On This Day in History: January 10
January 10 is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 355 days remain until the end of the year (356 in leap years).
Lottery News On This Day
- NJ Lottery kicks off 50th anniversary with mall event. The New Jersey Lottery, one of the largest lotteries and the third-oldest in the United States, kicked off a year-long celebration of its 50th anniversary Thursday with a heavily-attended event at a mall in central New Jersey.
- Irish family claims €38.9m EuroMillions jackpot anonymously. A small pool of family members from Dublin, Ireland, collected a "life-changing" €38.9 million (US$46.5 million) EuroMillions lottery jackpot prize on Monday morning, following their huge win earlier this month.
- Former MUSL official received severance amid lottery jackpot scandal. A prominent lottery official who was stripped of power after a subordinate allegedly carried out a prolonged jackpot-rigging scheme received a $284,000 severance payment, a recent tax filing shows.
- Mom, son admit they plotted to kill man over his winning lottery ticket. A New York man and his 49-year-old mother have pleaded guilty in the slaying of a man who was killed over a winning scratch-off lottery ticket.
- POWERBALL CREATES WORLD'S FIRST BILLION-DOLLAR JACKPOT. Is it even possible to imagine what it would be like to win more than $1 billion?
- Montana's $1M lottery raffle winner sued for half of prize. A regular at the Town Pump in East Helena, Montana, is suing 23-year-old Jeff Fallang, who recently hit a $1 million jackpot and has not given the plaintiff a cut.
- Lottery winner's lifetime of money gone in weeks. A Florida man on government assistance won a '$500 a week for life' prize, and then quickly blew through it.
- Is the future of the Mass. Lottery online?. Massachusetts state officials say internet gambling is an "imminent threat" to the Massachusetts lottery, and they want to beat both the federal government and private gambling companies to the punch.
- Iowa Lottery security chief bent on determining identity of jackpot winner. The head of security for Iowa's Lottery is trying to pierce a veil of secrecy and a phalanx of lawyers to find out who exactly won a $16.5 million lottery jackpot that was claimed less than two hours before the ticket expired.
- With more money, more problems? Managing a windfall. Sure the money will change the lives of the Mega Millions lottery winners, but it's imperative that they have a sound financial plan. Failure to map out a strategy for their winnings could lead to misery.
- Arkansas lottery director up for review for first time. The director of the Arkansas Lottery, who oversaw its successful launch but has had a series of high-profile flubs, will receive his first employee evaluation Wednesday when the Arkansas Lottery Commission.
- Time running out for $1.4 million lottery ticket. A Minnesota Lottery Gopher 5 ticket worth $1,489,175 is out there somewhere, and the holder has only a few days left to claim the prize.
- Charlotte couple wins $200,000 Powerball lottery prize. On Saturday, a North Carolina man and his girlfriend won $200,000 when one of the dozen Powerball tickets the couple bought had five winning numbers.
- Winning $122 million lottery ticket sold in Texas. Someone who bought a ticket in Amarillo for Tuesday night's Mega Millions drawing is about $72 million richer.
- Stolen lottery tickets lead to bathroom standoff. A robbery involving Texas Lottery tickets led to a standoff in a public bathroom Tuesday morning in northwest Harris County near Houston.
- First Penn. Lottery Raffle $1 million prize claimed. A Bucks County, Pennsylvania, man has become the first to claim a $1 million top prize from the Pennsylvania Lottery's Dec. 30, 2006, Millionaire Raffle drawing.
- Doctors condemn plastic surgery lottery. British plastic surgeons described a lottery that offers winners money for face lifts, breast enlargements, and tummy tucks as an unscrupulous marketing gimmick, and warned patients they could be putting themselves at risk.
- Ohio Lottery halts Pick 4 betting on final score of Buckeyes game. So many people placed wagers based on the 41-14 final score of Florida's victory over Ohio State in the national championship game that the Ohio Lottery stopped players from choosing the numbers Tuesday morning, spokeswoman Marie Kilbane said.
- Italian lottery operator to buy GTECH. Italian lottery operator Lottomatica will gobble up GTech Holdings for $35 a share cash, or about $4.8 billion including assumption of debt.
- Iowa Lottery orders moratorium on machines. Iowa Lottery President Edward Stanek, responding to a controversy over an expansion of the state's gambling industry, today ordered a limited moratorium on the installation of TouchPlay lottery machines, which closely resemble slot machines.
- Kong-size lottery prizes put winners in spotlight. Two big winners of New York's King Kong Millions game were introduced at a press conference Monday morning at the Stewart's Shop on state Route 212 in Saugerties, where one of the winning tickets was purchased.
- Illinois launches $2 lottery tickets to benefit breast cancer research. Lottery tickets that devote all profits to breast cancer research and awareness hit stores Monday, with supporters saying the pink ribbon scratch-offs will net $3 million a year for the cause.
- Online newspaper sues Tenn. Lottery for records access. An online newspaper filed suit Monday against the Tennessee Education Lottery Corp. to demand records associated with a harassment investigation.
- Man barely makes deadline to claim $1.5 million lottery prize. With about four hours to spare, a Detroit father of two showed up at the Michigan Lottery offices to claim a $1.5 million prize from the Jan. 8, 2005, Winfall game.
- Survey: 20% say lottery is most practical path to wealth. A majority of Americans are pessimistic about their ability to save $200,000 in net wealth in their lifetimes, and more than one-fifth say the lottery is the most practical way for them to reach that type of goal, according to a new survey.
- Woman who stole $175,000 lottery ticket avoids jail time. Dora Leal dodged a potential 15-year prison sentence Monday and was given probation and community service for her theft of a $175,000 winning lottery ticket from a group of Chicago traders.
- Mega Millions lottery jackpot increases to $92 million. The jackpot in the multi-state Mega Millions lottery grew to $92 million Saturday.
- Virginia lottery players won $750 million in 2004. The Virginia Lottery says players won just under $750 million dollars in prizes during the last calendar year.
- Connecticut Lottery raises, bonuses rankle lawmakers. Raises of between 3 percent and 6 percent and cash bonuses of 11 percent to several Connecticut lottery officials last summer have prompted a call by some lawmakers to review salaries at Connecticut's quasi-public agencies.
- Maine lawmakers suspicious of plan to borrow against lottery funds. Maine Governor John E. Baldacci reportedly is planning on exchanging the state's proceeds from online games such as Powerball and Megabucks with a Wall Street brokerage firm for 10 years for an upfront payment of $250 million.
- N.C. man charged in lottery theft. A North Carolina man was arrested last week in connection with stealing lottery tickets from a Hilton Head Island convenience store, according to a Beaufort County Sheriff's Office incident report.
- Tennessee Senator pushes for bigger lottery scholarships. Under a bill to be introduced in the upcoming legislative session by Tennessee State Senator Steve Cohen, D-Memphis, the basic scholarship to a four-year college or university would climb from $3,000 to $4,000 a year.
- Wisconsin has double lottery jackpots for the first time ever. Two big lottery jackpots were won in Wisconsin Saturday, the first time that winning tickets for the top prizes in Powerball and Megabucks were sold in the state on the same day, lottery officials said.
Top 25 Lottery Jackpots On This Day
- 1.$1.59 Billion
Jan 13, 2016
- 2.$277 Million
Jan 11, 2020
- 3.$246 Million
Jan 13, 2015
- 4.$162 Million
Jan 10, 2015
- 5.$131 Million
Jan 10, 2007
- 6.$126 Million
Jan 10, 2017
- 7.€103 Million
Jan 13, 2006
- 8.$120 Million
Jan 10, 2009
- 9.$106 Million
Jan 11, 2017
- 10.€88.7 Million
Jan 10, 2019
- 11.€83.54 Million
Jan 11, 2018
- 12.$96 Million
Jan 12, 2019
- 13.$92 Million
Jan 11, 2005
- 14.€83 Million
Jan 10, 2020
- 15.€58 Million
Jan 15, 2010
- 16.$83 Million
Jan 12, 2008
- 17.$81 Million
Jan 12, 2005
- 18.$80 Million
Jan 12, 2013
- 18.$80 Million
Jan 11, 2014
- 18.$80 Million
Jan 11, 2002
- 18.$80 Million
Jan 10, 2020
- 22.€72.75 Million
Jan 10, 2017
- 23.€69 Million
Jan 12, 2016
- 24.$68 Million
Jan 11, 2017
- 25.€55.67 Million
Jan 12, 2018
Lottery Post Member Birthdays On This Day
Friday, Jan 10, 1992
28 years old
Tuesday, Jan 10, 1989
31 years old
Friday, Jan 10, 1986
34 years old
Sunday, Jan 10, 1982
38 years old
Thursday, Jan 10, 1980
40 years old
Tuesday, Jan 10, 1978
42 years old
Sunday, Jan 10, 1971
49 years old
(year not provided)
(year not provided)
Worldwide Events On This Day
- A traffic accident between an oil tanker truck and passenger coach en route to Shikarpur from Karachi on the Pakistan National Highway Link Road near Gulshan-e-Hadeed, Karachi, killing at least 62 people.
- More than 100 people are killed and 270 injured in several bomb blasts in Pakistan.
- A bombing in Khyber Agency, Pakistan, kills at least 30 people and 78 others injured.
- A general strike begins in Guinea in an attempt to get President Lansana Conté to resign.
- Time Warner is formed by the merger of Time Inc. and Warner Communications.
- Sandinista Daniel Ortega becomes president of Nicaragua and vows to continue the transformation to socialism and alliance with the Soviet Union and Cuba; American policy continues to support the Contras in their revolt against the Nicaraguan government.
- Holy See-United States relations: The United States and Holy See (Vatican City) re-establish full diplomatic relations after almost 117 years, overturning the United States Congress's 1867 ban on public funding for such a diplomatic envoy.
- Salvadoran Civil War: The FMLN launches its first major offensive, gaining control of most of Morazán and Chalatenango departments
- Sheikh Mujibur Rahman returns to the newly independent Bangladesh as president after spending over nine months in prison in Pakistan.
- Tashkent Declaration, a peace agreement between India and Pakistan signed that resolved the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965.
- Apollo program: NASA announces plans to build the C-5 rocket launch vehicle, which became known as the Saturn V Moon rocket, which launched every Apollo Moon mission.
- BOAC Flight 781, a de Havilland DH.106 Comet 1, explodes and falls into the Tyrrhenian Sea killing 35 people.
- The first General Assembly of the United Nations opens in London. Fifty-one nations are represented.
- The United States Army Signal Corps successfully conducts Project Diana, bouncing radio waves off the Moon and receiving the reflected signals.
- World War II: The Greek army captures Kleisoura.
- Fritz Lang's futuristic film Metropolis is released in Germany.
- The Treaty of Versailles takes effect, officially ending World War I.
- League of Nations Covenant enters into force. On January 16 the organization holds its first council meeting, in Paris.
- World War I: In the Erzurum Offensive, Russia defeats the Ottoman Empire.
- The first great Texas oil gusher is discovered at Spindletop in Beaumont, Texas.
- John D. Rockefeller incorporates Standard Oil.
- The Metropolitan Railway, the world's oldest underground railway, opens between Paddington and Farringdon, marking the beginning of the London Underground.
- American Civil War: Florida becomes the third state to secede from the Union.
- The first steamboat on the Ohio River or the Mississippi River arrives in New Orleans, 82 days after departing from Pittsburgh.
- Two British brigades occupy Cape Town after the Battle of Blaauwberg.
- The Siege of Dunlap's Station begins near Cincinnati during the Northwest Indian War.
- American Revolution : Thomas Paine publishes his pamphlet Common Sense.
- Archbishop William Laud is beheaded for treason at the Tower of London.
- Stephen III of Moldavia defeats the Ottoman Empire at the Battle of Vaslui.
- Philip the Good, the Duke of Burgundy, establishes the Order of the Golden Fleece, the most prestigious, exclusive, and expensive order of chivalry in the world.
- Robert Guiscard conquers Palermo in Sicily.
- Pope Fabian succeeds Anterus to become the twentieth pope of Rome.
- AD 69
- Lucius Calpurnius Piso Licinianus is appointed by Galba as deputy Roman Emperor.
- AD 9
- The Western Han dynasty ends when Wang Mang claims that the divine Mandate of Heaven called for the end of the dynasty and the beginning of his own, the Xin dynasty.
- 49 BC
- Julius Caesar crosses the Rubicon, signalling the start of civil war.
Births On This Day
- Dylan Edwards, Australian rugby league player
- Chad Townsend, Australian rugby league player
- Romain Wattel, French golfer
- Mirko Bortolotti, Italian race car driver
- Ishiura Masakatsu, Japanese sumo wrestler
- Cody Walker, Australian rugby league player
- John Carlson, American ice hockey player
- Emily Meade, American actress
- Kyle Reimers, Australian footballer
- Leonard Patrick Komon, Kenyan runner
- Vladimir Zharkov, Russian ice hockey player
- César Cielo, Brazilian swimmer
- Vicente Guaita, Spanish footballer
- Kirsten Flipkens, Belgian tennis player
- Hideaki Ikematsu, Japanese footballer
- Kenneth Vermeer, Dutch footballer
- Marouane Chamakh, Moroccan footballer
- Trent Cutler, Australian rugby league player
- Ariane Friedrich, German high jumper
- Kalki Koechlin, Indian actress
- Julien Brellier, French footballer
- Tomasz Brzyski, Polish footballer
- James Coppinger, English footballer
- Jared Kushner, American real estate investor and political figure
- Sarah Shahi, American actress
- DeShaun Foster, American football player
- Simone Cavalli, Italian footballer
- Johan van der Wath, South African cricketer
- Adam Kennedy, American baseball player
- Ian Poulter, English golfer
- Jake Delhomme, American football player
- Jemaine Clement, New Zealand comedian, actor, and musician
- Davide Dionigi, Italian footballer and manager
- Bob Peeters, Belgian footballer and manager
- Hrithik Roshan, Indian actor
- Glenn Robinson, American basketball player
- Félix Trinidad, Puerto Rican-American boxer
- Mohammed Benzakour, Moroccan-Dutch journalist, poet, and author
- Buff Bagwell, American wrestler and actor
- Alisa Marić, Serbian chess player and politician, Serbian Minister of Youth and Sports
- Simone Bagel-Trah, German businessperson
- Maciej Śliwowski, Polish footballer
- Brad Roberts, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist
- Malcolm Dunford, New Zealand-Australian footballer
- Kira Ivanova, Russian figure skater (d. 2001)
- Mark Pryor, American lawyer and politician, 53rd Arkansas Attorney General
- Michael Fortier, Canadian lawyer and politician
- Kathryn S. McKinley, American computer scientist and academic
- Janet Jones, American actress
- Nadja Salerno-Sonnenberg, Italian-American violinist, author, and educator
- Gurinder Chadha, Kenyan-English director, producer, and screenwriter
- Brian Cowen, Irish lawyer and politician, 12th Taoiseach of Ireland
- John Mann, English lawyer and politician
- Benoît Pelletier, Canadian lawyer and politician
- Chandra Cheeseborough, American sprinter and coach
- Bernhard Hoff, German sprinter
- Chris Van Hollen, American lawyer and politician
- Fran Walsh, New Zealand screenwriter and producer
- Eddie Cheever, American race car driver
- Caroline Langrishe, English actress
- Anatoly Pisarenko, Ukrainian weightlifter and trainer
- Shawn Colvin, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
- George Merrill, American singer-songwriter and keyboard player
- Antonio Muñoz Molina, Spanish author
- Michael Schenker, German guitarist, songwriter, and producer
- Franco Tancredi, Italian footballer and manager
- John Gidman, English footballer and manager
- Greg Towns, Australian footballer
- Pat Benatar, American singer-songwriter
- Bobby Rahal, American race car driver
- Scott Thurston, American guitarist and songwriter
- Roy Blunt, American academic and politician
- Kemal Derviş, Turkish economist and politician, Turkish Minister of Economy
- George Foreman, American boxer, actor, and businessman
- Linda Lovelace, American porn actress and activist (d. 2002)
- Donald Fagen, American singer-songwriter and musician
- Bernard Thévenet, French cyclist and sportscaster
- George Alec Effinger, American author (d. 2002)
- James Morris, American opera singer
- Peer Steinbrück, German politician, German Minister of Finance
- Tiit Vähi, Estonian engineer and politician, 11th Prime Minister of Estonia
- Aynsley Dunbar, English drummer and songwriter
- John Fahey, New Zealand-Australian lawyer and politician, 38th Premier of New South Wales
- Rod Stewart, English singer-songwriter
- Gunther von Hagens, German anatomist, invented plastination
- Jeffrey Catherine Jones, American comics and fantasy artist (d. 2011)
- Frank Sinatra, Jr., American singer and actor (d. 2016)
- Jim Croce, American singer-songwriter (d. 1973)
- Graeme Gahan, Australian footballer and coach
- Tom Clarke, Scottish politician, Shadow Secretary of State for Scotland
- K. J. Yesudas, Indian singer and music director
- Godfrey Hewitt, English geneticist and academic (d. 2013)
- Walter Hill, American director, producer, and screenwriter
- Jared Carter, American poet and author
- David Horowitz, American activist and author
- William Levy, American-Dutch journalist, author, and poet
- Scott McKenzie, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2012)
- Sal Mineo, American actor (d. 1976)
- Michaela Odone, American journalist who, along with her husband, invented Lorenzo's oil (d. 2000).
- Donald Knuth, American computer scientist and mathematician
- Frank Mahovlich, Canadian ice hockey player and politician
- Willie McCovey, American baseball player (d. 2018)
- Daniel Walker Howe, American historian and academic
- Thomas Penfield Jackson, American soldier, lawyer, and judge (d. 2013)
- Stephen E. Ambrose, American historian and author (d. 2002)
- Walter Bodmer, German-English geneticist and academic
- Al Goldstein, American publisher and pornographer (d. 2013)
- Robert Woodrow Wilson, American physicist and astronomer, Nobel Prize laureate
- Ronnie Hawkins, American rockabilly singer-songwriter and guitarist
- Sherrill Milnes, American opera singer and educator
- Leonid Kravchuk, Ukrainian politician, 1st President of Ukraine
- Peter Barnes, English playwright and screenwriter (d. 2004)
- Rosalind Howells, Baroness Howells of St Davids, Grenadian-English academic and politician
- Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat, Malaysian cleric and politician, 12th Menteri Besar of Kelantan (d. 2015)
- John Zizioulas, Greek metropolitan
- Roy E. Disney, American businessman (d. 2009)
- Tony Soper, English ornithologist and author
- Philip Levine, American poet and academic (d. 2015)
- Peter Mathias, English historian and academic (d. 2016)
- Gisele MacKenzie, Canadian-American singer and actress (d. 2003)
- Johnnie Ray, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1990)
- Otto Stich, Swiss lawyer and politician, 140th President of the Swiss Confederation (d. 2012)
- Musallam Bseiso, Palestinian journalist and politician (d. 2017)
- Billie Sol Estes, American financier and businessman (d. 2013)
- Earl Bakken, American inventor (d. 2018)
- Ludmilla Chiriaeff, Canadian ballerina, choreographer, and director (d. 1996)
- Max Roach, American drummer and composer (d. 2007)
- Billy Liddell, Scottish-English footballer (d. 2001)
- Rodger Ward, American race car driver and sportscaster (d. 2004)
- Rosella Hightower, American ballerina (d. 2008)
- Roberto M. Levingston, Argentinian general and politician, 36th President of Argentina (d. 2015)
- Max Patkin, American baseball player and clown (d. 1999)
- Terukuni Manzō, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 38th Yokozuna (d. 1977)
- Milton Parker, American businessman, co-founded the Carnegie Deli (d. 2009)
- Les Bennett, English footballer and manager (d. 1999)
- Arthur Chung, Guyanese lawyer and politician, 1st President of Guyana (d. 2008)
- Harry Merkel, German race car driver (d. 1995)
- Jerry Wexler, American journalist and producer (d. 2008)
- Sune Bergström, Swedish biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2004)
- Eldzier Cortor, American painter (d. 2015)
- Don Metz, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2007)
- Dean Dixon, American-Swiss conductor (d. 1976)
- Cynthia Freeman, American author (d. 1988)
- Pierre Cogan, French cyclist (d. 2013)
- Yu Kuo-hwa, Chinese politician, 23rd Premier of the Republic of China (d. 2000)
- Franco Bordoni, Italian race car driver and pilot (d. 1975)
- Gustáv Husák, Slovak politician, 9th President of Czechoslovakia (d. 1991)
- Mehmet Shehu, Albanian soldier and politician, 22nd Prime Minister of Albania (d. 1981)
- Maria Mandl, Austrian SS guard (d. 1948)
- Binod Bihari Chowdhury, Bangladeshi activist (d. 2013)
- Norman Heatley, English biologist and chemist (d. 2004)
- Jean Martinon, French conductor and composer (d. 1976)
- Paul Henreid, Italian-American actor and director (d. 1992)
- Gordon Kidd Teal, American engineer and inventor (d. 2003)
- Albert Arlen, Australian pianist, composer, actor, and playwright (d. 1993)
- Ray Bolger, American actor and dancer (d. 1987)
- Barbara Hepworth, English sculptor (d. 1975)
- Pud Thurlow, Australian cricketer (d. 1975)
- Voldemar Väli, Estonian wrestler (d. 1997)
- Dobriša Cesarić, Croatian poet and translator (d. 1980)
- Violette Cordery, English race car driver (d. 1983)
- Katharine Burr Blodgett, American physicist and engineer (d. 1979)
- Yong Mun Sen, Malaysian watercolour painter (d. 1962)
- Percy Cerutty, Australian athletics coach (d. 1975)
- Pingali Lakshmikantam, Indian poet and author (d. 1972)
- Albert Jacka, Australian captain, Victoria Cross recipient (d. 1932)
- Dumas Malone, American historian and author (d. 1986)
- Melchior Wańkowicz, Polish soldier, journalist, and author (d. 1974)
- Heinrich Behmann, German mathematician and academic (d. 1970)
- Ann Shoemaker, American actress (d. 1978)
- Pina Menichelli, Italian actress (d. 1984)
- Robinson Jeffers, American poet and philosopher (d. 1962)
- Francis X. Bushman, American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1966)
- Alfred Saalwächter, German admiral (d. 1945)
- Aleksey Nikolayevich Tolstoy, Russian journalist, author, and poet (d. 1945)
- Leslie Rainey, Australian cricketer and footballer (d. 1962)
- Manuel Azaña, Spanish jurist and politician, 7th President of Spain (d. 1940)
- John McLean, American hurdler, football player, and coach (d. 1955)
- Frederick Gardner Cottrell, American physical chemist, inventor and philanthropist (d. 1948)
- Issai Schur, German mathematician and academic (d. 1941)
- Algernon Maudslay, English sailor (d. 1948)
- Jack O'Neill, Irish-American baseball player (d. 1935)
- George Orton, Canadian runner and hurdler (d. 1958)
- Grand Duke Peter Nikolaevich of Russia (d. 1931)
- Charles G. D. Roberts, Canadian poet and author (d. 1943)
- Francesc Ferrer i Guàrdia, Spanish philosopher and academic (d. 1909)
- Heinrich Zille, German illustrator and photographer (d. 1929)
- Ramón Corral, Mexican general and politician, 6th Vice President of Mexico (d. 1912)
- John Wellborn Root, American architect, designed the Rookery Building and Monadnock Building (d. 1891)
- Robert Crosbie, Canadian theosophist, founded the United Lodge of Theosophists (d. 1919)
- Reinhold Sadler, American merchant and politician, 9th Governor of Nevada (d. 1906)
- Frank James, American soldier and criminal (d. 1915)
- Luigi Pigorini, Italian paleontologist, archaeologist, and ethnographer (d. 1925)
- Louis-Nazaire Bégin, Canadian cardinal (d. 1925)
- Charles Ingalls, American farmer and carpenter (d. 1902)
- John Dalberg-Acton, 1st Baron Acton, Italian-English historian and politician (d. 1902)
- Epameinondas Deligeorgis, Greek lawyer, journalist and politician, Prime Minister of Greece (d. 1879)
- Herman Koeckemann, German bishop and missionary (d. 1892)
- Georg Hermann Nicolai, German architect and academic (d. 1881)
- Ferdinand Barbedienne, French engineer (d. 1892)
- Jeremiah S. Black, American jurist and politician, 23rd United States Secretary of State (d. 1883)
- William Haines, English-Australian politician, 1st Premier of Victoria (d. 1866)
- Carl Ritter von Ghega, Italian-Austrian engineer, designed the Semmering railway (d. 1860)
- Martin Lichtenstein, German physician and explorer (d. 1857)
- George Birkbeck, English physician and academic, founded Birkbeck, University of London (d. 1841)
- Michel Ney, French general (d. 1815)
- Johann Rudolf Zumsteeg, German composer and conductor (d. 1802)
- Thomas Erskine, 1st Baron Erskine, Scottish-English lawyer and politician, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain (d. 1823)
- Isaac Titsingh, Dutch surgeon, scholar, and diplomat (d. 1812)
- Lazzaro Spallanzani, Italian priest, biologist, and physiologist (d. 1799)
- Christian August Crusius, German philosopher and theologian (d. 1775)
- Johannes Zick, German painter (d. 1762)
- Joshua Barnes, English historian and scholar (d. 1712)
- Louis François, duc de Boufflers, French general (d. 1711)
- Isaac Jogues, French priest and missionary (d. 1646)
- Louis of Nassau (d. 1574)
- Margaret of Austria, Duchess of Savoy (d. 1530)
- Johanna van Polanen, Dutch noblewoman (d. 1445)
Deaths On This Day
- Buddy Greco, American jazz and pop singer and pianist (b. 1926)
- Clare Hollingworth, English journalist (b. 1911)
- Wim Bleijenberg, Dutch footballer and manager (b. 1930)
- David Bowie, English singer-songwriter, producer, and actor (b. 1947)
- George Jonas, Hungarian-Canadian journalist, author, and poet (b. 1935)
- Junior Malanda, Belgian footballer (b. 1994)
- Taylor Negron, American actor, playwright, and painter (b. 1957)
- Francesco Rosi, Italian director and screenwriter (b. 1922)
- Robert Stone, American novelist and short story writer (b. 1937)
- Petr Hlaváček, Czech shoemaker and academic (b. 1950)
- Zbigniew Messner, Polish economist and politician, 9th Prime Minister of the Republic of Poland (b. 1929)
- Larry Speakes, American journalist, 16th White House Press Secretary (b. 1939)
- George Gruntz, Swiss pianist and composer (b. 1932)
- Claude Nobs, Swiss businessman, founded the Montreux Jazz Festival (b. 1936)
- Jean Pigott, Canadian businesswoman and politician (b. 1924)
- Gevork Vartanian, Russian intelligence agent (b. 1924)
- Margaret Whiting, American singer (b. 1924)
- Patcha Ramachandra Rao, Indian metallurgist, educator and administrator (b. 1942)
- Christopher Bowman, American figure skater and actor (b. 1967)
- Maila Nurmi, Finnish-American actress, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1922)
- Carlo Ponti, Italian film producer (b. 1912)
- Bradford Washburn, American explorer, photographer, and cartographer (b. 1910)
- Wasyly, Ukrainian-Canadian bishop (b. 1909)
- Jack Horner, American journalist (b. 1912)
- Princess Joséphine Charlotte of Belgium (b. 1927)
- Spalding Gray, American actor and screenwriter (b. 1941)
- Sam Jaffe, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1901)
- Edward Williams, Australian lieutenant, pilot, and judge (b. 1921)
- Elspeth Huxley, Kenyan-English journalist and author (b. 1907)
- Sheldon Leonard, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1907)
- Alexander R. Todd, Baron Todd, Scottish-English biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1907)
- Kathleen Tynan, Canadian-English journalist, author, and screenwriter (b. 1937)
- Roberto Bonomi, Argentinian race car driver (b. 1919)
- Tochinishiki Kiyotaka, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 44th Yokozuna (b. 1925)
- Herbert Morrison, American journalist and producer (b. 1905)
- Marion Hutton, American singer (b. 1919)
- David Robinson, English businessman and philanthropist (b. 1904)
- Jaroslav Seifert, Czech journalist and poet, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1901)
- Souvanna Phouma, Laotian politician, 8th Prime Minister of Laos (b. 1901)
- Fawn M. Brodie, American historian and author (b. 1915)
- Hughie Critz, American baseball player and scout (b. 1900)
- George Meany, American plumber and trade union leader (b. 1894)
- Bo Rein, American football player and coach (b. 1945)
- Pedro Joaquín Chamorro Cardenal, Nicaraguan journalist and author (b. 1924)
- Don Gillis, American composer and conductor (b. 1912)
- Hannah Gluckstein, British painter (b. 1895)
- Howlin' Wolf, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1910)
- Aksel Larsen, Danish lawyer and politician (b. 1897)
- Coco Chanel, French fashion designer, founded Chanel (b. 1883)
- Ignazio Giunti, Italian race car driver (b. 1941)
- Pavel Belyayev, Russian pilot and astronaut (b. 1925)
- Sampurnanand, Indian educator and politician, 2nd Governor of Rajasthan (b. 1891)
- Ali Fuat Cebesoy, Turkish general and politician, 6th Speaker of the Parliament of Turkey (b. 1882)
- Charles E. Burchfield, American painter (b. 1893)
- Dashiell Hammett, American detective novelist and screenwriter (b. 1894)
- Jack Laviolette, Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and manager (b. 1879)
- Şükrü Kaya, Turkish jurist and politician, Turkish Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1883)
- Gabriela Mistral, Chilean poet and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1889)
- Chester Wilmot, American journalist and historian (b. 1911)
- Sinclair Lewis, American novelist, short-story writer, and playwright, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1885)
- Yoshio Nishina, Japanese physicist and academic (b. 1890)
- Erich von Drygalski, German geographer and geophysicist (b. 1865)
- Frank Bridge, English viola player and composer (b. 1879)
- John Lavery, Irish painter and academic (b. 1856)
- Joe Penner, Hungarian-American actor (b. 1904)
- Issai Schur, Belarusian-German mathematician and academic (b. 1875)
- Edwin Flack, Australian tennis player and runner (b. 1873)
- Charlie McGahey, English cricketer and footballer (b. 1871)
- Eino Leino, Finnish poet and journalist (b. 1878)
- Frank Tudor, Australian politician, 6th Australian Minister for Trade and Investment (b. 1866)
- Sali Nivica, Albanian journalist and politician (b. 1890)
- Buffalo Bill, American soldier and hunter (b. 1846)
- Feliks Leparsky, Russian fencer and captain (b. 1875)
- Kārlis Baumanis, Latvian composer (b. 1835)
- Jean-Léon Gérôme, French painter and sculptor (b. 1824)
- James Robert Dickson, English-Australian businessman and politician, 1st Australian Minister for Defence (b. 1832)
- Eli Whitney Blake, Jr., American chemist, physicist, and academic (b. 1836)
- Benjamin Godard, French violinist and composer (b. 1849)
- Lyman Beecher, American minister and activist, co-founded the American Temperance Society (b. 1775)
- Samuel Colt, American engineer and businessman, founded Colt's Manufacturing Company (b. 1814)
- Mary Russell Mitford, English author and playwright (b. 1787)
- Karl Freiherr von Müffling, Prussian field marshal (b. 1775)
- Dimitrie Macedonski, Greek-Romanian captain and politician (b. 1780)
- Adrien-Marie Legendre, French mathematician and theorist (b. 1752)
- Gregorio Funes, Argentinian clergyman, historian, and educator (b. 1749)
- François de Neufchâteau, French poet, academic, and politician, French Minister of the Interior (b. 1750)
- Victor Emmanuel I, duke of Savoy and king of Sardinia (b. 1759)
- Joseph Chénier, French poet, playwright, and politician (b. 1764)
- Georg Forster, German-Polish ethnologist and journalist (b. 1754)
- Carl Linnaeus, Swedish botanist and physician (b. 1707)
- Edward Boscawen, English admiral and politician (b. 1711)
- Edward Cave, English publisher, founded The Gentleman's Magazine (b. 1691)
- Louis-Sébastien Le Nain de Tillemont, French priest and historian (b. 1637)
- Nicholas Culpeper, English botanist, physician, and astrologer (b. 1616)
- William Laud, English archbishop and academic (b. 1573)
- Johann Cochlaeus, German humanist and controversialist (b. 1479)
- Abu Inan Faris, Marinid ruler of Morocco (b. 1329)
- Petrus Aureolus, scholastic philosopher
- Gregory X, pope of the Catholic Church (b. 1210)
- Hugh I, king of Cyprus
- Al-Mustansir Billah, Egyptian caliph (b. 1029)
- Bretislav I, duke of Bohemia
- Pietro I Orseolo, doge of Venice (b. 928)
- John I Tzimiskes, Byzantine emperor (b. 925)
- Agatho, pope of the Catholic Church
- Miltiades, pope of the Catholic Church
- Polyeuctus, Roman saint