex Caffi, Italian race car driver
- Jo Churchill, British politician
- Courtney Pine, English saxophonist and clarinet player
- Isabel Noronha, Mozambican film director
- Jeff LaBar, American guitarist
- Vanessa L. Williams, American model, actress, and singer
- Michael Andrews, Australian rugby league player
- Irene Cara, American singer-songwriter, actress, and producer
- Brian Fisher, American baseball player
- Thomas Ian Griffith, American actor and martial artist
- James McMurtry, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor
- Etsushi Toyokawa, Japanese actor and director
- Volker Weidler, German race car driver and engineer
- Grant Hart, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2017)
- Richard Biggs, American actor (d. 2004)
- Guy Carbonneau, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
- James Plaskett, Cypriot-English chess player
- Luc Besson, French director, producer, and screenwriter, founded EuropaCorp
- Richard de Zoysa, Sri Lankan journalist and author (d. 1990)
- Christer Fuglesang, Swedish physicist and astronaut
- Rick Martel, Canadian wrestler
- Deborah Jeane Palfrey, American madam (d. 2008)
- Ingemar Stenmark, Swedish skier
- Francis G. Slay, American lawyer and politician, 45th Mayor of St. Louis
- Jeff Stelling, English journalist and game show host
- Franz Wright, Austrian-American poet and translator (d. 2015)
- Takashi Yoshimatsu, Japanese composer
- Will Durst, American journalist and actor
- Pat Eddery, Irish jockey and trainer (d. 2015)
- Bernie Tormé, Irish singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2019)
- Mike Webster, American football player (d. 2002)
- Paul Barber, English actor
- Ben Cohen, American businessman and philanthropist, co-founded Ben and Jerry's
- Bill Frisell, American guitarist and composer
- Timothy N. Philpot, American lawyer, author, and judge
- James Conlon, American conductor and educator
- Brad Dourif, American actor
- Linda Partridge, English geneticist and academic
- Larry Perkins, Australian race car driver
- Åse Kleveland, Norwegian singer and politician, Norwegian Minister of Culture
- Guy Lapointe, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
- Brian Lloyd, Welsh footballer
- Eknath Solkar, Indian cricketer (d. 2005)
- Patrick Barlow, English actor and playwright
- Patrick Chesnais, French actor, director, and screenwriter
- David Lloyd, English cricketer, journalist, and sportscaster
- B. J. Wilson, English rock drummer (d. 1990)
- Michel Leclère, French race car driver
- Hiroh Kikai, Japanese photographer
- Michael Reagan, American journalist and radio host
- Susan Tyrrell, American actress (d. 2012)
- Eric Woolfson, Scottish singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer (d. 2009)
- Amnon Lipkin-Shahak, Israeli general and politician, 22nd Transportation Minister of Israel (d. 2012)
- Frank McRae, American football player and actor
- Dick Smith, Australian publisher and businessman, founded Dick Smith Electronics and Australian Geographic
- Dennis Linde, American singer-songwriter (d. 2006)
- Kathleen Collins, African-American filmmaker and playwright (d. 1988)
- Wilson Pickett, American singer-songwriter (d. 2006)
- Ron Atkinson, English footballer and manager
- Jean-Pierre Wallez, French violinist and conductor
- Carl Gottlieb, American actor and screenwriter
- Shashi Kapoor, Indian actor and producer (d. 2017)
- Kenny Lynch, English singer-songwriter and actor (d. 2019)
- Timo Mäkinen, Finnish race car driver (d. 2017)
- Machiko Soga, Japanese actress (d. 2006)
- Rudi Altig, German cyclist and sportscaster (d. 2016)
- Mark Donohue, American race car driver (d. 1975)
- F. W. de Klerk, South African lawyer and politician, 2nd State President of South Africa, Nobel Prize laureate
- Ole Barndorff-Nielsen, Danish mathematician and statistician
- Frances Cress Welsing, American psychiatrist and author (d. 2016)
- Roy Chapman, English footballer and manager (d. 1983)
- Charley Pride, American country music singer and musician (d. 2020)
- Unita Blackwell, American civil rights activist and politician (d. 2019)
- John Updike, American novelist, short story writer, and critic (d. 2009)
- John Fraser, Scottish actor (d. 2020)
- James J. Andrews, American mathematician and academic (d. 1998)
- Samuel Pisar, Polish-American lawyer and author (d. 2015)
- Miguel Poblet, Spanish cyclist (d. 2013)
- Fidel V. Ramos, Filipino general and politician, 12th President of the Philippines
- John Kander, American pianist and composer
- George Plimpton, American journalist and actor (d. 2003)
- Lillian Vernon, German-American businesswoman and philanthropist, founded the Lillian Vernon Company (d. 2015)
- Peter Graves, American actor and director (d. 2010)
- Alessandro Alessandroni, Italian musician (d. 2017)
- James Pickles, English journalist, lawyer, and judge (d. 2010)
- Andy Granatelli, American race car driver and businessman (d. 2013)
- Egon Bahr, German journalist and politician, Federal Minister for Special Affairs of Germany (d. 2015)
- Seymour Martin Lipset, American sociologist and academic (d. 2006)
- Suzanne Perlman, Hungarian-Dutch visual artist (d. 2020)
- Fred Shuttlesworth, American activist, co-founded the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (d. 2011)
- Richard Condon, American author and screenwriter (d. 1996)
- René Clément, French director and screenwriter (d. 1996)
- Werner Mölders, German colonel and pilot (d. 1941)
- Art Gilmore, American voice actor and announcer (d. 2010)
- Smiley Burnette, American singer-songwriter and actor (d. 1967)
- Ernest Gallo, American businessman, co-founded the E & J Gallo Winery (d. 2007)
- C. Walter Hodges, English author and illustrator (d. 2004)
- Loulou Gasté, French composer (d. 1995)
- John Zachary Young, English zoologist and neurophysiologist (d. 1997)
- Thomas Townsend Brown, American physicist and engineer (d. 1985)
- Robert Donat, English actor (d. 1958)
- Srečko Kosovel, Slovenian poet and author (d. 1926)
- Margaret Tucker, Australian author and activist (d. 1996)
- Galeazzo Ciano, Italian journalist and politician, Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs (d. 1944)
- E. O. Plauen, German cartoonist (d. 1944)
- Manly Palmer Hall, Canadian mystic, author and philosopher (d. 1990)
- William Johnson, American painter (d. 1970)
- Costante Girardengo, Italian cyclist (d. 1978)
- Wilfred Owen, English soldier and poet (d. 1918)
- Henri Decoin, French director and screenwriter (d. 1969)
- Edward Everett Horton, American actor, singer, and dancer (d. 1970)
- Bernard Cronin, English-Australian journalist and author (d. 1968)
- Gian Francesco Malipiero, Italian composer and educator (d. 1973)
- Percival Perry, 1st Baron Perry, English businessman (d. 1956)
- Edgar Cayce, American mystic and psychic (d. 1945)
- Clem Hill, Australian cricketer and engineer (d. 1945)
- Nikolai Berdyaev, Russian-French philosopher and theologian (d. 1948)
- Agnes Sime Baxter, Canadian mathematician (d. 1917)
- Neville Chamberlain, English businessman and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1940)
- William Sulzer, American lawyer and politician, 39th Governor of New York (d. 1941)
- Eugène Jansson, Swedish painter (d. 1915)
- Rudolf Diesel, German engineer, invented the Diesel engine (d. 1913)
- Nathanael Greene Herreshoff, American architect and engineer (d. 1938)
- Kicking Bear, Native American tribal leader (d. 1904)
- Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Russian composer and academic (d. 1908)
- Stéphane Mallarmé, French poet and critic (d. 1898)
- William Cosmo Monkhouse, English poet and critic (d. 1901)
- Grover Cleveland, American lawyer and politician, 22nd and 24th President of the United States (d. 1908)
- Randal Cremer, English activist and politician, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1908)
- Antoine Chanzy, French general (d. 1883)
- John Plankinton, American businessman, industrialist, and philanthropist (d. 1891)
- James McCulloch, Scottish-Australian politician, 5th Premier of Victoria (d. 1893)
- Jacob Bunn, American businessman (d. 1897)
- Christian Friedrich Hebbel, German poet and playwright (d. 1864)
- Harriet Smithson, Irish actress, the first wife and muse of Hector Berlioz (d. 1854)
- Francis Lieber, German-American jurist and philosopher (d. 1872)
- Charlotte Elliott, English poet, hymn writer, editor (d. 1871)
- John C. Calhoun, American lawyer and politician, 7th Vice President of the United States (d. 1850)
- Miloš Obrenović, Serbian prince (d. 1860)
- Christoph Friedrich Nicolai, German author and bookseller (d. 1811)
- Niclas Sahlgren, Swedish businessman and philanthropist, co-founded the Swedish East India Company (d. 1776)
- Christian Goldbach, Prussian-German mathematician and academic (d. 1764)
- Giuseppe Ottavio Pitoni, Italian organist and composer (d. 1743)
- Philippe de La Hire, French mathematician and astronomer (d. 1719)
- Madame de La Fayette, French author (d. 1693)
- Frederick III of Denmark (d. 1670)
- Simon Bradstreet, English colonial magistrate (d. 1697)
- Jérôme le Royer de la Dauversière, French religious leader, founded the Société Notre-Dame de Montréal (d. 1659)
- Manuel de Faria e Sousa, Portuguese historian and poet (d. 1649)
- Adam Elsheimer, German painter (d. 1610)
- Francis, Duke of Anjou (d. 1584)
- Polykarp Leyser the Elder, German theologian (d. 1610)
- Cornelis Ketel, Dutch painter (d. 1616)
- Mary Tudor, Queen of France (d. 1533)
- John Holland, 2nd Duke of Exeter, English military commander (d. 1447)
- Al-Zamakhshari, Persian scholar and theologian (d. 1144)
Deaths On This Day
- Alfred Worden, Apollo 15 command module pilot (b. 1932)
- Chuck Berry, American guitarist, singer and songwriter (b. 1926)
- Barry Hines, English author and screenwriter (b. 1939)
- Jan Němec, Czech director and screenwriter (b. 1936)
- Tray Walker, American football player (b. 1992)
- Guido Westerwelle, German lawyer and politician, 15th Vice-Chancellor of Germany (b. 1961)
- Zhao Dayu, Chinese footballer and manager (b. 1961)
- Thomas Hopko, American priest and theologian (b. 1939)
- Grace Ogot, Kenyan nurse, journalist, and politician (b. 1930)
- Catherine Obianuju Acholonu, Nigerian author, playwright, and academic (b. 1951)
- Kaiser Kalambo, Zambian footballer, coach, and manager (b. 1953)
- Lucius Shepard, American author and critic (b. 1943)
- Muhammad Mahmood Alam, Pakistani general and pilot (b. 1935)
- Henry Bromell, American novelist, screenwriter, and director (b. 1947)
- Clay Ford, American lawyer and politician (b. 1938)
- Furman Bisher, American journalist and author (b. 1918)
- William R. Charette, American soldier, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1932)
- William G. Moore Jr., American general (b. 1920)
- George Tupou V of Tonga (b. 1948)
- Warren Christopher, American lawyer and politician, 63rd United States Secretary of State (b. 1925)
- Fess Parker, American actor and businessman (b. 1924)
- Omid Reza Mir Sayafi, Iranian journalist and blogger (b. 1980)
- Natasha Richardson, English-American actress (b. 1963)
- Anthony Minghella, English director and screenwriter (b. 1954)
- Bob Woolmer, Indian-English cricketer, coach, and sportscaster (b. 1948)
- Dan Gibson, Canadian photographer and cinematographer (b. 1922)
- Harrison McCain, Canadian businessman, co-founded McCain Foods (b. 1927)
- Karl Kling, German race car driver (b. 1910)
- Adam Osborne, Thai-English engineer and businessman, founded the Osborne Computer Corporation (b. 1939)
- R. A. Lafferty, American soldier and author (b. 1914)
- John Phillips, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Mamas & the Papas) (b. 1935)
- Eberhard Bethge, German theologian and academic (b. 1909)
- Odysseas Elytis, Greek poet and critic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1911)
- Kenneth E. Boulding, English-American economist and activist (b. 1910)
- Robin Harris, American comedian (b. 1953)
- Billy Butterfield, American trumpet player and cornet player (b. 1917)
- Bernard Malamud, American novelist and short story writer (b. 1914)
- Charley Lau, American baseball player and coach (b. 1933)
- Umberto II of Italy (b. 1904)
- Patrick Smith, Irish farmer and politician, Minister for Agriculture, Food and the Marine (b. 1901)
- Erich Fromm, German psychologist and philosopher (b. 1900)
- Leigh Brackett, American author and screenwriter (b. 1915)
- Peggy Wood, American actress (b. 1892)
- Marien Ngouabi, Congolese politician, President of the Republic of the Congo (b. 1938)
- Carlos Pace, Brazilian race car driver (b. 1944)
- Johannes Aavik, Estonian philologist and poet (b. 1880)
- Farouk of Egypt (b. 1920)
- Sigfrid Edström, Swedish businessman, 4th President of the International Olympic Committee (b. 1870)
- Walter W. Bacon, American accountant and politician, 60th Governor of Delaware (b. 1880)
- Louis Bromfield, American environmentalist and author (b. 1896)
- Walter Mead, English cricketer (b. 1868)
- William C. Durant, American businessman, co-founded General Motors and Chevrolet (b. 1861)
- Henri Cornet, French cyclist (b. 1884)
- Henry Simpson Lunn, English businessman, founded Lunn Poly (b. 1859)
- Eleftherios Venizelos, Greek journalist, lawyer, and politician, 93rd Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1864)
- Jean Leon Gerome Ferris, American painter (b. 1863)
- Henry Janeway Hardenbergh, American architect, designed the Plaza Hotel (b. 1847)
- George I of Greece (b. 1845)
- Marcellin Berthelot, French chemist and politician, French Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1827)
- Hjalmar Kiærskou, Danish botanist (b. 1835)
- Matilda Joslyn Gage, American author and activist (b. 1826)
- Augustus De Morgan, Indian-English mathematician and academic (b. 1806)
- Johnny Appleseed, American gardener and missionary (b. 1774)
- Christian Günther von Bernstorff, Danish-Prussian politician and diplomat (b. 1769)
- Jean-Baptiste Bréval, French cellist and composer (b. 1753)
- Anne Robert Jacques Turgot, French economist and politician, Controller-General of Finances (b. 1727)
- Laurence Sterne, Irish novelist and clergyman (b. 1713)
- Robert Walpole, English scholar and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1676)
- Maria de Dominici, Maltese sculptor and painter (b. 1645)
- John Dixwell, English soldier and politician (b. 1607)
- Arthur Chichester, 1st Earl of Donegall, Irish soldier (b. 1606)
- Juan Jauregui, attempted assassin of William I of Orange (b. 1562)
- Matthew III Csák, Hungarian oligarch (b. c.1260/5)
- Jacques de Molay, Frankish knight (b. 1244)
- Geoffroy de Charney, Preceptor of Normandy for the Knights Templar
- Yuri I of Galicia
- John FitzAlan, 7th Earl of Arundel (b. 1246)
- Pope Honorius III (b. 1148)
- Anselm of Lucca, Italian bishop (b. 1036)
- Ermengarde of Anjou, Duchess of Burgundy (b. 1018)
- Edward the Martyr, English king (b. 962)