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On This Day in History:  October 31

October 31 is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 61 days remain until the end of the year.

Lottery News On This Day

2018
Michigan man nearly turned down winning lottery ticket worth $416,000. A 40-year-old lottery player from Wayne County, Michigan, nearly walked away from a winning 100X The Cash Fast Cash ticket that ended up being worth $416,616.
2018
Michigan woman praises honest nephew after he scratched off $300,000 lottery ticket for her. A Michigan woman is proud of her nephew for his honesty when he scratched off a lottery ticket worth $300,000 for her.
2018
New Mexico Lottery creating game tied to sports. The board that oversees the New Mexico Lottery voted unanimously Tuesday to move forward with creation of a game tied to the outcome of sporting events.
2018
New law ensures Pa. lottery winners pay their debts. A new law took effect on Tuesday that will help some Pennsylvania Lottery winners spend their winnings by ensuring they pay any outstanding debts.
2017
Virginia Lottery wasn't quite ready for Mega Millions game changes. If you buy a Mega Millions ticket, you normally have a 0.00000033 percent chance of winning the big jackpot. But at least 180 tickets were sold in Virginia on Friday that have a 0 percent chance of winning — and there may be many more that the lottery has not yet talked about.
2014
Indiana store clerk in trouble for buying lottery ticket. Four months after buying a Hoosier Lottery scratch-off ticket that won him $900, a Winchester, Indiana, man's luck appears to have run out.
2014
California lottery retailers investigated for massive prize claims. Are California Lottery retailers beating the odds, or is there something more going on?
2013
Florida man wins multimillion lottery jackpot for 2nd time. A U.S. man who won a multimillion-dollar jackpot playing the Florida Lotto has done it again.
2012
Army vet uses last 4 quarters to buy lottery ticket, wins $1.3M jackpot. A man who used his last four quarters to buy a lottery ticket at a Macomb County, Michigan, market won a $1.3 million Classic Lotto 47 jackpot, according to the Michigan Lottery.
2012
Lottery jackpot a silver lining for 11 Red Sox fans. Five Red Sox players whose retired numbers hang above right field at Fenway Park may be in part responsible for helping 11 people win Massachusetts' Mass Cash game.
2011
Tenn. legislators float idea that lower prizes will bring in more money. Some Tennessee legislators are eying a reduction in prize payouts for Tennessee lottery players while letting them buy tickets with debit or credit cards.
2010
$140M Mega Millions lottery ticket sold in Michigan. Friday night's single winning Mega Millions lottery ticket, worth $140 million, was sold in the Upper Peninsula town of Gladstone, Michigan.
2008
Virginia Lottery to award partial prizes for faulty game. Lottery officials announced Thursday that people who had bought misprinted tickets for a recently added game that said they'd won will receive some compensation for the tickets.
2008
Arkansas voters get first lottery-only proposal. A proposal backed by Lt. Gov. Bill Halter offers Arkansas its first chance to vote solely on whether the state should get into the business of scratch-offs and lottery drawings to fund college scholarships.
2008
$58.6M Powerball lottery ticket sold in Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania Lottery officials today announced that a York business sold the only winning ticket in the $58.6 million, Oct. 29, Powerball jackpot.
2007
Lottery Post featured by Microsoft in technology showcase. Lottery Post, the world's largest community of lottery players, is featured starting today on a Microsoft online publication that highlights important web sites using Microsoft's AJAX technology.
2007
Auditor rejects GOP plea to examine lottery. The state auditor rejected a request from a Senate Republican to audit the Massachusetts Lottery.
2007
Indiana lottery players still hunting year-old jackpot. More than a year has fallen off the calendar since someone last claimed a Hoosier Lotto jackpot, an unprecedented drought that's raising eyebrows -- in addition to fueling ticket sales and pushing tonight's grand prize to a record $53.5 million.
2007
Lottery winner buys spectacular wilderness area. Lottery multi-millionaire Matthew Moore is the new owner of a spectacular wilderness area at Polletts Cove in northern Cape Breton, Nova Scotia.
2007
Ontario Lottery may ban retailers from buying tickets from own stores. Ontario lottery retailers are railing against a proposal to ban them from buying and cashing in tickets in their own stores, saying it unfairly portrays them as the villains in the province's lottery scandal.
2007
Tennessee Lottery refuses to revert to ball drawings. Lottery players won't see any balls popping up with winning Cash 3 and Cash 4 numbers on them, at least not for the time being.
2007
Tenn. Lottery asks firms to pay cost for error. Tennessee Lottery officials have asked two vendors to pay a total of $1.4 million to make up for losses caused by a computer coding error that compromised the Cash 3 and Cash 4 games in August.
2006
Powerball Jackpot Builds to $93 Million. Because no one correctly matched all six numbers in Saturday's Powerball drawing the jackpot grew to an estimated $93 million, with a cash option of $44 million.
2006
Wisconsin couple wins $15.4M Megabucks lottery jackpot. A Door County, Wisconsin, couple has come forward to claim a $15.4 million prize in the state's Megabucks lottery game.
2003
Illinois Store Sells Winning $5 Million Lottery Ticket. One very lucky person who visited the Huck's convenience store in Murphysboro, Illinois this Wednesday is holding a winning lottery ticket worth up to $5 million.
2003
Maryland Evening Pick 3 Number-777 Pays Out $2.2 Million. Hundreds of players are arriving at Lottery retail locations across Maryland to claim cash prizes they won in Wednesday's Pick 3 game.
2003
Longtime lottery player's $36 million ticket is worth the wait. Ever since she turned 18, Tanya Belair has played the Pennsylvania Lottery's jackpot games with mind-numbing regularity.
2003
Second Consecutive Winning Powerball Ticket Sold In Indiana. A winning Powerball ticket has been sold in Indiana for the second straight drawing.
2003
Researchers: Most lottery winners stay on the job. It's common for lottery winners to continue working, according to a soon-to-be published study by a University of Minnesota organizational psychologist, and colleagues at Rutgers University and the University of Haifa in Israel.
2003
Tenn. Lottery offices to be housed at MetroCenter. A former Nortel Networks building in MetroCenter north of downtown will become the new home of the Tennessee lottery.

Top 25 Lottery Jackpots On This Day

1.$284 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Oct 31, 2014
2.$254.2 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Nov 2, 2011
3.$198 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Nov 2, 2016
4.€131 Million
US$167.18 Million
Multi-Country
Euro Millions
Draw Date
Nov 3, 2006
5.$165 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Nov 1, 2005
6.$159 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Nov 1, 2014
7.€119 Million
US$153.03 Million
Multi-Country
Euro Millions
Draw Date
Nov 2, 2012
8.$150 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Nov 2, 2019
9.€100 Million
US$148.61 Million
Multi-Country
Euro Millions
Draw Date
Nov 6, 2009
10.$144 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Nov 3, 2015
11.$127 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Oct 31, 2015
12.$118 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Nov 1, 2019
13.$110 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Oct 31, 2012
14.$104 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Nov 3, 2010
15.€90 Million
US$102.65 Million
Multi-Country
EuroJackpot
Draw Date
Nov 2, 2018
16.€87 Million
US$99.23 Million
Multi-Country
Euro Millions
Draw Date
Nov 2, 2018
17.$93 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Nov 1, 2006
18.€80 Million
US$89.3 Million
Multi-Country
Euro Millions
Draw Date
Nov 1, 2019
19.$87 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Nov 1, 2013
20.$78 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Nov 1, 2011
21.$75 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Nov 2, 2007
22.€65.94 Million
US$73.61 Million
Multi-Country
EuroJackpot
Draw Date
Nov 1, 2019
23.$69 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Nov 1, 2002
24.€58.49 Million
US$66.61 Million
Draw Date
Nov 3, 2018
25.$66 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Nov 2, 2004

Lottery Post Member Birthdays On This Day

1986
Friday, Oct 31, 1986
33 years old
1980
Friday, Oct 31, 1980
39 years old
1980
Friday, Oct 31, 1980
39 years old
1978
Tuesday, Oct 31, 1978
41 years old
1978
Tuesday, Oct 31, 1978
41 years old
1978
Tuesday, Oct 31, 1978
41 years old
1975
Friday, Oct 31, 1975
44 years old
1975
Friday, Oct 31, 1975
44 years old
1972
Tuesday, Oct 31, 1972
47 years old
1969
Friday, Oct 31, 1969
50 years old
1967
Tuesday, Oct 31, 1967
52 years old
1965
Sunday, Oct 31, 1965
54 years old
1959
Saturday, Oct 31, 1959
60 years old
1959
Saturday, Oct 31, 1959
60 years old
(year not provided)
(year not provided)
(year not provided)

Worldwide Events On This Day

2018
The Statue of Unity was inaugurated in the state of Gujarat
2017
A truck drives in a crowd of people in Lower Manhattan, killing eight people.
2015
Metrojet Flight 9268 is bombed over the northern Sinai Peninsula, killing all 224 people on board.
2014
During a test flight, the VSS Enterprise, a Virgin Galactic experimental spaceflight test vehicle, suffers a catastrophic in-flight breakup and crashes in the Mojave Desert, California,
2011
The global population of humans reaches seven billion. This day is now recognized by the United Nations as the Day of Seven Billion.
2003
Mahathir bin Mohamad resigns as Prime Minister of Malaysia and is replaced by Deputy Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, marking an end to Mahathir's 22 years in power.
2002
A federal grand jury in Houston, Texas indicts former Enron chief financial officer Andrew Fastow on 78 counts of wire fraud, money laundering, conspiracy and obstruction of justice related to the collapse of his ex-employer.
2000
Soyuz TM-31 launches, carrying the first resident crew to the International Space Station. The ISS has been crewed continuously since then.
2000
Singapore Airlines Flight 006 crashes on takeoff from Taipei, killing 83.
1999
Yachtsman Jesse Martin returns to Melbourne after 11 months of circumnavigating the world, solo, non-stop and unassisted.
1999
EgyptAir Flight 990 crashes into the Atlantic Ocean near Nantucket, killing all 217 people on board.
1998
Iraq disarmament crisis begins: Iraq announces it would no longer cooperate with United Nations weapons inspectors.
1996
TAM Transportes Aéreos Regionais Flight 402 crashes in São Paulo, Brazil, killing 99 people.
1984
Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi is assassinated by two Sikh security guards. Riots break out in New Delhi and other cities and around 3,000 Sikhs are killed.
1979
Western Airlines Flight 2605 crashes on landing in Mexico City, killing 73 people.
1973
Mountjoy Prison helicopter escape. Three Provisional Irish Republican Army members escape from Mountjoy Prison, Dublin aboard a hijacked helicopter that landed in the exercise yard.
1968
Vietnam War October surprise: Citing progress with the Paris peace talks, US President Lyndon B. Johnson announces to the nation that he has ordered a complete cessation of "all air, naval, and artillery bombardment of North Vietnam" effective November 1.
1963
A propane tank explosion at the Indiana State Fair Coliseum (now the Indiana Farmers Coliseum) in Indianapolis kills 74 people and injures another 400 during an ice skating show.
1961
In the Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin's body is removed from the Lenin's Mausoleum, also known as the Lenin Tomb.
1956
Suez Crisis: The United Kingdom and France begin bombing Egypt to force the reopening of the Suez Canal.
1956
Hungarian Revolution of 1956: A Revolutionary Headquarters is established in Hungary. Following Imre Nagy's announcement of October 30, banned non-Communist political parties are reformed, and the MDP is replaced by the MSZMP. József Mindszenty is released from prison. The Soviet Politburo makes the decision to crush the Revolution.
1943
World War II: An F4U Corsair accomplishes the first successful radar-guided interception by a United States Navy or Marine Corps aircraft.
1941
After 14 years of work, Mount Rushmore is completed.
1941
World War II: The destroyer USS Reuben James is torpedoed by a German U-boat near Iceland, killing more than 100 U.S. Navy sailors. It is the first U.S. Navy vessel sunk by enemy action in WWII.
1940
World War II: The Battle of Britain ends: The United Kingdom prevents a possible German invasion.
1938
Great Depression: In an effort to restore investor confidence, the New York Stock Exchange unveils a fifteen-point program aimed to upgrade protection for the investing public.
1926
Last issue of the independent Italian newspaper Il Mondo, thereafter suppressed by the Mussolini regime
1924
World Savings Day is announced in Milan, Italy by the Members of the Association at the 1st International Savings Bank Congress (World Society of Savings Banks).
1923
The first of 160 consecutive days of 100° Fahrenheit at Marble Bar, Western Australia.
1922
Benito Mussolini is made Prime Minister of Italy
1918
World War I: The Aster Revolution terminates the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867, and Hungary achieves full sovereignty.
1917
World War I: Battle of Beersheba: The "last successful cavalry charge in history".
1913
Dedication of the Lincoln Highway, the first automobile highway across United States.
1913
The Indianapolis Streetcar Strike and subsequent riot begins.
1903
The Purdue Wreck, a railroad train collision in Indianapolis, kills 17 people, including 14 players of the Purdue University football team.
1864
Nevada is admitted as the 36th U.S. state.
1863
The Maori Wars resume as British forces in New Zealand led by General Duncan Cameron begin their Invasion of the Waikato.
1822
Emperor Agustín de Iturbide attempts to dissolve the Congress of the Mexican Empire.
1614
First performance of Ben Jonson's comedy Bartholomew Fair by the Lady Elizabeth's Men company at the Hope Theatre in London.
1587
Leiden University Library opens its doors after its founding in 1575.
1517
Protestant Reformation: Martin Luther posts his 95 Theses on the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg.
932
Abbasid caliph al-Muqtadir is killed while fighting against the forces of general Mu'nis al-Muzaffar. Al-Muqtadir's brother al-Qahir is chosen to succeed him.
802
Empress Irene is deposed and banished to Lesbos. Conspirators place Nikephoros, the minister of finance, on the Byzantine throne.
683
During the Siege of Mecca, the Kaaba catches fire and is burned down.
475
Romulus Augustulus is proclaimed Western Roman Emperor.

Births On This Day

2005
Leonor, Princess of Asturias
2000
Willow Smith, American singer, actress, and dancer
1999
Léa Serna, French figure skater
1997
Marcus Rashford, English footballer
1995
Joana Valle Costa, Portuguese tennis player
1993
Nadine Lustre, Filipino actress and singer
1993
Mercedes Arn-Horn, Canadian musician Courage My Love
1989
Josh Hodgson, English rugby league player
1989
Warren Weir, Jamaican sprinter
1988
Cole Aldrich, American basketball player
1988
Sébastien Buemi, Swiss race car driver
1988
Jack Riewoldt, Australian footballer
1988
Lizzy Yarnold, British skier
1987
Nick Foligno, Canadian ice hockey player
1987
Jean-Karl Vernay, French race car driver
1986
Chris Alajajian, Australian race car driver
1986
Christie Hayes, Australian actress and producer
1985
Fanny Chmelar, German alpine skier
1984
Pat Murray, American football player
1984
Amanda Pascoe, Australian swimmer
1983
Adam Bouska, American photographer and activist, founded the NOH8 Campaign
1982
Jordan Bannister, Australian footballer and umpire
1982
Tomáš Plekanec, Czech ice hockey player
1982
Justin Chatwin, Canadian actor
1981
Irina Denezhkina, Russian author
1981
Steven Hunter, American basketball player
1981
Frank Iero, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
1981
Selina Jen, Taiwanese singer and actress
1981
Mike Napoli, American baseball player
1980
Samaire Armstrong, American model, actress, and fashion designer
1980
Alondra de la Parra, Mexican-American pianist and conductor
1980
Marcel Meeuwis, Dutch footballer
1980
Eddie Kaye Thomas, American actor and voice artist
1979
Ricardo Fuller, Jamaican footballer
1979
Simão Sabrosa, Portuguese footballer
1978
Inka Grings, German footballer and manager
1978
Emmanuel Izonritei, Nigerian boxer
1978
Marek Saganowski, Polish footballer
1978
Martin Verkerk, Dutch tennis player
1976
Guti, Spanish footballer
1976
Piper Perabo, American actress and producer
1975
Fabio Celestini, Swiss footballer and manager
1975
Keith Jardine, American mixed martial artist and actor
1975
Johnny Whitworth, American actor and producer
1974
Muzzy Izzet, English-Turkish footballer
1974
Roger Manganelli, Brazilian-American singer-songwriter and bass player
1973
Paul Abrahams, English footballer and coach
1973
Christopher Bevins, American voice actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
1973
Tim Byrdak, American baseball player
1973
David Dellucci, American baseball player and sportscaster
1973
Beverly Lynne, American actress
1972
Shaun Bartlett, South African footballer and manager
1972
Matt Dawson, English rugby player
1972
Grigoris Georgatos, Greek footballer
1971
Alphonso Ford, American basketball player (d. 2004)
1971
Irina Pantaeva, Russian model and actress
1971
Tom Smith, English-Scottish rugby player and coach
1971
Phil Tataurangi, New Zealand golfer
1971
Ian Walker, English footballer and manager
1970
Linn Berggren, Swedish singer-songwriter (Ace of Base)
1968
Antonio Davis, American basketball player and sportscaster
1967
Vanilla Ice, American rapper, television personality, and real estate investor
1967
Buddy Lazier, American race car driver
1967
Adam Schlesinger, American bass player, songwriter, and producer
1966
Ad-Rock, American rapper, producer, and actor
1966
Koji Kanemoto, Japanese wrestler
1966
Annabella Lwin, Anglo-Burmese singer-songwriter (Bow Wow Wow) and record producer
1966
Mike O'Malley, American actor and comedian
1965
Paul du Toit, South African painter and sculptor (d. 2014)
1965
Blue Edwards, American basketball player
1965
Ruud Hesp, Dutch footballer
1965
Denis Irwin, Irish footballer and journalist
1965
Rob Rackstraw, English voice actor
1964
Frank Bruni, American journalist and critic
1964
Colm Ó Cíosóig, Irish musician (My Bloody Valentine)
1964
Marco van Basten, Dutch footballer and manager
1964
Darryl Worley, American country music singer-songwriter and guitarist
1963
Mikkey Dee, Swedish hard rock drummer and musician
1963
Johnny Marr, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
1963
Dermot Mulroney, American actor
1963
Rob Schneider, American actor and comedian
1963
Dunga, Brazilian footballer and manager
1962
Jonathan Borden, American neurosurgeon and academic
1962
Anna Geifman, American historian, author, and academic
1962
John Giannini, American basketball player and coach
1962
Mari Jungstedt, Swedish journalist and author
1962
Raphael Rabello, Brazilian guitarist and composer (d. 1995)
1962
Dan Wood, Canadian ice hockey player
1961
Alonzo Babers, American runner and pilot
1961
Kate Campbell, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
1961
Peter Jackson, New Zealand actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
1961
Larry Mullen, Jr., Irish musician, songwriter, and actor
1960
Arnaud Desplechin, French director, cinematographer, and screenwriter
1960
Luis Fortuño, Puerto Rican lawyer and politician, 9th Governor of Puerto Rico
1960
Mike Gallego, American baseball player and coach
1960
Reza Pahlavi, Crown Prince of Iran
1959
Mats Näslund, Swedish ice hockey player
1959
Neal Stephenson, American author
1957
Brian Stokes Mitchell, American singer and actor
1957
Robert Pollard, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
1956
Bruce Bawer, American poet and critic
1956
Christopher de Leon, Filipino actor, director, producer, and politician
1956
Anders Lago, Swedish lawyer and politician
1956
Charles Moore, English journalist and author
1955
Michalis Chrisochoidis, Greek lawyer and politician, Greek Minister of Public Order
1955
Susan Orlean, American journalist and author
1954
Mari Okamoto, Japanese actress
1954
Ken Wahl, American actor and screenwriter
1953
John Lucas II, American basketball player and coach
1952
Bernard Edwards, American bass player, songwriter, and producer (d. 1996)
1952
Joe West, American baseball umpire and actor
1951
Nick Saban, American football player and coach
1951
Dave Trembley, American baseball player, coach, and manager
1950
John Candy, Canadian actor, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1994)
1950
Zaha Hadid, Iraqi-English architect and academic, designed the Bridge Pavilion (d. 2016)
1950
Jane Pauley, American journalist
1950
Antonio Taguba, Filipino-American general
1949
Mart Helme, Estonian journalist and diplomat
1949
Bob Siebenberg, American drummer (Supertramp)
1949
Alison Wolf, English economist and academic
1948
Michael Kitchen, English actor and producer
1948
Franco Gasparri, Italian actor (d. 1999)
1947
Deidre Hall, American actress
1947
Frank Shorter, American runner and sportscaster
1947
Herman Van Rompuy, Belgian academic and politician, 66th Prime Minister of Belgium
1946
Stephen Rea, Irish actor
1945
Russ Ballard, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
1945
Brian Doyle-Murray, American actor and comedian
1945
Barrie Keeffe, English playwright, screenwriter, and producer
1943
Elliott Forbes-Robinson, American race car driver
1943
Paul Frampton, English-American physicist and academic
1943
Aristotelis Pavlidis, Greek politician, 13th Greek Minister for the Aegean and Island Policy
1943
Brian Piccolo, American football player (d. 1970)
1942
David Ogden Stiers, American actor (d. 2018)
1941
Dan Alderson, American scientist and academic (d. 1989)
1941
Derek Bell, English race car driver
1941
Sally Kirkland, American actress
1941
Werner Krieglstein, Czech-American philosopher and academic
1940
Craig Rodwell, American businessman and activist, founded the Oscar Wilde Bookshop (d. 1993)
1940
Judith Wilcox, Baroness Wilcox, English businesswoman and politician
1939
Tom O'Connor, English actor and game show host
1939
Ron Rifkin, American actor
1939
Ali Farka Touré, Malian singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2006)
1937
Tom Paxton, American folk music singer-songwriter and guitarist
1936
Michael Landon, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1991)
1935
Dale Brown, American basketball player and coach
1935
Ronald Graham, American mathematician and theorist
1935
David Harvey, English-American geographer and academic
1933
Phil Goyette, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
1933
Iemasa Kayumi, Japanese voice actor (d. 2014)
1931
Dan Rather, American journalist
1930
Michael Collins, American general, pilot, and astronaut
1930
Booker Ervin, American saxophonist (d. 1970)
1929
William Orchard, Australian water polo player and psychiatrist (d. 2014)
1929
Bud Spencer, Italian swimmer, actor, and screenwriter (d. 2016)
1928
Andrew Sarris, American critic and educator (d. 2012)
1926
Jimmy Savile, English radio and television host (d. 2011)
1925
Lawrence A. Cremin, American historian and author (d. 1990)
1925
John Pople, English-American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2004)
1925
Robert B. Rheault, American colonel (d. 2013)
1922
Barbara Bel Geddes, American actress (d. 2005)
1922
Illinois Jacquet, American saxophonist and composer (d. 2004)
1922
Norodom Sihanouk, Cambodian politician, 1st Prime Minister of Cambodia (d. 2012)
1920
Dick Francis, Welsh-Caymanian jockey and author (d. 2010)
1920
Joseph Gelineau, French priest and composer (d. 2008)
1920
Helmut Newton, German-Australian photographer (d. 2004)
1920
Fritz Walter, German footballer (d. 2002)
1919
Daphne Oxenford, English actress (d. 2012)
1919
Magnus Wenninger, American mathematician and author (d. 2017)
1918
Ian Stevenson, American psychiatrist and academic (d. 2007)
1917
William H. McNeill, Canadian-American historian and author (d. 2016)
1917
Gordon Steege, Australian soldier and pilot (d. 2013)
1916
Count Carl Johan Bernadotte of Wisborg (d. 2012)
1915
Jane Jarvis, American pianist and composer (d. 2010)
1914
John Hugenholtz, Dutch engineer and designer (d. 1995)
1912
Dale Evans, American singer-songwriter and actress (d. 2001)
1912
Ollie Johnston, American animator and voice actor (d. 2008)
1908
Muriel Duckworth, Canadian activist (d. 2009)
1907
Edgar Sampson, American musician and composer (d. 1973)
1902
Carlos Drummond de Andrade, Brazilian poet (d. 1987)
1902
Julia Lee, American blues singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1958)
1902
Abraham Wald, Romanian mathematician and economist (d. 1950)
1900
Asbjørg Borgfelt, Norwegian sculptor (d. 1976)
1897
Constance Savery, English author (d. 1999)
1896
Ethel Waters, American singer and actress (d. 1977)
1895
Les Darcy, Australian boxer (d. 1917)
1895
B. H. Liddell Hart, English soldier, historian, and theorist (d. 1970)
1892
Alexander Alekhine, Russian chess player and author (d. 1946)
1888
Napoleon Lapathiotis, Greek poet and author (d. 1944)
1887
Chiang Kai-shek, Chinese general and politician, 1st President of the Republic of China (Taiwan) (d. 1975)
1887
Newsy Lalonde, Canadian ice hockey player and lacrosse player (d. 1970)
1883
Marie Laurencin, French painter and illustrator (d. 1956)
1883
Anthony Wilding, New Zealand tennis player, cricketer, and soldier (d. 1915)
1881
Toshizō Nishio, Japanese general (d. 1960)
1880
Julia Peterkin, American author (d. 1961)
1880
Mikhail Tomsky, Soviet politician, member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (d. 1936)
1879
Karel Hašler, Czech actor, director, and composer (d. 1941)
1876
Natalie Clifford Barney, American poet and playwright (d. 1972)
1875
Eugene Meyer, American businessman and publisher (d. 1954)
1875
Vallabhbhai Patel, Indian lawyer, freedom fighter and politician, 1st Deputy Prime Minister of India (d. 1950)
1868
John Weir Troy, American journalist, and politician, 5th Governor of the Territory of Alaska (d. 1942)
1860
Juliette Gordon Low, American scout leader, founded the Girl Scouts of the United States of America (d. 1927)
1860
Andrew Volstead, American member of the United States House of Representatives (d. 1947)
1858
Saint Geevarghese Mar Dionysius of Vattasseril, An Indian Orthodox Saint (d. 1934)
1856
Charles Leroux, American balloonist and skydiver (d. 1889)
1851
Louise of Sweden (d. 1926)
1849
Marie Louise Andrews, American story writer and journalist (d. 1891)
1848
Boston Custer, American soldier (d. 1876)
1847
Galileo Ferraris, Italian physicist and engineer (d. 1897)
1838
Luís I of Portugal (d. 1889)
1835
Adelbert Ames, American general and politician, 27th Governor of Mississippi (d. 1933)
1835
Krišjānis Barons, Latvian linguist and author (d. 1923)
1835
Adolf von Baeyer, German chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1917)
1831
Paolo Mantegazza, Italian neurologist, physiologist, and anthropologist (d. 1910)
1825
Charles Lavigerie, French-Algerian cardinal and academic (d. 1892)
1815
Thomas Chapman, English-Australian politician, 5th Premier of Tasmania (d. 1884)
1815
Karl Weierstrass, German mathematician and academic (d. 1897)
1795
John Keats, English poet (d. 1821)
1760
Katsushika Hokusai, Japanese artist and printmaker (d. 1849)
1737
James Lovell, American educator and politician (d. 1789)
1729
Alonso Núñez de Haro y Peralta, Spanish cleric, Archbishop of Mexico, Viceroy of New Spain (d. 1800)
1724
Christopher Anstey, English author and poet (d. 1805)
1714
Hedvig Taube, Swedish courtier (d. 1744)
1711
Laura Bassi, Italian physician, physicist, and academic (d. 1778)
1705
Pope Clement XIV (d. 1774)
1694
Yeongjo of Joseon (d. 1776)
1692
Anne Claude de Caylus, French archaeologist and author (d. 1765)
1686
Senesino, Italian singer and actor (d. 1758)
1638
Meindert Hobbema, Dutch painter (d. 1709)
1636
Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria (d. 1679)
1632
Johannes Vermeer, Dutch painter (d. 1675)
1620
John Evelyn, English gardener and author (d. 1706)
1599
Denzil Holles, 1st Baron Holles, English politician (d. 1680)
1542
Henriette of Cleves, Duchess of Nevers, Countess of Rethel (d. 1601)
1472
Wang Yangming, Chinese Neo-Confucian scholar (d. 1529)
1445
Hedwig, Abbess of Quedlinburg, Princess-Abbess of Quedlinburg (d. 1511)
1424
Władusław III, king of Poland (d. 1444)
1391
Edward, King of Portugal (d. 1438)
1345
Ferdinand I, king of Portugal (d. 1383)

Deaths On This Day

2018
Willie McCovey, American baseball player (b. 1938)
2015
Gus Savage, American businessman and politician (b. 1925)
2014
David Manker Abshire, American commander and diplomat, United States Permanent Representative to NATO (b. 1926)
2014
Michael Alsbury, American engineer and pilot (b. 1975)
2014
John Forzani, Canadian football player and businessman (b. 1947)
2014
Brad Halsey, American baseball player (b. 1981)
2014
Hitoshi Motoshima, Japanese educator and politician (b. 1922)
2013
Chris Chase, American actress and author (b. 1924)
2013
Gérard de Villiers, French journalist and author (b. 1929)
2013
Trevor Kletz, English chemist and author (b. 1922)
2013
Johnny Kucks, American baseball player (b. 1933)
2013
Andres Narvasa, Filipino lawyer and jurist, 19th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines (b. 1928)
2013
Bobby Parker, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1937)
2012
Gae Aulenti, Italian architect and designer (b. 1927)
2012
John Fitch, American race car driver and engineer (b. 1917)
2012
John H. Reed, American soldier and politician, 67th Governor of Maine (b. 1921)
2011
Flórián Albert, Hungarian footballer and manager (b. 1941)
2011
Roberto Lippi, Italian race car driver (d. 1926)
2010
Ted Sorensen, American lawyer, 8th White House Counsel (b. 1928)
2009
Mustafa Mahmud, Egyptian physician and author (b. 1921)
2009
Tom Wheatcroft, English businessman, founded the Donington Grand Prix Exhibition (b. 1922)
2009
Qian Xuesen, Chinese aerodynamicist and academic (b. 1911)
2008
Studs Terkel, American historian and author (b. 1912)
2007
Ray Gravell, Welsh rugby player, sportscaster, and actor (b. 1951)
2007
Erdal İnönü, Turkish physicist and politician, Prime Minister of Turkey (b. 1926)
2006
P. W. Botha, South African soldier and politician, State President of South Africa (b. 1916)
2006
Peter Fryer, English journalist and author (b. 1927)
2006
Amrita Pritam, Pakistani-Indian author and poet (b. 1919)
2005
Hal Anger, American biophysicist and engineer (b. 1920)
2003
Richard Neustadt, American political scientist and historian (b. 1919)
2002
Lionel Poilâne, French banker and businessman (b. 1945)
2002
Michail Stasinopoulos, Greek jurist and politician, President of Greece (b. 1903)
2002
Raf Vallone, Italian footballer and actor (b. 1916)
2001
Régine Cavagnoud, French skier (b. 1970)
2000
Ring Lardner, Jr., American journalist and screenwriter (b. 1915)
2000
Kazuki Watanabe, Japanese songwriter and guitarist (b. 1981)
1999
Greg Moore, Canadian race car driver (b. 1975)
1998
Elmer Vasko, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1935)
1998
María de la Purísima Salvat Romero, Spanish nun and saint (Roman Catholic Church) (b. 1926)
1996
Marcel Carné, French director and screenwriter (b. 1906)
1995
Rosalind Cash, American actress and singer (b. 1938)
1993
Federico Fellini, Italian director and screenwriter (b. 1920)
1993
River Phoenix, American actor and singer (b. 1970)
1992
Gary Rippingale, English ice hockey player (b. 1974)
1991
Joseph Papp, American stage director and producer (b. 1921)
1988
John Houseman, Romanian-born American actor, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1902)
1988
Alfred Pellan, Canadian painter and academic (b. 1906)
1986
Robert S. Mulliken, American physicist and chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1896)
1985
Nikos Engonopoulos, Greek painter and poet (b. 1907)
1985
Poul Reichhardt, Danish actor and singer (b. 1913)
1984
Eduardo De Filippo, Italian actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1900)
1984
Indira Gandhi, Indian politician, 3rd Prime Minister of India (b. 1917)
1983
George Halas, American football player and coach (b. 1895)
1983
Lu Jiaxi, Chinese self-taught mathematician (b. 1935)
1983
Sharof Rashidov, Uzbek politician, CPSU Politburo candidate member (b. 1917)
1980
Jan Werich, Czech actor and playwright (b. 1905)
1977
C. B. Colby, American author and illustrator (b. 1904)
1975
Sachin Dev Burman, Indian composer and singer (b. 1906)
1973
Malek Bennabi, Algerian philosopher and author (b. 1905)
1972
Bill Durnan, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1916)
1963
Mesut Cemil, Turkish cellist and composer (b. 1902)
1962
Gabrielle Renaudot Flammarion, French astronomer (b. 1877)
1960
H. L. Davis, American author and poet (b. 1894)
1959
Jean Cabannes, French physicist and academic (b. 1885)
1952
Chit Hlaing, Burmese lawyer and politician (b. 1879)
1939
Otto Rank, Austrian psychologist, author, and educator (b. 1884)
1931
Octave Uzanne, French journalist and author (b. 1851)
1929
António José de Almeida, Portuguese physician and politician, 6th President of Portugal (b. 1866)
1929
Norman Pritchard, Indian-English hurdler and actor (b. 1877)
1926
Harry Houdini, American magician and stuntman (b. 1874)
1925
Max Linder, French actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1883)
1925
Mikhail Frunze, Bolshevik leader during and just prior to the Russian Revolution of 1917 (b. 1885)
1920
Alphonse Desjardins, Canadian businessman (b. 1854)
1918
Egon Schiele, Austrian painter (b. 1890)
1916
Charles Taze Russell, American minister (b. 1852)
1916
Huang Xing, Chinese revolutionary leader and statesman (b. 1874)
1913
William Evans-Gordon, English soldier and politician (b. 1857)
1905
Bryan O'Loghlen, Irish-Australian politician, 13th Premier of Victoria (b. 1828)
1884
Marie Bashkirtseff, Ukrainian-Russian painter and sculptor (b. 1858)
1879
Jacob Abbott, American author and academic (b. 1803)
1879
Joseph Hooker, American general (b. 1814)
1869
Charles A. Wickliffe, American politician, 14th Governor of Kentucky (b. 1788)
1860
Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald, Scottish-English admiral and politician (b. 1775)
1806
Kitagawa Utamaro, Japanese artist and printmaker (b. ca. 1753)
1768
Francesco Maria Veracini, Italian violinist and composer (b. 1690)
1744
Leonardo Leo, Italian composer (b. 1694)
1733
Eberhard Louis, Duke of Württemberg (b. 1676)
1732
Victor Amadeus II, Duke of Savoy (b. 1666)
1723
Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1642)
1661
Köprülü Mehmed Pasha, Ottoman politician, 109th Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire (b. 1575)
1659
John Bradshaw, English lawyer and judge, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster (b. 1602)
1641
Cornelis Jol, Dutch admiral (b. 1597)
1517
Fra Bartolomeo, Italian artist (b. 1472)
1448
John VIII Palaiologos, Byzantine emperor (b. 1390)
1335
Marie of Évreux, Duchess Consort of Brabant (b. 1303)
1320
Ricold of Monte Croce, Italian Dominican missionary (b. 1242)
1214
Eleanor of England, queen consort of Castile (b. 1163)
1147
Robert, 1st Earl of Gloucester, son of Henry I of England (b. 1100)
1034
Deokjong, Korean ruler (b. 1016)
1005
Abe no Seimei, Japanese astrologer (b. 921)
994
Wolfgang of Regensburg, German bishop and saint (b. 934)
932
Al-Muqtadir, Abbasid caliph (b. 895)