On This Day in History: January 23
January 23 is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 342 days remain until the end of the year (343 in leap years).
Lottery News On This Day
- One Michigan lottery ticket wins $1 billion Mega Millions jackpot. After a record run of 36 drawings without a jackpot winner, the 37th drawing of the multi-state Mega Millions game produced a single $1 billion winner last night when one lottery ticket sold in Michigan matched all five numbers plus the Mega Ball.
- Florida lottery to roll out new game. The Florida Lottery is launching a new draw game called Jackpot Triple Play with Combo next week.
- SC officials getting nervous that $1.5 billion Mega Millions winner won't claim prize. If in a few weeks no one claims a lottery ticket worth $1.5 billion sold in South Carolina, state lawmakers may have less money to spend in the coming fiscal year.
- S.C. lottery glitch could result in $35 million in prize payouts; NJ firm will investigate. South Carolina lottery officials say a computer glitch that made winners out of everyone who played a holiday game for two hours on Christmas Day could result in a more than $35 million prize payout — nearly double the initial estimate.
- Minnesota lottery ticket given by daughter to dad as Christmas gift hits for $1M. Don DeSaer got a lottery ticket for Christmas from his daughter — a Minnesota Millionaire Raffle ticket. It turned out to be true to its name.
- $1 million Raffle ticket was being used as a Christmas ornament. Idaho Lottery officials say the Nampa man who held the winning $1 million Raffle ticket was using it as an ornament on the family Christmas tree.
- Delaware Lottery adds Keno to lineup. Delaware's latest effort to squeeze state revenues out of an increasingly competitive regional gambling market launched Tuesday with the activation of Keno instant lottery terminals at 81 bars, restaurants and other private businesses.
- Iowa Lottery threatens to deny jackpot payout if winner stays anonymous. Iowa Lottery officials have set a 3 p.m. Friday deadline for the mystery winner of a multi-million dollar Hot Lotto jackpot to reveal themselves or their claim on the prize will be denied.
- N.M. Lottery to replace Powerball tickets printed in error. The New Mexico Lottery has discovered that approximately 450 Powerball wagers were printed in error earlier this month.
- Illinois Lottery awards $105M ad contract. The Illinois Lottery announced Thursday that it has awarded Energy BBDO its $105 million general market advertising contract.
- Neb. lottery numbers drawn twice in row. A Nebraska Lottery official says the winning numbers for the state's Pick 3 lottery on Tuesday were exactly the same as the winning combination from the night before.
- Tennessee Lottery creates four instant millionaires. The Tennessee Lottery held its second-ever Million $ Madness raffle drawing yesterday, which instantly created four millionaires.
- Despite strong opposition, Indiana moves ahead with selling lottery. Indiana is considering a Wall Street investment firm to help it pull together a plan to lease the Hoosier Lottery, despite legislative skepticism that could kill the deal.
- Canada lottery winner used the weather to pick numbers. A 39-year-old stucco contractor from Alberta, Canada, won almost $14 million playing lotto numbers based on Scarborough's weather patterns.
- Tenn. Lottery introduces new raffle game. To mark its third anniversary, the Tennessee Lottery introduced a game Monday that gives Tennesseans the "best odds yet" to win $1 million.
- Illinois Is Putting Lottery on Block for Quick Payoff. The state of Illinois yesterday took the first steps in selling its state lottery system, hoping to attract as much as $10 billion from investors who, in return, would own a monopoly that could turn out to be the biggest jackpot yet.
- Simple solution fixes store's lottery machine. Three days after everyone else, the only lottery store in Harrogate, Tennessee is finally selling tickets. And the solution to what seemed a complicated problem, was simple.
- Miami Man Claims One-Third Share of $40 Million Florida Lotto Jackpot. The Florida Lottery announced today that Thomas Earley, 44, of Miami claimed the last one-third share of the $40 million Florida Lotto jackpot from the December 13, 2003 drawing.
- Woman Says Store Clerk Stole Winning Lottery Ticket. A Westborough, Massachusetts man faces a charge of larceny in the alleged theft of a lottery scratch ticket believed to be a $20,000 winner.
- $5M Mass. Lottery Ad Blitz Begins. The Massachusetts Lottery embarks on an ambitious $5 million advertising campaign on Monday, with Lottery officials hoping to bring in an extra $25 million and draw new players with a series of television, radio, newspaper and billboard ads that will appear through June.
- Powerball Jackpot Reaches $55 Million. Because no one correctly matched all six numbers in Wednesday's Powerball drawing the jackpot grew to an estimated $55 million, with a cash option of $30.1 million.
- One ticket hits $35 million Florida Lotto jackpot. One ticket matched the six Florida Lotto numbers drawn Wednesday night to win a prize of $35 million.
- Powerball payday comes for shop owner. Officials from the S.C. Education Lottery made their way to Clover Shop & Save on Thursday with a $50,000 check the store on U.S. 321 earned for its part in selling a winning Powerball ticket.
- Tenn. Lottery rakes in millions fast. Tennessee's lottery took in about $10.8 million on its first day, setting a per-capita sales record for lottery launches with nearly $2 spent for every state resident, officials said.
- Spring Valley couple are lottery millionaires. Don and Jennifer Burdette purchased one of two winning California SuperLotto Plus tickets in the Jan. 14 drawing to split the $13 million prize.
- Florida Mega Money game getting "way more mega". The Florida Lottery announced today that beginning January 28, the Mega Money game is being restructured with additional prizes and a rolldown feature.
Top 25 Lottery Jackpots On This Day
- 1.$373 Million
Jan 25, 2020
- 2.$240 Million
Jan 24, 2007
- 3.$230 Million
Jan 24, 2015
- 4.€146 Million
Jan 27, 2006
- 5.$177 Million
Jan 24, 2017
- 6.$170 Million
Jan 25, 2017
- 7.$152 Million
Jan 25, 2014
- 8.$144 Million
Jan 23, 2019
- 9.$130 Million
Jan 24, 2020
- 10.€115 Million
Jan 26, 2016
- 11.$121 Million
Jan 26, 2010
- 12.$120 Million
Jan 25, 2012
- 13.€95.95 Million
Jan 23, 2021
- 14.$115 Million
Jan 25, 2006
- 15.$110 Million
Jan 23, 2013
- 16.€88.74 Million
Jan 23, 2018
- 17.€95.24 Million
Jan 24, 2019
- 18.€73 Million
Jan 25, 2008
- 19.€85.08 Million
Jan 26, 2018
- 20.€81 Million
Jan 23, 2018
- 21.$96 Million
Jan 25, 2019
- 22.€88 Million
Jan 24, 2017
- 23.$92 Million
Jan 24, 2018
- 24.$89.4 Million
Jan 24, 1996
- 25.$89 Million
Jan 25, 2013
Lottery Post Member Birthdays On This Day
Thursday, Jan 23, 1997
24 years old
Thursday, Jan 23, 1986
35 years old
Sunday, Jan 23, 1983
38 years old
Friday, Jan 23, 1981
40 years old
Wednesday, Jan 23, 1980
41 years old
Tuesday, Jan 23, 1979
42 years old
Monday, Jan 23, 1978
43 years old
Friday, Jan 23, 1976
45 years old
Thursday, Jan 23, 1975
46 years old
Sunday, Jan 23, 1972
49 years old
Saturday, Jan 23, 1971
50 years old
Saturday, Jan 23, 1965
56 years old
Thursday, Jan 23, 1964
57 years old
Monday, Jan 23, 1961
60 years old
Sunday, Jan 23, 1955
66 years old
Tuesday, Jan 23, 1951
70 years old
(year not provided)
(year not provided)
(year not provided)
(year not provided)
(year not provided)
(year not provided)
(year not provided)
Worldwide Events On This Day
- A 7.9 Mw earthquake occurs in the Gulf of Alaska. It is tied as the sixth-largest earthquake ever recorded in the United States, but there are no reports of significant damage or fatalities.
- A double car bombing in Benghazi, Libya, kills at least 33 people and wounds "dozens" of others. The victims include both military personnel and civilians, according to local officials.
- A very weak signal from Pioneer 10 is detected for the last time, but no usable data can be extracted.
- U.S. journalist Daniel Pearl is kidnapped in Karachi, Pakistan and subsequently murdered.
- Five people attempt to set themselves on fire in Beijing's Tiananmen Square, an act that many people later claim is staged by the Communist Party of China to frame Falun Gong and thus escalate their persecution.
- Netscape announced Mozilla, with the intention to release Communicator code as open source.
- Madeleine Albright becomes the first woman to serve as United States Secretary of State.
- Mohammed Said Hersi Morgan sends a "letter of death" to the president of Somalia, proposing the genocide of the Isaaq people.
- The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inducts its first members: Little Richard, Chuck Berry, James Brown, Ray Charles, Sam Cooke, Fats Domino, The Everly Brothers, Buddy Holly, Jerry Lee Lewis and Elvis Presley.
- USS Pueblo (AGER-2) is attacked and seized by naval forces of North Korea.
- Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Ivory Coast are established.
- Milton Keynes (England) is founded as a new town by Order in Council, with a planning brief to become a city of 250,000 people. Its initial designated area enclosed three existing towns and twenty-one villages. The area to be developed was largely farmland, with evidence of continuous settlement dating back to the Bronze Age.
- The 24th Amendment to the United States Constitution, prohibiting the use of poll taxes in national elections, is ratified.
- The Guinea-Bissau War of Independence officially begins when PAIGC guerrilla fighters attack the Portuguese army stationed in Tite.
- The Portuguese luxury cruise ship Santa Maria is hijacked by opponents of the Estado Novo regime with the intention of waging war until dictator António de Oliveira Salazar is overthrown.
- The bathyscaphe USS Trieste breaks a depth record by descending to 10,911 metres (35,797 ft) in the Pacific Ocean.
- After a general uprising and rioting in the streets, President Marcos Pérez Jiménez leaves Venezuela.
- American inventor Walter Frederick Morrison sells the rights to his flying disc to the Wham-O toy company, which later renames it the "Frisbee".
- The Knesset resolves that Jerusalem is the capital of Israel.
- World War II: German admiral Karl Dönitz launches Operation Hannibal.
- World War II: Troops of the British Eighth Army capture Tripoli in Libya from the German-Italian Panzer Army.
- World War II: The Battle of Rabaul commences Japan's invasion of Australia's Territory of New Guinea.
- Charles Lindbergh testifies before the U.S. Congress and recommends that the United States negotiate a neutrality pact with Adolf Hitler.
- The trial of the anti-Soviet Trotskyist center sees seventeen mid-level Communists accused of sympathizing with Leon Trotsky and plotting to overthrow Joseph Stalin's regime.
- The Netherlands refuses to surrender the exiled Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany to the Allies.
- The International Opium Convention is signed at The Hague.
- RMS Republic, a passenger ship of the White Star Line, becomes the first ship to use the CQD distress signal after colliding with another ship, the SS Florida, off the Massachusetts coastline, an event that kills six people. The Republic sinks the next day.
- Ålesund Fire: The Norwegian coastal town Ålesund is devastated by fire, leaving 10,000 people homeless and one person dead. Kaiser Wilhelm II funds the rebuilding of the town in Jugendstil style.
- Second Boer War: The Battle of Spion Kop between the forces of the South African Republic and the Orange Free State and British forces ends in a British defeat.
- The Malolos Constitution is inaugurated, establishing the First Philippine Republic. Emilio Aguinaldo is sworn in as its first President.
- Anglo-Zulu War: The Battle of Rorke's Drift ends.
- In Montana, U.S. cavalrymen kill 173 Native Americans, mostly women and children, in what becomes known as the Marias Massacre.
- Elizabeth Blackwell is awarded her M.D. by the Geneva Medical College of Geneva, New York, becoming the United States' first female doctor.
- Slavery in Tunisia is abolished.
- After an extraordinary charge across the frozen Zuiderzee, the French cavalry captured 14 Dutch ships and 850 guns, in a rare occurrence of a battle between ships and cavalry.
- Second Partition of Poland.
- Georgetown College, the first Catholic university in the United States, is founded in Georgetown, Maryland (now a part of Washington, D.C.) when Bishop John Carroll, Rev. Robert Molyneux, and Rev. John Ashton purchase land for the proposed academy for the education of youth.
- The Principality of Liechtenstein is created within the Holy Roman Empire.
- Blaise Pascal publishes the first of his Lettres provinciales.
- The Union of Utrecht forms a Protestant republic in the Netherlands.
- The Royal Exchange opens in London.
- James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray, regent for the infant King James VI of Scotland, is assassinated by firearm, the first recorded instance of such.
- The deadliest earthquake in history, the Shaanxi earthquake, hits Shaanxi province, China. The death toll may have been as high as 830,000.
- Having published nothing for eleven years, François Rabelais publishes the Tiers Livre, his sequel to Gargantua and Pantagruel.
- In a coronation ceremony, Zhu Yuanzhang ascends the throne of China as the Hongwu Emperor, initiating Ming dynasty rule over China that would last for three centuries.
- In the conflict between King Henry III of England and his rebellious barons led by Simon de Montfort, King Louis IX of France issues the Mise of Amiens, a one-sided decision in favour of Henry that later leads to the Second Barons' War.
- Using crossbows, Song dynasty troops soundly defeat a war elephant corps of the Southern Han at Shao.
- Roman Emperor Theodosius I proclaims his eight-year-old son Honorius co-emperor.
Births On This Day
- XXXTentacion, American rapper (d. 2018)
- Luke Bateman, Australian rugby league player
- Tuimoala Lolohea, New Zealand rugby league player
- Addison Russell, American baseball player
- Reina Triendl, Japanese model and actress
- Steve Birnbaum, American footballer
- Alex Silva, Canadian wrestler
- Shaun Kenny-Dowall, Australian-New Zealand rugby league player
- Leo Komarov, Finnish ice hockey player
- Gelete Burka, Ethiopian runner
- Marc Laird, Scottish footballer
- José Enrique, Spanish footballer
- Steven Taylor, English footballer
- Sandro Viletta, Swiss skier
- Dong Fangzhuo, Chinese footballer
- Doutzen Kroes, Dutch model and actress
- Yevgeny Lukyanenko, Russian pole vaulter
- Aselefech Mergia, Ethiopian runner
- Jeff Samardzija, American baseball player
- San E, South Korean rapper
- Robbie Farah, Australian rugby league player
- Arjen Robben, Dutch footballer
- Irving Saladino, Panamanian long jumper
- Wily Mo Peña, Dominican baseball player
- Oceana Mahlmann, German singer and songwriter
- Andrew Rock, American sprinter
- Rob Friend, Canadian soccer player
- Larry Hughes, American basketball player
- Dawn O'Porter, Scottish-English fashion designer and journalist
- Juan Rincón, Venezuelan baseball player and coach
- Brandon Duckworth, American baseball player and scout
- Anne Margrethe Hausken, Norwegian orienteering competitor
- Alex Shaffer, American skier
- Nick Harmer, German musician
- Phil Dawson, American football player
- Glen Chapple, English cricketer
- Rebekah Elmaloglou, Australian actress
- Yosvani Pérez, Cuban baseball player
- Richard T. Slone, English painter
- Tiffani Thiessen, American actress
- Tomas Holmström, Swedish ice hockey player
- Ewen Bremner, Scottish actor
- Scott Gibbs, Welsh-South African rugby player and sportscaster
- Adam Parore, New Zealand cricketer and mountaineer
- Claire Rankin, Canadian actress
- Spyridon Vasdekis, Greek long jumper
- Andrei Kanchelskis, Ukrainian-Russian footballer and manager
- Brendan Shanahan, Canadian ice hockey player and actor
- Susen Tiedtke, German long jumper
- Taro Hakase, Japanese violinist and composer
- Petr Korda, Czech-Monacan tennis player
- Owen Cunningham, Australian rugby league player
- Damien Hardman, Australian surfer
- Haywoode Workman, American basketball player and referee
- Louie Clemente, American drummer
- Jonatha Brooke, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
- Mariska Hargitay, American actress and producer
- Bharrat Jagdeo, Guyanese economist and politician, 7th President of Guyana
- Mario Roberge, Canadian ice hockey player
- David Arnold, English composer
- Aivar Lillevere, Estonian footballer and coach
- Elvira Lindo, Spanish journalist and author
- Neil Henry, Australian rugby league player and coach
- Yelena Sinchukova, Russian long jumper
- Jean-François Sauvé, Canadian ice hockey player
- Greg Ritchie, Australian cricketer
- Clive Bull, English radio host
- Sergey Litvinov, Russian hammer thrower (d. 2018)
- Caroline, Princess of Hanover
- Trevor Hohns, Australian cricketer
- John Luther Adams, American composer
- Alister McGrath, Irish priest, historian, and theologian
- Antonio Villaraigosa, American politician, 41st Mayor of Los Angeles
- Robin Zander, American rock singer-songwriter and guitarist
- Omar Henry, South African cricketer
- Chesley Sullenberger, American airline pilot and safety expert
- Richard Dean Anderson, American actor, producer, and composer
- Guida Maria, Portuguese actress (d. 2018)
- Suzanne Scotchmer, American economist and academic (d. 2014)
- Luis Alberto Spinetta, Argentinian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and poet (d. 2012)
- Anita Pointer, American R&B/soul singer-songwriter
- Tom Carper, American captain and politician, 71st Governor of Delaware
- Megawati Sukarnoputri, Indonesian politician, 5th President of Indonesia
- Arnoldo Alemán, Nicaraguan lawyer and politician, President of Nicaragua
- Boris Berezovsky, Russian-English businessman and mathematician (d. 2013)
- Mike Harris, Canadian politician, 22nd Premier of Ontario
- Rutger Hauer, Dutch actor, director, and producer (d. 2019)
- Özhan Canaydın, Turkish basketball player and businessman (d. 2010)
- Laurie Mayne, Australian cricketer
- Herman Tjeenk Willink, Dutch judge and politician
- Phil Clarke, New Zealand rugby union player
- Jock R. Anderson, Australian economist and academic
- João Ubaldo Ribeiro, Brazilian journalist, author, and academic (d. 2014)
- Alan Cheuse, American writer and critic (d. 2015)
- Joe Dowell, American pop singer (d. 2016)
- Ed Roberts, American disability rights activist (d. 1995)
- Giant Baba, Japanese wrestler and promoter, founded All Japan Pro Wrestling (d. 1999)
- Georg Baselitz, German painter and sculptor
- Brian Howe, Australian minister and politician, 8th Deputy Prime Minister of Australia
- Jerry Kramer, American football player and sportscaster
- Cécile Ousset, French pianist
- Mike Agostini, Trinidadian sprinter (d. 2016)
- Tom Reamy, American author (d. 1977)
- Teresa Żylis-Gara, Polish operatic soprano
- Pierre Bourgault, Canadian journalist and politician (d. 2003)
- Bill Hayden, Australian politician, 21st Governor General of Australia
- Chita Rivera, American actress, singer, and dancer
- George Allen, English footballer (d. 2016)
- Larri Thomas, American actress and dancer (d. 2013)
- Filaret, Patriarch of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Kyivan
- Mervyn Rose, Australian tennis player (d. 2017)
- Derek Walcott, Saint Lucian poet and playwright, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2017)
- Myron Cope, American journalist and sportscaster (d. 2008)
- Phillip Knightley, Australian journalist, author, and critic (d. 2016)
- John Polanyi, German-Canadian chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
- Chico Carrasquel, Venezuelan baseball player and manager (d. 2005)
- Jeanne Moreau, French actress (d. 2017)
- Lars-Eric Lindblad, Swedish-American businessman and explorer (d. 1994)
- Fred Williams, Australian painter (d. 1982)
- Bal Thackeray, Indian journalist, cartoonist, and politician (d. 2012)
- Marty Paich, American pianist, composer, producer, and conductor (d. 1995)
- Frank Lautenberg, American soldier, businessman, and politician (d. 2013)
- Horace Ashenfelter, American runner (d. 2018)
- Cot Deal, American baseball player and coach (d. 2013)
- Walter M. Miller, Jr., American soldier and author (d. 1996)
- Leon Golub, American painter and academic (d. 2004)
- Tom Lewis, Australian politician, 33rd Premier of New South Wales (d. 2016)
- Gottfried Böhm, German architect
- Henry Eriksson, Swedish runner (d. 2000)
- Walter Frederick Morrison, American businessman, invented the Frisbee (d. 2010)
- Frances Bay, Canadian-American actress (d. 2011)
- Hans Hass, Austrian biologist and diver (d. 2013)
- Ernie Kovacs, American actor and game show host (d. 1962)
- Bob Paisley, English footballer and manager (d. 1996)
- Gertrude B. Elion, American biochemist and pharmacologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1999)
- Florence Rush, American social worker and theorist (d. 2008)
- David Douglas Duncan, American photographer and journalist (d. 2018)
- Airey Neave, English colonel, lawyer, and politician, Shadow Secretary of State for Northern Ireland (d. 1979)
- Herma Bauma, Austrian javelin thrower and handball player (d. 2003)
- W. Arthur Lewis, Saint Lucian-Barbadian economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1991)
- Potter Stewart, American lawyer and judge (d. 1985)
- Jean-Michel Atlan, Algerian-French painter (d. 1960)
- Wally Parks, American businessman, founded the National Hot Rod Association (d. 2007)
- Boris Pokrovsky, Russian director and manager (d. 2009)
- Django Reinhardt, Belgian guitarist and composer (d. 1953)
- Dan Duryea, American actor and singer (d. 1968)
- Hideki Yukawa, Japanese physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1981)
- Erich Borchmeyer, German sprinter (d. 2000)
- Jorge Eliécer Gaitán, Colombian lawyer and politician, 16th Minister of National Education of Colombia (d. 1948)
- Arthur Wirtz, American businessman (d. 1983)
- William Ifor Jones, Welsh organist and conductor (d. 1988)
- Glen Kidston, English racing driver and pilot (d. 1931)
- Georg Kulenkampff, German violinist (d. 1948)
- Randolph Scott, American actor (d. 1987)
- Freda Utley, English scholar and author (d. 1978)
- Subhas Chandra Bose, Indian freedom fighter and politician (d. 1945)
- Margarete Schütte-Lihotzky, Austrian architect (d. 2000)
- Ieva Simonaitytė, Lithuanian author (d. 1978)
- William Stephenson, Canadian captain and spy (d. 1989)
- Alf Blair, Australian rugby league player and coach (d. 1944)
- Alf Hall, English-South African cricketer (d. 1964)
- Jyotirmoyee Devi, Indian author (d. 1988)
- Claribel Kendall, American mathematician (d.1965)
- Antonio Díaz Soto y Gama, Mexican politician (d. 1967)
- Rutland Boughton, English composer (d. 1960)
- Otto Diels, German chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1954)
- Paul Langevin, French physicist and academic (d. 1946)
- Jože Plečnik, Slovenian architect, designed Plečnik Parliament (d. 1957)
- David Hilbert, German mathematician and academic (d. 1943)
- Frank Shuman, American inventor and engineer (d. 1918)
- Andrija Mohorovičić, Croatian meteorologist and seismologist (d. 1936)
- John Browning, American weapons designer, founded the Browning Arms Company (d. 1926)
- Nikolay Umov, Russian physicist and mathematician (d. 1915)
- Ernst Abbe, German physicist and engineer (d. 1905)
- Marianne Cope, German-American nun and saint (d. 1918)
- Muthu Coomaraswamy, Sri Lankan lawyer and politician (d. 1879)
- Édouard Manet, French painter (d. 1883)
- Saigō Takamori, Japanese samurai (d. 1877)
- Camilla Collett, Norwegian novelist and activist (d. 1895)
- Surendra Sai, Indian activist (d. 1884)
- Alois Negrelli, Tyrolean engineer and railroad pioneer active in the Austrian Empire (d. 1858)
- Auguste de Montferrand, French-Russian architect, designed Saint Isaac's Cathedral and Alexander Column (d. 1858)
- Stendhal, French novelist (d. 1842)
- Georgios Karaiskakis, Greek general (d. 1827)
- Muzio Clementi, Italian pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1832)
- William Jessop, English engineer, built the Cromford Canal (d. 1814)
- John Hancock, American general and politician, 1st Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1793)
- John Landen, English mathematician and theorist (d. 1790)
- Abraham Diepraam, Dutch painter (d. 1670)
- Mary Ward, English Catholic Religious Sister (d. 1645)
- Hai Rui, Chinese politician (d. 1587)
- Louis III, Elector Palatine (d. 1436)
- Vincent Ferrer, Spanish missionary and saint (d. 1419)
- Tai Zong, emperor of the Tang Dynasty (d. 649)
Deaths On This Day
- Hal Holbrook, American actor and director (b. 1925)
- Larry King, American journalist and talk show host (b. 1933)
- Aloysius Pang, Singaporean actor (b. 1990)
- Oliver Mtukudzi, Zimbabwean Afro Jazz musician (b. 1952)
- Hugh Masekela, South African trumpeter, composer and singer (b. 1939)
- Nicanor Parra, Chilean poet (b. 1914)
- Wyatt Tee Walker, American civil rights activist and pastor (b. 1928)
- Bobby Freeman, American singer, songwriter and record producer (b. 1940)
- Gorden Kaye, English actor (b. 1941)
- Jimmy Bain, Scottish bassist (b. 1947)
- Bobby Wanzer, American basketball player and coach (b. 1921)
- Ernie Banks, American baseball player and coach (b. 1931)
- Prosper Ego, Dutch activist, founded the Oud-Strijders Legioen (b. 1927)
- Abdullah of Saudi Arabia (b. 1924)
- Yuri Izrael, Russian meteorologist and journalist (b. 1930)
- Riz Ortolani, Italian composer and conductor (b. 1926)
- Józef Glemp, Polish cardinal (b. 1929)
- Peter van der Merwe, South African cricketer and referee (b. 1937)
- Jean-Félix-Albert-Marie Vilnet, French bishop (b. 1922)
- Wesley E. Brown, American lawyer and jurist (b. 1907)
- Maurice Meisner, American historian, author, and academic (b. 1931)
- Bingham Ray, American businessman, co-founded October Films (b. 1954)
- Jack LaLanne, American fitness instructor, author, and television host (b. 1914)
- Kermit Tyler, American colonel and pilot (b. 1913)
- Earl Wild, American pianist and composer (b. 1915)
- Robert W. Scott, American farmer and politician, 67th Governor of North Carolina (b. 1929)
- Syed Hussein Alatas, Malaysian sociologist and politician (b. 1928)
- E. Howard Hunt, American CIA officer (b. 1918)
- Ryszard Kapuściński, Polish journalist and author (b. 1932)
- Morys Bruce, 4th Baron Aberdare, English lieutenant and politician (b. 1921)
- Johnny Carson, American talk show host, television personality, and producer (b. 1925)
- Bob Keeshan, American television personality and producer (b. 1927)
- Helmut Newton, German-Australian photographer (b. 1920)
- Nell Carter, American actress and singer (b. 1948)
- Paul Aars, American race car driver (b. 1934)
- Pierre Bourdieu, French sociologist, anthropologist, and philosopher (b. 1930)
- Robert Nozick, American philosopher, author, and academic (b. 1938)
- Joe D'Amato, Italian director and cinematographer (b. 1936)
- Jay Pritzker, American businessman, co-founded the Hyatt Corporation (b. 1922)
- Nikolai Ogarkov, Russian field marshal (b. 1917)
- Brian Redhead, English journalist and author (b. 1929)
- Keith Laumer, American soldier, author, and diplomat (b. 1925)
- Freddie Bartholomew, American actor (b. 1924)
- Northrop Frye, Canadian author and critic (b. 1912)
- Allen Collins, American guitarist and songwriter (b. 1952)
- Salvador Dalí, Spanish painter and sculptor (b. 1904)
- Lars-Erik Torph, Swedish race car driver (b. 1961)
- Charles Glen King, American biochemist and academic (b. 1896)
- Joseph Beuys, German sculptor and painter (b. 1921)
- James Beard, American chef and cookbook author for whom the James Beard Foundation Awards are named (b.1905)
- Muin Bseiso, Palestinian-Egyptian poet and critic (b. 1926)
- Fred Bakewell, English cricketer and coach (b. 1908)
- Samuel Barber, American pianist and composer (b. 1910)
- Giovanni Michelotti, Italian engineer (b. 1921)
- Terry Kath, American guitarist and songwriter (b. 1946)
- Jack Oakie, American actor (b. 1903)
- Toots Shor, American businessman, founded Toots Shor's Restaurant (b. 1903)
- Paul Robeson, American actor, singer, and activist (b. 1898)
- Alexander Onassis, American-Greek businessman (b. 1948)
- Kid Ory, American trombonist, composer, and bandleader (b. 1886)
- Fritz Feigl, Austrian-Brazilian chemist and academic (b. 1871)
- T. M. Sabaratnam, Sri Lankan lawyer and politician (d. 1895)
- Józef Gosławski, Polish sculptor (b. 1908)
- Alexander Korda, Hungarian-English director and producer (b. 1893)
- Pierre Bonnard, French painter (b. 1867)
- Edvard Munch, Norwegian painter and illustrator (b. 1863)
- Alexander Woollcott, American actor, playwright, and critic (b. 1887)
- Matthias Sindelar, Austrian footballer and manager (b. 1903)
- Orso Mario Corbino, Italian physicist and politician (b. 1876)
- Anna Pavlova, Russian-English ballerina (b. 1881)
- Max Nordau, Austrian physician and author (b. 1849)
- René Beeh, Alsatian painter and draughtsman (b. 1886)
- Arthur Nikisch, Hungarian conductor and academic (b. 1855)
- Mykola Leontovych, Ukrainian composer and conductor (b. 1877)
- Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar II, American lawyer and politician, 16th United States Secretary of the Interior (b. 1825)
- William Price, Welsh physician, Chartist, and neo-Druid (b. 1800)
- José Zorrilla, Spanish poet and playwright (b. 1817)
- Gustave Doré, French engraver and illustrator (b. 1832)
- Charles Kingsley, English priest and author (b. 1819)
- Thomas Love Peacock, English author and poet (b. 1785)
- John Field, Irish pianist and composer (b. 1782)
- Edward Pellew, 1st Viscount Exmouth, English admiral and politician (b. 1757)
- Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn (b. 1767)
- Robert Craufurd, Scottish general and politician (b. 1764)
- Johann Wilhelm Ritter, German chemist and physicist (b. 1776)
- William Pitt the Younger, English politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1759)
- Claude Chappe, French engineer (b. 1763)
- Arthur Guinness, Irish brewer, founded Guinness (b. 1725)
- Edward Rutledge, American captain and politician, 39th Governor of South Carolina (b. 1749)
- Frances Brooke, English author and playwright (b. 1724)
- John Cleland, English author (b. 1709)
- Matthew Stewart, Scottish mathematician and academic (b. 1717)
- Giambattista Vico, Italian historian and philosopher (b. 1668)
- Philip Herbert, 4th Earl of Pembroke (b. 1584)
- William Baffin, English explorer and navigator (b. 1584)
- John Croke, English politician and judge (b. 1553)
- James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray, Scottish politician (b. 1531)
- Jiajing Emperor of China (b. 1507)
- Johannes Honter, Romanian-Hungarian cartographer and theologian (b. 1498)
- Bernardo Pisano, Italian priest, scholar, and composer (b. 1490)
- Ferdinand II of Aragon (b. 1452)
- Margaret of Bavaria, Burgundian regent (b. 1363)
- Florent of Hainaut, Prince of Achaea (b. c. 1255)
- Isabella, Queen of Armenia
- Abu Yusuf Yaqub al-Mansur, Moroccan caliph (b. 1160)
- Otto III, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 980)
- Adalbero, archbishop of Reims
- Ildefonsus, bishop of Toledo